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U.S. MARINE CORPS 

CONCEPTS & 
PROGRAMS 



2010 



INCLUDES THE MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



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CONCEPTS & 
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2010 






USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 




A MESSAGE FROM THE COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS 



As we continue to train the Iraqi and Afghan security forces for taking control 
in their respective countries, and in light of rising economic and energy concerns, 
the Marine Corps faces a number of challenges in 2010. Our standing pledge to 
Congress remains to exercise fiscal discipline and act as good stewards of the re- 
sources they provide while maintaining the capability to operate across the full 
range of military operations. As the Nation's premier expeditionary force in readi- 
ness, the Marine Corps must remain fast, austere, and lethal. 

In November 2009, we established the Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy 
Office to analyze, develop, and direct ways in which we can gain efficiencies on 
the battlefield in fuel and water consumption. Our national economy is unstable 
and institutionally, we also face significant fiscal challenges as we look to reset the 
Marine Corps from operations in Iraq, support the President's strategy in Afghani- 
stan, and modernize our equipment to ensure its availability and capability to meet 
future requirements. 

This edition of Concepts and Programs offers a review of our operations in 
2009, underscoring how engaged America's Marine Corps has been — not only in 
Iraq and Afghanistan but around the world, on training exercises and in support 
of the engagement strategies of our country's combatant commanders. For the 



FOREWORD 



Marine Corps in 2010, this volume provides a snapshot of how we have structured 
the force to support our roadmap for the future, Marine Corps Vision and Strategy 
2025. We intend for Concepts and Programs to also be a concise, useful reference 
of all our major programs. Our greatest commitment is to our Marines and their 
families; and as the Marine Corps Almanac shows in the last chapter, appropria- 
tions for our personnel comprise more than half of our overall budget. 

Our forces in Afghanistan will grow during 2010, and the high operational 
tempo we have experienced over the last several years will continue. As a naval ex- 
peditionary force and an elite air-ground team, the Marine Corps is ready and will- 
ing to go into harm's way on a moment's notice and do what is necessary to make 
our country safer — this is what America expects of her Marines. In the complex 
and dangerous security environment of the future, the Marine Corps stands ready 
for the challenges ahead. 



Semper Fidelis, 




\T Ui^au 



Jam|es T. Conway 
General, U.S. Marine Corps 



III 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



2010 U.S. MARINE CORPS 

CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

A MESSAGE FROM THE COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS . . .ii 
CHAPTER 1 : Concepts and Posture 1 

CHAPTER 2: Organization 20 

Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) 22 

Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps 29 

Operating Forces 32 

Supporting Establishment 51 

CHAPTER 3: Programs 56 

Part 1 : The Individual Marine 60 

Quality of Life (QOL) 62 

Taking Care of Marines and Families 63 

Wounded Warrior Regiment (WWR) 65 

Infantry Automatic Rifle (IAR) 67 

Modular Weapons System (MWS) 68 

Tactical Hand Held Radio (THHR) Family of Systems (FoS) 69 

Marine Expeditionary Rifle Squad (MERS) 71 



IV 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Infantry Combat Equipment (ICE) 73 

Day Optics Systems 75 

Laser Targeting and Illumination Systems 76 

Part 2: Command and Control 78 

Theater Battle Management Core System (TBMCS) 80 

Global Command and Control System (GCCS) 80 

Global Combat Support Sysytem - Marine Corps (GCSS-MC) 81 

Common Aviation Command and Control System (CAC2S) 82 

Tactical Combat Operations (TCO) System 83 

Composite Tracking Network (CTN) 84 

AN/TSQ-239(V) Combat Operations Center (COC) 85 

Joint Tactical Common Operational Picture Workstation ( JTCW) 86 

Blue Force Tracker (BFT) Family of Systems (FoS) 87 

Marine Corps Enterprise Information Technology System (MCEITS) 88 

Warfighter Network Services - Tactical (WFNS-T) 90 

Marine Corps Enterprise Network (MCEN) 91 

The Assault Amphibious Vehicle-Command; Command and 

Control Upgrade Program (AAVC7 C2 Upgrade) 93 

Multi-Band Radio (MBR) 94 

High Frequency Radio (HFR) 95 

Part 3: Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance 96 

Marine Corps Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Enterprise (MCISR-E) 98 

Distributed Common Ground System - Marine Corps (DCGS-MC) 100 

GCCS-Integrated Imagery and Intelligence (GCCS-I3) 101 

Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System ( JSTARS) 102 

Counterintelligence and Human Intelligence Equipment Program (CIHEP) 103 

Special Intelligence Communications (SI Comms) 105 

Intelligence Analysis System (IAS) 107 

Technical Control and Analysis Center (TCAC) 108 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



MAGTF Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (MSIDS) 109 

Team Portable Communications System-Multi Platform Capable (TPCS-MPC) 110 

Expeditionary Intelligence Support Ill 

Part 4: Ground Mobility and Fire Support 112 

Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV) 114 

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Vehicle 115 

Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC) 117 

Internally Transportable Vehicle (ITV) 118 

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle Expanded Capacity 

Vehicle (HMMWVECV) 119 

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) 120 

MediumTactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR) 121 

Logistics Vehicle System Replacement (LVSR) 122 

Route Reconnaissance and Clearance (R2C) Family of Systems 123 

Expeditionary Fire Support System (EFSS) 124 

High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) 125 

Lightweight 155mm Howitzer (LW155) 126 

Target Location, Designation, and Hand- off System (TLDHS) 128 

Family of Target Acquisition Systems (FTAS) 129 

Part 5: Aviation 130 

Aviation Combat Element (ACE) Legacy Aircraft Modernization 132 

Aviation Ground Support 136 

J-35B Lightning II Short Take-Off Vertical Landing (STOVL) Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) .138 

Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Transition Plan 140 

MV-22 Osprey 141 

H-l Upgrade (UH- 1Y Venom/ AH- 1Z Viper) 143 

KC-130 Hercules 145 

CH-53K Heavy Lift Helicopter 146 

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) 148 

■ VI 



■ABLE OF CONTENTS 



Operational Support Airlift (OSA) 150 

Marine Aviation Logistics Transformation 151 

Ground-Based Air Defense Transformation (GBAD-T) 152 

Ground/ Air Task Oriented Radar (G/ATOR) 153 

AN/TPS-59(V)3 Radar System 154 

P19A Aircraft Crash Fire Rescue Vehicle Replacement 155 

Part 6: Logistics 156 

Logistics Modernization (Log Mod) 158 

Sense and Respond Logistics 159 

Naval Logistics Integration (NLI) 160 

MAGTF Distribution 161 

Feeding Marines 163 

Family of Material Handling Equipment (MHE) 164 

Marine Corps Families of Power and Environmental Control Equipment 165 

Lightweight Water Purification System (LWPS) 166 

Conventional Ground Ammunition (Class V(W)) 167 

Communication Electronics Equipment Maintenance 

Complex (CEEMC) Rigid-Wall Shelter 168 

Family of Tactical Soft Shelters (FTSS) 169 

Part 7: Maritime Support 170 

Amphibious Warships 172 

Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV) 174 

Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC)/Ship to Shore Connector (SSC) 175 

Future of Maritime Prepositioning 176 

Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS) Initiatives 178 

Mine Countermeasures (MCM) 180 

Part 8: Training and Education 1 84 

Individual and MAGTF Training 186 

Joint, Intergovernmental , and Multi-national (JIM) Training 187 

VII | 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 






Pre- deployment Training Program (PTP) 188 

Multi-Capable Training Ranges 190 

Modeling and Simulation (M&S) 191 

Collective Training Systems 192 

Range Training Systems 197 

Culture & Language Training Systems 206 

Individual Training Systems 210 

Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP) 214 

Marine Corps Distance Learning (MCDL) 215 

Marine Corps University and (MCU) and Professional Military Education (PME) 216 

Part 9: Supporting Establishment 218 

Manpower Recruiting 220 

Marine Corps Recruiting Information Support System - Recruiting Station 223 

Marine Corps Retention 224 

Civilian Marines 226 

Total Force Structure Management System (TFSMS) 228 

Installations and Military Construction 229 

Energy Initiative 230 

Environmental, Natural, and Cultural Resources Stewardship 233 

Housing 234 

Continuous Process Improvement (CPI) 235 

Marine Corps Reserve 236 

Part 1 0: Force Protection 238 

Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Program ( JNLWP) 240 

MAGTF CBRN Assessment and Consequence 

Management Set (MAGTF CBRN ACM Set) 241 

Hailing and Warning Green Beam Laser Systems 242 

VENOM Non-Lethal Tube Launched Munitions System (NL/TLMS) 243 

Mission Payload Module Non-Lethal Weapons System (MPM-NLWS) 244 

■ VII! 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



. .- "■ ■ 



Escalation of Force Mission Module (EoF-MM) 245 

Identity Dominance System 246 

Counter Radio-Controlled IED Electronic Warfare (CREW) 247 

CHAPTER 4: Current Operations 248 

CHAPTER 5: Marine Corps Almanac 264 

APPENDIX A: Other Supporting Programs 284 

Marine Corps Embassy Security Group 284 

Marine Corps History Division 286 

National Museum of the Marine Corps (NMMC) 287 

Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C 290 

International Affairs Officer Program 292 

INDEX 294 



IX 



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CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 



THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS: 

AMERICAS EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 



The strategic environment for the United States and its Armed Services will con- 
tinue to be defined by a global struggle against violent extremist ideologies that seek to 
overturn the international state system and do harm to America and its allies. Beyond 
this transnational struggle, the United States will face other threats, including a variety 
of irregular challenges; the quest by both state and non-state actors to obtain nuclear 
and other weapons of mass destruction; and the rising conventional military power of 
peer states. 

Likewise, the operational environment in which Marine forces are to be employed 
will be more complex, densely populated, and urbanized. It will be characterized by 
adversaries who exploit complex terrain, use irregular and conventional tactics, use 
primitive and sophisticated technology, and capitalize on the advantages that access to 
the Internet and electronic media provide. It will be rife with interdependent power, 
service, and information systems; it will be populated by a younger and more disen- 
franchised society; and it will be driven by a unique set of cultural, political, and his- 
torical conditions. 

Within this environment, the demand for Marine forces to support overseas opera- 
tions will remain high. The Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) in Al Anbar, Iraq 
is scheduled to come home in 2010, but commitments to Afghanistan will concurrently 
increase to over 19,000 Marines. While this increase is focused on the Marine Expedi- 
tionary Brigade- Afghanistan (MEB-A), we also continue to provide Embedded Training 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Teams to the Afghanistan National Secu- 
rity Forces and Marine Corps special op- 
erations companies, as well as individual 
Marines for higher headquarters require- 
ments. The conflict in Afghanistan will 
continue to place heavy requirements on 
our personnel, equipment, and families. 
Marine forces will also continue to be de- 
ployed to support combatant command- 
er engagement and security cooperation 
activities world wide, while maintaining 
the capability and posture to respond to 
crises and small-scale contingencies. 




Although significant Marine partici- 
pation in Iraq might be coming to a close, 
the requirements of Afghanistan will 
place a challenge on our ability to meet 
the goal of a 1 to 2 ratio for deployment- 
to-dwell time — that is, the ratio of time 
Marines are forward deployed to the time 
back home for leave, training, and exer- 
cises. We recognize that our Marines and 
their families have given much of them- 
selves to the Corps and the Nation during 
the last eight years. A return to pre-2001 
deployment ratios of 1 to 3 for the active 
component is necessary in order to reset 
and reconstitute the force. Our Marines 
continue to answer the Nation's call and 



perform magnificently in these trying 
and historic times. 

This recent Marine Corps deployment 
tempo has dictated an almost singular fo- 
cus on preparing units for their next rota- 
tion and counterinsurgency operations in 
Iraq and Afghanistan. This focus and the 
associated deployment rate of many units 
threaten to erode the skills needed for 
other vital Marine Corps missions, par- 
ticularly combined arms maneuver and 
amphibious operations. This challenge 
has been particularly acute at the Marine 
Expeditionary Brigade (MEB) and Ma- 
rine Expeditionary Force (MEF) levels, 
where opportunities to maintain our his- 
torically high proficiency in these opera- 
tions have been degraded. Additionally, 
the international security environment 
has increased combatant commanders' 
needs for persistent forward-engagement 
activities. Marine forces will be called 
upon to address combatant commander 
requirements in the littorals, and will 
focus on expanding persistent forward- 
engagement activities as part of a joint 
Navy-Marine Corps team. 

The operating environment of Af- 
ghanistan is exceedingly complex but is 
indicative of future operations. As diffi- 
cult as the physical aspect of operations 
in this environment will be, the cultural 
terrain will be far more challenging. The 
ability to comprehend and effectively 
"maneuver" in the cognitive and cultural 
dimensions of the modern operating en- 
vironment will be paramount. In order to 
be successful in this complex operating 
environment, continued development of 



CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 



our core competencies among our opera- 
tional forces is essential. 



OUR CORE COMPETENCIES: 
FOUNDATION FOR TOMOR- 
ROW'S CAPABILITIES 

The Marine Corps' Vision and Strat- 
egy 2025 established a conceptual direc- 
tion for the Marine Corps to meet the 
challenges of an uncertain but dangerous 
security environment. It articulates how 
the Marine Corps' six core competencies 
posture the Marine Corps to meet future 
security needs. The core competencies are 
the fundamental contribution that the 
Marine Corps makes to the Nation's de- 
fense. Though enduring, they are not stat- 
ic. New competencies must be developed 
as necessary and honed to meet emerging 
challenges. Our core competencies reflect 
our particular skill sets, and thus describe 
what we do to meet combatant com- 
mander requirements while posturing the 
Marine Corps for the future. Thus, our 
capability and capacity to achieve these 
core competencies will form the basis for 
the future Marine Corps that is capable of 
providing a force in readiness to: 
(1) Conduct persistent forward naval 
engagement and is always prepared to 
respond as the Nation's force in readi- 
ness. The Marine Corps is devoted to an 
expeditionary way of life. We understand 
that true readiness means much more 
than being deployable. It requires a force 
that is deployed with our Navy shipmates 
and engaged in the littorals, shaping the 
operational environment, and contribut- 



ing to the prevention of conflict. This ag- 
ile force can react rapidly across the range 
of military operations and must prevail, 
even thrive, in the uncertainty and chaos 
of emerging crises. 

(2) Employ integrated combined arms 
across the range of military operations 
and can operate as part of a joint or mul- 
tinational force. Our MAGTFs blend the 
art and science of executing combined 
arms operations from air, land, and sea. 
Marine employment and integration of 
air- and ground-based capabilities reflect 
our innovative approach to warfighting. 
History has shown that this approach can 
be applied with effect in missions that 
range from security cooperation to ma- 
jor combat operations. Our MAGTFs are 
task-organized for each mission and can 
be employed independently or as part of 
a joint or multinational force. 

(3) Provide forces and specialized de- 
tachments for service aboard naval 
ships, on stations, and for operations 
ashore. The Marine Corps and the Navy 
share a common heritage. Marines have 
served aboard Navy ships as marksmen, 
as embarked MAGTFs, as naval aviators, 
and as specialized detachments afloat. 
This heritage is reflected in our doctrine 
and in how we design our equipment 
and weapons systems. Our moderniza- 
tion programs for the future are being 
designed to allow Marine Corps forces 
to seamlessly deploy, project power, and 
fight from naval vessels or austere expedi- 
tionary bases, or any combination there- 
of. Our close association with the Navy 
continues today along with a growing in- 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



teraction with the Coast Guard. The 2007 
tri-service maritime strategy, A Coopera- 
tive Strategy for 21st Century Seapower, 
articulates a renewed emphasis on inte- 
grated naval capabilities and capacities. 

(4) Conduct joint forcible- entry op- 
erations from the sea and develop am- 
phibious landing force capabilities and 
doctrine. When access to critical regions 
or allies is denied or in jeopardy, forward- 
deployed, rapidly employable Marine 
Corps forces are trained and ready to exe- 
cute amphibious operations to overcome 
enemy defenses. Together, the Navy and 
Marine Corps provide the Nation with its 
primary capability to swiftly project and 
sustain combat power ashore in the face 
of armed opposition. We leverage avail- 
able joint and naval capabilities, project 
sustainable combat power ashore, and 
secure entry for follow-on forces. Our 
sea-based MAGTFs provide the Nation 
with expeditionary forces to conduct 
initial operations independent of local 
infrastructure, or in undeveloped, aus- 
tere areas. This capability enables the 
accomplishment of amphibious joint 
forcible entry operations as well as vari- 
ous missions across the range of military 
operations. These strategic capabilities re- 
quire focused amphibious resources and 
doctrine. 

(5) Conduct complex expeditionary op- 
erations in the urban littorals and other 
challenging environments. The Marine 
Corps' historical ability to conduct ex- 
peditionary operations, such as irregular 
warfare against emerging threats in com- 
plex environments, is well documented. 



These operations include counterinsur- 
gency; counterterrorism; train, advise, 
and assist activities; and stability tasks. 
The complexity of these missions has in- 
creased due to the presence of large num- 
bers of noncombatants, urbanization 
in the littorals, and the dynamics of the 
information environment. Marines are 
specifically trained and broadly educated 
to understand cultures and populations, 
to thrive in chaotic environments, and to 
recognize and respond creatively to de- 
manding situations. 

(6) Lead joint and multinational opera- 
tions and enable interagency activities. 
The complex nature of existing security 
challenges demands capabilities that har- 
ness the strengths of all the instruments 
of national power. Marines are well quali- 
fied to enable the introduction of follow- 
on forces and facilitate the integration 
of military and interagency efforts. This 
interoperability mandates the establish- 
ment of enduring relationships and the 
orchestration of diverse capabilities, or- 
ganizations, and cultural awareness across 
all aspects of an operation. 

These six core competencies provide 
the focus for the Marine Corps of today 
and into the future. As we prepare for 
an unpredictable future, we continue to 
adapt to the ever- changing character and 
conduct of warfare, while remaining cog- 
nizant of its fundamentally unchanging 
nature. Thus, the institutional founda- 
tion of people, equipment, and concepts 
is paramount to achieving these core 
competencies and the range of capabili- 
ties that they provide the United States. 



CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINEJ 



In December 2009, the Marine Corps 
Service Campaign Plan 2009-2015 (MC- 
SCP) was approved. This directive docu- 
ment maintains the momentum estab- 
lished by Vision and Strategy 2025 and 
constitutes the "execution document" 
that will guide the Service toward achiev- 
ing Vision and Strategy 2025 end-states, 
while simultaneously providing guidance 
that directs Marine Corps resources to 
support the combatant commanders and 
meet the Commandant's priorities. This 
campaign plan is intended to provide 
the necessary guidance for executing the 
Commandant's statutory requirement 
to develop, organize, train, equip, and 
deploy Marine forces, and identifies key 
outcomes, sets objectives, and provides 
guidance to maintain proficiency in our 
core competencies. The MCSCP will fo- 
cus on actions to be taken within the 
Future Years Defense Program (FYDP) 
by Headquarters Marine Corps, the sup- 
porting establishment, and the operating 
forces. The MCSCP will be actively man- 
aged, periodically reviewed, and updated 
as required. 

THE INSTITUTIONAL 
FOUNDATION 

Every organization requires a solid 
foundation in order to be successful, and 
for the Marine Corps that foundation is 
our people, our equipment, and our con- 
cepts. We have developed a number of 
service and joint concepts to articulate 
how the force will need to evolve to re- 
main ready. 



People and Organization 

Key to maintaining a force in readi- 
ness is having a balanced force capable 
of responding across the range of mili- 
tary operations. We believe a force level 
of 202,000 Marines achieves that balance 
and allows us to maintain our current 
focus on irregular warfare and increase 
training in other areas, specifically am- 
phibious operations, larger scale com- 
bined arms operations, and security co- 
operation. 

Recent changes in organization en- 
sure our enduring capability to meet the 
challenges across the range of military 
operations, both today and into the fu- 
ture. These include: increasing the Ma- 
rine Corps Training and Advisory Group 
(MCTAG) from 41 to 181 Marines during 
FY 2011; bringing the Marine Corps In- 
formation Operations Center (MCIOC) 
to initial operational capability (IOC) in 
FY 2010 and full operational capability 
(FOC) in FY 2011; enhancing the Center 
for Advanced Operational Culture and 
Learning (CAOCL) through establish- 
ment of Language Learning Resource 
Centers (LLRC) at all eight major Ma- 
rine Corps bases to facilitate culture and 
language training for all Marines; and 
bringing Marine Forces Cyber Command 
(MARFORCYBER) to FOC in FY 2011. 

While we recruit Marines, we retain 
families. More than 45 percent of our 
Marines are married and there are almost 
as many dependents as there are Marines 
in our active component. We know that 
Marines perform better when their fami- 
lies have access to quality housing, health- 
care, child development services, and 



JSMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



education. Moreover, Marines are able to 
go forward in defense of the Nation and 
maintain their focus knowing their fami- 
lies have a support network looking after 
them back at home. 

Since 2007, the Marine Corps has 
been engaged in a multi-year plan to 
transition family support programs to 
a wartime footing. We have reformed 
our family readiness programs at every 
level of command at all of our installa- 
tions. We have created 415 full-time fam- 
ily readiness officers at the battalion and 
squadron level. We have capitalized on 
the latest in technology to improve how 
commanders communicate with families 
in their unit and how deployed Marines 
maintain contact with their loved ones 
back home. We are also investing in addi- 
tional capacity at our child development 
centers with the intent to create 1,670 new 
spaces across six of our installations. Con- 
tinued support of quality of life programs 
for Marines and families will ensure that 
our readiness efforts are sustained at the 
proper levels. 

Equipment 

As we conduct a responsible draw- 
down from Iraq and continue to operate in 
the harsh terrain of Afghanistan, continued 
funding to reset equipment is imperative. 
The refurbishment and reset of our equip- 
ment sets, to include afloat and ashore 
prepositioned equipment and depot war 
reserves, are critical to the sustainment of 
the strategic reserve. In parallel with reset of 
our equipment, we need to also modernize 
across the MAGTF for tomorrow's fight. 




Ground Combat Element 

The individual Marine is the core of 
who we are, and our Ground Combat El- 
ement (GCE) is built around that Marine. 
In turn, the GCE is the core around which 
the MAGTF is built and modernization 
efforts are focused on the individual Ma- 
rine, ground combat vehicle mobility, 
and fire support. 

Modernization in support of the in- 
dividual Marine will focus on his ability 
to shoot, move, and communicate. The 
procurement of the infantry automatic 
rifle (IAR) which will replace the squad 
automatic weapon (SAW), will signifi- 
cantly enhance the automatic rifleman's 
maneuverability and displacement speed, 
while providing the ability to suppress or 
destroy targets of most immediate con- 
cern to the fire team. By fully recognizing 
the trade-off between weight, protection, 
fatigue, and movement restriction, the 
Marine Corps is providing Marines the 
latest in personal protective equipment. 

In the decentralized and dispersed 
operational environment, the tactical 
hand held radio family of systems con- 
solidates and exceeds legacy capabilities, 
lightens the combat load of individual 
Marines and small units, and provides 



CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 



line-of-sight radios into every tactical 
vehicle. Coupled with the fielding of the 
AN/PRC-117F which is capable of oper- 
ating in the very high frequency (VHF) 
and ultra-high frequency (UHF) spec- 
trins, and the AN/PRC- 150(C) which 
operates in the high frequency (HF) 
spectrum, this family of systems reduces 
the Marine communications footprint by 
covering previous communications spec- 
tra with fewer radios. Additionally, the 
AN/PRC-1 17(F) and AN/PRC-150(C) 
adds significant data capabilities within 
those spectra. This increased capability 
enhances the distribution of command 
and control across the battlefield in gen- 
eral and at lower echelons in particular. 

The Marine Corps will field a ground 
combat and tactical vehicle portfolio 
that will be based on a balance of perfor- 
mance, protection, payload, and trans- 
portability. Our modernization efforts 
include procurement of a balanced blend 
of Expeditionary Fighting Vehicles (EFV) 
and Marine Personnel Carriers (MPC) 
to support expeditionary maneuver by 
enhancing Marine operating forces' tacti- 
cal mobility through replacement of the 
40-year old fleet of Assault Amphibious 
Vehicles (AAV). The Joint Light Tactical 
Vehicle ( JLTV) will replace the aging High 
Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle 
(HMMWV) and provide improved mo- 
bility and increased protection and pay- 
load. Reset of the Mine Resistant Ambush 
Protected (MRAP) vehicle and integra- 
tion of select numbers into the operating 
forces, primarily for route reconnaissance 
and clearance (R2C) and explosive ord- 



nance disposal (EOD), will round out 
our ground mobility strategy. MRAPS 
will also be placed in the prepositioning 
programs to support the EOD and R2C 
capabilities inherent in the MEBs. A large 
number of MRAPs will also be placed in 
long-term storage programs for future 
contingencies. 

Modernization of land-based fire 
support will be achieved through a triad 
of systems. The Expeditionary Fire Sup- 
port System (EFSS), the Lightweight 
155mm Howitzer (LW155) and the High 
Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HI- 
MARS) will expand the maneuver com- 
mander's fire support options. These 
systems will be capable of successfully en- 
gaging a spectrum of potential point and 
area targets. 

EFSS will be the primary indirect fire 
support system for the vertical assault el- 
ement of the ship -to -objective maneuver 
force. The LW155 provides significantly 
improved transportability and mobility 
without impacting range or accuracy. It 
provides fire support of unassisted pro- 
jectiles to a range of 15 miles and assisted 
projectiles to 19 miles. Finally, HIMARS 
provides the long-range capability to ac- 
curately engage targets at ranges in excess 
of 40 miles. 

Aviation Combat Element 

The Aviation Combat Element (ACE) 
of the MAGTF makes the Marine Corps 
unique, in that our aviation exists to sup- 
port our Marines on the ground. We are 
in the midst of an unprecedented mod- 
ernization effort; within the next two 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 




decades, with continued support, we 
will replace every single aircraft in the 
Marine Corps with a new model or new 
airframe that will enhance the capability 
of the MAGTF. We are focused on our 
aviation assets in the current fight, yet we 
are also looking to a complex moderniza- 
tion plan for the future force. By 2020, we 
will have: 

• Transitioned more than 50 percent of 
our aviation squadrons to new aircraft; 

• Added five more operational squadrons 
and almost 100 more aircraft to our 
inventory; 

• Completed the fielding of the MV-22 
Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft and the UH-1Y 
Venom utility helicopter; 

• Updated our entire fleet of aerial refuel - 
ers to the KC-130J model; 

• Fielded the AH-1Z Viper attack heli- 
copter and the F-35B Lightning Joint 
Strike Fighter; 

• Fielded an entirely new family of Un- 
manned Aircraft Systems (UAS); and 

• Introduced a new model of the heavy- 
lift CH-53 cargo helicopter. 

In combat and aboard ship, the tilt- 
rotor MV-22 Osprey has proven to be a 
revolutionary machine. This aircraft has 



changed aviation tactics as well as ground 
tactics, for the Osprey now allows our 
ground commanders unprecedented 
speed, range, surprise, and flexibility in 
the transport of Marines on the battle- 
field. At our current build rate of thirty 
Osprey aircraft per year, we are replac- 
ing our CH-46E medium-lift helicopter 
squadrons at a rate of two squadrons per 
year. This is good news as, on average, 
our Vietnam-era CH-46E helicopters are 
more than forty years old. 

The F-35B Lightning II Joint Strike 
Fighter will likewise revolutionize tactical 
air support of our ground combat forces. 
We have not purchased a fixed-wing tac- 
tical aircraft in eleven years, investing in- 
stead in the next-generation capabilities 
of the F-35B short takeoff/vertical land- 
ing (STOVL) Marine Corps variant of 
the Joint Strike Fighter. This short takeoff 
and vertical landing ground attack, elec- 
tronic warfare, and fighter jet will eventu- 
ally replace our inventory of AV-8 Harri- 
ers, F/A-18 Hornets, and EA-6B Prowlers. 
The Joint Strike Fighter will be able to op- 
erate under the same austere conditions 
as the Harrier; carry more ordnance and 
provide longer on-station times than the 
Hornet; and conduct electronic warfare 
more effectively than does the Prowler. 

Logistics Combat Element 

The Logistic Combat Element (LCE) 
of the MAGTF also requires moderniza- 
tion and reset of several key systems to 
provide expeditionary logistics to Marine 
combat and maneuver units. Ground tac- 
tical vehicle mobility will be enhanced 



CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 




through modernization of the Logistics 
Vehicle System Replacement (LVSR), and 
reset of the Medium Tactical Vehicle Re- 
placement (MTVR) - both provide the 
tactical distribution required to support 
the GCE and ACE with bulk fuel, water, 
ammunition, and cargo. The LVSR will 
rapidly distribute all classes of supply, 
while including a self-loading/unloading 
capability to reduce dependence on ex- 
ternal material handling equipment. The 
MTVR is fully fielded and has proven its 
worth in both Iraq and Afghanistan. The 
MTVR fleet that has been operational in 
these two theaters will require significant 
reset efforts in order to ensure that it 
meets its service life expectancy. 

Tactical distribution of supplies and 
logistics support is more than just trans- 
portation. It also requires an effective and 
efficient distribution and tracking system. 
Global Combat Service Support - Marine 
Corps (GCSS-MC) is a portfolio of in- 
formation technology systems that will 
support logistics command and control, 
joint logistics interoperability, and secure 
access to and visibility of logistics data. It 
will align our logistics efforts with real- 
world challenges, where speed and infor- 



mation have replaced mass and footprint 
as the foremost attributes of combat 
operations. 

With Logistics Modernization (Log- 
Mod), we continue the ongoing, multi- 
year effort to improve the people, process- 
es, and technologies supporting MAGTF 
operations. An example of this is C2 for 
logistics. We have taken steps to ensure 
the resources (personnel, supplies, and 
equipment), processes, and communica- 
tion architectures are in place to generate, 
collect, and distribute data across mul- 
tiple layers of command with different 
requirements for information. The data 
from across the MAGTF will be enhanced 
by Marine Corps Autonomic Logistics 
(AL) that will monitor, collect, record, 
process, store, report, display, and archive 
platform mission-critical data elements. 
This performance data will be analyzed 
to provide information on fuel, ammuni- 
tion, mobile loads, and system health sta- 
tus for current Marine Corps ground tac- 
tical equipment. Marine Corps logistics 
is actively pursuing Sense and Respond 
Logistics (S&RL) to enhance equipment 
readiness by advanced, real-time infor- 
mation technology that is flexible, robust, 
and scalable. 

Command Element 

The Command Element (CE) pro- 
vides the command and control, intel- 
ligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
for the MAGTF. These systems of systems 
will require reset efforts to include refresh 
and hardware upgrades for systems such 
as the tactical combat operations systems 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



and the combat operations center equip- 
ment suite. 

Modernization efforts will bring the 
Common Aviation Command and Con- 
trol System (CAC2S) to full operational 
capability. CAC2S will eliminate cur- 
rent dissimilar systems and provide the 
MAGTF with the necessary hardware, 
software, and facilities to effectively com- 
mand, control, and coordinate air opera- 
tions while integrating with naval, joint, 
and/or combined command and control 
units. Also, the Joint Tactical Common 
Operational Picture (COP) workstation 
(JTCW) will reach IOC in FY 2010. It is 
expected to provide the warfighter with 
a framework for enhanced systems in- 
teroperability and commonality between 
MAGTF command, control, communi- 
cations, computers, intelligence, surveil- 
lance, and reconnaissance systems. JTCW 
is the primary point of entry for the COP, 
enabling users to view map data, view and 
update track data, develop and distribute 
overlays, exchange general message traf- 
fic, plan and distribute route informa- 
tion, and conduct general command and 
control planning. 

The Marine Corps Intelligence, Sur- 
veillance, & Reconnaissance Enterprise 
(MCISR-E) will modernize ISR capabili- 
ties by expanding the inherent ISR capac- 
ity of units at all echelons across the force. 
Simultaneously, it will provide better 
integration of intelligence information 
to address complex collection environ- 
ments through a flexible organizational 
construct. 



Other Modernization Efforts 




Training. The goal is to ensure that all 
elements of the MAGTF are properly trained 
on these systems. Also the goal is to ensure 
effectiveness on the tactics, techniques, and 
procedures necessary to attain mission suc- 
cess which will require modernization and 
transformation of our ranges and training 
systems. Marine Corps live training ranges 
will be updated with a dynamic training 
system capable of real-time and post-mis- 
sion battle tracking, data collection and the 
deliverance of value-added after action re- 
view. This end state is that such a system 
will link Marine Corps live training to the 
tenets of training transformation-joint na- 
tional training capability (T2-JNTC) and 
joint assessment and evaluation capability. 
Instrumentation also allows service and 
joint virtual and constructive forces to in- 
teract with Marine Corps live training forc- 
es from distributed locations. 

Specific to unit training, Infantry Im- 
mersive Trainers (IIT) are small-unit train- 
ing ranges consisting of urban structures 
finished and decorated to replicate geo- 
specific locations. Individual feedback is 
enhanced by integrating and pairing ranges 
with direct fire training systems; virtual 



10 



CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 




simulation capabilities; and video instru- 
mentation for after-action review. The end 
state will be the ability to create a small unit 
training range on par with modern crew 
simulators. IITs provide a small-unit deci- 
sion and rehearsal training range for squad 
and fire team capstone training and evalu- 
ation in support of the pre-deployment 
training program. 

Regionalization. As our Marines face 
an increasingly complex security environ- 
ment, the requirement for greater under- 
standing of the regions in which they will 
be operating will grow. To meet this chal- 
lenge, each MEF will focus on increasing 
the regional awareness of their personnel 
through training programs that increase 
the language skills and cultural knowledge 
of the operating forces. The regional focus 
areas for each MEF are established in the 



MCSCP and are intended to frame these 
efforts to increase regional understand- 
ing. The MCSCP has further directed that 
analysis be conducted to link the regional 
focus areas of each MEF to manpower poli- 
cies and force sourcing methodologies that 
permit the assignment of personnel with 
specific regional experience to the operat- 
ing forces while facilitating the recurrent 
deployment of the same units to the same 
regions to support operations and steady 
state engagement requirements. As these 
analysis efforts are completed, they will be 
presented to senior Marine Corps leader- 
ship for decision. 

Seabasing and Shipbuilding. Seabas- 
ing provides our Nation with the ability 
to overcome diplomatic, geographic, and 
military impediments to access in areas 
of national interest. This capability has re- 



11 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



emerged as a critical necessity for extending 
U.S. influence and power overseas. Fortu- 
nately, the United States possesses an asym- 
metric advantage in that endeavor: seapow- 
er. As described in the maritime strategy, 
our seapower advantage allows the United 
States to use the sea as maneuver space. Na- 
val forces use this conceptual approach — 
seabasing — to overcome impediments to 
access. Seabasing is a naval capability that 
provides joint force commanders with the 
ability to conduct selected functions and 
tasks at sea without reliance on infrastruc- 
ture ashore. It is a concept for employing a 
variety of platforms, versus a specific type 
of platform. The Navy, Marine Corps, and 
Coast Guard are a sea-based force that pro- 
vides the combatant commanders with nu- 
merous employment options. Freed from 
reliance upon local ports and airfields, we 
continuously operate forward — and surge 
additional forces when necessary — to proj- 
ect influence and power ashore in a selec- 
tively discrete or overt manner. 

Seabasing has wide applicability across 
the range of military operations — from 
military engagement, security cooperation, 
and deterrence activities to crisis response 
and limited contingency operations, to major 
operations and campaigns. The sea may be 
used as maneuver space by small, mission- 
tailored forces engaged in activities which 
contribute to conflict prevention, or by 
larger task-organized naval forces to gain 
theater access and enable the introduction 
of joint follow-on forces. 

The ability to conduct at-sea transfer of 
people and materiel, for both ship-to-ship 
and ship-to-shore purposes, has emerged 



as a key enabler for deploying, employing, 
and sustaining joint forces from the sea. 
Building upon the foundation provided 
by amphibious ships, aircraft carriers, and 
military sealift ships, ongoing initiatives in- 
clude the development of high-speed intra- 
theater connectors, enhanced connectors, 
maritime prepositioning capabilities that 
allow for assembly and projection of forces 
at and from the sea using both vertical and 
surface means, and integrated naval logis- 
tics. These initiatives will be employed in 
combination to enhance access by reducing 
the joint force's reliance on ports and air- 
fields in the operational area. 

A national seabasing capability requires 
an adequately- resourced amphibious ship- 
building plan. In 2009, the United States 
welcomed two new ships to the amphibi- 
ous fleet: the USS Makin Island (LHD-8), 
which was commissioned on October 24, 
2009; and the USS New York (LPD-21), 
which was commissioned on November 7, 
2009. The inventory requirement to give 
the Nation an adequate seabasing capabil- 
ity is 38 amphibious warships. At least 1 1 of 
these should be aviation-capable large-deck 
amphibious assault class ships (LHA/LHD/ 
LHA(R)) to accommodate the aviation 
combat element of a MEB. 

The future prepositioning force should 
also consist of three squadrons, to act as the 
seabase nucleus, plus the necessary ship-to- 
ship and ship-to-shore connector capabil- 
ity to support elements of three MEBs. This 
type of inventory will fulfill the following: 
combatant commander's need for steady- 
state forward presence; strengthen our na- 
tion's relations with allied and partner na- 



CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 



tions through peacetime engagement and 
training exercises; and ensure our nation 
is ready to respond with humanitarian as- 
sistance when disaster strikes anywhere 
around the globe. Also, in the event of 
major conflict, it will ensure we are able to 
deploy combat forces from the sea without 
having to rely on another nation's ports 
or airfields. 

There is a misperception that the Unit- 
ed States has not conducted an amphibious 
operation since Inchon in 1950. In reality, 
since the end of the Cold War our nation 
has conducted more than 100 amphibious 
operations. As our nation's military infra- 
structure overseas continues to decrease, 
and as diplomatic agreements anckthe in- 
ternational security environment grows 
increasingly more complex, we believe the 
demand for U.S. amphibious forces will 
only increase. In short, we think nations 
will continue to want our support, but not 
our footprint. Thus, the presence of our 
naval forces around the world will provide 
the framework that will allow our nation 
to pursue elements of power other than 
military. This includes using diplomatic, 
informational, and economic efforts — to 
promote global stability. 

Posture. The Marine Corps is also re- 
aligning the force lay down of III Marine 
Expeditionary Force (MEF) in the Pacific 
to provide a long-term, enduring posture 
to meet both traditional and emerging op- 
erational challenges in the region. This re- 
alignment is complex and expensive, and 
represents the largest peacetime relocation 
of forces in Marine Corps history. This 
supports agreements between the United 



States and Japan through a formal dialogue 
known as the Defense Policy Review Initia- 
tive. These agreements strengthen the U.S.- 
Japan alliance for the changing strategic 
environment. 

Key to these agreements and ongoing 
dialogue is the long-term basing of U.S. 
forces on Japan, reduction of forces on 
Okinawa, and the establishment of a new 
Marine base on Guam. The combination 
of bases in Guam; Okinawa and Iwakuni, 
Japan; and Hawaii will provide forward lo- 
cations for Marine forces to meet the chal- 
lenges of long-standing threats to regional 
security and stability. Included with this is 
the emerging threats of piracy and terror- 
ism, humanitarian assistance and disaster 
relief, and partnering commitments with 
allies and friendly nations. 

Guam is the western-most U.S. terri- 
tory in the Pacific. Marine units will be able 
to deploy to and from Guam without the 
host-nation restrictions of other countries. 
Marine units can host bilateral and multi- 
lateral training on or near Guam, creating 
a convenient location for allies and friendly 
nations to train on Marine Corps facilities 
on U.S. soil. Finally, Marine families can 
move to Guam expecting a familiar and 
supportive community. Marine Corps Pa- 
cific realignments represent a multi-decade 
investment to ensure Marine forces in the 
Pacific are given the resources required to 
maintain core competencies and remain 
postured optimally to meet combatant 
commander requirements. 

All these efforts at reset and moderniza- 
tion will ensure the Marine Corps is prop- 
erly postured for the future uncertainties of 



13 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Corps Vision and Strategy 2025 

Vision 

The Marine Corps of 2025 will fight and win our Nation's battles with multi-ca- 
pable Marine Air Ground Task Forces, either from the sea or in sustained operations 
ashore. Our unique role as the Nations force in readiness, along with our values, en- 
during ethos, and core competencies, will ensure that we remain responsive to combat- 
ant commanders. In an uncertain and complex world, and against irregular and hybrid 
as well as traditional threats, we will continue to excel as the Nation's expeditionary 
"force-of-choice." 

Strategy 

To achieve this vision, the Marine Corps will be: 

Organized to execute operations with MAGTFs that are mission tailored and 
operate as part of a naval and joint team. 

Optimized to conduct naval expeditionary operations while retaining the insti- 
tutional agility, battlefield flexibility and initiative to meet constantly changing 
conditions of crisis and combat. 

Modernized with equipment and logistics that expand expeditionary capability 
and preserve our ability to operate from the sea. 

Postured to prevent or respond to crises with forward positioned MAGTFs — 
both afloat and ashore — that are engaged and ready to act decisively in response 
to combatant commanders' requirements. 



our operating environment. The concepts 
development process used to frame this op- 
erating environment is also vitally impor- 
tant and provides the construct in which we 
develop programs and allocate resources. 
The synthesis of these concepts that we use 
to guide program development is a never 
ending pursuit. The Marine Corps culture 
and organization is well suited for the con- 
tinually changing security environment and 
this concept development. 



Concepts 

The United States relies upon its mari- 
time forces — the Navy, Marine Corps, 
and Coast Guard — to be responsive and 
vigilant and to implement national poliq 7 
without the benefit of precise knowledge 
of what the immediate or long-term future 
holds. We know that conflicts will erupt 
within the littorals and across the global 
commons. As a result, the sea sendees will 
play a significant role in engagement to pre- 
vent crises as well as to respond quickly and 



14 



CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 



effectively when crises do emerge. 

The Marine Corps will continue to fos- 
ter a culture of warrior-scholars who em- 
brace critical thinking and adaptability to 
dynamically changing asymmetric threats. 
The following topics detail the importance 
of thought and innovation to Marine Corps 
culture and describes the family of service 
concepts that guide Marine Corps pro- 
grams, doctrine, and policy development. 

Key Marine Corps Concepts 

Two key documents provide the 
framework for how the Marine Corps 
will operate and meet the challenges of 
the strategic environment. First, A Coop- 
erative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower, 
published in October 2007, articulates 
U.S. naval and maritime strategy. It ex- 
plains the relationship between the Navy, 
Marine Corps, and Coast Guard and ad- 
dresses the complex demands of the evolv- 
ing international security environment. 
First, this strategy stresses an approach 
that integrates seapower with other ele- 
ments of national power, as well as those 
of our friends and allies. It describes how 
seapower will be applied around the world 
to protect our way of life, as we join with 
like-minded nations to protect and sustain 
sea lanes of communication. It also in- 
cludes the global, inter-connected system 
through which we prosper. Second, and 
serving as our principal strategic planning 
document, the Marine Corps' Vision and 
Strategy 2025 identifies our core compe- 
tencies and objectives. It reflects our legis- 
lated roles, functions, and composition. It 
also illustrates our utility and value within 



the joint warfighting community, and is 
derived from strategic guidance at the na- 
tional and departmental level, 

Along with these publications, The 
Long War: Send in the Marines provides the 
bridge between vision and strategy and the 
service-specific concepts and capabilities 
envisioned in the 2007 edition of Marine 
Corps Operating Concepts for a Changing 
Security Environment. Through the use of 
these documents as guides to best posi- 
tion the Marine Corps for future success, 
the Corps has sought to expand awareness 
of and institutionalize capabilities against 
future irregular threats and complex en- 
vironments. The result is a framework of 
supporting concept documents that will 
prove valuable in helping to ensure our 
Corps remains ready, relevant, and institu- 
tionally excellent. 

Marine Corps Operating Concepts for a 
Changing Security Environment. As a result 
of the work on the above documents and 
on the Quadrennial Roles and Missions Re- 
view Report, the Marine Corps has sought 
to expand its already- significant contribu- 
tion to national security objectives. Thus, 
to accomplish this task, the Marine Corps 
Operating Concepts for a Changing Secu- 
rity Environment is being revised. It will 
provide the intellectual foundation for 
improving capabilities and capacities to 
overcome access challenges and conduct 
engagement, response, and power projec- 
tion operations. This emerging concept 
addresses the following topics: 

Enhanced MAGTF Operations (EMO). 

EMO recognizes the inherent agil- 



15 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



ity and versatility of the MAGTF to 
conduct expeditionary operations 
and improves upon it to increase op- 
erational utility and proficiency. This 
concept envisions more robust capa- 
bilities for dealing with the threats 
and opportunities of the modern 
hybrid battlefield. EMO espouses the 
simultaneous employment of mul- 
tiple operational maneuver elements, 
across an extended battle-space, with 
the agility to conduct various mis- 
sions either concurrently or sequen- 
tially. MAGTFs will have an enhanced 
capability to project fluid combined- 
arms formations. These maneuver 
formations will be capable of con- 
ducting multiple simultaneous, and 
dissimilar missions at increasingly 
lower echelons outside the range of 
mutual support. Units will require in- 
creased mobility to rapidly reinforce, 
withdraw or concentrate forces and, 
improved enablers that network, pro- 
tect and sustain those forces. 

Engagement: Combat will always re- 
main the essential military capability. 
Future joint forces must be able to 
participate in security, engagement, 
and relief and reconstruction activi- 
ties. This involves responding to ac- 
cess challenges by strengthening al- 
liances and partnerships through 
security cooperation activities. These 
activities include providing support 
for training, advising, and equipping 
partner security forces to counter 
insurgencies, weapons proliferation, 



and irregular threats. The Ma- 
rine Corps seeks to blend existing 
general-purpose forces with new and 
enhanced specialized engagement- 
enabling capabilities to provide an 
expanded array of means for engage- 
ment activities. Enhanced engage- 
ment capabilities will be established 
within both the operating forces and 
supporting establishments. These ini- 
tiatives will permit the Corps to pro- 
vide combatant commanders with 
additional options to satisfy their 
regional security force assistance re- 
quirements. 

Crisis Response: Historically, naval 
forces are the first on the scene, first 
in the fight, last to depart, and fore- 
most in defense of national interests 
around the world. Wherever crises 
occur, naval forces can bring un- 
equivocal, timely power to bear. For 
crisis response, the combination of 
requirements across the range of mil- 
itary operations calls for adaptive and 
complementary naval capabilities, 
forward deployed and sea based, and 
with the ability to anticipate action 
and to react immediately. Task orga- 
nized Navy-Marine Corps forces are 
uniquely structured and trained to 
execute crisis response operations in 
the 21st Century. Indeed, by improv- 
ing its crisis-response capabilities, the 
Marine Corps will expand its con- 
tribution protecting U.S. personnel 
and pursuing U.S. national interests 
abroad. Further, it will do so while 



16 



CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 



maintaining balance with Marine 
Corps contributions to the homeland 
defense/civil support and major com- 
bat operations core missions. 

Power Projection: The United States 
will need to conduct and sustain 
combat operations from the sea and 
extended operations ashore. Not 
only does positioning a potent com- 
bat force offshore act as an important 
deterrent, the capabilities and ca- 
pacities for power projection are ap- 
plicable across the range of military 
operations. Anti-access strategies and 
technologies are increasingly sophis- 
ticated, and precision weapons are 
becoming widely available. The Ma- 
rine Corps seeks to develop capabili- 
ties with its naval partners to counter 
these aspects of the security environ- 
ment; ensure the joint force's ability 
to project power throughout the lit- 
torals; and secure access for joint and 
multi-national operations. 

Supporting Concepts 

The current operating environment 
has been fertile ground for innovation 
and forward-leaning analysis and con- 
ceptual development. Our supporting 
documents include: 

Amphibious Operations in the 21st 
Century. This operating concept 
provides a framework for examining 
the purposes, methods, and means 
of bridging the interface between 
sea and land. In dismissing the no- 
tion that amphibious operations are 




all forcible-entry operations, like the 
landing at Inchon during the Kore- 
an War, the document discusses our 
historical amphibious competence 
in humanitarian assistance and di- 
saster response and how distributed 
amphibious actions throughout the 
global littorals remain relevant in 
todays operational environment. 
It identifies current gaps in am- 
phibious capabilities and sets them 
against the geographic combatant 
commanders' demands for amphib- 
ious forces. Also, that such forces be 
postured forward for rapid response 
across the spectrum of engagement, 
crisis, and conflict. 

Evolving the MAGTF for the 21st 
Century. This document explores 
ideas for refining the MAGTF, giv- 
ing particular consideration to likely 
future operating environments, ad- 
versaries, tactics, and technologies. 
The concept is a logical evolution 
of the existing conceptual work on 
distributed operations, enhanced 
company operations, and enhanced 



17 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



MAGTF operations. Its central idea 
is that the Marine Corps must ex- 
plore revisions to organizations and 
equipment as well as select tactics, 
techniques, and procedures in or- 
der to meet the challenges of the 
21st century. The concept recom- 
mends that this exploration begin at 
the rifle company level in order to 
provide an innovation baseline for 
a more comprehensive evolution 
throughout the MAGTF. 

Seabasingfor the Range of Military 
Operations. This concept amplifies 
the Joint Seabasing concept and 
describes the utility of a sea-based 
approach to conducting operations 
across the range of military opera- 
tions. This is key, particularly in light 
of the diplomatic, military, and geo- 
graphic challenges to access charac- 
teristic of the 21st century. Written 
much like an anthology, it corrects 
misunderstandings by capturing 
the intellectual underpinnings and 
evolution of the professional jour- 
nal articles, formal concepts, war- 
games, doctrine, and strategies that 
have evolved our understanding of 
seabasing. 

Concept for Unified Action through 
Civil-Military Integration. This 
concept paper clarifies the USMC 
desire to improve our knowledge 
on integrating the activities of gov- 
ernmental and nongovernmental 
entities with military operations. 



The conceptual goal is to achieve 
unity of effort — incorporating all 
instruments of national influence to 
achieve "combined actions" at every 
level of engagement. It provides the 
Marine Corps with a broad over- 
view of the fundamental require- 
ments and mindset for success in 
a multiagency/multinational en- 
vironment. The concept examines 
several joint capabilities integration 
implications, including the creation 
of a MAGTF Unified Action Group 
(MUAG) that could function as the 
key integrator between civil-mili- 
tary organizations. 

USMC Cyberspace Concept. This 
document highlights the Marine 
Corps' recognition that cyberspace 
is an increasingly important do- 
main for all military operations. 
This concept describes the need 
to take full advantage of potential 
offensive opportunities in the cy- 
berspace domain and to minimize 
the asymmetric, potential vulner- 
abilities created by our reliance on 
networked systems and commu- 
nications. The Marine Corps will 
take the necessary steps to develop a 
comprehensive understanding and 
approach to cyberspace operations 
that fully integrates all aspects of 
computer network operations, in- 
formation assurance and network 
operations under a single command 
or proponent. 



CHAPTER 1: THE USMC: AMERICA'S EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN READINESS 



Emerging Concepts 

Strategic Communications. In re- 
sponding to the challenges in the cyber- 
space domain, the U.S. government and 
the Department of Defense continue to 
grapple with all aspects of information- 
related operations. This includes cyber- 
space, strategic communications, and 
information operations to help provide 
a baseline in the midst of the ongoing 
discussion. In the meantime a func- 
tional concept on strategic communica- 
tions is nearing completion. It discusses 
what strategic communications means 
to the Marine Corps and operational 
MAGTFs. 

Combating Weapons of Mass De- 
struction (CWMD). This document is in 
development and describes an approach 
to the Marine Corps role in supporting 
the eight mission areas of CWMD sup- 
porting the National Security Strategy 
(NSS) and National Military Strategy 
(NMS). The concept will delineate the 



Marine Corps' specific responsibilities 
within each mission area to provide 
commander's guidance to focus their 
training and capabilities as the mission 
requires. 

The Marine Corps will continue to 
promote awareness, thought, and in- 
formed discussion on topics of funda- 
mental importance to all Marines. This 
includes, the future of our Corps and 
the roles we will play in the future oper- 
ational environment of persistent crisis 
and conflict. Our heritage and experi- 
ence in both amphibious operations and 
in small wars provide both a legacy and a 
ready source of inspiration for continued 
efforts in this area. The remainder of the 
2010 edition of Concepts and Programs 
describes the organization, research and 
development, acquisition programs, 
and current operations that are guided 
by these fundamental concepts and 
principles. 



19 



, 



. 














CHAPTER 









CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



ORGANIZATION 

INTRODUCTION 

The Marine Corps is a task-organized, multi-capable organization. It is scalable 
and adaptive, providing the Nation with a capable force across the range of military 
operations. As the Marine Corps has grown during the last several years to 202,000 
Marines, the organization of the Corps has changed and adapted to the current fight. 
During this growth, the Marine Corps has remained true to the direction provided 
by the 82nd Congress to provide "combined arms and supporting air components," 
through our expansion of both ground and aviation units. This chapter outlines the 
Marine Corps' combined arms structure and organization and highlights some of the 
unique capabilities that Marines bring to the fight. 



21 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) 



The MAGTF is the Marine Corps' 
principal organization for conducting 
missions across the range of military 
operations. MAGTFs provide combat- 
ant commanders with scalable, versatile 
expeditionary forces able to respond to 
a broad range of crisis and conflict situa- 
tions. They are balanced combined-arms 
force packages containing organic com- 
mand, ground, aviation, and sustainment 
elements. A single commander leads and 
coordinates this combined-arms team 
from pre-deployment training through 
all phases of deployment and employ- 
ment. MAGTF teams live and train to- 
gether, further increasing their cohesion 
and fighting power. 

MULT1CAPABLE MAGTFS 

MAGTFs will be decisive across the 
range of military operations with their 
capacity tailored to combatant com- 
manders' requirements. They will be op- 
timized to operate as an integrated system 
through air, land, and maritime domains, 
as well as the cyber and information envi- 
ronment. The naval character of MAGTFs 
enhances their global mobility, lethality, 
and staying power. Embarked aboard am- 
phibious ships, multi-capable MAGTFs 
provide U.S. civilian and military leaders 
with the ability to do the following: 

• Move forces into crisis areas without 
revealing their exact destinations or 
intentions 

• Provide continuous presence in 
international waters 

• Provide immediate national response 




Joint Task Force 



Command Element 



Ground 
Combat Element 



Aviation 
Combat Element 



Logistics 
Combat Element 



Bases/Stations 



MEF 

Major Wart ighting 

20-90K 

MEB(MEFFwd) 

Small-Scale Contingency 

Response 

3-20K 

MEU (SOC) 

Forward Deployment 

1.5-3K 

SPMAGTF 

Special Purpose 

Missions 



Fleet Anti Terrorism Support Teams 



Marine Security Guard Dets 



in support of humanitarian and natu- 
ral disaster relief operations 
Provide credible but non-provocative 
combat power over the horizon from a 
potential adversary for rapid employ- 
ment as the initial response to a crisis 



22 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



• Support diplomatic processes for 
peaceful crisis resolution before 
employing immediate-response 
combat forces 

• Project measured degrees of combat 
power ashore — day or night and 
under adverse weather conditions, if 
required 

• Introduce additional forces sequen- 
tially into a theater of operations 

• Operate independent of established 
airfields, basing agreements, and 
over- flight rights 

• Conduct combat operations ashore, us- 
ing organic combat service support that 
is brought into the area of operations 

• Enable the introduction of follow-on 
forces by securing staging areas ashore 

• Operate in rural and urban environ- 
ments, and during chemical, biologi- 
cal, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) 
situations 

• Withdraw rapidly at the conclusion 
of operations 

• Place and commence execution of 
a mission within six to 48 hours of 
receiving a warning order 

• Participate fully in the joint planning 
process and successfully integrate 
MAGTF operations with those of the 
joint force 

MAGTF COMPOSITION 

The Marine Corps task-organizes for 
combat in accordance with its statutory 
mandate to provide forces of combined 
arms, including aviation, by forming in- 
tegrated combined-arms MAGTFs. As 
the name indicates, MAGTFs are task-or- 
ganized and specifically tailored by mis- 
sion, as well as for rapid deployment by 
air and/or sea. However, no matter what 
their mission or mode of deployment, 



MAGTFs comprise four deployable ele- 
ments that are supported from Marine 
Corps bases and stations. 

Command Element (CE): The CE 
contains the MAGTF headquarters and 
other units that provide intelligence, 
communications, and administrative 
support. As with all other elements of the 
MAGTF, the CE is scalable and task orga- 
nized to provide the command, control, 
communications, computers, intelligence 
(C4I), and joint interoperability neces- 
sary for effective planning and execution 
of operations. 





Ground Combat Element (GCE): 

The GCE is task organized to conduct 
ground operations to support the MAGTF 
mission. This element includes infantry, 
artillery, reconnaissance, armor, light ar- 
mor, assault amphibian, engineer, and 
other forces as needed. The GCE can vary 
in size and composition. It can consist 
of a light, air-transportable battalion; a 
relatively heavy and mechanized unit that 
includes one or more Marine divisions; 
or another type of Marine Corps ground 
combat unit that meets the demands of a 
particular mission. 

Aviation Combat Element (ACE): 
The ACE conducts offensive and defen- 
sive air operations and is task organized 
to perform those functions of Marine 
aviation required to support the MAGTF 
mission. This element is formed around 

23 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



an aviation headquarters with appropri- 
ate air control agencies, combat, combat 
support, and combat service support 
units. The ACE can vary in size and com- 
position from an aviation detachment 
of specifically required aircraft to one or 
more Marine air wings (MAW). 

Logistics Combat Element (LCE): 
The LCE is task-organized to provide 
the full range of combat logistics func- 
tions and capabilities necessary to main- 
tain the continued readiness and sus- 
tainability of the MAGTF as a whole. 
It is formed around a combat logistics 
headquarters and may vary in size and 
composition from a support detach- 
ment to one or more Marine Logistics 
Groups (MLG). 

TYPES OF MAGTFS 

Five types of MAGTFs can be task 
organized: the Marine Expeditionary 
Force; Marine Expeditionary Brigade; 
Marine Expeditionary Unit; Special Pur- 
pose MAGTF; and Security Cooperation 
MAGTF. 

Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF): 
The MEF is the principal Marine Corps 
warfighting organization during larger 
crises or contingencies. It is normally 
commanded by a lieutenant general. A 
MEF can range in size from less than one 
division and air wing to multiple divi- 
sions and air wings, together with one or 
more logistics groups. MEFs are capable 
of amphibious operations and sustained 
operations ashore in any geographic en- 
vironment. With appropriate augmenta- 
tion, the MEF command element is ca- 



pable of performing as a joint task force 
(JTF) headquarters. 

MEFs are the primary "standing 
MAGTFs" in peacetime and wartime. In 
2010, the Marine Corps is organized with 
three standing MEFs, each with a Marine 
division, air wing, and logistics group. 
The 1st Marine Expeditionary Force (I 
MEF) is located at bases in California 
and Arizona. The 2d Marine Expedition- 
ary Force (II MEF) is located at bases 
in North Carolina and South Carolina. 
The 3d Marine Expeditionary Force (III 
MEF) is located at bases in Okinawa, 
mainland Japan, Hawaii and with future 
plans for Guam. 

MEFs are the "reservoirs" from which 
all other Marine Corps capabilities ema- 
nate. Marine component headquarters, 
Marine Corps Forces Command (MAR- 
FORCOM) and Marine Corps Forces, 
Pacific (MARFORPAC) can form smaller 
MAGTFs from these MEFs. A MEF will 
normally deploy in echelon and will 
designate its lead element as the MEF 
(Forward). 

Marine Expeditionary Brigade 
(MEB): The MEB is the mid-sized MAGTF 
(up to 20,000 Marines) and is normally 
commanded by a brigadier general. The 
MEB provides transitional capability 
between the forward-deployed Marine 
expeditionary unit (MEU) and the MEF, 
which is the Marine's principal warfight- 
ing force. A reinforced infantry regiment, 
a composite Marine aircraft group (MAG) 
and a combat logistics regiment (CLR) 
comprise a notional MEB. The command 
element of the MEB is embedded within 
the command element of its parent MEF; 



24 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



the deputy MEF commander normally 
serves as the MEB commander. 

MEBs provide supported combatant 
commanders with a scalable warfighting 
capability across the range of military op- 
erations. As an expeditionary force, it is 
capable of rapid deployment and employ- 
ment via amphibious shipping (normally 
17 amphibious ships), strategic air/sealift, 
geographic or maritime pre-positioning 
force assets, or any combination of these. 
With 30 days of accompanying supplies, 
MEBs can conduct amphibious assault 
and sustained operations ashore in any 
geographic environment. A MEB can op- 
erate independently or serve as the for- 
ward echelon of a MEF. With additional 
MEF command element augmentation, 
a MEB is also capable of acting as a JTF 
headquarters. Currently, all three MEFs 
source MEB command elements with 

Geographic Combatant Commands 



personnel from the MEF staff, it subordi- 
nate commands, and through individual 
augmentation. 

Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) 
and Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special 
Operations Capable), or MEU(SOC): 
Forward-deployed MEUs and/or 
MEU(SOC)s embarked aboard am- 
phibious ready groups (ARG) operate 
continuously in the areas of responsibil- 
ity of various unified combatant com- 
manders. The MEU(SOC) is differenti- 
ated from the MEU by the addition of a 
specifically task organized element from 
Marine Forces Special Operations Com- 
mand, is embarked and has been direct- 
ed to conduct operations with a specific 
MEU, (MEU + MARSOF = MEU(SOC)). 
Overall these units provide the President 
and the unified combatant command- 
ers a forward-deployed, flexible seabased 



c r i c ore 




25 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



MAGTF, capable of conducting: am- 
phibious operations, crisis response, lim- 
ited contingency operations, to include 
enabling the introduction of follow on 
forces, and, designated special operations 
forces. MEUs are characterized by their 
sea-based forward presence, expedition- 
ary nature, ability to plan and respond to 
crises, combined arms integration, and 
their interoperability with joint, com- 
bined and special operations forces. 

The MEU is commanded by a colo- 
nel and deploys with 15 days of accom- 
panying supplies. Prior to deployment, a 
MEU undergoes an intensive six-month 
training program, focusing on its mission 
essential task list (METL) and interoper- 
ability with MARSOF. The training cul- 
minates with a thorough evaluation and 
certification as "Operationally Ready to 
Deploy". The organic capabilities of the 
MEU and MEU(SOC) are: 

• Amphibious Operations 

- Amphibious Assault 

- Amphibious Raid 

o Small Boat Raid (Specific To 31st 
MEU) 

- Maritime Interception Operations 

- Advance Force Operations 

• Expeditionary Support to Other Op- 
erations / Crisis Response and Limited 
Contingency Operations 

- Noncombatant Evacuation 
Operations 

- Humanitarian Assistance 

- Stability Operations 

- Tactical Recovery of Aircraft and 
Personnel 

- Joint and Combined Operations 

- Aviation Operations from Expedi- 
tionary Sites 

- Theater Security and Cooperation 
Activities 

- Airfield and Port Seizures 

■ 26 



The additional capabilities provided 
bytheMEU(SOC)are: 
• Special Operations 

- Direct Action 

- Special Reconnaissance 

- Foreign Internal Defense 

Prior to deployment, the MEF com- 
mander exercises full command of his 
organic MEU. Command relationships 
of the MEUs once embarked will be as 
delineated by the geographic combatant 
commander (GCC). Per Joint Publication 
(JP) 3-02, Amphibious Operations,"While 
the full range of command relationship 
options as outlined in JP 1, Doctrine for 
the Armed Forces of the United States, are 
available, in amphibious operations, ser- 
vice component commanders normally 
retain operational control (OPCON) of 
their respective forces. If the joint force 
commander (JFC) organizes along func- 
tional lines, functional component com- 
manders will normally exercise OPCON 
over all their parent Services' forces and 
tactical control (TACON) over other Ser- 
vices' forces attached or made available 
for tasking." 

Special Purpose MAGTF (SPMAGTF): 
A SPMAGTF is task-organized to ac- 
complish a specific mission, operation, 
or regionally focused exercise. As such, 
SPMAGTFs can be organized, trained, 
and equipped to conduct a wide variety 
of expeditionary operations ranging from 
crisis-response to training exercises and 
peacetime missions. They are designated 
as SPMAGTF with a mission, location, or 
exercise name for example, "SPMAGTF 
Afghanistan". 

Security Cooperation MAGTF (SC- 
MAGTF): The SCMAGTF is an emerg- 
ing capability that will support combatant 
commander engagement requirements 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



with Marine forces specifically task-orga- 
nized for security cooperation and civil 
military operations. The SCMAGTF will 
have capabilities, mobility, and sustainabil- 
ity commensurate with its requirements to 
provide training to less developed military 
forces. The SCMAGTF will be tasked with 
building partner nation security capacity 
and supporting partner nation security 
efforts in specific regional areas. The SC- 
MAGTF will provide the combatant com- 
mander with a flexible expeditionary force 
employment option that further augments 
the traditional capabilities provided by the 
Marine Corps. 

The nation's MAGTFs thus provide a 
continuum of capabilities to support na- 
val, unified combatant commander, and 
national requirements. These MAGTFs 
are joined by other special-purpose forc- 
es and unique Marine forces to help the 
Corps deal with a full range of conven- 
tional, unconventional, and irregular/hy- 
brid threats and assignments. 

UNIQUE UNIFIED COMBAT- 
ANT COMMANDER SUPPORT 
A combatant commander or subor- 
dinate joint force commander might also 
require Marine forces that do not have all 
elements of a MAGTF. These forces are 
not given a specific MAGTF designation. 
Examples are installation security forces; 
engineer and medical support teams for 
humanitarian operations; deployments 
for training; law enforcement operations; 
and mobile training teams. In these cases, 
forces will be designated by the name of 
the senior headquarters having opera- 
tional control, for example, 1st Combat 
Engineer Battalion (Reinforced), 1st Ma- 
rine Division. 



GLOBAL RESPONSE FORCES 
(GRFS) 

Marine Corps global response forces 
(GRF) are standing contingency forces 
that can respond rapidly to emerging cri- 
ses anywhere in the world. Commander, 
U.S. Marine Corps Forces Pacific and 
Commander, Marine Corps Forces Com- 
mand maintain GRFs in continuous 
states of readiness, enabling U.S. Joint 
Forces Command to provide combatant 
commanders with the appropriate GRF 
as soon as the Secretary of Defense di- 
rects. Marine GRFs provide great versatil- 
ity through employment from U.S. Navy 
amphibious ships or as fly-in echelons 
marrying up with equipment from mari- 
time prepositioning forces. They can also 
conduct security and enabling functions 
as the lead element of a MEF. 

MAGTF SUSTAINABILITY 

A fundamental characteristic of a 
MAGTF is its ability to operate for ex- 
tended periods as an expeditionary 
force, relying on internal resources for 
sustainment. All MAGTFs have inher- 
ent sustainability that allows them to be 
self-sufficient for planned periods. Larg- 
er MAGTFs have a deeper, broader, and 
more capable organic support capability. 
Different-sized MAGTFs deploy with suf- 
ficient accompanying supplies to support 
joint operations. MAGTFs can augment 
their organic sustainability by using ex- 
ternal support from Navy organizations, 
host-nation support agreements, inter- 
service support agreements, and in the- 
ater cross-service agreements. 



27 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 




MARITIME PREPOSITIONING 
FORCE (MPF) 

The MPF is a strategic power-pro- 
jection capability that combines the lift 
capacity, flexibility, and responsiveness of 
surface ships with the speed of strategic 
airlift. Strategically positioned around the 
globe, the maritime prepositioning ships 
(MPS) of the MPF provide geographic 
combatant commanders with persistent 
forward presence and rapid crisis re- 
sponse. The MPF is organized into three 
MPS squadrons (MPSRON) compris- 
ing 16 ships. MSPRON-1 is based in the 
Mediterranean; MPSRON-2 is based at 
Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean; and 
MPSRON-3 is based in the Guam-Saipan 
area of the Pacific Ocean. These three in- 
teroperable MPSRONs are each designed 
to couple with a fly-in echelon to support 
the rapid closure of a MEB. The MPF can 
also support smaller or larger MAGTFs 
by employing as few as one or as many as 
16 MPS. The MPS include government- 
owned ships and long-term leased ships 
operated under charters to Military Sea- 
lift Command (MSC). 

When needed, these ships move to a 
crisis region and offload either in port or 
offshore via in-stream offload. Offloaded 
equipment and supplies are then mar- 
ried up with Marines arriving at nearby 
airfields. The end result is a combat-ready 

■ 28 



MAGTF rapidly established ashore, using 
minimal in-country reception facilities. 
The MAGTF combat capability provided 
by MPF supports geographic combatant 
commander military operations that de- 
feat adversaries and win wars, but has also 
supported regional crises that require 
rapid and effective humanitarian assis- 
tance and disaster relief. 




MARINE CORPS 
PREPOSITIONING PROGRAM- 
NORWAY (MCPP-N) 

MCPP-N enhances all geographic 
combatant commanders' operational re- 
sponsiveness by providing mission-tai- 
lored, prepositioned war-reserve materiel 
that supports global Marine Corps expe- 
ditionary operations. MCPP-N preposi- 
tioned war- reserve materiel is stored in six 
caves and two airfields spread across Nor- 
way and is available for rapid preparation 
and marshalling at aerial/sea/rail ports 
of debarkation in support of deploying 
MAGTFs. Forward-prepositioned war- 
reserve materiel reduces reaction time 
and continental U.S. (CONUS)-based lift 
requirements. 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps 



Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps 
(HQMC) consists of the Commandant of 
the Marine Corps and those staff agencies 
that advise and assist him in discharging 
his responsibilities prescribed by law and 
higher authority. The Commandant is 
directly responsible to the Secretary of 
the Navy for the total performance of the 
Marine Corps. This includes the admin- 



istration, discipline, internal organiza- 
tion, training, requirements, efficiency, 
and readiness of the service. Also, as the 
Commandant is a member of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, HQMC supports him in 
his interaction with the Joint Staff. The 
Commandant also is responsible for the 
operation of the Marine Corps material 
support system. 




SERGEANT MAJOR OF 
THE MARINE CORPS 



I 




CORPS CO, 
ENT CO, 



OMBAT ! 

mmandJ- 



MARINE CORPS 
NATIONAL CAPITAL 
COMMA!* 



MARI 

NATION 

I REGION 

■ MARINE CORPS 
RUITING COMMAND T 

MARINE BARRACKS 
WASHINGTON, D.C. M^ 



COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE 
CORPS WASHINGTON, D.C. 




ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF 

THE NAVY RESEARCH 

DEVELOPMENT & ACQUISITION 



MARI 
I SYSTEM 



MARINE CORPS 
S COMM 



ANDj 



c 



DIRECTOR 
MARINE CORPS STAFF 



DC, MANPOWER & 
RESERVE AFFAIRS 



DC, PLANS, POLICY 
& OPERATIONS 



DC, AVIATION 



J 



KC, INSTALLATIONS j DC.COM 

& LOGISTICS ! &II 



BAT DEVELOP 
INTEGRATION 




, PROGR 
& RESOURCES 




DIRECTOR 

COMMAND, CONTROL, 

COMMUNICATIONS & COMPUTERS 



DIRECTOR 
HEALTH SERVICES 



INSPECTOR GENERAL OF 
THE MARINE CORPS 



i DIRECTOR j I LEGISLATIVE ASSISTANT TO I DIRECTOR 

j INTELLIGENCE | THE COMMANDANT | PUBLIC AFFAIRS | 

■ 




DIRECTOI 
SAFETY DIVIS 




29 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



MANPOWER & RESERVE 
AFFAIRS (M&RA) 

Located in Quantico, VA, M&RA is 
the largest department within HQMC. 
The mission of M&RA is to provide 
commanders with the right Marines, in 
a timely manner, utilizing a process that 
is fair, that maximizes the potential of 
the force and the individual Marine, and 
that incorporates effective quality of life 
programs and services for all who serve. 
To accomplish this mission, the Deputy 
Commandant, Manpower & Reserve 
Affairs (M&RA) is in charge of a far- 
reaching slate of manpower and person- 
nel activities including: active and reserve 
assignments, promotions, and retention; 
senior leadership management; military 
awards; military and civilian personnel 
policies and plans; personnel and fam- 
ily readiness; casualty assistance; Marine 
Corps Community Services (MCCS); pay 
and personnel administration; wounded 
warrior non-medical care and support; 
and reserve personnel policies and plans. 



MARINE CORPS RECRUITING 
COMMAND (MCRC) 
Headquartered in Quantico, VA, MCRC 
conducts operations to recruit qualified 
individuals for enlistment or commis- 
sioning into the United States Marine 
Corps and Marine Corps Reserve. The 
goal is to attain the assigned Total Force 
personnel requirements by component 
and category in accordance with the ap- 
plicable fiscal year Marine Corps acces- 
sions strategy (Manpower Accessions 
Plan Memoranda), the Military Personnel 
Procurement Manual, and as directed by 
the Commandant of the Marine Corps. 
MCRC is comprised of two recruiting re- 
gions with three recruiting districts each. 
MCRC has approximately 3,000 Marine 
Corps recruiters operating out of 48 re- 
cruiting stations, 574 recruiting sub-sta- 
tions, and 71 officer selection sites across 
the continental United States, Alaska, 
Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and Guam. 



*"* 



COMMANDING GENERAL 
MARINE CORPS RECRUITING COMMAND 



COMMANDING GENERAL 

EASTERN RECRUITING REGION 

PARRIS ISLAND, SC 



^mg 




COMMANDING GENERAL 

WESTERN RECRUITING REGION 

SAN DIEGO, CA 








12THMCD 



30 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 






MARINE CORPS COMBAT 
DEVELOPMENT COMMAND 
(MCCDC) 

Located in Quantico, VA, the Deputy 
Commandant, Combat Development 
and Integration is also the Commanding 
General, MCCDC. He is tasked to develop 
fully integrated Marine Corps warfight- 
ing capabilities; including doctrine, or- 



ganization, training and education, ma- 
teriel, leadership, personnel, and facilities 
(DOTMLPF), to enable the Marine Corps 
to field combat-ready forces. In addition 
to these duties, he is the Commander, 
Marine Forces Strategic Command and 
the Commanding General of Marine 
Corps installations in the National Capi- 
tal Region. 



JfS /\ f\ 

DEPUTY COMMANDANT, 
COMBAT DEVELOPMENT & INTEGRATION 



r~ 



DEPUTY CG 
MCCDC 



CHIEF OF STAFF 
MCCDC 



CHIEF OF STAFF 
MARFORSTRAT 



VISION GROUP 



JOINT CAPABILITIES 

ASSESSMENT and 

INTEGRATION 

DIRECTORATE 



CAPABILITIES 
DEVELOPMENT 
DIRECTORATE 



MARINE CORPS 

BASE, 
QUANTICO, VA 



TRAINING AND 
EDUCATION 
COMMAND 



MARINE CORPS 

WARFIGHTING 

LAB 



OPERATIONS 
ANALYSIS 
DIVISION 



CENTER FOR 
IRREGULAR 
WARFARE 




MARINE CORPS 
RECRUIT DEPOT, 



QUANTIC °' VA 1 j PARttS.StANP.SCI | SAND.ECO.CA 



MARINE CORPS 
RECRUIT DEPOT, 




31 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Operating Forces 

Operating forces — the heart of the 
Marine Corps — comprise the forward 
presence, crisis response, and combat 
power that the Corps makes available 
to U.S. unified combatant commanders. 
The Marine Corps has established three 
permanent combatant-level service com- 
ponents in support of unified commands 
with significant Marine forces assigned: 
U.S. Marine Corps Forces Command 
(MARFORCOM), U.S. Marine Corps 
Forces Pacific (MARFORPAC), and U.S. 
Marine Corps Forces, Special Operations 
Command (MARSOC). The Command- 
er, MARFORCOM is assigned to the 
Commander, U.S. Joint Forces Command 
(JFCOM). He provides the 2d Marine 
Expeditionary Force (II MEF) and other 
unique capabilities to JFCOM. Likewise, 
the Commander, MARFORPAC is as- 
signed to the Commander, U.S. Pacific 
Command. He provides I and III MEFs 
to PACOM. The Commander, MARSOC 
is assigned to the Commander, Special 
Operations Command (SOCOM). He 
provides assigned forces to SOCOM. 

These assignments reflect the peace- 
time disposition of Marine Corps forces. 
Marine forces are apportioned to the 
remaining geographic combatant com- 
mands — the U.S. Southern Command 



(SOUTHCOM); U.S. Northern Com- 
mand (NORTHCOM); U.S. European 
Command (EUCOM); U.S. Central 
Command (CENTCOM); U.S. Africa 
Command (AFRICOM); and U.S. Forces 
Korea (USFK) for contingency planning, 
and are provided to these commands 
when directed by the Secretary of De- 
fense. The following sections highlight 
several of the unique organizations in the 
operating forces. 

MARINE CORPS FORCES 
COMMAND (MARFORCOM) 

Located in Norfolk, VA, MAR- 
FORCOM is the Marine component to JF- 
COM. The Commander, MARFORCOM 
coordinates Marine Corps support to JF- 
COM in the development of joint train- 
ing, integration, readiness, joint concept 
development and experimentation efforts, 
and in executing global force manage- 
ment to synchronize the generation and 
provision of mission-ready, joint-capable 
Marine forces for present and future joint 
force requirements in order to support 
combatant commanders' global execu- 
tion of the National Military Strategy. His 
peacetime combat forces and supporting 
establishment Marines and Sailors total 
approximately 55,000. 



32 



HAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



U.S. Marine Corps Forces Command, 
Marine Corps Bases Atlantic 



« M A 

COMMANDER 
MARFORCOM 



US MARINE 

CORPS FORCES 

COMMAND 



1 ■= 



it MARINE 

EXPEDITIONARY 

FORCE 



2D 
MARINE DIVISION 



y » i 

MARINE AIRCRAFT WING 

2D MARINE 
LOGISTICS GROUP 



2D MARINE 
EXPEDITIONARY BRIGADE 



] 



22D, 24TH, 26TH 

MARINE EXPEDITIONARY 

UNITS 






CHEMICAL BIOLOGICAL 
INCIDENT RESPONSE FORC! 



] 



MARINE CORPS SECURITY 
FORCE REGIMENT 






MARINE CORPS BASE 
CAMP LEJEUNE, NC 



E MARINE CORPS 
LOGISTICS BASE 
ALBANY, GA | 



r m * 

1 CHE 

I 



ARINE CORPS 
AIR STATION 
CHERRY POINT, NC 



MARINE CORPS 
AIR STATION 
BEAUFORT, SC 






K MARINE CORPS 
AIR STATION 
NEW RIVER, NC | 

K MARINE CORPS 
AIR FACILITY 
QUANTICO, VA | 



MARINE CORPS 
SUPPORT FACILITY 
BLOUNT ISLAND, FL 



33 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



U.S. Marine Corps Forces Command Units 



II Marine Expeditionary Force 



II Marine Expeditionary Force 

Marine Corp Base, Camp Lejeune, NC 

II Marine Expeditionary Force Headquarters Group 

8th Communications Battalion 

2d Intelligence Battalion 

2d Radio Battalion 

2d Air and Naval Gunfire Liaison Company 

2d Marine Expeditionary Brigade 

22d Marine Expeditionary Unit 

24th Marine Expeditionary Unit 

26th Marine Expeditionary Unit 

Chemical Biological Incident Response Force 
Indian Head, MD 

Marine Corps Security Force Regiment 
Norfolk, VA 

2d Marine Division 
MCB Camp Lejeune, NC 

Headquarters Battalion 

2d Marine Regiment 
1st Battalion 
2d Battalion 
3d Battalion 
2d Battalion, 9th Marines 

6th Marine Regiment 
1st Battalion 
2d Battalion 
3d Battalion 
3d Battalion, 9th Marines 

8th Marine Regiment 
1st Battalion 
2d Battalion 
3d Battalion 

1st Battalion, 9th Marines 



10th Marine Regiment 
1st Battalion 
2d Battalion 
3d Battalion 
5th Battalion 

2d Tank Battalion 

2d Assault Amphibian Battalion 

2d Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion 

2d Combat Engineer Battalion 

2d Reconnaissance Battalion 

2d Marine Air Wing 
Marine Corps Air Station, 
Cherry Point, NC 

Marine Wing Headquarters Squadron 2 

Marine Aircraft Group 14 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 14 
Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 1 
Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 2 
Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 3 
Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 4 
Marine Attack Squadron 223 
Marine Attack Squadron 231 
Marine Attack Squadron 542 
Marine Attack Training Squadron 203 
Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Squadron 252 

Marine Aircraft Group 26 
MCAS New River, NC 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 26 

Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 261 

Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 264 

Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 266 

Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 461 

Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 167 



34 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



U.S. Marine Corps Forces Command Units 



II Marine Expeditionary Force (cont.) 



Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 467 
MCAS Cherry Point, NC 

Marine Medium Tiltrotor Training Squadron 204 

Marine Aircraft Group 29 
MCAS New River, NC 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 29 

Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 162 

Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 263 

Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 365 

Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 464 

Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 269 

Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 567 
Activation planned for FY 2011 

Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 366 
MCAS Cherry Point, NC 

Marine Heavy Helicopter Training Squadron 302 

Marine Aircraft Group 31 
MCAS Beaufort, SC 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 31 

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 115 

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 122 

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 251 

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 312 

Marine All Weather Fighter Attack Squadron 224 

Marine All Weather Fighter Attack Squadron 533 

Marine Fight Attack Training Squadron 501 
Eglin Air Force Base, FL 

Marine Air Control Group 28 

Marine Tactical Air Control Squadron 28 
Marine Air Control Squadron 2 
Marine Aircraft Support Squadron 1 
Marine Wing Communications Squadron 28 
2d Low Altitude Air Defense Battalion 
Marine Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Squadron 2 



Marine Wing Support Group 27 

Marine Wing Support Squadron 271 
Bogue Airfield, NC 

Marine Wing Support Squadron 272 
MCAS New River, NC 

Marine Wing Support Squadron 273 
MCAS Beaufort, SC 

Marine Wing Support Squadron 274 



2d Marine Logistics Group 
MCB Camp Lejeune, NC 

Combat Logistics Regiment 2 

Combat Logistics Battalion 2 

Combat Logistics Battalion 6 

Combat Logistics Battalion 8 

Combat Logistics Regiment 25 

2d Maintenance Battalion 

2d Medical Battalion 

2d Supply Battalion 

Combat Logistics Company 21 
MCAS Cherry Point, NC 

Combat Logistics Company 23 
MCAS Beaufort, SC 

Combat Logistics Regiment 27 

Combat Logistics Battalion 22 
Combat Logistics Battalion 24 
Combat Logistics Battalion 26 

8th Engineer Support Battalion 
2d Dental Battalion 



35 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



MARINE CORPS FORCES 
PACIFIC (MARFORPAC) 

Located at Camp Smith, HI, MAR- 
FORPAC is the Marine component to 
PACOM. The Commander, MARFOR- 
PAC commands all Marine Corps forces 
assigned to PACOM, accomplishes as- 
signed operational missions, advises the 
PACOM commander on the proper em- 
ployment, capabilities and support of 



Marine Corps forces and provides com- 
bat ready forces to other commands, as 
required. He also serves as Command- 
ing General, Fleet Marine Forces, Pacific 
and Commander for U.S. Marine Corps 
Bases, Pacific. MARFORPAC is the largest 
field command in the Marine Corps. His 
peacetime combat forces and supporting 
installation Marines and Sailors total ap- 
proximately 74,000. 



36 



U.S. Marine Corps Forces Pacific 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 




COMBINED ARMS TRAINI 
CENTER, CAMP FUJI 



37 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



U.S. Marine Corps Forces Pacific Units 



I Marine Expeditionary Force 



I Marine Expeditionary Force 
Marine Corp Base, 
Camp Pendleton, CA 

I Marine Expeditionary Force Headquarters Group 

9th Communications Battalion 

1st Intelligence Battalion 

1st Radio Battalion 

1st Air and Naval Gunfire Liaison Company 
1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade 
1 1th Marine Expeditionary Unit 
13th Marine Expeditionary Unit 
15th Marine Expeditionary Unit 

1st Marine Division 
MCB Camp Pendleton, CA 

Headquarters Battalion 

1st Marine Regiment 
1st Battalion 
2d Battalion 
3d Battalion 
1st Battalion, 4th Marines 

5th Marine Regiment 
1st Battalion 
2d Battalion 
3d Battalion 
2d Battalion, 4th Marines 

7th Marine Regiment 

Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center, 
29 Palms, CA 

1st Battalion 
2d Battalion 
3d Battalion 
3d Battalion, 4th Marines 

1 1th Marine Regiment 
1st Battalion 
2d Battalion 
3d Battalion 

MCAGCC, 29 Palms, CA 
5th Battalion (HIMARS) 



1st Tank Battalion 

MCAGCC, 29 Palms, CA 
3d Assault Amphibian Battalion 

Company D 

MCAGCC, 29 Palms, CA 
1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion 
3d Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion 

MCAGCC, 29 Palms, CA 
1st Combat Engineer Battalion 
3d Combat Engineer Battalion 

MCAGCC, 29 Palms, CA 
1st Reconnaissance Battalion 

3d Marine Air Wing 
Marine Corps Air Station, 
Miramar, CA 

Marine Wing Headquarters Squadron 3 

Marine Aircraft Group 1 1 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 1 1 
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 232 
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 314 
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 323 
Marine All Weather Fighter Attack Squadron 121 
Marine All Weather Fighter Attack Squadron 225 
Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Squadron 352 
Marine Fight Attack Training Squadron 101 

Marine Aircraft Group 1 3 
MCAS Yuma, AZ 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 13 
Marine Attack Squadron 211 
Marine Attack Squadron 214 
Marine Attack Squadron 3 1 1 
Marine Attack Squadron 513 
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 332 
Activation planned for FY 2011 

Marine Aircraft Group 16 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 16 
Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 161 
Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 561 
Activation planned for FY 2011 



38 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



U.S. Marine Corps Forces Pacific Units 



1 Marine Expeditionary Force (cont.) 








Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 163 




1st Marine Logistics Group 


Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 165 




MCB Camp Pendleton, CA 


Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 166 




Combat Logistics Regiment 1 


Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 361 




Combat Logistics Battalion 1 


Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 462 




Combat Logistics Battalion 5 


Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 465 




Combat Logistics Battalion 7 


Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 466 




MCAGCC 29 Palms, CA 


Marine Aircraft Group 39 




Combat Logistics Regiment 15 


MCAS Camp Pendleton, CA 




1st Maintenance Battalion 


Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 39 




1st Medical Battalion 


Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 169 




1st Supply Battalion 


Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 267 




Combat Logistics Company 1 1 


Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 367 




MCAS Miramar, CA 


Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 369 




Combat Logistics Company 16 


Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 469 




MCAS Yuma, AZ 


Marine Light Attack Helicopter Training 






Squadron 303 




Combat Logistics Regiment 17 


Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 268 




Combat Logistics Battalion 1 1 


Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 364 




Combat Logistics Battalion 1 3 


Marine Medium Helicopter Training Squadron 164 




Combat Logistics Battalion 15 


Marine Air Control Group 38 




7th Engineer Support Battalion 


Marine Tactical Air Control Squadron 38 




1st Dental Battalion 


Marine Air Control Squadron 1 






MCAS Yuma, AZ 






Marine Aircraft Support Squadron 3 






MCAS Camp Pendleton, CA 






Marine Wing Communications Squadron 38 






3d Low Altitude Air Defense Battalion 






MCAS Camp Pendleton, CA 






Marine Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Sqdn 1 






MCAGCC 29 Palms, CA 






Marine Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Sqdn 3 






MCAGCC 29 Palms, CA 






Marine Wing Support Group 37 






Marine Wing Support Squadron 371 






MCAS Yuma, AZ 






Marine Wing Support Squadron 372 






MCAS Camp Pendleton, CA 






Marine Wing Support Squadron 373 






Marine Wing Support Squadron 374 






MCAGCC 29 Palms, CA 







39 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



U.S. Marine Corps Forces Pacific Units 



III Marine Expeditionary Force 



III Marine Expeditionary Force 

Marine Corp Bases, Okinawa, Japan 

III Marine Expeditionary Force Headquarters Group 

7th Communications Battalion 

3d Intelligence Battalion 

3d Radio Battalion 
MCB Kaneohe Bay, HI 

5th Air and Naval Gunfire Liaison Company 
3d Marine Expeditionary Brigade 
31st Marine Expeditionary Unit 

3d Marine Division 
Marine Corps Bases, Okinawa, Japan 

Headquarters Battalion 

3d Marine Regiment 

MCB Kaneohe Bay HI 
1st Battalion 
2d Battalion 
3d Battalion 

4th Marine Regiment 

Units sourced via Unit Deployment Program(UDP) 

12th Marine Regiment 
1st Battalion 

MCB Kaneohe Bay, HI 
3d Battalion 

3d Combat Assault Battalion 

3d Reconnaissance Battalion 

1st Marine Air Wing 
Marine Corps Bases, Okinawa, Japan 

Marine Wing Headquarters Squadron 1 

Marine Aircraft Group 12 
MCAS Iwakuni, Japan 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 12 

Marine All Weather Fighter Attack Squadron 242 

Marine Aircraft Group 24 
MCAS Kaneohe Bay, HI 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 24 

Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 362 

Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 363 

Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 463 



Cadres in FY 2011 

Marine Aircraft Group 36 

MCAS Futenma, Okinawa, Japan 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 36 
Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 262 
Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 265 
Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Squadron 152 

Marine Air Control Group 18 
MCAS Futenma, Okinawa, Japan 

Marine Tactical Air Control Squadron 18 
Marine Air Control Squadron 4 
Marine Aircraft Support Squadron 2 
Marine Wing Communications Squadron 18 

Marine Wing Support Group 17 

Marine Wing Support Squadron 171 

MCAS Iwakuni, Japan 
Marine Wing Support Squadron 172 

3d Marine Logistics Group 
Marine Corps Bases, Okinawa, Japan 

Combat Logistics Regiment 3 

Combat Logistics Battalion 3 

MCB Kaneohe Bay, HI 
Combat Logistics Battalion 4 
Combat Logistics Company 33 

MCB Camp Pendleton, CA 

Combat Logistics Regiment 35 
3d Maintenance Battalion 
3d Medical Battalion 
3d Supply Battalion 
Combat Logistics Company 36 
MCAS Iwakuni, Japan 

Combat Logistics Regiment 37 

Combat Logistics Battalion 3 1 

9th Engineer Support Battalion 

3d Dental Battalion 



40 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



MARINE CORPS FORCES 
RESERVES (MARFORRES) 

Headquartered in New Orleans, LA, 
MARFORRES is responsible for provid- 
ing trained units and qualified individu- 
als for active duty service in times of war, 
national emergency, or in support of 
contingency operations. It also provides 
personnel and operational tempo relief 
for active component forces during times 
of peace. Marine Corps force expansion 
is made possible by activation of the Ma- 
rine Corps Reserve, which, like the active 
component, consists of a combined-arms 
force with balanced ground, aviation, and 
logistics combat support units. Thiscapa- 
bility is managed through MARFORCOM 
in meeting his global force management 
responsibilities to JFCOM. Organized 



under the Commander, MARFORRES, 
units of this command are located at 184 
training centers in 48 states, Puerto Rico, 
and the District of Columbia. During 
the past several years, the Marine Corps 
Reserve has been closely integrated with 
the active component under the Marine 
Corps' Total Force concept. The ethos for 
the Marine Corps Reserve is mobiliza- 
tion and combat readiness. This ensures 
the men and women of the Marine Corps 
Reserve stand ready, willing and able 
to answer the Nation's call at home and 
abroad at a moment's notice. CG, MAR- 
FORRES is also Commander, Marine 
Forces Northern Command (MARFOR- 
NORTH) and serves as the Marine com- 
ponent of NORTHCOM. 





4TH MARINE 

AIRCRAFT WING 

NEW ORLEANS, LA 



1 



3D CIVIL 

AFFAIRS GROUP 

CAMP PENDLETON, CA 




r 

sur 

LI 



4TH MARI 
LOGISTICS GROL 
NEW ORLEAN 




MOBILIZATION 

COMMAND 
EW ORLEANS, L 



n 



INTELLIGENCE 
iUPPORT BATTALION 
EW ORLEANS 



n 

ION 



41 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



U.S. Marine Corps Forces Reserve Units 



Intelligence Support Battalion 


New Orleans, LA 


3d Air and Naval Gunfire Liaison Company 


Long Beach, CA 


4th Air and Naval Gunfire Liaison Company 


West Palm Beach, FL 


3d Civil Affairs Group 


MCB Camp Pendleton, CA 


4th Civil Affairs Group 


Washington, DC 


4th Marine Division 


New Orleans, LA 


23d Marine Regiment 


San Bruno, CA 


1st Battalion 


Houston, TX 


2d Battalion 


Pasadena, CA 


3d Battalion 


Belle Chasse, LA 


24th Marine Regiment 


Kansas City, MO 


1st Battalion 


Mount Clemens, MI 


2d Battalion 


Chicago, IL 


3d Battalion 


Bridgeton, MO 


25th Marine Regiment 


Ft. Devens, MA 


1st Battalion 


Ft. Devens, MA 


2d Battalion 


Garden City, NY 


3d Battalion 


Brook Park, OH 


14th Marine Regiment 


Fort Worth, TX 


2d Battalion (HIMARS) 


Grand Prairie, TX 


3d Battalion 


Philadelphia, PA 


5th Battalion 


Seal Beach, CA 


Anti-Terrorism Battalion 


Bessemer, AL 


3rd Force Reconnaissance Company 


Mobile, AL 


4th Force Reconnaissance Company 


Alameda, CA 


4th Tank Battalion 


San Diego, CA 


4th Assault Amphibian Battalion 


Tampa, FL 


4th Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion 


MCB Camp Pendleton, CA 


4th Combat Engineer Battalion 


Baltimore, MD 


4th Reconnaissance Battalion 


San Antonio, TX 


4th Marine Air Wing 


New Orleans, LA 


Marine Transport Squadron 




Detachment 


Andrews Air Force Base, MD 


Detachment 


Joint Reserve Base New Orleans, LA 


Marine Aircraft Group 41 


JRB Fort Worth, TX 


Detachment A 


Edwards AFB, CA 


Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 41 


JRB Forth Worth, TX 


Detachment A 


MCAS Miramar, CA 


Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 764 


Edwards AFB, CA 


Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 1 12 


JRB Fort Worth, TX 


Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Sqdn 234 


JRB Fort Worth, TX 


Marine Fighter Training Squadron 401 


MCAS Yuma, AZ 



42 



ER 2: ORGANIZATION 



U.S. Marine Corps Forces Reserve Units 



Marine Aircraft Group 49 


JRB Willow Grove, PA** 


Detachment A 


NAS Atlanta, GA 


Detachment B 


Stewart ANG Base, NY 


Detachment C 


JRB New Orleans, LA 


Detachment D 


NAS Norfolk, VA 


Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron 49 


Stewart ANG Base, NY 


Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Sqdn 452 


Stewart ANG Base, NY 


Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 774 


NAS Norfolk, VA 


Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 772 


JRB Willow Grove, PA** 


Marine Light Attack Helicopter Sqdn 773 


NAS Atlanta, GA 


Detachment A 


JRB New Orleans, LA 


Detachment B 


Johnstown, PA** 


Marine Air Control Group 48 


Great Lakes, IL 


Marine Tactical Air Control Squadron 48 


Great Lakes, IL 


Marine Air Control Squadron 23 


Buckley AFB, CO 


Marine Air Control Squadron 24 


Virginia Beach, VA 


Marine Aircraft Support Squadron 6 


Westover Air Reserve Base, MA 


Marine Wing Communications Sqdn"48 


Great Lakes, IL 


Marine Wing Support Group 47 


SelfridgeANGBase,MI 


Marine Wing Support Squadron 471 


Minneapolis, MN 


Detachment A 


Johnstown, PA 


Detachment B 


SelfridgeANGBase,MI 


Marine Wing Support Squadron 472 


JRB Willow Grove, PA** 


Detachment A 


Wyoming, PA 


Detachment B 


Westover Air Reserve Base, MA 


Marine Wing Support Squadron 473 


MCAS Miramar, CA 


Detachment A 


Fresno, CA 


Detachment B 


JRB Fort Worth, TX 


** Planned relocation to McGuire Air Force Base, NJ in FY 2011 




4th Marine Logistics Group 


New Orleans, LA 


Forward East 


MCB Camp Lejeune, NC 


Forward West 


MCB Camp Pendleton, CA 


Headquarters and Service Battalion 


Marietta, GA 


4th Supply Battalion 


Newport News, VA 


6th Communications Battalion 


Brooklyn, NY 


4th Maintenance Battalion 


Charlotte, NC 


4th Landing Support Battalion 


Fort Lewis, WA 


4th Dental Battalion 


Marietta, GA 


4th Medical Battalion 


San Diego, CA 


6th Motor Transport Battalion 


Red Bank, NJ 


6th Engineer Support Battalion 


Portland, OR 



43 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



U.S. MARINE CORPS FORCES, 
SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
COMMAND (MARSOC) 

Headquartered at Camp Lejeune, 
NC, MARSOC is the Marine Corps com- 
ponent of USSOCOM. As such, MAR- 
SOC trains, organizes, equips, and, when 
directed by the Commander USSOCOM, 
deploys task organized, scalable and re- 
sponsive Marine Corps special opera- 
tions forces (SOF) worldwide in support 
of combatant commanders and other 
agencies. 

In October 2005, the Secretary of De- 
fense directed the Marine Corps to form 
a service component of USSOCOM and 
begin providing forces to the commander 
of USSOCOM. Formally established 24 
February 2006, MARSOC will ultimately 
grow to approximately 2,600 Marines, 
Sailors, and civilian employees. MARSOC 
includes three subordinate commands: 
the Marine Special Operations Regiment 
(MSOR), which consists of three Marine 
special operations battalions (1st MSOB 
at Camp Pendleton, CA, and 2d and 3d 
MSOB at Camp Lejeune, NC); the Ma- 
rine Special Operations Support Group 
(MSOSG); and the Marine Special Op- 
erations School (MSOS). 

A Marine Corps major general com- 
mands MARSOC with a supporting 
staff designed to be compatible in all 
functional areas within USSOCOM and 
Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. The 
MARSOC headquarters is responsible for 
identifying Marine special operations- 
unique requirements, developing Marine 
SOF tactics, techniques, procedures and 
doctrine; and executing assigned missions 

■ 44 




in accordance with designated conditions 
and standards. 

From August 2006 to early 2010, 
MARSOC conducted 89 operational 
overseas unit deployments, continuous- 
ly deploying Marine special operations 
teams (MSOTs) and Marine special oper- 
ations companies (MSOCs) in support of 
the geographic combatant commanders. 
Missions have included conducting com- 
bat operations in Afghanistan and train- 
ing foreign SOF in Africa, Asia, South 
America, Central Asia, and the Middle 
East. 

MARSOC Core Capabilities. MAR- 
SOC is tasked by SOCOM with providing 
Marines who are specially trained in the 
following primary SOF disciplines: 

• Direct action (DA) — short-duration 
strikes and other small-scale offensive 
actions taken to seize, destroy, capture, 
recover, or inflict damage in denied 
areas. 

• Special reconnaissance (SR) — actions 
conducted by SOF to obtain or verify by 
visual observation (or other collection 
methods), information concerning the 
capabilities, intentions and activities of 
an actual or potential enemy. 

• Foreign internal defense (FID) — par- 
ticipation by civilian and military agen- 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



cies of a government in any of the pro- 
grams taken by another government to 
free and protect its society from subver- 
sion, lawlessness, and insurgency. 

• Counterterrorism (CT) — offensive 
measures taken to prevent, deter and 
respond to terrorism. 

MARSOC also provides support for the 
following: 

• Unconventional warfare (UW) — a 
broad spectrum of military and para- 
military operations, normally of long 
duration, predominately conducted 
by indigenous or surrogate forces or- 
ganized, trained, equipped, supported, 
and directed in varying degrees by an 
external source. 

• Information operations (IO) — use 
of offensive and defensive information 
means to degrade, destroy and exploit 
an adversary's information-based pro- 
cess while protecting one's own. 

MARSOC SUBORDINATE 
UNITS 

Marine Special Operations Regi- 
ment (MSOR): MSOR consists of a 
headquarters company and three Marine 
special operations battalions (1st, 2d, 
and 3d). The Regiment provides tailored, 
military combat-skills training and advi- 
sor support for identified foreign forces, 
in order to enhance their tactical capa- 
bilities and to prepare the environment 
as directed by USSOCOM as well as the 
capability to form the nucleus of a joint 
special operations task force. Marines and 
Sailors of the MSOR train, advise, and as- 
sist host nation forces - including naval 




and maritime military and paramilitary 
forces - to enable them to support their 
governments' internal security and sta- 
bility; to counter subversion; and to re- 
duce the risk of violence from internal 
and external threats. MSOR deployments 
are coordinated by MARSOC through 
USSOCOM, in accordance with engage- 
ment priorities for overseas contingency 
operations. 

Marine Special Operations Battal- 
ions (MSOB): The 1st, 2d, and 3d MSOBs 
are organized, trained, and equipped to 
deploy for worldwide missions. The bat- 
talions are commanded by a Marine lieu- 
tenant colonel and consist of four MSOCs, 
who when designated for deployment, are 
task organized with personnel uniquely 
skilled in special equipment support, in- 
telligence, and fire-support. Each MSOC 

45 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



is commanded by a Marine major and is 
capable of deploying task organized, ex- 
peditionary Marine SOF providing the 
above listed core capabilities in support 
of the geographic combatant command- 
ers. MSOCs are also uniquely organized 
and tailored to conduct distributed oper- 
ations in the littorals with counter-insur- 
gency expertise and language and cultural 
capability. Each team within the company 
is designed and capable of limited split- 
team operations and trained to conduct 
FID, DA, and SR missions both unilater- 
ally and with partnered nation forces. 

Marine Special Operations Support 
Group (MSOSG): The MSOSG provides 
support capabilities for worldwide spe- 
cial operations missions as directed by 
the MARSOC commander. The MSOSG 



specifically provides all-source intelli- 
gence fusion, combined arms coordina- 
tion, multi-purpose canine capability, 
special operations communications, and 
limited combat service support capability 
to MARSOC forces. The MSOSG deploys 
these capabilities in tailored operational 
support detachments, either indepen- 
dently or as part of a MSOC. 

Marine Special Operations School 
(MSOS): MSOS screens, assesses, selects, 
and trains Marines and Sailors for spe- 
cial operations assignments in MARSOC; 
provides both initial and advanced indi- 
vidual special operations training; plans 
and executes the component exercise pro- 
gram; and serves as MARSOC's training 
and education proponent in support of 
MARSOC requirements. 




46 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



WVWSSr'Ma 



MARINE CORPS FORCES, 
CYBER COMMAND 
(MARFORCYBER) 

In response to the significance of 
the cyber domain to national security, 
the Secretary of Defense has directed the 
establishment of U.S. Cyber Command 
(CYBERCOM) as a sub-unified com- 
mand under U.S. Strategic Command. 
The primary objective of CYBERCOM 
is to integrate the computer network 
operations capabilities of the services 
and agencies in support of the National 
Strategy to Secure Cyberspace (NSSC). In 
response, the Marine Corps established 
MARFORCYBER in October 2009, with 
headquarters located at Fort Meade, MD. 
The objective of MARFORCYBER is to 
integrate existing USMC and MAGTF cy- 
ber capabilities with joint efforts for unity 
of effort, a common cyber operating pic- 
ture, and a more efficient construct that 
permits the MAGTF and joint forces to 
operate, defend, and respond at "network 
speed." The initial operational capability 
(IOC) of CYBERCOM and MARFORCY- 
BER was on 1 October 2009, with full op- 
erational capability (FOC) of both set for 
1 October 2010. 

MARINE CORPS NETWORK 
OPERATIONS AND SECURITY 
CENTER (MCNOSC) 

The MCNOSC's mission is to direct 
global network operations and defense 
of the Marine Corps Enterprise Net- 
work (MCEN) and provide technical 
leadership to facilitate seamless informa- 
tion exchange in support of Marine and 



joint forces operating worldwide. The 
MCNOSC is the Corps' nucleus for en- 
terprise data network services, network 
support to deploying forces, and techni- 
cal development of network-enabled IT 
solutions. The MCNOSC operates and 
manages all aspects of the MCEN, col- 
lects and shares Global Information Grid 
(GIG) situational awareness, reports and 
directs actions in response to operational 
incidents, and provides technical leader- 
ship to ensure Marine Corps and joint 
capabilities leverage new technologies to 
the advantage of the Marine warfighter. 
MCNOSC personnel monitor MCEN 
operations around the clock through an 
array of strategically positioned sensors 
to ensure the availability and security of 
the network. Assigned by the Joint Task 
Force - Global Network Operations 
(JTF-GNO) to defend the MCEN against 
cyber attack, the MCNOSC conducts pre- 
ventative actions, attack detection, and 
incident response to the rapidly increas- 
ing and complex number of threats to 
Marine Corps use of cyberspace. 

MARINE CORPS TRAINING 
AND ADVISORY GROUP 
(MCTAG) 

Assigned to MARFORCOM and 
headquartered at Fort Story, VA, MCTAG 
will achieve FOC in FY 2010. MCTAG 
was formed in 2007 to coordinate Marine 
Corps security force assistance (SFA) ef- 
forts; to provide conventional training 
and advisor support to host nation secu- 
rity forces (HNSF) or to general purpose 
forces (GPF) partnering with HNSF; and 



47 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 




to provide planning assistance to Marine 
component commands (MARFORs) in 
developing and executing partner nation 
(PN) training programs in order to build 
partner capacity in support of geographic 
combatant commander's SFA objectives. 
MCTAG provides specialized engage- 
ment capability; creates effective advisors 
to conduct SFA missions; assists MAR- 
FORs in the development of PN training/ 
development plans; and establishes and 
maintains long-term, persistent relation- 
ships with country teams and PN militar- 
ies. MCTAG is the link between MAR- 
FORs and supporting forces, providing 
coordination, planning, liaison, and as- 
sessment support. In addition, MCTAG 
provides oversight and coordination and 
synchronization for all Marine Corps SFA 
activities and enabling support to the op- 
erating forces, supporting establishment, 
and reserve forces. Teams are composed 
of officers and staff non-commissioned 
officers that are regionally oriented and 
provide advisory and training team sup- 
port to MARFORs supporting theater 
SFA plans. MCTAG trains and deploys 
task-organized advisor/trainer teams to 
support operational requirements. The 
pre-deployment training program (PTP) 



for advise, train, and assist (ATA) teams 
consists of individual, core, unit, and mis- 
sion specific training based upon region, 
country, and mission requirements as de- 
termined by the geographic combatant 
commanders, MARFORs, and MCTAG. 




CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL 
INCIDENT RESPONSE FORCE 
(CBIRF) 

The Marine Corps' CBIRF is a 
unique capability that maintains a high 
state of readiness to respond to asym- 
metric enemy action at home or abroad. 
Established in 1996 and headquartered 
in Indian Head, MD, CBIRF is a subordi- 
nate unit of II MEF. Its mission is to for- 
ward deploy and/or respond to a credible 
threat of a chemical, biological, radio- 
logical, nuclear, or high yield explosive 
(CBRNE) incident in order to assist local, 
state, or federal agencies and designated 
COCOMs in the conduct of consequence 
management operations by providing ca- 
pabilities for agent detection and identi- 
fication; casualty search; rescue; person- 
nel decontamination; emergency medical 
care; and stabilization of contaminated 
personnel. 



48 



R 2: ORGANIZATION 



CBIRF consists of approximately 
450 Marines, Sailors, civilian employees 
and contractors. CBIRF is organized into 
three permanent companies: a headquar- 
ters and service company and two reac- 
tion force companies. For contingency 
operations, CBIRF will be task organized 
to form one or two incident response 
forces (IRF) that can forward deploy on 
short notice to a pre-designated staging 
site in response to a credible threat or an 
approved request for support. Normally 
these are designated a homeland security 
special event. CBIRF can deploy by land, 
sea, or air. 

Each IRF has the following capa- 
bilities: an all hazard reconnaissance 
capability; a casualty search and extrac- 
tion capability; a medical capability; a 
decontamination capability; a technical 
rescue capability; an explosive ordnance 
disposal (EOD) capability; a command 
control, communications, computer, and 
Intelligence (C4I) capability; and a self- 
sustainable logistic capability. A newly 
developed DOTMLPF change request 
(DCR) will serve to baseline both existing 
and future program requirements. 

The Marine Corps' CBIRF has de- 
ployed in support of many notable na- 
tional special security events and home- 
land security special events, including 
presidential inaugurations; state funerals; 
the State of the Union Address; G-20, and 
NATO summits; diplomatic visits; and 
the Olympic Games. 




MARINE CORPS SECURITY 
FORCE REGIMENT 

The 2200 Marines and Sailors of the 
regiment serve U.S. bases and interests 
worldwide. Re-designated in 2008, the 
regiment has evolved from its legacy mis- 
sion of physical security for naval bases 
worldwide. Marines no longer greet visi- 
tors to naval bases or stations, nor do they 
maintain security detachments on board 
naval vessels. Instead, Marine Corps Se- 
curity Force Regiment is a dedicated se- 
curity and anti/counter-terrorism unit 
of the Marine Corps. Its mission is to 
organize, train, equip, and provide ex- 
peditionary anti-terrorism and security 
forces in support of regional combatant 
commanders and naval commanders in 
order to conduct security operations, and 
to provide security for strategic weapons 
and vital national assets. 

Headquartered in Norfolk, VA and a 
subordinate unit of II MEF, Marine Corps 
Security Force Regiment is one of the 
Marine Corps' most diverse regiments. It 
provides a national security element with 
a global deploying force. The regiment 
consists of two security force battalions 
and three fleet antiterrorism security team 
(FAST) companies. Security Force Battal- 

49 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



ions Kings Bay, GA and Bangor, WA pro- 
vide fixed-site installation security with 
the missions of protecting key naval as- 
sets — including strategic weapons, com- 
mand and control facilities, naval support 
activities — and recapturing of compro- 
mised strategic assets. The security force 
battalion mission is extremely challeng- 
ing as it is conducted 365 days a year 
and in all weather conditions. This vital 
mission requires the finest national asset; 
well-trained Marines and Sailors. All per- 
sonnel assigned receive special training 
in basic and advance security techniques 
and are continuously vetted through the 
personnel reliability program. 

Established in 1987, FAST companies 
provide a worldwide rapidly-deployable 
force with the mission to deter and de- 
fend against terrorist threats to naval 
installations and vessels and reinforce- 
ment of U.S. government installations 
(primarily U.S. embassies) worldwide. 
Currently, Marine Corps Security Force 
Regiment has three FAST companies 
with eight FAST platoons and company 
headquarters elements forward deployed 
in support of Naval Forces component 




commands in Europe, Pacific, and Cen- 
tral Command, as well as at Guantana- 
mo Bay, Cuba. Trained in infantry skills, 
FAST platoons receive additional training 
in antiterrorism, close quarter's battle, 
precision marksmanship, and use of non- 
lethal weapons, site security, and convoy 
operations. Highly trained and ready to 
conduct short-notice missions, in recent 
years FAST Marines have proven them- 
selves in more than 70 special security 
missions, from Operation Desert Shield/ 
Storm, to the port-security mission fol- 
lowing the attack on USS Cole, to mis- 
sions in Liberia, Panama, Cuba, Kenya, 
Haiti, Afghanistan, and Iraq. 



50 



Supporting Establishment 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



Marine Corps bases and stations — 
often referred to as the "fifth element" of 
the MAGTF — comprise the personnel, 
bases, and activities that support the Ma- 
rine Corps' operating forces. This infra- 
structure consists primarily of 15 major 
bases and stations in the United States 
and Japan, as well as the personnel, equip- 
ment, and facilities required to operate 
them. These bases and stations fall under 
several regional commands to include 
Marine Corps Installations-East (MCI- 
East), MCI-West, and MCI-Pacific. 

The supporting establishment also 
includes the Marine Corps Logistics Com- 
mand (MCLC) and Training and Educa- 
tion Command (TECOM). Additionally, 
the supporting establishment includes ci- 
vilian activities and agencies that support 
Marine forces. The following sections 
highlight several of the unique organiza- 
tions in the supporting establishment. 

TRAINING AND EDUCATION 
COMMAND (TECOM) 

Located in Quantico, VA, TECOM is 
a key component of MCCDC. TECOM is 
tasked with the development, coordina- 
tion, resourcing, execution, and evalua- 
tion of training and education concepts, 
policies, plans, and programs to ensure 
Marines are prepared to meet the chal- 
lenges of present and future operational 
environments. Some of the unique orga- 
nizations within TECOM that carry out 
this mission are described below. 

Marine Corps Tactics and Opera- 
tions Group (MCTOG): MCTOG, is lo- 
cated at the Marine Corps Air-Ground 
Combat Center (MCAGCC) in 29 Palms, 



CA. MCTOG provides advanced train- 
ing in MAGTF operations; combined 
arms coordination and unit readiness; 
and training planning at the battalion 
and regimental levels; and synchronizes 
doctrine and training standards for the 
ground combat element (GCE) in order 
to enhance combat preparation and per- 
formance of GCE units in MAGTF op- 
erations. The MCTOG accomplishes this 
task through the implementation of the 
GCE operations and tactics training pro- 
gram (GCEOTTP). The GCEOTTP cre- 
ates a common ground "community of 
practice" for training and operations. 

Security Cooperation Education 
and Training Center (SCETC): SCETC is 
a directorate of TECOM and is respon- 
sible for implementing and evaluating 
Marine Corps security cooperation edu- 
cation, training, and programs, in sup- 
port of MARFORs. SCETC is tasked with 
the full range of support to security coop- 
eration (SC) and security Assistance (SA) 
missions that support building partner 
capacity. By sourcing training teams from 
TECOM training venues and school- 
houses, SCETC coordinated the support 
of more than 60 security cooperation 
engagements with 50 partner nations 
worldwide over the last two years. These 
training teams build capacities to "train, 
advise, and assist" particularly with re- 
gard to 'institutional building' functions 
and the strategic planning focus in the 
Global Employment of the Force". 

SCETC manages international stu- 
dents attending Marine Corps schools 
under a variety of programs. In FY 2009, 
SCETC managed the education or train- 
ing of 724 international students from 



51 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



72 partner nations. This also included the 
addition of a second cohort to the Com- 
mand and Staff College Distance Educa- 
tion Seminar and establishment of an Ex- 
peditionary Warfare Seminar in FY 2010, 
further expanding the international mili- 
tary education and training role in build- 
ing partner capacity. 

In coordination with MCTAG and 
MARFOR staffs, SCETC assessment 
teams support the MARFORs' theater 
security cooperation planning efforts 
by conducting SC planning assessments 
using a DOTMLPF construct for prior- 
ity country planning. As an adjunct to 
SC planning, SCETC conducts a Secu- 
rity Cooperation Planners Course to pro- 
vide Marine Corps planners a functional 
knowledge of polices, procedures, and 
planning considerations in the course 
of developing a security cooperation 
country plan. SCETC developed the Ad- 
vise, Train, and Assist - Partner Nation 
Forces (ATA PNF) Training and Readi- 
ness (T&R) Manual in December 2008, 
providing greater capability for Marines 
to train and prepare for missions that in- 
teract with partner nations. 

The SCETC civil military operations 
branch established the Civil Affairs T&R 
Manual as the basis for all civil affairs 
education and training. This included a 
civil affairs (MOS qualifying) school to 
train civil affairs Marines and a CMO 
planners' course to conduct and integrate 
CMO into MAGTF operations. Since 
2008, SCETC CMO has provided pre-de- 
ployment training teams to support de- 
ploying Marine Corps civil affairs groups 
(CAGs), provisional CAGs, and deploying 
maneuver battalions expected to conduct 
civil military operations. 



The Center for Advanced Opera- 
tional Culture and Learning (CAOCL): 

CAOCL, a directorate of TECOM, is 
tasked with ensuring that Marines are re- 
gionally focused, globally prepared, and 
effective at navigating and influencing 
culturally complex 21st century operat- 
ing environments. CAOCL accomplishes 
its mission through various means: 

• It supports the Marine Corps in formu- 
lating policies, plans, and strategies to 
address regional understanding, opera- 
tional culture, and language familiar- 
ization requirements across DOTMLPF 
concerns. 

• Serves as the administrator and coor- 
dinator of the Marine Corps Regional, 
Cultural, and Language Familiarization 
(RCLF) Program. Through the RCLF 
Program, the Marine Corps develops 
cross-culturally competent service 
members with diverse regional under- 
standing and language capacity to en- 
sure that the Corps has assets within 
each unit to assist in operational plan- 
ning and execution in all operationally 
significant regions of the world. This is 
a career-long education and training 
program that begins at accession and 
continues throughout a Marine's pro- 
fessional life. 

• Provides pre-deployment training 
(PTP) and resources to ensure each 
Marine is equipped with the specific 
regional knowledge and understanding 
necessary to navigate and influence a 
specific operating environment to ac- 
complish the mission. CAOCL makes 
its staff available to brief deploying 
forces and offers numerous computer- 
based products and other materials. 

• Provides subject matter experts (SMEs) 
in direct support of the operating forces. 



52 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



. . ' ■ . ■■,■■_; J. :■:.... -Vi' .-. 



These SMEs are designed to assist com- 
manders in understanding the cultural 
terrain of the battlespace and in plan- 
ning operations. 
• Provides mobile training teams (MTTs) 
for delivering operational culture and 
language classes and briefings at home 
station or underway. 

CAOCL, in order to provide an as- 
sortment of additional opportunities for 
operational culture and language self- 
study, is currently providing access to dis- 
tributed learning computer-based prod- 
ucts such as Rosetta Stone. This program 
provides 150 hours of self-paced comput- 
er based language familiarization in. nu- 
merous languages. Additionally, the Tac- 
tical Language Training System (TLTS) 
provides language and culture training 
via four modules: Tactical Iraqi, Tactical 
Pashto, Tactical Dari, and Tactical Sub- 
Saharan Africa French. TLTS modules are 
high-end, interactive, video simulations 
using computerized characters, or 'ava- 
tars,' in a variety of tactical scenarios. 

In an effort to meet home station 
training requirements, CAOCL is es- 



tablishing Language Learning Resource 
Centers (LLRC) at all eight major Marine 
Corps bases to facilitate culture and lan- 
guage training for all Marines. The LLRCs 
are computer labs equipped with culture 
and language study materials/software. 
Finally, CAOCL liaison officers (LNOs) 
are provided to assist Marine forces in 
accessing resources, scheduling briefings, 
and fulfilling culture and language re- 
quirements. 

MARINE CORPS LOGISTICS 
COMMAND (MCLC) 

The Deputy Commandant, Instal- 
lations and Logistics also provides over- 
sight of the operations of MCLC. MCLC 
is tasked to provide worldwide, integrated 
logistics/supply chain and distribution 
management; maintenance management; 
and strategic prepositioning capability in 
support of the operating forces and other 
supported units to maximize their readi- 
ness and sustainability and to support 
enterprise and program level Total Life 
Cycle Management. 



f\ f\ FK 

DEPUTY COMMANDANT 
INSTALLATIONS & LOGISTICS 



\z 



MAINTENANCE CENTER 
ALBANY, GA 



COMMANDING GENERAL, 

MARINE CORPS 

LOGISTICS COMMANI 



MAINTENANCE CENTER 
BARSTOW, CA 



MARINE CORPS 

SUPPORT FACILITY BLOUNT ISLAND 

JACKSONVILLE, FL 



53 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 




MARINE CORPS LOGISTICS 

COMMAND-FORWARD 

(MCLC-FWD) 

The MCLC-Fwd capability was 
formed to fulfill the need to unify numer- 
ous disparate command logistic teams op- 
erating independently in the U.S. Central 
Command area of responsibility (CEN- 
TCOM AOR). The MEU augmentation 
program (MAP), forward-in-stores (FIS), 
principal end item (PEI) rotation, equip- 
ment retrograde, repairable issue point 
(RIP), and maintenance contact teams 
are successful MCLC-Fwd initiatives. 

The MAP provides a limited equip- 
ment set within the CENTCOM Theater 
to enhance the combat readiness and re- 
sponsiveness of MEUs as they conduct 
operations and to reduce the amount of 
MEU equipment that is shipped from the 
continental United States (CONUS). The 
FIS provides for the exchange of dam- 
aged equipment. The PEI rotation pro- 
gram rotates new or rebuilt equipment 
into the theater to exchange equipment 
items that have been in theater operat- 
ing at maximum duty cycles for three to 
four years, thereby increasing readiness 
in theater and integrating procurement, 



modernization, and rebuilding efforts 
to maintain operational availability of 
equipment. The equipment retrograde 
program facilitates the turn in of equip- 
ment that is being replaced by new acqui- 
sition or is no longer required for theater 
requirements. MCLC-Fwd processes the 
items by arranging for transportation 
to CONUS, redistributing to meet other 
theater requirements, or turning the item 
over to the Defense Reutilization & Mar- 
keting Office (DRMO). The RIP program 
provides contractor augmentation to the 
Marine logistics group (MLG) RIP to 
source and manage selected secondary 
repairables as well as rebuild, overhaul, 
remanufacture, and augment packing 
and preservation capabilities at the RIP 
in order to expedite the issue and return 
of secondary repairables in the support of 
the deployed MAGTF. The maintenance 
contact teams are maintenance specialists 
deployed periodically to fulfill specific 
tasks of limited duration, such as apply- 
ing armor to vehicles in country. 

MARINE CORPS INFORMA- 
TION OPERATIONS CENTER 
(MCIOC) 

MCIOC, scheduled for IOC in the 
second quarter FY 2010 and FOC in the 
second quarter FY 2011, will be the Ma- 
rine Corps' centralized information op- 
erations (IO) resource and the executive 
agent for the Marine Corps IO program 
(MCIOP). Located in Quantico, VA, 
MCIOC will develop MAGTF IO tactics, 
techniques, procedures, and doctrine in 



54 



CHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION 



".."■"_■". .-.-.. . v~ :_ 



addition to supporting MAGTF opera- 
tions and work within the Expeditionary 
Force Development System to define re- 
quired MAGTF IO capabilities. 

The MCIOC mission is to provide 
MAGTF commanders and the Marine 
Corps a responsive and effective, full- 
spectrum IO planning and psychological 
operations (PSYOP) delivery capability. 
The MCIOC will execute its mission by 
deploying scalable task- organized ex- 
peditionary IO planning teams (IOPT) 
and tactical PSYOP teams, as well as by 
providing a comprehensive general sup- 
port IO "reach-back" capability which 
will ensure the integration of IO into 
Marine Corps operations. The MCIOC 
will be staffed with SMEs representing IO 
core, supporting, and related capabilities, 
including: 

• IO mission planning 

• Threat and nodal analysis 

• Electronic warfare (EW) 

• Military deception (MILDEC) 

• Operations security (OPSEC) 

• Psychological operations (PYSOP) 

• Computer network operations (CNO) 

• Supporting capability of combat cam- 
era (COMCAM) 

• Related capability of civil military 
operations (CMO) 

• Regional IO targeting 

• Special technical operation (STO) 

These SMEs will enable the MAGTF 
to plan and execute tactical IO to influ- 
ence potential and realized adversary and 



indigenous information, information 
systems and decision-making, while si- 
multaneously assuring, protecting, and 
defending similar Marine, joint, and co- 
alition forces' capabilities. 

The MCIOC's deployable IOPTs will 
enable the MAGTF IO capability through 
tactically focused training, operational 
planning support, tactics development, 
and formulation of IO requirements in- 
cluding research and development priori- 
ties. The IOPTs will be capable of train- 
ing MAGTF IO personnel in the five core 
IO capabilities of EW, MILDEC, OPSEC, 
PSYOP, and CNO. 

The IOPTs will also help MAGTF 
staffs understand IO techniques, tactics, 
and procedures to coordinate effectively 
with joint IO staff, supporting, and re- 
lated IO capabilities. The MCIOC IOPTs 
will advise and assist the MAGTF IO staff 
in integrating IO into the MAGTF's mis- 
sion planning. These teams will be on call 
and task organized to meet the MAGTF 
commander's requirements. 

As the executive agent for the MCIOP, 
they will synchronize IO across all Ma- 
rine Corps activities, integrate IO into all 
MAGTF plans and operations, and pro- 
vide a common service understanding 
and definition of Marine Corps IO, en- 
suring IO becomes a core military com- 
petency within the Marine Corps. 



55 




I 




\>'-'- 




■ 



«B-^i* r A r \tVJV. ■ I 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



PROGRAMS 



INTRODUCTION 

The Marine Corps' primary role in the 21st Century is to be the Nation's "expedi- 
tionary force-in-readiness" that provides combined-arms operating forces, including 
integrated aviation and logistical components, for service as part of naval, joint, and 
combined forces world wide. Marine forces magnify the projection of U.S. forces, en- 
suring that they remain influential in peacetime, compelling in crisis, and decisive in 
war. As we look ahead, we will return to our roots of a lighter, faster, hard-hitting, expe- 
ditionary and sea-based Marine Corps that is reliant on agility, shock, and surprise. 

Innovation and fiscal responsibility continue to be hallmarks of the Marine Corps. 
We continue to invest limited resources to restore combat capability and enhance our 
Marines' readiness at home and in overseas operating areas. We are constantly moni- 
toring our total investment requirements against changing demands. In Marine Corps 
ground and aviation programs, for example, we continue to test, develop, and procure 
dual- use systems and employ emerging technology. Throughout, however, our focus 
remains on the individual Marine's ability to carry out the tasks at hand. 

Chapter Three of this 2010 edition of Concepts and Programs provides information 
on Marine Corps programs of record and major end-item equipment, which will en- 
sure that current and future Marines have what they need to accomplish the mission. 



57 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Acquisition Categories (ACAT) 

The Department of Defense cat- 
egorizes acquisition programs into 
several categories, generally based on 
their cost or testing requirements. This 
categorization is then used to identify 
oversight and approval requirements. 
A description of the most commonly 
discussed levels follows. 

ACAT I: These are the largest ac- 
quisition programs and are also known 
as Major Defense Acquisition Pro- 
grams (MDAP). To achieve this level 
of designation, a program must exceed 
$365 million in research and develop- 
ment funding or exceed $2,190 billion 
in procurement funding. The Marine 
Corps currently leads two ACAT I 
programs-the Advanced Amphibious 
Assault Vehicle Program, which will 
produce the Expeditionary Fighting 
Vehicle, and the V-22 Osprey Program. 
The Marine Corps also participates in 
numerous joint ACAT I programs, in- 
cluding Global Broadcast Service and 
the Joint Tactical Radio System. ACAT 
I programs have two subcategories: 
ACAT IC and ACAT ID. 

ACAT IA: These are the largest au- 
tomated information system (AIS) ac- 
quisition programs. There are several 
cost thresholds for this level, which 
include AIS programs with single year 
funding, in all appropriations, in ex- 
cess of $32 million; total program cost 
in excess of $126 million; or total life- 
cycle costs in excess of $378 million. 
ACAT IA programs have two subcat- 
egories: ACAT IAM and ACAT IAC. 

ACAT II: These programs do not 
meet the threshold for ACAT I, but 



have research and development fund- 
ing in excess of $140 million or pro- 
curement funding in excess of $660 
million. They are also known as Major 
Systems. The Marine Corps currently 
funds three ACAT II programs, includ- 
ing Medium Tactical Vehicle Replace- 
ment and Common Aviation Com- 
mand and Control System. It also leads 
one joint ACAT II program, which is 
the Lightweight 155mm Howitzer, and 
participates in two other joint ACAT II 
programs. 

ACAT III: Programs that do not 
meet the cost threshold for ACAT I or 
II and involve combat capability are 
designated ACAT III or IV programs. 
Within the Marine Corps, the desig- 
nation generally depends on the level 
of program management and over- 
sight assigned by Commander, Marine 
Corps Systems Command. The Marine 
Corps currently manages more than 
20 ACAT III programs, leads approxi- 
mately 12 joint ACAT III programs, 
and participates in another 27 joint 
ACAT III programs. This level includes 
less-than-major AIS programs. 

ACAT IV: ACAT programs not 
otherwise designated ACAT I, IA, II, 
or III are designated ACAT IV. ACAT 
IV programs have two subcategories: 
ACAT IV(T) programs, which require 
operational test and evaluation, and 
ACAT IV(M) programs, which do not. 
The Marine Corps currently manages 
nearly 90 such programs, and leads 
or participates in more than 20 joint 
ACAT IV programs. 



58 



ER 3: PROGRAMS 



ACQUISITION PHASES AND TERMS 

Material Solution Analysis Phase (Milestone A): This is the pre-system ac- 
quisition phase, during which initial concepts are refined and technical risk is 
reduced. Two major efforts may be undertaken in this phase. The first phase con- 
sists of short-term concept studies that refine and evaluate alternative solutions 
to the initial concept, and provide a basis for assessing the relative merits of these 
alternatives. The second phase is an iterative discovery and development process 
designed to assess the viability of technologies, while simultaneously refining user 
requirements. 

Engineering and Manufacturing Development (Milestone B): This is the 
phase in which a system is developed. Work in this phase includes reduction of 
integration and manufacturing risk; ensuring operational supportability; human 
systems engineering; design for the ability to produce; and demonstration of 
system integration, interoperability, and utility. 

Production and Deployment (Milestone C): This is the phase in which the 
operational capability that satisfies mission needs is ensured through operational 
test and evaluation. This evaluation determines a system's effectiveness, suitabil- 
ity, and survivability. The designated Milestone Decision Authority may decide to 
commit to production at Milestone C, either through low-rate initial production 
for major defense acquisition programs, or full production or procurement for 
other systems. 

A Non-developmental Item (NDI): An NDI is any previously developed item 
of supply used exclusively for government purposes by a federal agency, a state or 
local government, or a foreign government with which the United States has a mu- 
tual defense cooperation agreement. An NDI requires only minor modifications 
or modifications of the type customarily available in the commercial marketplace 
in order to meet the requirements of the Marine Corps. 

Initial Operational Capability (IOC): In general, attained when some units 
and/or organizations in the force structure scheduled to receive a system have 
received it and have the ability to employ and maintain it. The specifics for any 
particular system IOC are defined in that system's Capability Development Doc- 
ument (CDD) and Capability Production Document (CPD). 

Full Operational Capability (FOC): In general, attained when all units and/ 
or organizations in the force structure scheduled to receive a system have received 
it and have the ability to employ and maintain it. The specifics for any particu- 
lar system FOC are defined in that system's Capability Development Document 
(CDD) and Capability Production Document (CPD). 



59 






PART 1: 



HE INDIVIDUAL MARINE 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



INTRODUCTION 

The "Individual Marine" is the heart and soul of the Nations Marine Corps. 
The individual Marine is trained, educated, and equipped to operate across the 
broadest spectrum of missions and tasks — a "two-fisted" fighter highly effective 
in major contingencies but equally capable in irregular warfare and responding to 
crises worldwide. 

While today's Marines are superbly operating in every clime and place, it is a 
leadership obligation to Marines, their families, and the Nation to be prepared for 
tomorrow. With the growth of the Marine Corps to 202,000 Marines, the individual 
Marine will remain the number- one priority. While a Marine's focus in the field is on 
excellence and mission accomplishment, the focus of Marine Corps programs is on the 
"tools" needed for operational success; Marines deserve nothing but the best that the 
Nation can afford. 

The commitment to Marines extends to those who have returned with severe 
injuries. The Wounded Warrior Regiment is the key to continuing to provide and 
facilitate assistance to wounded, ill, or injured Marines and their family members 
throughout the phases of recovery. Likewise, the Marine Corps looks to Marine fami- 
lies as a source of strength, particularly when their loved ones are deployed overseas. 
The Marine Corps will provide them with the necessary support network during those 
periods of separation. In short, Marines take care of their own. 



61 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Quality of Life (QOL) 





:Gi* 






r i 



As an institution, the success of the 
Marine Corps is inextricably linked to 
personal and family readiness. Meet- 
ing the reasonable QOL expectations 
of Marines and families supports this 
effort, improves unit readiness, and 
reinforces the recruiting and retention 
mission. The Marine Corps is com- 
mitted to enhancing and sustaining 
the quality of life of Marines and their 
families. The Commandant and senior 
Marine Corps leadership place great 
emphasis on improving QOL and reg- 
ularly conduct town hall meetings to 
hear directly about the issues and con- 
cerns of Marines and family members. 

The Marine Corps measures QOL 
satisfaction in areas such as resi- 
dence, leisure and recreation, health 
and health care, income and standard 
of living, job satisfaction, and spouse 
career opportunities. The most recent 
survey indicates that, despite the high 
operational tempo during the past sev- 



eral years, Marines continue to report 
strong levels of satisfaction with their 
quality of life. 

Marine Corps Community Ser- 
vices (MCCS) provides more than 80 
programs, including the Marine Corps 
Exchange (MCX), that support unit 
commanders in fulfilling personal and 
family readiness responsibilities. The 
MCX is committed to providing de- 
sired products and outstanding value; 
and an aggressive construction pro- 
gram focuses on ensuring clean and 
modern facilities. 

The Marine Corps will continue 
to monitor the QOL of Marines and 
their families and will re-administer 
the QOL in the Marine Corps study in 
2010. This study has been conducted 
in 1993, 1998, 2003, and 2007 under 
the sponsorship of the Deputy Com- 
mandant for Manpower and Reserve 
Affairs (M&RA). 



62 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Taking Care of Marines and Families 




Today's Marines carry on a proud 
tradition of being ready to answer the 
Nation's call at a moment's notice, serv- 
ing with distinction in the face of great 
challenges. The rigors of the military life- 
style are challenging not only to Marines 
but also to their families, who must cope 
with separations, relocations, and fre- 
quent deployments. The Marine Corps 
is committed to supporting the efforts 
of Marines and their families to adjust to 
and overcome the unique challenges they 
are facing. 

Transitioning to a Wartime Footing. 
Based on a series of assessments, surveys, 
focus groups, and town hall meetings, 
the Commandant of the Marine Corps 
directed a major transformation of fam- 
ily support programs, a multi-year effort 
already well underway. The Unit Personal 
and Family Readiness program (UPFRP), 
the Exceptional Family Member program 
(EFMP), School Liaison, and Marine 
Corps Family Team Building (MCFTB) 
program represent the fundamental 
change that the Commandant's direction 
will bring in how programs are delivered. 
There are now more than 400 full-time 
Family Readiness Officers working di- 



rectly for unit commanders in support of 
Marine and family readiness responsibili- 
ties. Some 8,500 Marines and their fam- 
ily members enrolled in the EFMP are 
now receiving case management services 
aimed at providing a continuum of care 
to facilitate a seamless transition from in- 
stallation to installation. Recognizing that 
military children face unique challenges 
due to the mobile lifestyle of their parents, 
school liaison positions have been estab- 
lished at every Marine Corps installation, 
as well as at the regional and national lev- 
el to address issues such as entrance and 
graduation requirements and transfer of 
records. MCFTB is an MCCS program 
that provides high-quality training to 
support the life cycle of the Marine and 
family through mission, career, and life 
events. These improvements and initia- 
tives, funded in FY 2008 and 2009 largely 
through supplemental appropriations, 
will be sustained as part of the baseline 
MCCS budget. 

Long-Term Transition Efforts. The 
availability of quality, affordable child 
care continues to be a major QOL con- 
cern of Marine families. While the num- 
ber of on-installation child care spaces 
increases through construction of Child 
Development Centers, the Marine Corps 
is using multiple strategies to address the 
requirements of parents away from Ma- 
rine Corps stations and bases. 

Another important QOL concern for 
Marines and their families is the ability 
of the spouse to establish and maintain 
a career regardless of the sponsor's duty 
station. The Marine Corps Family Mem- 
ber Employment Assistance Program 
(FMEAP) is developing comprehensive 
and integrated strategies to build on re- 



63 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



cent initiatives to provide portable careers 
and education funding, and to support 
employment, training, and educational 
requirements of spouses. 

The Transition Assistance Manage- 
ment Program (TAMP) is often the fi- 
nal contact Marines have while on active 
duty with the many support programs 
available. The Marine Corps is currently 
exploring opportunities to maximize the 
effectiveness of this program by more ef- 
ficiently connecting Marines and their 
families to education, training, and jobs 
as they prepare to transition from the ac- 
tive duty Marine Corps. 

The Marine Corps has seen increases 
in suicides, domestic violence, substance 
abuse, and sexual assault in recent years, 
highlighting the need for improved pre- 
vention efforts and corrective policies and 
procedures in behavioral health programs. 
The Marine Corps has undertaken a ma- 
jor effort in suicide prevention with a new, 
high-impact training program taught by 
non-commissioned officers (NCO) that 
equips them to be the first line of defense, 
recognizing an NCO's key role in keep- 
ing Marines safe and ready. The Marine 
Corps will continue to pursue multiple 
initiatives to prevent suicides, which in- 
clude reevaluating existing programs de- 
signed to reduce the stressors associated 
with suicidal behavior, developing and 
distributing new prevention programs, 
refreshing and expanding training ma- 
terials, and establishing installation-level 
suicide prevention specialists. 



Additional staffing initiatives include 
the establishment of regional, installa- 
tion, and unit-level Sexual Assault Pro- 
gram Coordinators, as well as the expan- 
sion of combat stress control capabilities 
through the Operational Stress Control 
and Readiness (OSCAR) program. OS- 
CAR is focused on proving direct support 
to all active and reserve ground combat 
elements, with the ultimate goal of sup- 
porting all elements of the Marine Air 
Ground Task Force (MAGTF). 

In order to enable the widest access 
to family support programs, especially for 
Reserve and independent duty Marines 
and their families, the Marine Corps is 
studying the potential of community- 
based program delivery, rather than the 
traditional installation-based model. In 
doing so, the Marine Corps would maxi- 
mize use of other federal and state agencies 
to meet the needs of this population. In 
areas where community-based programs 
do not have capacity or are unavailable, 
such as remote and isolated commands, 
efforts will be focused on increasing ca- 
pabilities aboard the installation. 

The Marine Corps is committed to 
sustaining the significant progress under- 
way to assure personal and family readi- 
ness, continuing to aggressively reassess, 
evaluate, and further transition Corps- 
wide Marine and family support capabili- 
ties. This unending effort gives quantifi- 
able meaning to the mission of "Taking 
Care of Marines and their Families." 



64 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Wounded Warrior Regiment (WWR) 




The mission of the WWR is to pro- 
vide and facilitate non-medical care to 
combat and non-combat wounded, ill, 
and injured (WII) Marines and Sailors at- 
tached to, or in direct support of, Marine 
units and their family members through- 
out all phases of recovery. The Regimen- 
tal Headquarters element, located in 
Quantico, VA, commands the operations 
of two Wounded Warrior battalions lo- 
cated at Camp Pendleton, CA and Camp 
Lejeune, NC. The regiment provides 
guidance, direction, and oversight to the 
Marine Corps wounded warrior process 
through a single commander and elimi- 
nates any gaps in the medical recovery 
system through unity of command and 
effort. These wounded warriors are still 
very much in the fight, and the regiment 
strives to craft positive programs and 



support that focuses on wounded war- 
riors' abilities as they look to their future. 
WWR provides a wide range of assistance 
including: 

• Providing guidance regarding the 
medical and physical evaluation board 
processes; 

• Assisting with filing Traumatic Service 
Members Group Life Insurance (TS- 
GLI) claims and adjudicating all Ma- 
rine Corps claims for TSGLI benefits; 

• Coordinating charitable gifts, 
donations, or other types of offers 
of assistance; 

• Coordinating and overseeing non-med- 
ical case management during recovery; 

• Ensuring the same level of medical care 
regardless of geographic location; 

• Overseeing the transition from Depart- 
ment of Defense care to Department of 
Veterans Affairs care; 

• Provide assistance to WII Marines with 
pay and entitlement issues; 

• Facilitating Department of Labor em- 
ployment opportunities for separating 
WII Marines. 

The WWR's structure rests upon 
four main elements: face-to-face contact 
during all phases of recovery; close work- 
ing relationships with other government 
organizations; open lines of communica- 
tion with WII Marines and their families; 
and forward-looking program assess- 
ments and future planning. 

The WWR maintains face-to-face 
contact when providing information 
and assistance to service members, fami- 
lies and medical facility staff. The WWR 
commands Recovery Care Coordinators, 
who are geographically located through- 
out the country, to oversee the Marine 
Corps comprehensive recovery care pro- 



65 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



gram to the WII Marines. District Injured 
Support Cells conduct visits and tele- 
phone outreach to Reserve and former 
Marines dispersed throughout the coun- 
try. Inspector-Instructor sites assist with 
the patient affairs mission at civilian hos- 
pitals without patient affairs team (PAT) 
detachments. The WWR further relies on 
both Marine Corps liaisons at Depart- 
ment of Veterans Affairs Poly-trauma Re- 
habilitation Centers and Naval Hospital 
Liaisons to ensure personal contact when 
assisting WII Marines. 

Building close working relationships 
with other governmental agencies is an 
important element of solving problems 
for our WII Marines and Sailors. WWR 
has two field grade officers at the Depart- 
ment of Veterans Affairs' Federal Recov- 
ery Coordinator's Office to facilitate the 
transition process and the receipt of ben- 
efits. WWR has both a Department of La- 
bor representative and a Department of 
Veterans Affairs representative at the Reg- 
imental headquarters who work in the 
Transition Assistance Cell to find jobs for 
transitioning WII Marines and Sailors. 



Open communication is critical 
for identifying and resolving problems 
encountered by our WII Marines and 
Sailors. The Sergeant Merlin German 
Wounded Warrior Call Center (1-877- 
487-6299) receives calls from WII Marines 
and their families and conducts outreach 
calls to those who have been wounded, ill 
or injured since 2001. Additionally, a toll 
free number (1-866-645-8762) was estab- 
lished in Landstuhl, Germany for families 
to contact their Marines and Sailors med- 
ically evacuated out of theater. 

In preparation for the challenges as- 
sociated with caring for WII in the years 
and decades to come, WWR established 
the Future Initiatives and Transformation 
Team (FITT). The FITT conducts assess- 
ments of current programs to find need- 
ed improvements and refine processes 
while also identifying tools and resources 
needed to tackle the future challenges in 
Wounded Warrior care. 



66 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



The Infantry Automatic Rifle (IAR) 




DESCRIPTION 

The IAR program seeks to replace the 
current M249 Squad Automatic Weapon 
(SAW) in all infantry, and light armored 
reconnaissance squads. The IAR will be a 
non-developmental, 5.56mm automatic 
rifle that is lighter, more durable, more 
accurate, and more reliable than the 
M249 SAW. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Use of the automatic rifle will signifi- 
cantly enhance the automatic rifleman's 
maneuverability and displacement speed, 
while providing the ability to suppress or 
destroy targets of most immediate con- 
cern to the fire team. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The IAR program entered the system 
development and demonstration phase 
during second quarter FY 2008 following 
a successful Milestone B decision. A suc- 
cessful Milestone C decision was achieved 
in fourth quarter FY 2009 and the program 
is currently in the production and deploy- 
ment phase. Initial operational testing and 
evaluation is scheduled to conclude by third 
quarter FY 2010. Initial operational capa- 
bility (IOC) is scheduled to be achieved 
during first quarter FY 2011, and full op- 
erational capability (FOC) is scheduled to 
be achieved during second quarter FY 2012. 
The Heckler and Koch 416 was selected 
astheUSMCIAR. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 4,454 2,957 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Heckler and Koch, Newington, NH 



67 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Modular Weapon System (MWS) 




DESCRIPTION 

The M16A4 rifle and an M4 carbine 
are the two weapons that satisfy the capa- 
bility requirements of the MWS program. 
An M1913 Rail Adapter System (RAS) re- 
places the upper hand guards and incor- 
porates a removable rear-carrying handle 
that were standard on M16A2 rifles. The 
RAS provides the capability to mount 
various accessories, including a modified 
M203 launching system, high-intensity 
flashlights, infrared laser illuminators, 
and optics. The MWS M4 carbine variant 
is selectively fielded to Marines whose bil- 
lets and/or missions require the use of the 
shorter carbine. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The MWS significantly improves the 
ability to mount various accessories and 
will enhance accuracy, target detection, 
and engagement capabilities in both day 
and night conditions. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Fielding of the MWS began in FY 
2003. An increase in the Approved Acqui- 
sition Objective (AAO) due to complete 
replacement of M16A2 rifles Marine 
Corps- wide has extended fielding through 
FY 20 1 1 . The AAO is now approximately 
191,372 M16A4 rifles and approximately 
83,344 M4 carbines. 



Procurement Profile: 

M16A4 

M4 



FY 2010 FY 2011 
19,103 5,000 
8,333 



Developer/Manufacturer: 

M4: Colt Manufacturing Company, Inc., 

Hartford, CT 

M16A4: Fabrique National Military Industries, 
Columbia, SC 



68 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 







Tactical Handheld Radio (THHR) Family of Systems (FoS) 



IISR is capable of both analog and digital 
operation. 

The THHR is a secure handheld unit 
that supports the communications re- 
quirements of all elements of the MAGTR 
The THHR operates in the AM and FM 
bands of the 30-512 MHz frequency spec- 
trum, containing embedded communica- 
tions security, and is interoperable with 
other radio systems, such as Single-Chan- 
nel Ground and Airborne Radio System 
(SINGARS) and HAVEQUICK II, in the 
single-channel mode and frequency-hop- 
ping modes. In addition to the THHR, 
two vehicular amplification kits are in- 
cluded: the Dual Vehicle Adapter (DVA) 
and the Single Vehicle Adapter (SVA). 
The DVAs/SVAs are vehicular product 
lines that are fully interoperable with the 
Marine Corps' current inventory of com- 
bat net radios. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Legacy tactical handheld equipment 
within the Marine Corps exceeded its ex- 
pected life span and was rarely used. As a 
result, the handheld units primarily con- 
sisted of locally purchased, commercially 
available radios that were not interopera- 
ble with Marine Corps combat net radios. 
The THHR FoS consolidates and exceeds 
legacy capabilities, lightens the combat 
load of individual Marines and small 
units, reduces tactical handheld radio op- 
erating costs, and provides line-of-sight 
radios into every tactical vehicle. The 
current versions of the THHR FoS have 
the expectations to remain in the Marine 



DESCRIPTION 

The THHR FoS has several non- 
developmental, tactical handheld, and 
amplified vehicular radio sets that pro- 
vide reliable tactical communications, in- 
cluding a retransmission capability. The 
Marine Corps has a requirement for two 
handheld radios: the Intra/Inter Squad 
Radio (IISR) and the THHR. 

The IISR is designed to provide small, 
lightweight, handheld tactical communi- 
cations to infantry squads and fire teams 
to facilitate squad command and control, 
enabling squad members to communi- 
cate in tactical situations where hand and 
arm signals and voice communications 
are not practical. The IISR acts as a wire- 
less intercom and possesses enough pow- 
er to provide effective communications in 
open terrain, heavy vegetation, and urban 
environments. The IISR operates in the 
AM and FM bands of the 380-470 mega- 
hertz (MHz) frequency spectrum. The 



69 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Corps' inventory until the Joint Tactical 
Radio System (JTRS) solution reaches its 
full operational capability (FOC). 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The THHR FoS is in the post Mile- 
stone C phase of the acquisition process. 
All systems have been procured. Presently, 
six end-items are currently in the inven- 
tory: AN/PRC-153 (IISR); AN/PRC-148 
(THHR), with its associated AN/VRC- 
111 DVA;andtheAN/PRC-152 (THHR), 
with its associated AN/ VRC-1 10 DVA and 
AN/VRC-112 SVA. The Marine Corps' 
AAOs are 51,463 IISRs, 19,786 THHRs, 
9,947 DVAs, and 14,930 SVAs. 



Developer/Manufacturer: 

AN/PRC-1 52/ANA/RC-1 1 0/ANA/RC-1 1 2: 

Harris Corporation, Inc., Rochester, NY 

AN/PRC-153: Motorola, Columbia, MD 

AN/PRC-1 48/ANA/RC-1 1 1 : Thales 
Communications, Inc., Clarksburg, MD 



70 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Marine Expeditionary Rifle Squad (MERS) 



* J 




The MERS is a program charged 
with applying a system's engineering ap- 
proach to equipping a Marine rifle squad, 
the most fundamental warfighting unit. 
The focus of the program is to view the 
Marine rifle squad in a holistic manner 
— one in which the squad comprises a 
whole much more effective than the sum 
of its individual members. The integra- 
tion and configuration management of 
all components that are worn, carried, 
and consumed by the squad will increase 
lethality, mobility, and flexibility of in- 
fantry forces. MERS is the steward of the 
Marine rifle squad's suite of equipment 
and works with all the program manag- 
ers at Marine Corps Systems Command 
(MARCORSYSCOM) to optimize and 



integrate the rifle squad's equipment. 

The program has founded the 
GRUNTWORKS Squad Integration Fa- 
cility. GRUNTWORKS provides a venue 
to engineer, evaluate, and try the capa- 
bilities and limitations of all equipment 
in development and under consideration 
for procurement that will be delivered to 
the infantry squad. This dynamic facility 
employs a human factors lab, equipment 
prototyping and modification workshop, 
a mobility platform integration area, and 
an infantry immersive environment fo- 
cused on equipment evaluation in a for- 
eign environment to accomplish equip- 
ment modernization and integration 
initiatives. Human factors and ergonom- 
ics are applied to the physical integration 
of the infantry squad's equipment. The 
physiological and performance impacts 
of fielding new equipment creates a con- 
stant set of trade-offs between weight and 
volume management, comfort, usability, 
simplicity, lethality, survivability, mobil- 
ity, sustainment, and training given that it 
must perform in combat in any clime and 
place. MERS will highlight these trade 
offs and refine solutions that incorporate 
the capabilities of the Marine rifle squad 
as an integrated system. 

MERS works closely with the Marine 
Corps Combat Development Command 
(MCCDC) MERS capabilities develop- 
ment officer and the Headquarters, U.S. 
Marine Corps Plans, Policy & Operations 
MERS infantry advocate. The triad has 
established an Integrated Infantry Work- 
ing Group in order to ensure that the 
operating forces are equipped with opti- 



71 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



mal solutions. Infantry battalion surveys 
are continuously conducted in theater 
and post deployment in order to identify 
trends and issues with infantry equip- 
ment. Integration efforts during 2010 
include: 

• Integration of all the items worn on a 
Marine's head into an optimized sys- 
tem of components of a head-borne 
system. 

• Improvements in weapon weight 
characteristics and integration with 
equipment that is worn. 

• Command and Control / Situational 
Awareness integration and information 
presentation methods. 

• Squad electrical power analysis and 
power/data distribution on the Marine. 

• Integration and anthropometry of the 
Marine in mobility platforms under de- 
velopment such as Joint Light Tactical 
Vehicle and Marine Personnel Carrier. 



• Integration of the various unique items 
carried in the billet positions within the 
squad 

The MERS Program Office is also the 
enhanced company operations (ECO) 
equipping coordinator for MARCOR- 
SYSCOM. MERS also coordinates the 
research and development efforts for the 
long-term objective of distributed opera- 
tions. Infantry battalions are nominated 
by the MEF for ECO equipping and new 
equipment training. ECO equipment is 
currently listed in the battalions table of 
equipment. The robust command and 
control package combined with appro- 
priate training will empower the NCO at 
the fire team and squad level and increase 
the battalion's capabilities to conduct 
warfighting. 



72 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Infantry Combat Equipment (ICE) 




The Marine Corps' ICE program con- 
tinues to pursue technological advance- 
ments in personal protective equipment. 
Fully recognizing the trade-off between 
weight, protection, fatigue, and move- 
ment restriction, the program is providing 
Marines the latest in personal protective 
equipment, such as the Modular Tactical 
Vest (MTV), Scalable Plate Carrier (SPC), 
Full Spectrum Battle Equipment (FSBE), 
Flame Resistant Organizational Gear 
(FROG), Mountain Cold Weather Layer- 
ing System (MCWLS), and Three-Season 
Sleep System (3S). 

Combat operations in Iraq and Af- 
ghanistan have highlighted the need to 
evolve the personal protective vest system. 
In February 2007, the Marine Corps began 
transitioning to a newly designed MTV. 
This vest is close in weight to its predeces- 
sor, the Outer Tactical Vest (OTV), but it 
integrates easily with the other personal 
protection systems. It provides greater 
comfort through incorporation of state- 
of-the-art load carriage techniques, which 
better distribute a combat load over the 
torso and onto the hips of the Marine. In 
April 2009, critical deficiencies were iden- 
tified with the fielded MTVs that required 



immediate correction. In response, the 
program developed the Improved MTV 
(IMTV), comprising a vest with remov- 
able soft armor panels that will provide 
the same degree of fragmentation and di- 
rect fire protection as the current MTV, 
but at a reduced weight. 

The SPC is used as an additional bal- 
listic vest, not to replace the MTV, but to 
provide additional warfighting effective- 
ness by allowing greater maneuverability, 
agility, and mobility with reduced ther- 
mal stress in high elevations, thick vegeta- 
tion, and tropical environments than that 
provided by the OTV/MTV. The SPC of- 
fers the same level of ballistic protection 
as the MTV but reduces overall weight 
by reducing area coverage for fragmenta- 
tion. The Plate Carrier (PC), which will 
replace the SPC, uses a government de- 
sign that improves shoulder comfort and 
cummerbund stability compared to pre- 
viously fielded systems. 

The FSBE provides ballistic protec- 
tion, brief underwater breathing capabil- 
ity, flotation, and limited load carriage 
to meet the specific mission profiles re- 
quired by the Marine Corps force recon- 
naissance community, fleet anti-terrorism 
security teams (FAST), and Marine Expe- 
ditionary Unit (MEU) helicopter assault 
companies. 

In February 2007, the Marine Corps 
began fielding FROG to all deployed and 
deploying Marines. This lifesaving en- 
semble of flame-resistant clothing items 

— gloves, balaclava, long-sleeved under- 
shirt, combat shirt, and combat trouser 

— is designed to mitigate potential inju- 



73 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



ries to Marines from flame exposure. The 
Marine Corps continues the spiral devel- 
opment of FROG II to reduce weight and 
increase comfort, durability, and flame- 
resistant properties. 

The MCWLS is in response to the 
needs of Marines operating in mountain 
environments, such as those in Afghani- 
stan. This system consists of the light- 
weight exposure suit, jacket, WindPro 
fleece and cap, parka, trousers, and boots. 
The upgraded base layers for MCWLS are 
flame resistant and lightweight. 

In September 2008, the Marine Corps 
identified a need to provide a smaller and 
lighter sleep system to replace the Modu- 
lar Sleep System. The 3S leverages tech- 
nological advances in textiles and insula- 
tion to increase environmental protection 
while reducing the weight and volume of 
the sleeping bag. The 3S, incorporating 
the existing layered clothing systems, pro- 
vides 15 degrees greater protection, is one 
pound lighter, and eight percent smaller 
than the green patrol bag in the Modular 
Sleep System (MSS). The 3S is designed 
to be used at 20 degrees with lightweight 
insulating layers, and as low as 10 degrees 



when wearing all of the provided insulat- 
ing clothing layers. Providing a greater 
temperature range in which Marines can 
operate than the MSS, the 3S increases 
the mobility and survivability of the in- 
dividual Marine. 

Many of these initiatives come via the 
Marine Enhancement Program(MEP). 
The MEP Working Group includes core 
representatives from Plans, Policies and 
Operations; MCCDC; and MARCORSY- 
SCOM. Nominations for the MEP initia- 
tives come from Marines via the website, 
email and the Advocate, or through review 
of the U.S. Army's Soldiers Enhancement 
Program (SEP) for capabilities matching 
a Marine Corps need. Nominated capa- 
bilities must focus on commercial-off- 
the-shelf or Non-Developmental Items 
that can be executed quickly. The 2010 
MEP priority list includes: Improved 
Helmet Suspension/Retention System; 
Next- Generation Individual Load Bear- 
ing Equipment; Crew-Served Weapons 
Pack; Individual Water Purification Sys- 
tem; Tactical Assault Panel; and PVS-14 
Night Vision Goggle Pouch. 



74 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Day Optics Systems 



DESCRIPTION 

The AN/PVQ-31A (for the M16A4) 
andAN/PVQ-31B (for the M4) rifle com- 
bat optic (RCO) are the cornerstones of 
the day optics program. The RCO is a 
fixed 4X optical aiming sight designed 
for use with the rifles configured with the 
MIL-STD-1913 Rail Adapter System. It 
attaches to the rail to provide the user a 
targeting tool to engage distant daylight 
and near low-lit targets with increased 
identification certainty. 

The SU-258/PVQ machine gun day 
optic (MDO) and the SU-258/PVG squad 
day optic (SDO) initiatives are the solu- 
tions to rapidly fielding a 6X day optic for 
the M240B and a 3.5X day optic for the 
M249, respectively. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The RCO provides enhanced target 
identification and hit probability for the 
M4A1 and M16A4 rifle out to 800 me- 
ters. It incorporates dual illumination 
technology using a fiber optic light source 
for daytime illumination and tritium for 
night and low-light use. This allows the 



operator to keep both eyes open while 
engaging targets and maintain maximum 
situational awareness. 

The MDO and SDO provide en- 
hanced target identification and hit prob- 
ability for the M240G and M249 machine 
guns out to 1,000 and 800 meters, respec- 
tively. MDO and SDO incorporate dual 
illumination technology using a fiber op- 
tic light source for daytime illumination 
and tritium for night and low-light use. 
MDO and SDO are additionally provided 
with miniature reflex sights for enhanced 
situational awareness and engagements 
of close-range targets. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

A total of 211,430 RCOs have been 
procured through FY 2009 with deliveries 
ending in FY 2010. The MDO and SDOs 
were awarded in FY 2009 for procurement 
of 10,933 MDOs and 11,176 SDOs with 
deliveries occurring in FY 2010 through 
2012. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
RCO/SDO/MDO: Trijicon Industries, 
Detroit, Ml 



75 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Laser Targeting and Illumination Systems 



DESCRIPTION 

The AN/PEM-1 Laser Borelight Sys- 
tem (LBS) is a Class 2 laser device that 
emits a highly collimated beam of visible 
light for precise zeroing. This system fa- 
cilitates zeroing of infrared illumination 
(12) sights, thermal weapon sights, and 
laser aiming devices. The AN/PEM-1 has 
a low-power laser setting that is useful 
when performing weapon bore sighting 
during daylight, low light, and darkness 
conditions. 

Both the AN/PEQ-15 advanced tar- 
get pointer illumination aiming light 
(ATPIAL) and the AN/PEQ-16A mini- 
integrated pointer illuminator module 
(MIPIM) are Class 3b laser devices that 
provide a highly collimated beam of in- 
frared energy for weapon aiming and an 
adjustable focus infrared beam for target 
illumination. The AN/PEQ-16A also has 
a white light illuminator that provides 
target identification and illumination 
without the use of night vision devices. 

The AN/PEQ-18 high power laser 
pointer (HPLP) is a Class 4 infrared la- 
ser pointer and illuminator for use with 
night vision or infrared sensitive camera 
systems. The beam is adjustable from 
tight pinpoint to a wide flood beam 
with a quick twist of the lens. A multi- 
position switch allows the laser to oper- 
ate at three different power levels: LOW 
(500mW); HIGH (900mW); and PULSE 
(1000mW@304Hz). 

The AN/PSQ-18A grenade launcher 
day/night sight mount (GLDNSM) is an 
enhanced aiming device designed to en- 



able the Marine to rapidly and precisely 
fire the M203 40mm grenade launcher in 
daylight, low light, and night conditions. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The AN/PEM-1 enables Marines to 
quickly and accurately establish or recon- 
firm battle site zero (BZO) to weapons 
without consuming ammunition to verify 
the zero. The LBS is optimized for 5.56mm, 
7.62mm, and .50 caliber weapons. 

Both the AN/PEQ-15 and the AN/ 
PEQ-16A provide increased accuracy for 
every Marine by providing a laser aiming 
capability and the ability to illuminate 
targets in low light and night conditions 
when using a night vision device. 

The AN/PEQ- 1 8 gives the Marine the 
option of using a pinpoint target pointer 
or a wide flood beam with the quick twist 
of a switch and allows the Marines to use 
three different power levels, low, high, 
and pulse. 

The AN/PSQ-18A GLDNSM pro- 
vides Marine grenadiers increased first 
or second round accuracy to within five 
meters. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The AAO quantity for each is as 
follows: 



Procurement Profile: 


FY 2010 


FY 201 1 


AN/PEM-1: 


235 





AN/PEQ-15: 


2,635 





AN/PEQ-16A: 


524 





AN/PEQ-18: 








AN/PSQ-18A 


1,050 






76 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Developer/Manufacturer: 
LBS: Insight Technology, Inc., 
Londonderry, NH 

AN/PEQ-15: Insight Technology, Inc., 
Londonderry, NH 

AN/PEQ-16A: Insight Technology, Inc., 
Londonderry, NH 

AN/PEQ-18: B.E. Myers, Redman, WA 

AN/PEQ-18A: Insight Technology, Inc., 
Londonderry, NH 



11 




U- 



PART 2: 



COMMAND AND CONTROL 



ER 3: PROGRAMS 



■■■_- ' ' .■.'•■ ."'.'' ■■■:■,■...■■■■■■■■.■■ ■■■ ;.■:;■■ .■■■_■■ ','. ''''.'-—."■.. • ■ ;■,■■■:•""■ :..■ .. " '.■. ' - '.-' . w 



INTRODUCTION 

The Marine Corps Command and Control (C2) Initial Capabilities Document (ICD), 
approved by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council in February 2008, and the 
Marine Corps Functional Concept for Command and Control, approved in 2009, incor- 
porate joint integrating concepts and C2 mandates and articulate our goal of delivering 
end-to-end, fully integrated, cross-functional capability to include forward-deployed 
and reach-back functions. This concept represents a fundamental shift in the way we 
view and deal with the dynamic challenges of command and control. It emphasizes 
that command and control must be leader centric and network enabled. As such, it 
envisions network capabilities that will connect all elements and echelons of the Ma- 
rine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) with joint forces and mission partners to cre- 
ate unparalleled information sharing and collaboration, adaptive organizations, and 
a greater unity of effort via synchronization and integration of force elements at the 
lowest levels. 

This concept assumes a complex, chaotic security environment, requiring 
greater dependencies among joint, inter-agency, governmental, and multinational 
partners. It describes how commanders can achieve decision superiority and imple- 
ment effective military actions faster than adversaries. It also describes an evolving 
command and control capability to enable multi- capable MAGTFs to integrate many 
organizations into an effective team, while conducting operations across the range of 
military operations. 

The programs discussed in this section will enable MAGTF commanders to 
exercise effective command and control and bring together all of the warfighting func- 
tions into an effective fighting force. In addition, these programs support the ability of 
the MAGTFs to participate in or lead joint and multinational operations. Importantly, 
they will ensure that individual Marines understand their commander's intent and can 
carry out complex operations — in peacetime, crisis and war — that safeguard vital 
U.S. interests, citizens, and friends. 



79 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Theater Battle Management Core Systems (TBMCS) 



DESCRIPTION 

TBMCS is an air war planning tool 
mandated by the Chairman, Joint Chiefs 
of Staff for the generation, dissemination, 
and execution of the Air Tasking Order/ 
Airspace Control Order (ATO/ACO). 
The host system resides with the Aviation 
Command Element in the Tactical Air 
Command Center (TACC,) with remote 
systems located throughout the Marine 
Air Ground Task Force to allow dynamic 
mission updates. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

TBMCS is the principal aviation 
Command and Control (C2) tool with- 
in Marine aviation C2 systems and the 



Theater Air Ground System for the 
development and execution of the ATO. 
It is a key system that supports ATO 
planning and development and pro- 
vides the automated tools necessary to 
generate, disseminate and execute the 
ATO/ACO in joint, coalition, and Marine 
Corps-only contingencies. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

TBMCS version 1.1.3 is now fielded 
throughout the operating forces and the 
joint community. Discussions between 
joint, Marine Corps, and other service rep- 
resentatives are developing a way ahead for 
sustainment of version 1.1.3 and the even- 
tual transition to a new system. 



Global Command and Control System (GCCS) 



DESCRIPTION 

The GCCS uses joint system-of-re- 
cord software to provide select Command 
and Control (C2) capabilities throughout 
the Marine Corps to plan, execute, and 
manage operations, including unit readi- 
ness reporting of personnel, equipment, 
and training. Planning, executing, and 
managing operations is done via the Joint 
Operations Planning and Execution Sys- 
tem (JOPES), and unit readiness report- 
ing is done via the Global Status of Re- 
sources and Training System (GSORTS). 
GCCS is fielded at the regiment level 
and above. 



execute, and manage operations as well as 
the capability to report unit readiness. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The Approved Acquisition Object 
of 194 servers and 320 clients has been 
achieved, and GCCS is in the sustainment 
phase of its acquisition life cycle, having 
reached Milestone C in 1997. GCCS will 
continue to sustain software upgrades 
across the Future Years Defense Plan as 
well as Marine Corps-wide hardware up- 
grades of GCCS servers and clients. GCCS 
is currently executing a client refresh that 
will last throughout FY 2010. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

GCCS is the joint C2 system that 
provides operational commanders with 
the information and capability to plan, 



Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 320 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Global Combat Support System - Marine Corps (GCSS-MC) 




DESCRIPTION 

GCSS-MC is a portfolio of Informa- 
tion Technology systems that supports 
the logistics elements of Command and 
Control, Joint logistics interoperability, 
and secure access to and visibility of lo- 
gistics data. At the core of GCSS-MC is 
the Logistics Chain Management (LCM) 
initiative which is the incremental imple- 
mentation of commercial-off-the-shelf 
software (Oracle eBusiness Suite) to en- 
able the Marine Corps' Logistics Opera- 
tional Architecture (LOG OA). The first 
increment, Block 1, provides initial capa- 
bilities for GCSS-MC/LCM and is a sepa- 
rate acquisition program with its own 
milestone events. GCSS-MC/LCM Block 
1 is focused on improved supply and 
maintenance capability in the operating 
forces and has the following goals: 

• State-of-the-art software to improve 
the combat effectiveness of the operat- 
ing forces; 

• Design and fielding of a single capabil- 
ity that supports common processes in 
deployed operations and garrison envi- 
ronments; 

• Retirement of legacy systems. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The GCSS-MC portfolio and the 
Block 1 initiative provide a modernized 
solution to an identified, critical war- 



fighting deficiency in logistics informa- 
tion systems. It will facilitate change to 
antiquated logistics processes and pro- 
cedures by introducing cutting edge, en- 
abling technology in support of logistics 
operations. It will align our logistics ef- 
forts with real-world challenges, where 
speed and information have replaced 
mass and footprint as the foremost attri- 
butes of combat operations. Key capabili- 
ties in Block 1 include: (1) a multi-envi- 
ronment architecture, which provides for 
a Continental U.S. (CONUS) enterprise 
environment (reflective of Marine Corps 
CONUS organization) and a deployed 
Marine Air Ground Task Force environ- 
ment ("cloned" from the enterprise envi- 
ronment and tailored to the mission); (2) 
a Cross Domain Solution, which allows 
data transfer between secure and non- 
secure networks; and (3) a Mobile Field 
Service capability, which allows for dis- 
connected operations from the CONUS 
or deployed network. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

GCSS-MC is an ACAT 1A, Major 
Automated Information System. The pro- 
gram separated delivery of its core business 
functionality and deployable capability 
into Capability Release (CR) 1.1 and 1.2, 
respectively, in January 2009. Delivery of 
CR1.1 should begin within 3d Marne Ex- 
peditionary Force/Marine Corp Logistics 
Command in early CY 2010 with CR1.2 to 
be integrated shortly thereafter. The pro- 
gram anticipates a Milestone C acquisition 
decision during second quarter FY 2010. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
CONUS Enterprise 1 

MEU/MEF 1/1 TBD 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Oracle USA, Inc, Redwood Shores, CA 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Common Aviation Command and Control System (CAC2S) 




DESCRIPTION 

CAC2S will provide a complete and co- 
ordinated modernization of Marine Air 
Command and Control System (MACCS) 
equipment. CAC2S will eliminate cur- 
rent dissimilar systems and provide the 
Marine Air Ground Task Force Aviation 
Combat Element (ACE) with the neces- 
sary hardware, software, and facilities to 
effectively command, control, and co- 
ordinate air operations integrated with 
naval, joint, and/or combined Command 
and Control (C2) units. CAC2S will com- 
prise standardized modular and scalable 
tactical facilities, hardware, and software 
that will significantly increase battlefield 
mobility and reduce the physical size and 
logistical footprint of the MACCS. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

CAC2S is an Acquisition Category 
I AC, Major Information Automated Sys- 
tem Program. It has been restructured 
with an approved revised acquisition 
strategy to ensure the CAC2S program 
fields ready and proven technologies at 
the earliest opportunity. To achieve this 
goal, Increment I requirements will be 
achieved in two phases. 

Phase 1 accommodates rapid fielding 
of operationally relevant capabilities to 
include mobility, situational awareness, 
tactical communications, information 
■ 82 



dissemination, and operational flexibility 
that will establish the baseline CAC2S ca- 
pabilities. This phase will upgrade fielded 
MACCS equipment with mature, ready 
technologies and will establish an initial 
product baseline Processing and Display 
Subsystem (PDS) and Communications 
Subsystem (CS). Naval Surface Warfare 
Center, Crane, IN, will oversee the inte- 
gration and upgrades of the previously 
developed and fielded system (AN/MRQ- 
12) into CAC2S PDS and CS. 

Phase 2 has been structured to ac- 
commodate the integration of technolo- 
gies necessary for the CAC2S Sensor Data 
Subsystem (SDS) to meet remaining ACE 
battle management and command and 
control requirements. This phase will 
build upon the capabilities of the Phase 
1 product baseline by integrating the SDS 
with the Phase 1 PDS and CS, thereby ful- 
ly meeting CAC2S Increment I require- 
ments. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

CAC2S requirements were originally 
documented in an Operational Require- 
ments Document in February 2003. The 
CAC2S requirements were adapted to a 
Capability Production Document and ap- 
proved by the JROC in September 2007. 
The AAO for CAC2S is 50 systems. 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Tactical Combat Operations (TCO) System 



DESCRIPTION 

The TCO System is the principal tool 
within the Marine Air Ground Task Force 
for situational awareness through distri- 
bution of the Common Tactical Picture 
and is the primary entry point for the 
Common Operational Picture (COP). 
The TCO System provides commanders 
at all echelons with the ability to map and 
display friendly and enemy locations, as 
well as plan, develop, display, and trans- 
mit overlays of intended movement. The 
TCO System also provides commanders 
in both garrison and tactical operations 
the ability to receive, fuse, store, develop, 
transmit, and display commanders' criti- 
cal information requirements. 

TCO comprises a server (IOS(V)l) 
backend for track database management, 
and the client (IOW(V)l) frontend, us- 
ing the Joint Tactical COP workstation 
for COP visualization. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The TCO System is the Marine 
Corps Command and Control program 
of record that provides operational com- 
mands with the information and capabil- 
ity to manage the COP. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The TCO System is fielded at ech- 
elons, battalion and above, with an Ap- 
proved Acquisition Objective of 206 serv- 
ers and 910 clients. The TCO system is in 
the sustainment phase of its acquisition 
lifecycle, having received Milestone C ap- 
proval in 1995. The TCO System will con- 
tinue to sustain software upgrades across 
the Future Years Defense Plan as well as 
Marine Corps-wide hardware upgrades 
of the IOS(V) 1 server backend in FY 2013 
and 2017, and the IOW(V)l client fron- 
tend in FY 2013 and FY 2016. 



Developer/Manufacturer: 

Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) 



83 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 201 



Composite Tracking Network (CTN) 



DESCRIPTION 

CTN is the adaptation of the U.S. 
Navy Cooperative Engagement Capabil- 
ity (CEC) to satisfy Marine Corps ex- 
peditionary maneuver warfare require- 
ments. The network will provide Marine 
Corps Aviation Command and Control 
(C2) agencies the capability to distribute 
composite tracking and fire control data 
to Marine Corps and Navy C2 and weap- 
ons systems. CTN is an essential element 
in the Marine Corps future Command, 
Control, Communications, Computers, 
and Intelligence (C4I) Architecture. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

CTN will provide the Marine Air 
Ground Task Force (MAGTF) command- 
er a sensor netting solution that will help 
defend friendly forces from aircraft and 
cruise missiles. Near real-time correla- 
tion of local and remote sensor data, via 
the CEC/CTN network, will provide the 
MAGTF commander precise and accurate 



target- quality track data and will improve 
situational awareness and battlespace 
coverage. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

CTN has completed AN/TPS-59 
Long-Range Radar interface develop- 
ment. The software interface develop- 
ment for Aviation C2 and Ground/ Avia- 
tion Task Oriented Radar (G/ATOR) are 
underway. Milestone C was achieved in 
the first quarter FY 2009, and began Low 
Rate Initial Production in early 2010. Ini- 
tial Operational Capability is scheduled 
for third quarter FY 2010. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 9 8 



Developer/Manufacturer: 

Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane 

Division; Crane, IN 



84 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



AN/TSQ-239(V) Combat Operations Center (COC) 



DESCRIPTION 

The COC is a deployable, self-con- 
tained, centralized facility that provides 
shared Command and Control/Situ- 
ational Awareness (C2/SA) functional- 
ities in a collaborative environment. The 
system is designed to enhance the tactical 
Common Operational Picture (COP) for 
all levels of the Marine Air Ground Task 
Force (MAGTF). It is a commercial-off- 
the-shelf, total turn-key, integrated hard- 
ware solution using unit-provided radios, 
legacy and re-hosted tactical data appli- 
cations, and unit- available prime movers 
to provide mobility, modularity, and scal- 
ability for each assigned mission. In early 
2010 there are three production COC 
system variants — the V(2), V(3), and 
V(4) — scaled to the Major Subordinate 
Command, the regiment/group, and the 
battalion/squadron, respectively. COC 
supports the MAGTF throughout the full 
range of military operations, including 
command and control, intelligence, ma- 
neuver, fires, force protection, and com- 
bat logistics. 

The COC Program Office is upgrad- 
ing the existing COCs to introduce an 
enhanced, integrated software baseline 
supporting warfighter needs. The COC 
Model G will introduce a service-oriented 
infrastructure (SOI) and is the primary 
system responsible for providing a user 
interface common across all hosted Tacti- 
cal Data Systems (TDS). COC Model G 
will be deployed in an improved physical 
configuration, which upgrades suites of 
computer hardware and software, net- 
working and communications capabili- 



ties, and physical facilities such as shelters, 
generators, and environmental controls. 
Model G Engineering Development Mod- 
els will be provided by the prime vendor 
in FY 2010/2011. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

COCs have been deployed to Opera- 
tion Iraqi Freedom and Operation Endur- 
ing Freedom. They present, display, and 
communicate the Commander's intent 
and required information in support of 
Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare and all 
aspects of mid-intensity warfare. COCs 
state-of-the-art technology shortens the 
decision making cycle by providing in- 
telligence and information on friendly 
and enemy locations and activities in a 
consolidated, easily recognizable video 
display viewed simultaneously by all staff 
functions within the COC complex. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The AN/TSQ-239(V) F Model is in 
post-Full Rate Production and entering 
the Operations and Sustainment Phase of 
its life cycle. Fielding completion and Fully 
Operational Capable status will be met in 
FY 2010. The COC Program will continue 
to incorporate engineering changes and 
equipment technical refreshes to address 
operational requirements for improved 
technical capabilities and new system in- 
terface requirements. The Approved Ac- 
quisition Objective for the COC is 298. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
General Dynamics C4 Systems, 
Scottsdale, AZ 



85 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Joint Tactical Common Operational Picture (COP) 
Workstation (JTCW) 



DESCRIPTION 

The JTCW is a Windows®-based tac- 
tical COP workstation suite of applica- 
tions designed for battalion and higher 
echelons to facilitate military Command 
and Control (C2) functions by improv- 
ing situational awareness and enhancing 
operational and tactical decision-making. 
The JTCW replaces the fielded Command 
and Control Personal Computer (C2PC) 
software by combining C2PC with other 
applications into a single software load 
to provide greater capability for C2 plan- 
ning and interoperability. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

JTCW provides the warfighter a 
framework for enhanced systems in- 
teroperability and commonality between 
Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) 
Command, Control, Communications, 
Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, 
and Reconnaissance systems. JTCW is the 
primary point of entry for the COP, en- 
abling users to view map data, view and 



update track data, develop and distribute 
overlays, exchange general message traf- 
fic, plan and distribute route information, 
and conduct general C2 planning. JTCW 
software will be loaded on the Intelli- 
gence Operations Workstation (IOW), 
and some of its software components will 
be integrated into future models of the 
MAGTF COC. JTCW can be operated in 
connected and disconnected operations. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

This Acquisition Category IV (T) 
program is using a single-step acquisi- 
tion strategy. During the fourth quarter 
FY 2009, the JTCW and Tactical Combat 
Operations System Program Offices con- 
ducted fielding and training to achieve an 
initial fielding of JTCW 1.0 on the IOW. 
JTCW is scheduled to reach Initial Op- 
erational Capability in FY 2010. The Ap- 
proved Acquisition Objective (AAO) is 
910 systems for the TCO/IOW; the AAO 
for the COC has yet to be determined. 



86 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Blue Force Tracker (BFT) - Family of Systems (FoS) 




DESCRIPTION 

The BFT FoS is the Marine Corps 
portfolio of systems that provides tactical 
input/output battlefield digitized posi- 
tion location information and situational 
awareness at the company level and below. 
BFT FoS consists of the BFT, the Mount- 
ed Refresh Computer (MRC), Joint Ca- 
pabilities Release software, the BFT Tac- 
tical Operations Center (TOC) Kit, the 
KGV-72 encryption device, and the BFT 
II transceiver. The BFT is a two-way, sat- 
ellite-based command and control system 
that allows users to send and receive loca- 
tions of friendly forces and display these 
positions on maps and overlays. The TOC 
Kit is a variant of the BFT that brings the 
BFT capability into operation centers and 
the MRC provides the same capability as 
the BFT, although it is terrestrial-based, 
riding on an Enhanced Position Location 
Reporting System tactical radio network. 
Subcomponents of the BFT are the KGV- 
72, an in-line encryption device that will 



classify the celestial based BFT to Type 
I, and the BFT II, the next-generation 
transceiver that will replace the legacy 
MT-2011, increasing system bandwidth 
and reducing current latency. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The BFT FoS provides the operat- 
ing forces the ability to more effectively 
command and control forces by provid- 
ing friendly unit identification and loca- 
tion, as well as friendly intent and status. 
This new suite of equipment is enhanced 
by its ability to both transmit and receive 
friendly force data on tactical, terrestrial 
radios as well as celestial L-Band trans- 
ceivers employing commercial satellite 
services. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

BFT is an Army-led Acquisition Cat- 
egory I, Component (C) program. The 
program currently operates in the Marine 
Corps from an Urgent Universal Needs 
Statement; however, it is transitioning to a 
program of record. The program office is 
currently procuring and delivering BFTs 
and TOC kits with legacy software. JCR 
software, the MRC, and the KGV-72 have 
been developed and are undergoing Field 
and Operational Testing. A combined 
fielding is expected in the first quarter 
FY 2011, with the BFT II to follow in the 
fourth quarter FY 201 1. 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Corps Enterprise Information Technology System 
(MCEITS) 



DESCRIPTION 

MCEITS is an enterprise Information 
Technology (IT) capability that delivers 
value to Marine Corps decision makers, 
application owners, information manag- 
ers, and network users. MCEITS provides 
enterprise IT services contained within a 
world-class application and data hosting 
environment with supporting communi- 
cations, computing network, information 
assurance, and enterprise services infra- 
structure. 

The MCEITS service management 
design contains industry best practices 
and will utilize IT Infrastructure Library 
(ITIL) based principles and methods to 
provide capabilities to meet Operating 
Forces and Supporting Establishment 
requirements. These best practices will 
ensure that MCEITS provides the Ma- 
rine Corps a strategic net-centric capa- 
bility, and also ensures that MCEITS be- 
comes the core enabler of the computing 
and communications capabilities of the 
MAGTF C2 framework and of the Ma- 
rine Corps' C2 System of Systems (SoS). 
The MCEITS Software Integration Envi- 
ronment (SIE) will provide Marine Corps 
application owners and developers with a 
formal application development and ap- 
plication inclusion process. The SIE ap- 
plication inclusion process will provide 
documented, defined, repeatable pro- 
cesses that contain guidance for the suc- 
cessful management of the development, 
test, and integration of new and modified 
software services into the MCEITS Op- 
erations environment. 



The MCEITS Operations environ- 
ment will provide the common infra- 
structure necessary to allow the Marine 
Corps to achieve greater effectiveness and 
efficiency in the delivery and support of 
its IT service operations relating to data 
management, application support and 
information sharing. MCEITS Opera- 
tions will coordinate and carry out pro- 
active and reactive key activities relating 
to the support of all the data, applications 
and services in its environment including, 
utility computing, dedicated server pro- 
visioning, capacity utilization, operations 
scheduling, event and incident monitor- 
ing and resolution, problem manage- 
ment, system backup and restoration, and 
continuity of operations planning. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

MCEITS will enable access to Marine 
Corps enterprise data, information, ap- 
plications and services; it will also pro- 
vide a collaborative information sharing 
environment across the business and 
warfighter domains. MCEITS will deliver 
an enterprise platform with a common 
hardware, software, and facilities infra- 
structure required to support managed 
hosting services, non-managed hosting 
services, or provisioned hosting services 
for Marine Corps application owners. 
MCEITS will deliver and manage its host- 
ing services at agreed levels by providing 
Service Level Agreements (SLAs) to Ma- 
rine Corps application owners. It will 
provide Marine Corps users with access 
to the core enterprise services necessary 
to enable rapid collaboration, efficient 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



discovery, and access to trusted data and 
information through an enterprise portal 
framework. It will provide users quick 
access to all hosted applications and core 
enterprise services by enabling single 
sign-on capabilities. MCEITS will deliver 
an agile IT infrastructure that can easily 
adapt to evolving Marine Corps software, 
hardware, data, services, and manage- 
ment requirements while providing an 



enterprise view into the IT environment 
that facilitates greater reuse of existing 
IT assets. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

MCEITS has completed Critical 
Design Review and is projected to meet 
Milestone C in third quarter, FY 2010 and 
FOCinFY2012. 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Warfighter Network Services-Tactical (WFNS-T) 



Warfighter Network Services-Tactical 
(WFNS-T) is a portfolio of core baseband 
networking hardware and software con- 
figured as a Family of Services (FoS) that 
facilitates end-user services requirements 
of multiple security enclaves for Marine 
Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) tacti- 
cal communications networks. The Tac- 
tical Data Network (TDN) FoS includes 
the TDN Gateway, Data Distribution 
System-Modular (DDS-M) Core, DDS- 
M expansion modules, Information As- 
surance (IA) modules, and the Deployed 
Information Assurance Tool Suite. 

• TDN Gateway (vehicular) augments 
existing MAGTF communications in- 
frastructure by forming a robust digital 
communications backbone for MAGTF 
tactical data systems. The system con- 
sists of TDN Gateways and TDN Data 
Distribution Systems (DDS) intercon- 
nected with one another and their sub- 
scribers via a combination of common- 
user, terrestrial and celestial long-haul 
transmission systems, in conjunction 
with Local, Metropolitan and Wide 
Area Networks (WAN). 

• TDN DDS-M provides the capability to 
create email, share files, transfer data, 
handle electronic messages and directo- 
ry services, conduct transparent routing 



and switching of digital messages be- 
tween local area networks, and perform 
circuit switching, network management, 
terminal emulation, and connectivity to 
Enhanced Position Location Report- 
ing System (EPLRS) sub networks. It 
enables access to strategic, Supporting 
Establishment, joint, and other Service 
tactical data networks. DDS-M increas- 
es flexibility, survivability, and scalabil- 
ity via its modular design. It is designed 
to allow units to implement the system 
according to mission and operational 
requirements. 

The Joint Enhanced Core Communica- 
tions System (JECCS) multiplexes Ma- 
rine Corps Tri-Band satellite systems, 
Tropospheric Scatter Microwave Radio 
Terminal (AN/TRC-170), and Digital 
Wideband Transmission System (AN/ 
MRC-142) into an integrated network. 
This integration enables access to De- 
fense Information Services Network 
(DISN) telecommunication services, 
wide and local area networks (SIPR and 
NIPR networks) and physical network 
management services, messaging ser- 
vices, International Maritime Satellite, 
Global Broadcast System (GBS), and 
Ultra High Frequency- Tactical Satellite 
(UHF-TACSAT) capabilities. 



90 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Marine Corps Enterprise Network (MCEN) 



■.■■.■■.■■■■.■ - : . 



The Marine Corps Enterprise Net- 
work (MCEN) consists of classified and 
unclassified networks and provides the 
Marine Corps network presence within 
the Global Information Grid. With a tri- 
ad of equipment, people, and processes, 
the MCEN provides support from the 
deployed warfighter to Headquarters Ma- 
rine Corps, allowing for reliable, secure 
communications across the strategic, op- 
erational, and tactical levels throughout 
the globe. 

The Secure Internet Protocol Rout- 
ing Network (SIPRNET) is the backbone 
of the classified Command and Control 
(C2) system and provides a highly se- 
cure and trusted network for warfighting 
operations, planning efforts, and sensi- 
tive business requirements. The Marine 
Corps continues to invest in and expand 
our SIPRNET capability and capacity to 
ensure network operations are conducted 
in a secure, effective manner. 

The Marine Corps receives the ma- 
jority of its garrison unclassified Non-Se- 
cure Internet Protocol Routing Network 
(NIPRNET) services through the Navy 
Marine Corps Intranet (NMCI). With the 
NMCI contract concluding on 30 Sep- 
tember 2010, the Marine Corps is team- 
ing with the Department of the Navy to 
determine the most effective and efficient 
means to keep critical unclassified ser- 
vices available as the Department transi- 
tions to the Next Generation Enterprise 
Network (NGEN). 

To ensure an effective transition to 
NGEN, the Marine Corps has embarked 
on early transition activities that will as- 
sist this transition and guarantee unin- 



terrupted unclassified network services. 
The results of these early activities will 
be incorporated into the Department's 
enterprise-wide NGEN program. 

The Marine Corps Network Opera- 
tions and Security Center (MCNOSC) 
provides the Marine Corps Network Op- 
erations (NetOps) and Computer Net- 
work Defense (CND) in support of the 
MCEN. The MCNOSC directs daily op- 
erations of all Marine Corps networks to 
ensure the networks run optimally, meet 
commanders' information processing re- 
quirements, and are in compliance with 
operational and security policies. NetOps 
is conducted through continuous network 
monitoring, centralized management, 
and decentralized control, and standard- 
ized implementation, operations, and 
support of MCEN services. 

Aligned as the top layer of a defense- 
in-depth strategy, the MCNOSC manages 
CND through oversight and coordina- 
tion with four Regional Network Op- 
erations and Security Centers (RNOSCs) 
and seven Marine Air Ground Task Force 
Information Technology Support Centers 
(MITSCs). The RNOSCs and MITSCs, 
embedded within Marine Corps com- 
mands around the globe, provide the re- 
gional and local commanders maximum 
network flexibility and responsiveness to 
operational requirements. 

The Marine Corps IT workforce is 
critical in the operation, defense, and 
maintenance of a robust, secure network 
capability. The Marine Corps has gone to 
great lengths to hire, retain, and provide 
quality training to its Marines and civil- 
ians. Its Information Technology special- 



91 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



i;.>;..K lv ,-:..!,- a p., .... 



ists support enterprise and local activities, 
provide continuity of operations, and are 
a critical enabler of the MCEN. 

Supporting the MCEN NetOps, 
CND, and IT workforce are processes that 
ensure effective use of resources and en- 
hance a defense-in-depth strategy. Marine 
Corps processes and policies are designed 
to meet Federal, Department of Defense, 
and Department of Navy regulations and 
policy while simultaneously providing a 
flexible network that remains responsive 
to operational needs, retains the security 
measures that protect government infor- 
mation, and protect Marines, Sailors and 
their families personal information. 

The rapid proliferation of new infor- 
mation technologies and their infusion 
into the MCEN ensures our networks 
meet commanders emerging require- 



ments, remain efficient and cost effective, 
and enhance security in support of Ma- 
rine Corps, joint, and coalition interop- 
erability. The Marine Corps continues to 
examine promising technologies and op- 
erational techniques for use throughout 
the MCEN. 

The MCEN provides the Marine 
Corps with the capability to communicate 
globally, at all echelons of command, and 
enhances commanders and staffs ability 
to conduct their daily operations. The 
Marine Corps investment in information 
technology, its associated workforce, and 
the processes that support the MCEN al- 
low warfighting and business operations 
to be conducted over secure, reliable net- 
works for the MAGTF and supporting 
establishment commanders. 



92 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



The Assault Amphibious Vehicle-Command; Command 
and Control Upgrade Program (AAVC7 C2 Upgrade) 




DESCRIPTION 

The AAVC7 C2 Upgrade is focused 
on providing an improved Command and 
Control (C2) capability to the operating 
forces until the Expeditionary Fighting Ve- 
hicle reaches its scheduled Full Operation- 
al Capability (FOC) in 2025. The AAVC7 
C2 Upgrade Program will include replace- 
ment of antiquated tactical radios with 
current fielded radio systems, integration 
of a UHF Line Of Sight (LOS) and UHF 
Satellite Communications (SATCOM) ca- 
pability, replacement of the obsolete vehi- 
cle intercommunications system, integra- 
tion of a Blue Force Situational Awareness 
(BFSA) capability, redesign of the staff 
workstations, and integration of a tactical 
data network capable of hosting applicable 
Marine Air Ground Task Force C2 applica- 
tions — Advanced Field Artillery Tactical 
Data System (AFATDS) and the C2 Per- 
sonal Computer (C2PC). Additionally, the 
C2 upgrade includes the installation of an 
auxiliary power unit that provides power 
to the C2 suite for extended periods with- 
out the need to idle the AAVC7 engine, in 
support of silent-watch operations. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The last C2 improvements to the 
AAVC7 were fielded in 1994. The AAVC7 
C2 upgrade program will provide the 
supported infantry battalion/regimen- 
tal staffs with an improved C2 capabil- 
ity to address the gap that exists during 
amphibious operations and extended 
operations ashore. Specific operational 
improvements are updated tactical radi- 
os, the addition of a UHF LOS-SATCOM 
capability, integration of a new BFSA ca- 
pability, and the integration of a tactical 
data network capable of hosting AFATDS 
and C2PC. These additional capabilities 
will align the AAVC7 with the common 
network architecture used by today's 
ground forces at the battalion and regi- 
ment levels. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The AAVC7 C2 Upgrade Program 
was designated an Acquisition Category 
IV (T) program during fourth quarter 
FY 2007. Preliminary Design Review was 
conducted during fourth quarter FY 2008 
and Critical Design Review during sec- 
ond quarter FY 2009; Milestone C will be 
conducted second quarter FY 2010. Initial 
Operational Capability is planned for FY 
201 1 and FOC is planned for FY 2012. 



Procurement Profile: 
Quantity: 



FY2010 FY2011 
50 



Developer/Manufacturer: 

SPAWAR Systems Center Charleston, SC 



93 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Multi-Band Radio (MBR) 

DESCRIPTION 

The AN/PRC-117F MBR is a man- 
pack tactical radio that covers the entire 
30 to 512 MHz frequency range and pro- 
vides embedded communications securi- 
ty, satellite communications (SATCOM), 
and electronic counter-countermeasures 
capabilities. The AN/PRC-117F provides 
secure interoperability with Single Chan- 
nel Ground and Airborne Radio System 
and a host of other tactical radios. The 
AN/PRC-117F can be configured for 
vehicular platforms using the AN/VRC- 
103(V)2 installation kit. The hardware 
can be reconfigured and software repro- 
grammed to optimize performance and 
add capabilities without opening the 
radio. The AN/PRC-117F and AN/VRC- 
103(V)2 are used for data/voice transfer 
to pass critical tactical, as well as, routine 
administrative and logistics informa- 
tion in both the data and voice modes 
utilizing Line of Sight (LOS), Very High 
Frequency, and Ultra-High Frequency 
(UHF) spectrums and Beyond LOS, us- 
ing UHF satellite communications. Ad- 
ditionally, these radios will provide the 
Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) 
reliable long-haul reconnaissance and 
tactical air request communications. The 
manpack radio and its vehicular mount 
are employed in at the division, regiment, 
and battalion as well as other elements of 
the MAGTF. The AN/PRC- 1 1 7F is the re- 
placement radio for the SINCGARS, AN/ 
PSC-5, and AN/PRC- 119 radios. 



the ability to effectively cover the previ- 
ous communications spectrum with a 
single system, compared to the legacy ca- 
pability that required at least two distinct 
radios. Additionally, the AN/PRC- 117F 
and AN/VRC-103(V)2 add significant 
data capabilities within those spectrums 
where in some cases they did not exist. 
This increased capability better facilitates 
the distribution of Command and Con- 
trol across the battlefield in general and at 
lower echelon in particular. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The AN/PRC- 117F is 85 percent 
fielded throughout the Marine Corps and 
is predominately in a sustainment mode. 
The Approved Acquisition Objective 
(AAO) is 10,078 units. Software upgrades 
and Engineering Change Proposals (ECP) 
are planned for future technological 
insertions. 

The VRC-103(V)2 is 55 percent 
fielded throughout the Marine Corps. 
Installation kits to replace those diverted 
for use within Mine Resistant Ambush 
Protected vehicles are being acquired. 
The AAO is 3118. The VRC-103(V)2 is 
the replacement platform for vehicular 
mounted SINCGARS, AN/PSC-5, and 
AN/PRC- 119 radios. Software upgrades 
and ECP are planned for future techno- 
logical insertions. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The AN/PRC- 117F and the AN/ 
VRC-103(V)2 provide the Marine with 
the ability to significantly reduce the 
communications footprint by providing 



Developer/Manufacturer: 

Harris Corporation, Rochester, NY 



94 



High Frequency Radio (HFR) 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



DESCRIPTION 

The AN/PRC-150(C) manpack High 
Frequency (HF) radio provides half-du- 
plex HF and Very High Frequency ( VHF) 
tactical radio communications and is the 
replacement for the AN/PRC-104 radio. 
It provides voice or data (using a modem) 
through single sideband modulation. The 
AN/PRC-150(C)'s 20 watt power output 
is provided by either the standard fam- 
ily of rechargeable or non-rechargeable 
military batteries or by external electrical 
power. Transmission security is provided 
through the AN/PRC-150(C)'s embed- 
ded Type 1 encryption. It can be used for 
either data/voice transfer to pass critical 
tactical as well as routine administra- 
tive and logistics information using the 
full HF spectrum or limited portions of 
the VHF spectrum. The AN/MRC-148 is 
the replacement radio for the AN/MRC- 
138 radio, and the AN/VRC-104(V)5 is 
the replacement radio for the previously 
mounted AN/PRC- 104s systems. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The AN/PRC-150(C) provides the 
Marine with the ability to significantly 
reduce the communications footprint by 
providing the ability to effectively cover 
the previous communications spectrum 
with a single system, compared to the 
legacy capability that required at least 
two distinct radios. Additionally, the AN/ 
PRC- 150(C) adds significant increased 
data capabilities within those spectrums. 
This increased capability better facilitates 
long-haul distribution of Command and 
Control across the battlefield. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The AN/PRC-150(C) is 87 percent 
fielded throughout the Marine Corps and 
is in predominately a sustainment mode. 
TheAAO is 5,315 units. 

The AN/TRC-209 is 60 percent 
fielded throughout the Marine Corps. 
All assets have been purchased for the 
active forces, and the remaining units to 
be fielded are in the Reserves. However, 
the AN/TRC-209 is considered to be in a 
predominately sustainment mode. The 
AAO is 873 units. 

The AN/MRC-148 is 87 percent 
fielded throughout the Marine Corps 
and is predominately in a sustainment 
mode. Fielding of any remaining quan- 
tities might be delayed until assets di- 
verted to MRAP are replaced. The AAO is 
1,385 units. 

The AN/VRC-104(V)5 is only mar- 
ginally fielded to date due to a lack of 
identification of intend target platforms. 
All assets have been acquired, but await 
target identification. The AAO is 755 
units. Software upgrades and Engineer- 
ing Change Proposals are planned for 
future technological insertions for all of 
these systems. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Harris Corporation, Rochester, NY 



95 






PA RT 3: 

INTELLIGENCE, SU 

AND RECONNAISSANCE 



■ S"*t4< 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



INTRODUCTION 

Marine Corps Intelligence provides mission-essential support to overseas opera- 
tions in Iraq and Afghanistan, while striving toward a systematic approach to integrate 
intelligence disciplines and staff functions on the battlefield. To ensure future success, 
intelligence must be optimized to provide predictive analysis, understand complex- 
ity, and exploit the potential of new technologies. It will need to do this while being 
responsive to the more sophisticated intelligence requirements that the emerging En- 
hanced Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Operations (EMO) and the hybrid 
threat environment demand. Most fundamentally: 

The mission of Marine Corps Intelligence is to form an all-source Intel- 
ligence Surveillance Reconnaissance enterprise optimized by educated analyti- 
cal judgment; focused on MAGTF expeditionary operations at the tactical and 
operational levels. This enterprise must be flexible, agile, anticipatory and fully 
integrated into the national intelligence community. 

Meeting this challenge necessitates a variety of material and non-material solutions 
within the Marine Corps Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Enterprise 
(MCISR-E). MCISR-E does not change existing command relationships or reduce the 
operational authority of commanders. Instead, it merges policies on intelligence data 
management, intelligence systems architecture and human intelligence and signals in- 
telligence tasking authorities with an operating concept that achieves synergy through 
integrating existing functions and capabilities in order to better support all echelons 
of the MAGTF. 

The purpose of this mission is to deliver fused, all-source, actionable intelligence 
or knowledge at the point of decision. All echelons of the force, from squad leader to 
Marine Expeditionary Force commander, must have timely access to the collective 
knowledge, data, resources and expertise of the enterprise. 



97 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Corps Intelligence, Surveillance, 
and Reconnaissance Enterprise (MCISR-E) 



The production of Marine Corps In- 
telligence is evolving from an assortment 
of partially connected units and intelli- 
gence systems to an "enterprise" solution 
in which all Intelligence, Surveillance, and 
Reconnaissance (ISR) functions and tra- 
ditional and non-traditional ISR sources 
are leveraged. Thus, MCISR-E expands the 
inherent ISR capacity of units at all ech- 
elons across the force by providing better 
integration of intelligence information to 
address complex collection environments 
through a flexible organizational con- 
struct. Meanwhile, leaders and units will 
contribute to a culture of institutional data 
and information collaboration and shar- 
ing while embracing operational flexibility 
through adaptive responses in operating 
concepts, doctrine, training, and material 
solutions. When fully implemented, the 
MCISR-E will provide each component el- 
ement with access to the shared knowledge, 
data, resources, and expertise from the en- 
tire enterprise. Enterprise standards will 
also be compatible and consistent with the 
Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) 
Command and Control (C2) framework, 
facilitating the use of operational report- 
ing and non-traditional ISR data by ele- 
ments of the MCISR-E and providing 
for timely dissemination and sharing of 
relevant intelligence with Marine leaders 
at every echelon. Through our enterprise 
capabilities, Marine Corps ISR also lever- 
ages national, joint, and combat support 
agency capabilities to address MAGTF re- 
quirements, while serving as a contribut- 
ing partner to those agencies. 



MCISR-E includes all Marine Corps 
ISR assets, and functions covering the en- 
tire range of people, doctrine, policy, orga- 
nizations, training, education, equipment, 
and facilities. The equipment acquisition 
strategy initially focuses on the intelligence 
processing, exploitation, analysis, and 
production systems within the Distrib- 
uted Common Ground System-Marine 
Corps (DCGS-MC). Other functions of 
the MCISR-E include persistent ISR and 
actionable intelligence. Persistent ISR pro- 
vides the means for tasking, direction, and 
collection, while actionable intelligence 
addresses the systems associated with dis- 
semination, use, and feedback of intelli- 
gence. Through persistent ISR, the Marine 
Corps will seek to build a holistic collection 
strategy that includes joint and national 
ISR assets as well as a variety of organic 
battlefield sensors capable of providing 
non-traditional ISR support. Within the 
enterprise construct, the Marine Corps are 
also developing capabilities to enable tacti- 
cal units to collect, report, receive, and use 
intelligence and combat information. This 
includes company-level intelligence cells 
focused on gathering the information, 
providing an initial assessment for the 
company-specific operational area, and 
feeding data into intel systems for higher- 
level analysis. An additional example is the 
initiation of the Counterintelligence/Hu- 
man Intelligence (CI/HUMINT) enter- 
prise, which includes developing tactical 
questioners and tactical debriefers. 

The organizational relationships, re- 
sources, and systems architecture of the 



98 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



MCISR-E provides each element with ex- 
tensive access to the broad capabilities of 
the enterprise, the means to contribute its 
data and analysis to the enterprise, and the 
ability to collaborate across the enterprise. 
By providing common access to situ- 
ational awareness, understanding and pre- 
dictive analysis of the threat and relevant 
aspects of the operating environment, this 
enterprise enables and enhances decision- 
making by leaders at all echelons. The 
MCISR-E provides an adaptive, flexible 
ISR framework supporting the intelligence 
requirements of a multi-capable MAGTF 
as it executes expeditionary operations 
against hybrid threats in a complex envi- 
ronment. MCISR-E will be organized into 
three distinct nodes: 

• Fixed - Primary reachback and data 
storage site for expeditionary intelligence 
support. The fixed Site will serve as the 



Marine Corps' primary connection to 
national agencies and the data exposure 
point for all ISR data to the Intelligence 
Community. There will be one MCISR- 
E Fixed Site managed by the Marine 
Corps Intelligence Activity. 

• Garrison - Intelligence planning, analy- 
sis, and production in collaboration with 
expeditionary forces. These reachback 
sites are located at each of the Marine 
Expeditionary Forces and will be capable 
of supporting forward operations from 
garrison, or deploying to augment tacti- 
cal, expeditionary nodes. 

• Expeditionary - Deployable, tailorable 
and aligned to the mission. These nodes 
operate in theater with joint forward- 
deployed sensors and warfighters and 
provide maneuver units direct- support 
teams for intelligence collection, analy- 
sis, production and use. 



99 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Distributed Common Ground System- 
Marine Corps (DCGS-MC) 



DESCRIPTION 

DCGS-MC, in compliance with the 
Department of Defense DCGS Family of 
Systems concept, is a service-level effort to 
migrate select Marine Corps Intelligence, 
Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) 
processing and exploitation capabili- 
ties into a single, integrated, net-centric 
baseline. As the processing, exploitation, 
analysis, and production component of 
the Marine Corps ISR Enterprise, DCGS- 
MC will comprise functional capability 
sets that support Marine intelligence ana- 
lysts across the Marine Air Ground Task 
Force by making organic and external all- 
source ISR data more visible, accessible, 
and understandable. 

The DCGS-MC concept originated 
with the DCGS Mission Area Initial Ca- 
pabilities Document Joint Requirements 
Oversight Council (JROC) Memoran- 
dum 001-03, dated 6 January 2003, which 
established the overarching requirements 
for a collection of net-centric-capable sys- 
tems that would contribute to joint and 
combined warfighter needs for ISR sup- 
port. The JROC directed each service to 
pursue a coordinated developmental path 
based on the implementation of common 
enterprise standards and services consis- 
tent with the Department of Defense's 
net-centric vision. The DCGS Integra- 
tion Backbone (DIB) is the basic build- 
ing block for interoperability between the 
Services' DCGS programs. The DCGS 
DIB is currently managed by a separately 
chartered DIB Management Office that 
directs day-to-day developmental efforts 
in coordination with the Army, Navy, Ma- 



rine Corps, and Special Operations Com- 
mand. The Office of the Under Secretary 
of Defense (Intelligence) oversees the 
various DCGS program offices. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

DCGS-MC will migrate selected leg- 
acy ISR processing and exploitation capa- 
bilities, resulting in increased unit-level 
and enterprise-level capacity for injesting 
sensor data, streamlined production of 
intelligence information, and enhanced 
management of finished intelligence 
products. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The DCGS-MC program is projected 
to achieve Milestone B during third quar- 
ter FY 2010 and proceed as an Acquisition 
Category I program. The program entered 
the technology development phase in No- 
vember 2008 and will fully leverage the 
developmental efforts of its sister services' 
DCGS programs, as their developmental 
efforts are fully underway. The program 
acquisition strategy is based on an incre- 
mental development path optimized to 
rapidly introduce government and com- 
mercial technologies, enterprise standards, 
and modular hardware components in 
order to minimize costs and program risk. 
The program is subsuming the Tactical 
Exploitation Group and Topographic Pro- 
duction Capability programs during FY 
2010 as part of the Increment I develop- 
ment. DCGS-MC Increment II will as- 
sume Tier I Intelligence Analysis System 
functionality. 



100 



HAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Global Command and Control Systems-Integrated Imagery 
and Intelligence (GCCS-13) 



DESCRIPTION 

GCCS-13 provides software segment 
development and technical integration 
among the joint GCCS-13 architecture, the 
USMC Intelligence Analysis System (IAS), 
and the Tactical Control and Analysis Cen- 
ter. Marines use GCCS-13 software on the 
IAS to provide an analytical capability at 
all levels, from the battalion/squadron up 
to the Marine Expeditionary Force. 

GCCS-13 provides the operational 
commander with situational awareness, 
track management, imagery, and other 
intelligence data using a standard set of 
integrated, linked tools and services that 
maximize commonality via the Com- 
mon Operational Picture across the tac- 
tical, theater, and national communities. 
GCCS-13 operates in joint and service- 
specific environments and is interoperable 
and compliant with the Common Opera- 
tional Environment that will facilitate the 
migration of USMC systems to the Global 
Information Grid Enterprises Services and 
Net-Centric Enterprise Services. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

GCCS-13 is the core software for the 
IAS, and works to ensure that the IAS 
software is interoperable with the Marine 
Corps' communication and data trans- 
mission systems. Several Marine Corps 



intelligence systems use GCCS-13 as their 
core software and/or individual segments 
as major components of their software 
baseline, including: 

• Technical Control and Analysis Center 

• Topographic Production Capability 

• Tactical Exploitation Group 

• Counterintelligence/Human 
Intelligence Equipment Program 

• Tactical Remote Sensor System 

• Joint Surveillance Target Attack 
Radar System 

PROGRAM STATUS 

GCCS-13 has several long-term and 
short-term goals to enhance the interop- 
erability and procurement decisions for 
Marine Corps intelligence systems. In the 
long-term, this program seeks to achieve 
integrated, fully interoperable Marine 
Corps intelligence systems. In the short- 
term, the program seeks to establish a 
process and a corresponding set of pro- 
cedures designed to allow the Marine 
Corps to make informed procurement 
decisions. GCCS-13 has four mission ar- 
eas: Administration and Infrastructure 
Support; Program Manager-Level Con- 
figuration Management Processes and 
Functions; Science and Technology En- 
gineering Support; and Integration Sup- 
port Team. 



101 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) 



DESCRIPTION 

JSTARS is a long-range, air-to- 
ground surveillance system consisting of 
an airborne element and a ground ele- 
ment. The airborne element — the E-8C 
aircraft — is fitted with a large phased- 
array radar mounted on the fuselage and 
multiple operator terminals. Radar data 
are distributed via an encrypted, jam- 
resistant Surveillance and Control Data 
Link (SCDL) for transmission to one of 
two JSTARS ground systems: the Com- 
mon Ground Station (CGS) or Joint 
Services Workstation (JSWS). The sen- 
sor suite provides detection and track- 
ing data on targets through the use of 
the Moving Target Indicator (MTI), 
Fixed Target Indicator (FTI), and Syn- 
thetic Aperture Radar (SAR). FTI and 
MTI data are used to detect, locate, and 
identify the movement of enemy targets, 
while SAR identifies critical fixed targets 
such as bridges, harbors, airports, build- 
ings, or stationary vehicles. The CGS is a 
ground-based receiving and processing 
display system that receives JSTARS data 
directly from the E-8C JSTARS aircraft 
through the SCDL to the Ground Data 
Terminal. Once JSTARS data are collect- 
ed at the ground receiver site, MTI/FTI/ 
SAR data are sent across the Marine Air 
Ground Task Force Command, Control, 
Communications, Computers and Intel- 
ligence network. The CGS is also capable 
of receiving and fusing imagery data from 
unmanned aerial systems directly with 
JSTARS data, providing an enhanced col- 
lection-processing capability. The JSWS 
is a functionally equivalent, transit-cased 
subset of the CGS. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The CGS and JSWS support a wide 
range of global missions including war- 
time battlefield management, peace- 
keeping operations, counter narcotics, 
and contingency operations. The CGS 
and JSWS are capable of operating in 
diverse geographic and weather condi- 
tions and provide an increased level of 
certainty to commanders. As organic 
Marine Corps intelligence assets, the 
CGS and JSWS have played a crucial 
role in current operations, resulting in 
JSTARS assuming an additional mis- 
sion of Improvised Explosive Device 
prevention and detection. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

JSTARS is post-Milestone C in the 
Operations and Support phase. The Ma- 
rine Corps has fielded three JSTARS CGSs 
and seven JSWSs. Each Marine Expedi- 
tionary Force has a CGS. The program is 
currently conducting two levels of effort: 
maintenance and upgrade of the current 
JSTARS ground systems; and research and 
development of future MTI collection ca- 
pabilities in a net-centric environment as 
part of the DCGS-MC Enterprise. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Prime Hardware Integrator: General 

Dynamics C4 (GC4S), Scottsdale, AZ 

Software Integrator: Harris Corporation, 
Melbourne, FL 

Surveillance Control Data Link (SCDL) 
Developer: Cubic Defense Systems, 
San Diego, CA 



102 



1 CHAF 


>TER 3: PROGRAMS 



Counterintelligence (CI) and Human Intelligence (HUMINT) 
Equipment Program (CIHEP) 




Counterintelligence Human 
Intelligence Equipment Program 

1 (CIHEP} 



iMF E 



Data Processing Module 





Advanced Imagery Module 



Vehicle Accessory Module 




Technical Surveillance Module Surveillance Communications Set Technical Support Set 





Commercial SATCOM Set 



Tactical SATCOM Set 



Commercial Handheld 
SATCOM Set 



Tactical Handheld 
Communications Set 



DESCRIPTION 

CIHEP consists of 12 modules to sup- 
port the full spectrum of CI/HUMINT 
operational requirements. The suite in- 
cludes imagery; commercial satellite 
communications; Very High Frequency, 
Ultra-High Frequency (UHF), and UHF 
tactical satellite communications; auxilia- 
ry power; automated data processing; and 
sensitive technical support equipment. 
All equipment is stored and transported 
in lightweight, modular, and deployable 
cases to facilitate task organization of 
equipment for assigned missions. The 
CIHEP Software Baseline is standardized 
among the computer assets in the suite 
and provides reporting, low-level analy- 
sis, communications, mapping, still and 



video image processing, and Common 
Operational Picture applications. It also 
integrates with the Intelligence Analy- 
sis System Family of Systems using the 
MarineLink application suite. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

CIHEP enhances the HUMINT Ex- 
ploitation Teams' (HET) ability to con- 
duct HUMINT and CI operations and to 
accomplish other assigned tasks in sup- 
port of Marine Air Ground Task Force 
missions at the tactical, operational and 
service levels. The equipment suite pro- 
vides HETs with an organic capability to 
research collection requirements, process 
collected information, produce intelli- 

103 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 201 



gence reports, and disseminate those re- 
ports securely to supported commanders 
and intelligence officers. The suite also 
includes equipment to provide limited 
organic technical support to CI and HU- 
MINT operations. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

In May 1999, CIHEP was designated 
an Abbreviated Acquisition Program of 
Record. A Limited User Evaluation was 
performed in March 2000, with a Mile- 
stone C production and fielding decision 
in April 2000. Initial Operational Capa- 
bility was achieved in September 2001, 
with fielding of completed modules to 
the Marine Expeditionary Forces, Re- 
serves, and the Navy and Marine Corps 
Intelligence Training Center. Full Opera- 
tional Capability was reached in Septem- 
ber 2002. The program was restructured 
in 2006, creating ten modules vice a single 
system. This streamlined program man- 
agement by grouping equipment capabil- 
ities and enhanced logistics management 
and equipment task organization by unit 
mission. In 2008, two additional modules 
(media exploitation capabilities) were 
added, bringing the total to 12 modules. 
CIHEP is currently in a maintenance and 
refresh cycle, during which selected com- 
ponents of modules are refreshed. CIHEP 
continues to procure and field equipment 
to meet the demands of the total force 
structure increase, the Grow the Force 
initiative, and the addition of the Marine 
Special Operations Command. Of the 12 
modules in CIHEP, ten are fielded exclu- 
sively to CI/HUMINT organizations at 
various levels of command. The Media 
Exploitation-Light module is fielded to 



both CI/HUMINT and Radio Battalion 
(RadBn) assets, and the Media Exploita- 
tion-Heavy will be fielded exclusively to 
the RadBns. 



Procurement Profile: FY 201 


FY 2011 


Software Baseline: 1* 


1* 


Data Processing 




Module: 





Advanced Imagery 




Module: 


133* 


Commercial Handheld 




SatCom Set: 95 





Commercial 




SatCom Set: 235* 





Tactical SatCom Set: 





Tactical Handheld 




Communication Set: 





Surveillance Comm 




Module: 


120 


Technical Support 




Set: 112* 


112* 


Technical Surveillance 




Module: 11* 


11* 


Vehicle Accessory 




Module: 





Media Exploitation- 




Light: 203* 





Media Exploitation- 




Heavy: 56 






* Will refresh selected components 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Ideal Technology Corp Orlando, FL; Klas 
Telecom, Inc., Washington, D.C.; Thales 
Communications, Inc. Clarksburg, MD; 
Harris Communications Corp, Rochester, 
NY; Panasonic Corp, Secaucus NJ; Auto- 
mated Business Power, Gaithersburg, MD 

Program and Logistics Support: 
L-3 Communications, Stafford, VA; 
General Dynamics, Stafford, VA (ICE2); 
MTCSC Stafford, VA; SPAWAR Systems 
Center Charleston, Charleston, SC 



104 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Special Intelligence Communications (SI Comms) 



DESCRIPTION 

SI Comms is the former Trojan Special 
Purpose Integrated Remote Intelligence 
Terminal (Trojan SPIRIT) program and 
focuses on meeting broad-ranging intel- 
ligence communications requirements. SI 
Comms is a portfolio consisting of several 
high-bandwidth communications systems 
ranging in size from man-portable suitcas- 
es to trailer-mounted solutions. Each has a 
unique capability set that corresponds to 
a specific mission profile and requirement. 
However, all systems provide the Marine 
Air Ground Task Force Commander a near 
real-time means by which to move perish- 
able data for the subsequent production of 
timely, actionable intelligence in support 
of indications and warning, high-value 
target operations, and target package pro- 
cessing. 

Trojan SPIRIT LITE: The TROJAN 
SPIRIT LITE, AN/TSQ-226(V)1, is a se- 
cure High Frequency dual-band multi- 
channel Satellite Communications termi- 
nal using a 2.4-meter antenna. The system 
is packaged in 17-22 transit cases including 
support items (spares, test, equipment and 
uninterrupted power systems) for a total 
weight of 2,200 pounds and a volume of 
103 cubic feet. It is easily transportable via 
High Mobility Multi- Wheeled Vehicle or 
commercial vehicle. The system provides 
a fly-away capability for enhanced voice 
video and data communications from 64 
Kbps to 1.544 Mbps. These communica- 
tions links can be both Secret (Collateral) 
and TS/SCI simultaneously. 

SWE-Dish: IPT Suitcase, AN/USC-68, 
is a 0.9m dish (Ku Band) capable of up to 4 



Mbps duplex transmission of IP standard 
data, voice, and video. The IPT Suitcase 
is a large suitcase size (27.6x18.5x12.2 in) 
and weighs approximately 86 pounds. The 
IPT Suitcase typically serves as the "spoke" 
in a Hub/Spoke architecture with a 5 to 1 
ratio. 

FA-150TMILFly-Away: AN/USC-67, 
is a 1.5m dish (Ku, C, and X Band) capable 
of up to 60 Mbps IP encrypted traffic. The 
FA-150T MIL Fly- Away incorporates in- 
tegrated packaging consisting of a rugged 
case with integrated wheels. All packaging 
material (case, lids, etc.) are used to create 
a stable antenna platform. The FA-150T 
MIL Fly-Away measures (47.0x29.9.20.9 
in) when stored and weighs 132 lbs. The 
FA-150T MIL Fly-Away typically serves 
as the "hub" in a Hub/Spoke architecture 
with a 1 to 5 ratio. 

DIVN: The Defense Intelligence VS AT 
Network FoS is a family of modular, small 
satellite communications terminals that 
provide secure, rapidly deployable, broad- 
band communications. The DIVN FoS is 
capable of providing data, voice, and video 
on any security domain including Non-Se- 
cure Internet Protocol Routing Network, 
Secure Internet Protocol Routing Net- 
work, Joint Worldwide Intelligence Com- 
munications System (JWICS), and Coali- 
tion networks. The DIVN FoS consists of 
three specifically sized solution sets: 
• DIVN- Mini: BGAN/GRRIP terminal is 
capable of up to 492 kbps throughput. 
This system fits in a single rugged, water- 
proof case (16x13x6.87 in) and weighs 
28 pounds. It can be set up in less than 
15 minutes. 

105 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



DIVN-Lite: 0.9- 1.2m dish (Ku Band) is 
capable of up to 3.5 Mbps uplink and 40 
Mbps downlink. This system is com- 
mercial air checkable and can be set up 
in less than 30 minutes. 
DIVN: 1.8m dish (C Band) is capable of 
up to 4.125 Mbps uplink and 84 Mbps 
downlink. This system is small, truck 
transportable and can be set up in less 
than one hour. 



a worldwide, forward-deployed, quick- 
reaction reporting and analysis capability 
to military intelligence units for training, 
and for low-to-high intensity conflict. 
The SI Comms provide Marine Corps 
commanders dedicated secure, mobile, 
data and voice communications that can 
receive, transmit and disseminate bulk 
data and imagery products from, and to 
national and tactical intelligence sources. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

SI Comms provides short-haul and 
long-haul capabilities using existing com- 
munications networks and access pro- 
viders (e.g., Defense Intelligence Activ- 
ity, Defense Information Systems Agency, 
USA INSCOM). SI Comms is deployed in 
support of Radio Battalions, Intelligence 
Battalions, Special Security Communi- 
cations Teams supporting Marine Divi- 
sions/Marine Air Wings, and Marine Spe- 
cial Operations Command Detachments. 
The Military Occupational Specialty in- 
tended to operate this equipment is the 
Special Intelligence Communicator. The 
purpose of these systems is to provide 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The Approve Acquisition Objective 
(AAO) for palletized systems increased to 
35 during the first quarter FY 2009 based 
on effectiveness in supporting Operations 
Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom. The 
AAO for mobile systems also increased 
to 20 systems. Marine Corps Combat 
Development Command is conducting a 
Capabilities Based Assessment to deter- 
mine 21st-century Special Intelligence 
communications requirements. Wartime 
sustainment is the primary focus in early 
2010. IPv6 and other technology up- 
grades for existing Trojan SPIRIT systems 
commenced in FY 2009. 



106 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Intelligence Analysis System (IAS) 




DESCRIPTION 

IAS uses a three-tiered approach for 
receiving, parsing, analyzing, and dissem- 
inating fused, all-source intelligence. The 
first tier, the Marine Expeditionary Force 
(MEF) IAS, is a mobile system that sup- 
ports the MEF Command Element. The 
second-tier Intelligence Operations Serv- 
er (IOSv2a or IOSv3) is a team-portable 
system designed to support intelligence 
operations at the major subordinate com- 
mands. The third tier, the Intelligence 
Operations Workstation (IOWv2), is the 
link to intelligence data for the battalion, 
squadron, and company levels, using cli- 
ent/server technology for a "reachback" 
capability to higher commands for intel- 
ligence information updates. The IOWv2 
can also function as a stand-alone work- 
station, operating with certain limitations 
in a disconnected environment. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Fielding of the MEF IAS has pro- 
vided Marine Air Ground Task Force 
commanders with a mobile, all-source, 
intelligence data fusion and dissemina- 
tion capability. The IOSv2a (Unix) and 
IOSv3 (Windows) give the commander at 
the Marine Expeditionary Unit, regiment, 
and group levels access to time-sensitive 



intelligence data that is crucial to the 
military decision making process and the 
conduct of intelligence preparation of the 
battlefield. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The MEF IAS is currently in the post 
production/fielding phase of the acquisi- 
tion process. All systems were fielded to 
the operating forces along with Marine 
Reserve units. All elements of IAS were 
refreshed during FY 2009. The IAS Fam- 
ily of Systems executes periodic hardware 
and peripheral refreshes as per the Pro- 
gram Manager Navy Marine Corps In- 
tranet/Information Technology refresh 
schedule. One major software fielding 
and one service pack is fielded per fiscal 
year. MEF IAS functionality will be sub- 
sumed in Distributed Common Ground 
System-Marine Corps Increment II. 



Procurement Profile: 


FY2010 


FY201 1 


Software: 


1 


1 


Service Pack: 


1 


1 


IAS FoS Refresh 


1 






Developer/Manufacturer: 
MTC Services Corporation, Stafford, VA; 
KnowBiz, San Diego, CA; EMA, Charles- 
ton, SC; and SPAWAR, Charleston, SC 

Hardware components: Commercial-off- 
the-shelf (COTS) and non-developmental 
items (NDI) 

Software components: Various COTS and 
government-off-the-shelf developers 

Key GOTS software developers and sys- 
tem integration of hardware and software: 
EMA, Charleston, SC; Dynamic Tactics 
for C4ISR Solutions, Charleston, SC; 
L-3 Communications, Virginia Beach, 
VA; SRC, Charleston, SC; and SPAWAR, 
Charleston, SC 



107 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Technical Control and Analysis Center (TCAC) 



DESCRIPTION 

TCAC is the Marine Corps' senior 
Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) system. 
TCAC fills the Marine Corps' requirement 
for a semi-automated tactical SIGINT 
and Electronic Warfare (EW) fusion sys- 
tem that can adequately perform the pro- 
cessing, analysis, and reporting functions 
of the operating forces Radio Battalions 
(RadBn) and Marine Tactical Electronic 
Warfare Squadrons (VMAQ) in order to 
support the mission of providing timely 
and accurate SIGINT and EW support to 
Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) 
operations. TCAC fuses intelligence from 
organic, theater, and national collection 
for dissemination to tactical users. TCAC 
is the focal point of the RadBn SIGINT 
operations. In addition, TCAC delivers 
an enhanced automated intelligence pro- 
cessing, analyzing, and reporting capabil- 
ity that improves the total control and 
management of SIGINT/EW capabilities 
to include. the production and dissemina- 
tion of SIGINT/EW information for the 
MAGTF. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

TCAC enables Marines to fulfill their 
mission to include: providing SIGINT 
and mission planning support to MAGTF 
Command Element, Aviation Combat 
Element, and Ground Combat Element; 
interfacing with appropriate national, 
theater, and organic intelligence sources; 
and identifying high interest events and 
equipment failures. TCAC is deployed in 



support of MAGTF operations world- 
wide. TCAC is employed in two con- 
figurations; the TCAC Remote Analysis 
Workstation (RAWS) and the Transport- 
able Workstation. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

TCAC is a post-milestone C program 
(production and deployment phase) and 
is currently undergoing incremental up- 
grades which will enhance the current ca- 
pabilities of the existing systems. Major 
enhancements include Windows Server 
upgrade, Full Disk Encryption (FDE), a 
fully integrated audio processing capa- 
bility, a Semantic Wiki with user-defined 
alerts, and integration with the Real Time 
Regional Gateway. The Approved Acqui- 
sition Objective for the TCAC is: 

• AN/UYQ-83B TCAC RAWS: 50 

• AN/MYQ-9B Transportable 



Workstation: 


302 


• AN/UYK-166 TCAC MLS: 


5 


• AN/UYQ- 103 Tactical ONEROOF: 48 


Procurement Profile: FY2010 


FY201 1 


Windows Servers 


40 


Monitor Keyboard 
Assembly 75 
Uninterrupted Power 
Sources (UPS) 55 
FDE Drives 500 





500 


Printers 40 


35 


Transit Cases 55 






Developer/Manufacturer: 
MTSC, Stafford, VA; SPAWAR, 
Charleston, SC; Lockheed Martin 
Technical Operations, Camarillo, CA 



10! 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



MAGTF Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (MSIDS) 



DESCRIPTION 

MSIDS provides organic tactical 
digital imagery collection, transmission, 
and receiving capability to the MAGTF 
Commander. MSIDS comprises Com- 
mercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) compo- 
nents necessary to enable Marines at all 
echelons of the Marine Expeditionary 
Force to capture, manipulate, annotate, 
transmit, or receive imagery and video in 
near real-time, internally with subordi- 
nate commands that are widely separated 
throughout the area of operations and 
externally with high adjacent commands. 
The MSIDS Video Exploitation Worksta- 
tion (VEW) suite provides an organic 
digital imagery processing capability to 
manipulate, annotate, digitize and edit 
video/still imagery, and brief intelligence 
products. The MSIDS capability resides 
with all G/S-2 echelons of the MAGTF, 
Reconnaissance Battalions, Light Ar- 
mored Reconnaissance Battalions, In- 
fantry Battalion Scout Sniper Platoons, 
Marine Special Operations Command, 
Tank Battalions, Artillery Battalions and 
Marine Security Forces. MSIDS is cur- 
rently employed in every location where 
the Marine Corps conducts military op- 
erations. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

MSIDS provides the only self-con- 
tained, hand-held, ground perspective 
imagery capability to MAGTF units and 
is essential in mission planning and in- 
telligence collection. Other MAGTF near 
real-time imaging systems, such as un- 
manned aerial systems and the F/A-18 
Advanced Tactical Airborne Reconnais- 



sance System, provide overhead imagery 
that cannot capture the detail and ground 
perspective attainable through MSIDS. In 
asymmetric threat environments — where 
targets of interest are often small, highly 
mobile units such as terrorists or guerilla 
groups — it is imperative that a MAGTF 
be able to identify individuals and struc- 
tures from the ground level. Technology 
insertions via a yearly increment refresh 
provide MSIDS equipped Marines with 
the ability to receive needed technologi- 
cal upgrades in a timely manner. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The approved MSIDS acquisi- 
tion strategy specifies a refresh of 
one third of the system's components 
yearly through a spiral increment of 
the COTS components. The FY 2011- 
2012 refresh will replace computers, 
upgrade software, and refresh thermal 
and night vision devices, along with 
continuing the "Grow the Force" ini- 
tiative fielding. 



Procurement Profile: 


FY 2010 


FY 2011 


MSIDS computers/SW 





400 


Personal Data 






Controllers 


600 


330 


\Cameras 


3000 


150 


Night Vision 





50 


Thermal 





400 


VEW 









Developer/Manufacturer: 

Canon, Panasonic, ITT, ViaSat and FLIR 

MTCSC, Stafford, VA 

EYAK Technologies, Anchorage, AK 

Integrity Data Inc, Colorado Springs, CO 



109 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Team Portable Communications System-Multi Platform 
Capable (TPCS-MPC) 



DESCRIPTION 

The TPCS-MPC provides the Marine 
Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) with 
integrated, semi-automated Signals Intel- 
ligence (SIGINT) equipment to conduct 
communications intelligence, direction 
finding, computer-aided SIGINT analy- 
sis, and indications and warnings. TPCS- 
MPC is scalable to meet tactical mission 
requirements, having single collection 
outstations for stand-alone requirements 
and integrated capabilities. TPCS-MPC is 
not a "new system development" effort, 
but rather a program with continuous up- 
grades. The primary emphasis is on mod- 
ular, scalable functionality, with a rapid 
procurement of readily available Com- 
mercial- Off-The-Shelf/Government- 
Off-The-Shelf/Non-Developmental Item 
(COTS/GOTS/NDI) technologies. The 
program requires limited integration to 
allow rapid fielding of new capabilities to 
Marine Corps Radio Battalions (RadBns). 
TPCS-MPC suites will consist of platform 
integration kits which provide the inter- 
face devices required to deploy various 
configurations of the exploitation mod- 
ules on non-dedicated platforms such 
as the High Mobility Multi-Wheeled Ve- 
hicle, Mine Resistant Ambush Protected 
vehicle, and Mobile Electronic Warfare 
Support System vehicle. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The mission of TPCS-MPC is to pro- 
vide Marine Corps RadBns with a semi- 
automated, team transportable, modular, 
and scalable communications intelligence 
capability to support the MAGTF. TPCS- 
MPC is directly supporting Marines in 
current operations. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The TPCS-MPC Block configu- 
ration is currently in production and 
reached Full Operational Capability in 
2009. The Block 1 effort was initiated 
with a Milestone B decision in December 
2008. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Space and Naval Warfare Systems Com- 
mand, Charleston, SC; Digital Receiver 
Technology, Germantown, MD; Scientific 
Research Corporation, Charleston SC. 



110 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Expeditionary Intelligence Support 



The Marine Corps Intelligence Activ- 
ity (MCIA) provides tailored intelligence 
products and services to the Marine Corps, 
other services and the Intelligence Com- 
munity based on expeditionary mission 
profiles in littoral areas. As the Marine 
Corps' Intelligence Production Center, 
MCIA plays a key role in the development 
of service doctrine, force structure, train- 
ing and education, and systems develop- 
ment and acquisition. 

MCIA comprises a command ele- 
ment; a production and analysis element 
that includes analysis, imagery, and topo- 
graphic support; a counterintelligence/ 
human intelligence element; and a cryp- 
tologic support element. Each element 
provides unique capabilities that enable 
MCIA to fully support intelligence re- 
quirements in all facets of expeditionary 
operations. Together, these elements de- 
liver "excellence in expeditionary intel- 
ligence" to MCIA's broad and growing 
customer set. 

MCIA engages with Marine units 
scheduled for deployment ensuring that 
each command understands MCIA ca- 
pabilities and limitations in providing 
support during pre-deployment, deploy- 
ment, and post-deployment. Frequently, 
pre-deployment engagement includes 
command site visits encouraging the full 
identification of specific, detailed intelli- 
gence requirements and preliminary es- 
timates of supportability, not only using 



MCIA's own internal capabilities but also 
its unique ability to leverage the larger In- 
telligence Community to help solve Ma- 
rine Corps operating forces intelligence 
challenges. 

During deployment, MCIA main- 
tains contact with the deployed unit en- 
suring continued support to operational 
requirements. Additionally, during a de- 
ployment MCIA may provide a liaison 
officer facilitating direct representation 
and a better understanding of intelli- 
gence requirements. All intelligence re- 
quirements adhere to appropriate chains 
of command to include each supported 
Combatant Command. 

After the deployment ends, MCIA 
coordinates and conducts a post-deploy- 
ment brief. This brief includes not only 
the supported units and MCIA, but also 
any other organizations that contrib- 
uted to the intelligence support effort. 
The intent is to review the intelligence 
requirements submitted with the intel- 
ligence support provided and determine 
what worked well, what needs improve- 
ment and capture lessons learned for the 
future. 

This unyielding focus on support- 
ing Marine Forces — be they deployed in 
harm's way, preparing to deploy, or safely 
returned to their homeport — is the 
hallmark of MCIA's expeditionary intel- 
ligence support. 



111 




PART 4 



GROUND MOBILITY AND 
FIRE SUPPORT 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



INTRODUCTION 

Today's operational environment demands speed, agility, and mobility of ground 
forces to respond to, if not anticipate, an adversary's actions, often in complex, ambigu- 
ous battlefields, against irregular forces and in a wide variety of operational — desert, 
jungle, mountain, and Arctic — environments. Individual Marines must also be capable 
of deterring and defeating the conventional force of more traditional adversaries, where 
the ability to maneuver with speed and agility also remains paramount to achieving mis- 
sion objectives. An important enabler of maneuver warfare mobility is the individual 
Marine's ability to call in offensive and defensive fires from ground-based, airborne, and 
seaborne systems. Timely, responsive, high-accuracy and precision fires can often mean 
the difference between success and failure. 

The Army and Marine Corps are working together to develop tactical wheeled ve- 
hicle requirements for the joint forces. The defined capabilities reflect an appropriate 
balance in the survivability, mobility, payload, networking, transportability, and sustain- 
ability. The Army/Marine Corps Board has proven a valuable forum for coordination 
of the development, fielding strategies, and production of armoring kits, up-armored 
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles, and rapid response to requests for Mine- 
Resistant Ambush-Protected Vehicles. 

In 2007, "The Major Combat Operations Analysis for Fiscal Years 2014 to 2024" 
study scrutinized the current organic fire support of the Marine Air Ground Task Force 
(MAGTF) to determine the adequacy, integration, and modernization requirements for 
ground, aviation, and naval surfaces fires. The Marine Corps also performed a supple- 
mental historical study using Operation Iraqi Freedom data to examine MAGTF fires in 
the full spectrum of warfare. These studies reconfirmed our development of the Triad of 
Ground Indirect Fires. Several innovative systems related to fire support significantly en- 
hanced the warfighting efficiency and effectiveness of the MAGTF, including the M777A2 
Lightweight Howitzer, High Mobility Artillery Rocket System, Expeditionary Fire Sup- 
port System, Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System, and the Target Location, Des- 
ignation, and Handoff system. 



113 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV) 




DESCRIPTION 

The Marine Corps' number-one pri- 
ority ground program, the EFV, will be 
the primary means of tactical mobility 
for the Marine rifle squad during ship-to- 
shore amphibious operations and sub- 
sequent operations ashore. The EFV is a 
ship to shore self-deploying, high-water 
speed, armored amphibious vehicle ca- 
pable of transporting Marines from ships 
located beyond the horizon to inland ob- 
jectives. The EFV will have the speed and 
maneuvering capabilities to operate with 
main battle tanks on land. In addition, 
the vehicles can use virtually all bodies of 
water as avenues of approach and maneu- 
ver. The EFV is a fully tracked infantry 
combat vehicle that will be operated and 
maintained by a crew of three Marines 
and have a troop capacity of 17 Marines 
with their individual combat equipment. 
The EFV replaces the Assault Amphibi- 
ous Vehicle (AAV7A1) that was fielded in 
1972 and will be more than 40 years old 
when the EFV is fielded. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The EFV's high speed on land and 
water, highly lethal day/night-fighting 
ability, advanced armor, and nuclear, 



biological, and chemical protection will 
significantly enhance the lethality and 
survivability of Marine maneuver units 
across the spectrum of operations. The 
EFV enables the Navy and Marine Corps 
team to project power from the sea base in 
a manner that will exploit intervening sea 
and land terrain, achieve surprise, avoid 
enemy strengths, and generate never-be- 
fore-realized operational tempo, surviv- 
ability, and lethality across the spectrum 
of conflict. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The EFV program is in the Systems 
Development and Demonstration Phase 
of the acquisition process. Following a 
successful review process, the program 
released a design at Critical Design Re- 
view conducted during the first quarter 
FY 2009 that met all allocated require- 
ments, including reliability. These im- 
provements will be demonstrated during 
Developmental Test and Operational Test 
starting in the second quarter FY 2010 
on seven prototypes. The Low Rate Ini- 
tial Production decision (Milestone C) is 
programmed for FY 2012, with Full Rate 
Production to begin in FY 2015. IOC is 
scheduled for 2016 and FOC is scheduled 
for 2026. 

Procurement Profile: The acquisition 
objective is 573 EFVs. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
The Joint Services Manufacturing Center in 
Lima, OH, is the production and assembly 
site for the EFV. The prime contractor is 
General Dynamics Amphibious Systems, 
Woodbridge, VA 



114 



HAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicle 



. ■. ■ ■ ■■■: .:■■■■ ■■■■.■. '. ■ " '■ . '.■ ■ ■.■.■■■■■ ■' •■ ' : ■ . ' ' ■ ■:.■■ ■ '■■' 




command and control, and combat ser- 
vice support. 

Category II vehicles support multi-mis- 
sion operations such as convoy secu- 
rity, troop and cargo transport, limited 
combat engineering and EOD support, 
CASEVAC, and ambulance. 
Category III vehicles support mine/IED 
clearance operations that also include 
route clearance. 



DESCRIPTION 

MRAP vehicles are V-shaped hulled, 
raised chassis, armored vehicles with 
blast-resistant underbodies designed to 
protect crews from mine and Improvised 
Explosive Device (IED) blasts, as well 
as fragmentary and small-arms threats. 
Four categories of MRAP vehicles carry 
out several critical missions: 

• MRAP-A11 Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV) 
supports small-unit combat operations 
in complex and highly restricted rural, 
mountainous, and urban terrains. The 
M-ATV provides better overall mobility 
characteristics than the original CAT I, 
II, and III MRAP vehicles and provides 
better survivability characteristics than 
any High Mobility Multi-Wheeled Ve- 
hicle variant. The M-ATV retains the 
same survivability threshold as the 
MRAP CAT I, II, and III vehicles. The 
M-ATV will support mounted patrols, 
reconnaissance, security, convoy pro- 
tection, casualty evacuation, data in- 
terchange, and command and control 
functions. 

• Category I vehicles support operations 
in an urban environment and other 
restricted/confined spaces; including 
mounted patrols, reconnaissance, secu- 
rity, convoy protection, Explosive Ord- 
nance Disposal (EOD), communica- 
tions, casualty evacuation (CASEVAC), 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Because Marine units operating in 
a complex security environment require 
vehicles capable of surviving mine/IED, 
small-arms fire, rocket-propelled grenade, 
and vehicle-borne IED attacks, MRAP 
vehicles provide deployed commanders, 
various units, EOD, and Combat Engi- 
neer teams with survivable ground-mo- 
bility platforms. Marines participate in 
and/or respond rapidly to a variety of of- 
fensive, stability, and security operations 
without a large security contingent and 
they need a vehicle capable of function- 
ing in a counter attack after surviving a 
"first blow" ambush or attack. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

A sole-source contract was awarded 
in November 2006 for 200 CAT II and up 
to 80 CAT III vehicles to bridge urgent 
warfighting needs, after which a competi- 
tive acquisition for the balance of CAT I 
and CAT II platforms was put in place. In 
January 2007, nine indefinite delivery, in- 
definite quantity contracts were awarded 
to vendors that demonstrated capabilities 
to meet the program's overarching objec- 
tive of producing the maximum number 
of survivable, safe, and sustainable MRAP 
vehicles in the shortest period of time. 
The Joint Program Office (JPO) has used 



115 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 




a series of Low Rate Initial Production 
delivery orders with six of the vendors to 
order a majority of the vehicles. 

A total of 22,882 vehicles are being 
procured for the Army, Marine Corps, 
Air Force, Navy, and the U.S. Special Op- 
erations Command. The Marine Corps is 
executing the joint program on behalf of 
the Navy (lead Service). To date, the JPO 
has acquired 20,205 vehicles (including 
137 legacy systems) to satisfy the acquisi- 
tion objective. 

Force Protection, Industries (FPI) 
and the other MRAP CAT I and II vehicle 
manufacturers have completed produc- 
tion of all vehicles for the Marine Corps 
and the JPO. The Marine Corps Force, 
Central Command objective was reached 
in June 2008. International customer ve- 
hicle production will continue at FPI. 

As of September 2009, 16,454 MRAP 
vehicles had been accepted by the govern- 
ment; 14,412 vehicles have been fielded 
to units in theater (9,548 in Iraq, 3,304 in 
Afghanistan, and 1,560 in Kuwait, Qatar, 
and Bahrain. 

The JPO has initiated a constant 
modernization process and Capability 
Insertion (CI) program in Theater for ve- 
hicles redeploying from Iraq to Afghani- 
stan. All MRAP Cougars (CAT I and CAT 



II) in Afghanistan, for example, are being 
upgraded with Independent Suspension 
Systems (ISS) to improve durability and 
survivability in the more difficult Afghan 
terrain. The JPO is also assessing the use 
of ISS on other MRAP vehicles. Addi- 
tional modernization efforts include bar 
armor, rocket propelled grenade defeat, 
Automatic Fire Suppression Systems and 
other improvements to enhance MRAP 
performance in the Afghanistan. 

The JPO awarded a contract to Os- 
hkosh Corporation in June 2009 for a 
smaller, more agile MRAP variant. The 
M-ATV fulfills an urgent and compel- 
ling requirement to protect Marines with 
a highly survivable and off-road capable 
vehicle. The current M-ATV requirement 
is for 6,644 vehicles. M-ATVs began ar- 
riving in Afghanistan in October 2009. 

Procurement Profile: FY2007-FY2010 
Army 15,941 

Marine Corps 4,115 

Navy 661 

Air Force 810 

SOCOM 1,129 

Test Vehicles 226 

TOTAL 22,882 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
BAE, York, PA 

BAE-TVS, Sealy, TX 

Force Protection, Industries, Inc. (FPI), 
Charleston, SC 

General Dynamics Land Systems-Canada 
(GDLS-C), London, Ontario 

Navistar Defense, LLC, Warrenville, IL 

Oshkosh Corporation, Oshkosh, Wl 



116 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC) 




DESCRIPTION 

The MPC will provide three infan- 
try battalions expeditionary maneuver 
protection against ground combat and 
irregular warfare threats. An MPC com- 
pany lifts an infantry battalion along 
with infantry's organic wheeled assets. 
MPCs will be employed by the Assault 
Amphibian Battalions and will have three 
variants. The MPC-Personnel will be the 
base variant, two of which transport and 
support a reinforced infantry squad. The 
MPC-Command will be employed as a 
mobile command-echelon/ fire-support 
coordination center for infantry battalion 
headquarters. The MPC-Recovery will be 
the maintenance and recovery variant of 
the MPC. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The MPC supports expeditionary 
maneuver by enhancing Marine operat- 
ing forces' tactical mobility at high pro- 
tection levels. It possesses a balance of 
performance, payload, and protection 
across the range of military operations. 
MPCs will be optimized to support the 
Ground Combat Element conducting ir- 
regular or major combat operations. This 
protected mobility capability is essential 
in achieving critical operational and tac- 
tical outcomes, e.g., gaining access, shap- 
ing the operational environment, seizing 
and maintaining the initiative, gaining 
and maintaining continuous pressure 
and positioning forces to locate, identify, 
destroy, neutralize, or suppress targets as 
required. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

In the spring of 2008, the Marine Re- 
quirements Oversight Council validated 
the MPC requirement and approved the 
materiel solution as an advanced-gener- 
ation armored personnel carrier and that 
the MPCs be integrated into the Assault 
Amphibian battalions. Milestone A is 
slated for the second quarter FY 2010. At 
that time, an acquisition strategy of full 
and open competition will be initiated. 



117 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Internally Transportable Vehicle (ITV) 




DESCRIPTION 

The ITV will be a highly mobile 
weapons-capable light-strike platform 
that can support a variety of operations. 
It will provide Marine Air Ground Task 
Force (MAGTF) ground combat units 
with a vehicle transportable in CH-53E/K 
helicopters and MV-22 tilt-rotor air- 
craft. It also will provide reconnaissance 
units equal or greater mobility than the 
MAGTF maneuver elements they sup- 
port, thereby enhancing mission perfor- 
mance and survivability. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The ITV will allow MAGTF com- 
manders to take maximum advantage of 
the speed and range offered by the MV- 



22 and CH-53E/K by deploying ground 
units equipped with highly mobile light- 
strike vehicles armed with heavy or me- 
dium machine guns. The Interim Fast 
Attack Vehicle (IFAV) is currently fielded 
and is deployable inside the CH-53E air- 
craft, but the Ground Combat Element 
currently has no ground-mobility plat- 
form that can deploy inside the MV-22. 
ITV will replace the Interim Fast Attack 
Vehicle. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The ITV Program is currently in 
production and deployment. A full rate 
production decision was approved in July 
2008 and Initial Operational Capability 
was achieved in June 2009, when one in- 
fantry battalion received 15 ITVs. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 40 73 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical 
Systems, St. Petersburg, FL, with subcon- 
tractor American Growler, Robbins, NC 



118 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) 
Expanded Capacity Vehicle (HMMWV ECV) 




DESCRIPTION 

The HMMWV ECV is the fourth- 
generation design of the HMMWV and 
is replacing the aging fleet of baseline Al 
variants and some A2 variants. The HM- 
MWV was originally fielded to Marine 
Corps units in the mid-1980s. The ECV 
is the latest generation and upgrades 
include: a 6.5L turbo engine; micropro- 
cessor-controlled engine electrical start 
system; more powerful Environment 
Protection Agency compliant engine; in- 
creased payload (500 pounds); improved 
corrosion prevention; and access panels 
to facilitate maintenance. Current armor 
guidance from the Marine Corps Combat 
Development Command is 100 percent of 
the HMMWV fleet is to have Integrated 
Armor Package (IAP) at a minimum, and 
60 percent are to be fully up-armored. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

To successfully accomplish their mis- 
sions, Marine Air Ground Task Forces 
(MAGTFs) require a light tactical vehicle 
for command and control, troop trans- 
port, light cargo transport, shelter car- 
rier, towed weapons prime mover, and 
weapons platform throughout all areas 
of the battlefield or mission area. Also, 71 
Marine Corps component programs use 
the HMMWV as their prime mover. For 



units that require specific vehicle config- 
urations, the detailed requirements will 
be provided in kit form, capable of being 
installed at the general support main- 
tenance level or below, or by incorpora- 
tion of Component of Major End Items/ 
Component of End Items by the system 
integrator. To meet the new Approved 
Acquisition Objective (AAO) and have 
100 percent of the HMMWVs with the 
IAP and 60 percent fully up-armored, a 
major transition of HMMWV types and 
configurations is on-going. Operational 
and emergent requirements are being 
sourced; however there exists a signifi- 
cant AAO shortfall that will be addressed 
in the FY 2012 program. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The Marine Corps has procured, 
fielded, and supported large numbers of 
HMMWVs since the mid-1980s, and the 
infrastructure and processes are well es- 
tablished to support fielding ECVs, and 
to phase-out baseline Al and some A2 
variants. Training courses and techni- 
cal manuals are being updated, and ECV 
unique parts and tools are being integrat- 
ed into the existing supply system. The 
AAO for the USMC is 26,502 units. With 
the realignment of the AAO validation, 
MAGTF Table of Equipment review, and 
armoring guidance, the total HMMWV 
A2 and ECVs procured that meet the 
AAO requirement is 17,722. The USMC 
Armoring Strategy is currently being 
drafted and could further shape the HM- 
MWV program. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 53 208 



119 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) 



DESCRIPTION 

The JLTV is a joint Army/Marine 
Corps multinational program for a fam- 
ily of light tactical vehicles and com- 
panion trailers. JLTV objectives include: 
increased protection and performance; 
minimizing ownership costs by maximiz- 
ing commonality and reliability; increas- 
ing fuel efficiency; and executing effective 
competition throughout the program de- 
velopment. The JLTV Family of Vehicles 
(FoVs) includes ten configurations and 
companion trailers in three payload cat- 
egories. Commonality of components, 
maintenance procedures, and training 
between all variants will minimize total 
ownership costs. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The JLTV FoVs will be capable of op- 
erating across a broad spectrum of terrain 
and weather conditions. The approved 
JLTV Initial Capabilities Document, 
and the Draft Capabilities Development 
Document (CDD) identifies required ca- 
pabilities for the next generation of light 
tactical vehicles needed to support joint 
forces across the full range of military op- 
erations and provide a vital force enabler, 
multiplier, and extender. 

The joint services intend to replace 
a portion of the HMMWV fleet with 
JLTVs as part of the ground transporta- 
tion modernization effort, but it is not 
meant to be a direct replacement for exist- 
ing vehicles. JLTV will give the warfighter 
increased protection through the use of 
scalable armor solutions, while returning 
the payload currently traded by existing 
tactical vehicles for added armor protec- 



tion. Using a system of systems approach, 
JLTV will increase warfighter maneuver 
capacity by providing protected mobility 
on the modern battlefield. JLTVs perfor- 
mance characteristics will exceed the un- 
armored HMMWV and will return expe- 
ditionary mobility to the joint services. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The JLTV program is currently in the 
Technology Development (TD) phase. 
The Defense Acquisition Executive (DAE) 
approved the Milestone A Decision in 
December 2007. A Request for Proposals 
was released in February 2008 and three 
contracts were awarded in October 2008 
to BAE Systems, General Tactical Vehicles 
(a joint venture between General Dy- 
namics Land Systems and AM General), 
and Lockheed Martin. The results of the 
27-month TD phase will inform and sup- 
port finalization of the CDD scheduled 
for completion in FY 201 1 prior to Mile- 
stone B. 

The three original equipment manu- 
facturers will then deliver seven proto- 
type vehicles and four trailers for testing 
during third quarter FY 2010, which will 
be followed with 12 months of govern- 
ment testing. Upon the completion of 
the TD phase, the services currently an- 
ticipate conducting another full and open 
competition with award of two contracts 
for the Engineering and Manufacturing 
Development phase, with full production 
and fielding anticipated in FY 2013. The 
Marine Corps' Approved Acquisition Ob- 
jective is for 5,500 vehicles. 



120 



-IAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR) 







DESCRIPTION 

The MTVR program is replacing the 
aging medium truck fleet (M809/M939) 
series 5-ton trucks with state-of-the- 
art commercial automotive technology. 
The MTVR has an increased payload of 
7.1 tons off- road and 15 tons on-road, a 
high-performance suspension, traction 
control, new engine, central tire inflation 
system, automatic transmission, and cor- 
rosion technology upgrades. 

There are several variants of the ba- 
sic MTVR platform for different tasking, 
including a cargo variant, dump truck, 
a wrecker, and a tractor. The dump and 
wrecker variants maintain maximum 
commonality with the basic MTVR cargo 
chassis while performing their unique 
missions. The Marine Corps is procur- 
ing the Navy tractor variant to serve as 
the prime mover for the Mk 970 refueler 
variant, and the Navy also uses MTVR ve- 
hicles for construction battalion (Seabee) 
operations. 

The MTVR Armor System (MAS) 
provides complete 360-degree protection 
as well as overhead and underbody pro- 
tection for the crew compartment using 
Mil-A-46100 High Hard Steel and Metal 
Composite standards. It is designed for 
the life of the vehicle (22 years). The MAS 



is capable of withstanding small-arms 
fire, improvised explosive devices, and 
mines. It includes upgraded suspension, 
air condition system, removable armored 
personnel carrier (with ballistic glass), 
machine gun mounts, and the Marine 
Corps Transparent Armor Gun Shield. 

The MAS is a permanent modifi- 
cation to the vehicle, and includes an 
upgraded front suspension and cabin 
rebuild. The kit includes an integrated 
air-conditioning system and machine gun 
mount. The Cargo MAS kit includes an 
optional removable Troop Carrier (with 
ballistic glass), which also supports Mari- 
time Pre-positioned Shipping (MPS) re- 
quirements. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

More than 1,300 MTVRs are being 
used in theater. The MTVR can readily 
negotiate terrain twice as rough as the 
5 -ton's capability. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The MAS is installed in all MTVR 
variants in Iraq and Afghanistan, and 
the service has continued to improve the 
MAS in response to Urgent Universal 
Needs Statements — adding increased 
underbody blast protection, fuel tank 
fire-protection kits, and 300-amp alter- 
nator kits (e.g., for powering counter im- 
provised explosive devices). Every MTVR 
that leaves the forward operating base 
is equipped with the MAS. Discussions 
are ongoing with the Office of Naval Re- 
search, Program Manager Expeditionary 
Power Systems, and Program Executive 
Officer Land Systems for a follow-on Ex- 
portable Power (diesel hybrid). 



121 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Logistics Vehicle System Replacement (LVSR) 



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DESCRIPTION 

The LVSR will replace the current 
Marine Corps heavy-tactical wheeled ve- 
hicle, the Logistics Vehicle System (LVS). 
As the Marine Corps' heavy-tactical dis- 
tribution system, the LVSR cargo vari- 
ant will transport several cargoes: bulk 
liquids (fuel and water); ammunition; 
standardized containers; bulk, break- 
bulk, and palletized cargo; and bridging 
equipment. The LVSR will have wrecker 
and tracker variants as well and will be 
employed throughout the MAGTF. The 
vehicle base design includes factory- 
installed armor and is also designed to 
accept an add-on armor kit for increased 
crew protection. 

The all wheel drive vehicle is equipped 
with an independent suspension system 
for superior off- road mobility in the most 
severe environments. The LVSR features 
an on-road payload capacity of 22.5 tons 
and an off- road payload capacity of 16.5 
tons. Its maneuverability is increased by 
four-axle steering capabilities. The LVSR 
is also equipped with advanced electron- 
ics system for in-cab diagnostics of the 
vehicle's critical systems, including the 
engine, transmission, and brakes. It uses 
a single-source lubrication system for 
easier maintenance and has a 600-horse- 
power C15 engine. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

To successfully accomplish their mis- 
sion, MAGTFs require a heavy ground lo- 
gistics distribution system that is highly 
mobile, efficient, extremely reliable, and 
flexible. This system must be capable of 
operating over increased distances with 
increased payloads to meet the demands 
of Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare. The 
LVSR will rapidly distribute all classes of 
supply, while including a self-loading/un- 
loading capability to reduce dependence 
on external material handling equipment. 
For example, the LVSR will help address 
one of the Marine Corps' biggest chal- 
lenges in Afghanistan of getting supplies, 
equipment, and logistics into the remote 
areas that Marines are operating. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

LVSR achieved Initial Operational 
Capability in September 2009. The origi- 
nal indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity 
order contract for the LVSR was awarded 
in May 2006 to Oshkosh Defense, Osh- 
kosh, WI. The contract has a value of $987 
million based on a production quantity 
of 1,699 units. As of end FY 2009, 663 
vehicles had been placed under contract. 
Full-rate vehicle production began in 
December 2008 and includes add-on ar- 
mor "B" kits, in addition to the factory- 
installed integral ("A" kit) armor, and can 
be applied in the field. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Oshkosh Defense Corporation, Oshkosh, WI 



122 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Route Reconnaissance and Clearance (R2C) 
Family of Systems 




DESCRIPTION 

The R2C capability set mitigates the 
threat of mines, Improvised Explosive 
Devices and obstacles along routes in the 
Marine Air Ground Task Force Area of 
Operation. R2C units can perform stand- 
off detection, interrogation, marking, and 
clearance of explosive and non-explosive 
obstacles in order to ensure the mobility 
of friendly forces. In addition, it provides 
a rapidly employable set capable of per- 
forming route reconnaissance to obtain 
information about key terrain features, 
route conditions, and obstacles along 
specific routes. The R2C set will reside in 
combat engineer battalions (CEB), engi- 
neer support battalions (ESB), and Ma- 
rine wing support squadrons (MWSS). 
Each CEB and ESB will be assigned three 
sets and each MWSS will be assigned 
one set. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

This mobility capability is essential 
for maintaining access, shaping the bat- 
tlespace, establishing the initiative, posi- 
tioning forces, and supporting dispersed 
forces. This capability ensures maneuver 
and sustainment forces reach their objec- 
tives when subject to attack by the vari- 
ety of explosive weapons and ambushes 
characteristic of irregular warfare. It pro- 



vides warfighter and system survivability 
against asymmetric threats. R2C opera- 
tions also enable the effective execution 
of the stability operations tasks of initial 
humanitarian assistance, limited gover- 
nance, restoration of essential public ser- 
vices, and other reconstruction assistance 
by providing access and protection to the 
executing forces and agencies and gathers 
geospatial information vital for mobility 
planning. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

This is a FY 2010 new start Program 
of Record. The Capability Production 
Document was approved by the Marine 
Requirements Oversight Council in Au- 
gust 2009. Increment I consists of procur- 
ing Light Weight Mine Rollers, Robots, 
Vehicle Mounted Mine Detectors, and 
Light Weight Route Clearance Blades that 
will augment currently fielded CAT I, II & 
III Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected ve- 
hicles to provide an initial R2C capability 
set. Increment II consists of the fielding 
of refurbished CAT I and II MRAPs, CAT 
III Marine Personnel Carriers, addition 
of an Interrogation Arm onto specified 
R2C platforms, and procurement of Au- 
tomated Route Reconnaissance Kits and 
Vehicle Optic Senor Systems. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Increment I Sets 12 11 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
The R2C Family of Systems uses products 
from multiple vendors and government 
agencies with the largest being Force Pro- 
tection, Industries, Inc. (FPU), Charleston. 
SC, and General Dynamics Land Systems. 
Sterling Heights, Ml 

123 ■ 



EPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Expeditionary Fire Support System (EFSS) 




DESCRIPTION 

The EFSS will be the third and fi- 
nal system of a land-based fire-support 
triad that also includes the Lightweight 
155mm Howitzer and the High Mobil- 
ity Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS). 
Accompanying Marine Air Ground Task 
Forces (MAGTFs) in all types of expe- 
ditionary operations, EFSS will be the 
primary indirect fire-support system for 
the vertical-assault element of the Ship- 
To-Objective Maneuver force. As such, 
the EFSS launcher, the mobility platform, 
a portion of the basic load of ammuni- 
tion, and a portion of its crew will be in- 
ternally transportable by a single CH-53E 
helicopter or a single MV-22 tilt-rotor 
aircraft, and will possess the greatest pos- 
sible range and flexibility of employment 
for operational maneuver from the sea. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The EFSS will expand the maneuver 
commander's spectrum of fire support 
options and be capable of successfully en- 



gaging a spectrum of potential point and 
area targets, including motorized, light 
armored and dismounted personnel; 
command and control systems; and indi- 
rect-fire systems. The EFSS will afford the 
MAGTF commander increased flexibility 
in tailoring his fire-support systems to 
support the scheme of maneuver. EFSS- 
equipped units will be particularly well 
suited for missions requiring speed, tac- 
tical agility, and vertical transportability. 
The EFSS design and configuration will 
ensure that its tactical mobility, in the air 
and on the ground, is equal to that of the 
force supported. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The EFSS Program is currently in 
production and deployment. Full rate 
production was approved in June 2008 
and Initial Operational Capability was 
achieved in March 2009, when one artil- 
lery regiment received six EFSS systems. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 2011 
Quantity: 20 10 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical 
Systems, St. Petersburg, FL, with subcon- 
tractor TDA Armaments (THALES Group), 
La Ferte-Saint Aubin, France 



124 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) 




DESCRIPTION 

HIMARS is a C-130-transportable, 
wheeled, indirect-fire, rocket/missile sys- 
tem capable of firing all rockets and mis- 
siles in the current and future Multiple 
Launch Rocket System (MLRS) Family 
of Munitions (MFOM). The HIMARS 
launcher consists of a fire-control sys- 
tem, carrier (automotive platform), and 
launcher-loader module that will per- 
form all operations necessary to complete 
a fire mission. The system is defined as 
one launcher, two resupply vehicles, and 
two resupply trailers and munitions. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

HIMARS addresses an identified, 
critical warfighting deficiency in Marine 
Corps fire support. HIMARS will pri- 
marily employ the Guided MLRS rocket 



to provide precision fires in support of 
maneuver forces. HIMARS is a trans- 
formational, 24-hour, ground-based, 
responsive, general support/general 
support-reinforcing, precision, indirect- 
fire weapon system that accurately en- 
gages targets at long ranges (40+ miles) 
with high volumes of lethal fire under 
all weather conditions and throughout 
all phases of combat operations ashore. 
HIMARS will be fielded to two battalions 
(one active and one Reserve) in the Ma- 
rine Corps. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The HIMARS program is in the op- 
erations and support phase. HIMARS 
achieved Initial Operational Capability in 
fourth quarter FY 2008. Full Operational 
Capability will be achieved in FY 2010. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 2011 
Quantity: 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Launcher and MFOM: Lockheed Martin 

Corporation, 

Missiles & Fire Control Division, Dallas, TX 

Re-Supply System: Oshkosh Truck Corpora- 
tion, Oshkosh, Wl 



125 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Lightweight 155mm Howitzer (LW1 55) 




DESCRIPTION 

The LW155 is a joint Marine Corps/ 
Army program to develop, produce, 
and field a towed 155mm howitzer that 
provides increased mobility, survivabil- 
ity, deployability, and sustainability in 
expeditionary operations throughout 
the world. The LW155, designated the 
M777/M777A2, is a direct- and general- 
support artillery system replacing the 
Ml 98 155mm Medium Towed Howitzer 
in both services. It has incorporated in- 
novative design technologies to overcome 
deficiencies inherent in the current Ml 98 
howitzer. The LW155 is the first ground 
combat system whose major structures 
are made of high-strength titanium alloy, 
and the system makes extensive use of hy- 
draulics to operate the breech, load tray, 
recoil, and wheel arms. The combination 
of titanium structures and the use of hy- 
draulic systems resulted in a significant 
weight savings (more than 7,000 pounds) 



compared to the Ml 98 system. Addition- 
ally, the M777/M777A2 emplaces three 
times faster, displaces four times faster, 
traverses 32 percent more terrain world- 
wide and is 70 percent more survivable 
than the M198. 

The M777A2 is capable of firing 
unassisted high explosive projectiles us- 
ing conventional and modular propel- 
lants to a range of 15 miles and rocket 
assisted projectiles to approximately 19 
miles; however, the addition of the digital 
fire-control system (DFCS) enables the 
weapon to program and fire the M982 
Excalibur precision-guided munitions 
to ranges of 24 miles with better than 
10-meter circular error probable (CEP) 
accuracy (i.e., 50 percent of the rounds 
will impact within ten meters of the aim 
point). The weapon is capable of firing up 
to four rounds per minute with sustain- 
ment firing of two rounds per minute. 

The M777A2 is an upgrade to the ba- 
sic weapon that adds a digital fire-control 
system using a global positioning system, 
an inertial navigation unit, and a vehicle 
motion sensor to accurately locate and 
orient the weapon to deliver greater accu- 
racy, responsiveness, and reliability. The 
system also integrates radios for voice 
and digital communications and a Chief 
of Section Display that is decoupled and 
mounted into the cab of the prime mover 
for use as a navigation aid. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The LW155 provides significantly 
greater combat capability to troops. The 
weight reduction improves transportabil- 
ity and mobility without impacting range 



126 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



or accuracy. The lightweight M777A2 
can be airlifted by the CH-53E/K and the 
MV-22 Osprey into remote high-altitude 
locations inaccessible by ground trans- 
portation. Some M777A2 facts: 

• The M777A2 can fire the precision 
guided Excalibur munitions, co-devel- 
oped by BAE Systems Global Combat 
Systems, up to 24 miles with sufficient 
accuracy, for example, to target selected 
portions of a building, reducing the 
chance of non-combatant casualties and 
enabling supporting fire to be delivered 
much closer to friendly troops. 

• It can fire a standard 43.5 kilogram shell 
almost 21 miles at 2.5 times the speed 
of sound. The projectile takes about a 
minute to fly the distance and reaches 
a maximum height of 12 kilometers. 
The shell reaches its maximum speed of 
1,800 miles per hour by the time it exits 
the muzzle of the gun. 

• The energy released firing at maximum 
range is 40 megajoules. 

• The internal cannon peak pressure dur- 
ing firing reaches 60,000 pounds per 
square inch. 

• The wind speed, meteorological con- 
ditions and even the Earth's rotation 



are taken into account for accurate 

targeting. 

The gun remains stable when firing, 

despite its lightweight, by being "out of 

balance" with the barrel mounted low 

and forward. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The LW1 55 is in-service with the U.S. 
Marine Corps and Army and has been de- 
ployed in current operations. The Cana- 
dian army purchased the base M777 un- 
der a foreign military sale (FMS) contract 
and has 16 M777A2 howitzers in service 
with the Royal Horse Artillery in Afghan- 
istan. Canada will be receiving an addi- 
tional 21 howitzers. Australia has a FMS 
case under way to purchase the M777A2. 
Through May 2009, the total number of 
orders for the gun had reached 737 units. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Manufacture and assembly of the titanium 
structures and recoil components: Barrow- 
in-Furness, UK 

Integration and testing: BAE Systems Global 
Combat Systems, Hattiesburg, MS 



127 



;ONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Target Location, Designation, and Hand-off 
System (TLDHS) 



DESCRIPTION 

A joint fires/combined-arms tool, 
the TLDHS is a modular, man-portable, 
equipment suite that provides the capa- 
bility to quickly and accurately acquire 
targets in day, night, and near-all weather 
visibility conditions. It is the first system 
within the Department of Defense ap- 
proved for fielding that allows observers 
to control Close Air Support (CAS) as 
well as artillery and naval fire-support 
missions on a single system using digital 
communications. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

TLDHS enables operators to conduct 
target acquisition and target hand-off to 
fire support agencies using existing and 
planned communications equipment to 
support maneuver units of the Marine 
Air Ground Task Force. Operators are 
able to accurately determine and desig- 
nate a target's location and then digitally 
transmit (hand-off) these target data to 
supporting arms elements. The TLDHS 
employs a laser designator for precision- 
guided munitions and laser spot trackers, 
and it also generates accurate coordinates 
for global positioning system-guided 
weapons, including Excalibur and Joint 
Direct Attack Munitions. The primary 
operators are Forward Air Controllers 
(FAC) and Joint Terminal Attack Con- 
troller (JTAC) for CAS, Forward Observ- 
ers (FO) for field artillery missions, Fire 



Power Control Teams of the Air and Na- 
val Gunfire Liaison Companies, Marine 
Corps Special Operations Command, 
and the supporting training commands. 
TLDHS maintains interoperability with 
several systems, including Advanced Field 
Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS), 
Naval Fire Control System, Joint Tacti- 
cal Common Operational Picture Work- 
station Gateway, Common Laser Range 
Finder, and the AN/PRC-117 Tactical 
Combat Net Radio. TLDHS is developed 
to be interoperable with numerous joint 
services fire command and control sys- 
tems and delivery platforms. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

An evolutionary acquisition ap- 
proach is used for this Acquisition Cat- 
egory III program. TLDHS is currently 
in Block II Full Rate Production. TLDHS 
Block II provides extended CAS func- 
tionality for the FAC/ Joint Terminal 
Attack Controllers via enhanced digital 
interfaces with the F-16, AV-8B and F/A- 
18 aircraft. Block II also adds the ability 
for FOs to conduct indirect fire missions 
via the AFATDS. The program is sched- 
uled to reach Full Operational Capability 
in the fourth quarter FY 2011. The Ap- 
proved Acquisition Objective is 976 with 
496 fielded through FY 2009. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Stauder Technologies, Saint Peters, MO 



128 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



The Family of Target Acquisition Systems (FTAS) 




DESCRIPTION 

FTAS is the Ground Combat Ele- 
ment's (GCE) indirect- fire acquisition 
capability. The FTAS comprises the AN/ 
TPQ-46 Firefinder Ground Weapons 
Locating Radar (GWLR), the AN/TPQ- 
48 Lightweight Counter Mortar Ra- 
dar (LCMR), and the Target Processing 
Set(TPS). 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The AN/TPQ-46 Firefinder provides 
the ability to locate Indirect Fire (IDF) 
weapons to include mortars, artillery, and 
rockets within a 1600 mill search sector 
from ranges of .75 to 24 kilometers and is 
the primary IDF detection system in the 
Marine Corps. 

The AN/TPQ-48 LCMR provides a 
6400 mil mortar detection capability at 
ranges of 1 to 5 kilometers, short-range 
detection coverage, and slewing/cueing 
intelligence to the AN/TPQ-46 via the 



AN/TSQ-267. 

The AN/TSQ-267 TPS is the com- 
mand and control (C2) node of the FTAS 
capability providing radar deployment 
orders, support functions and provides 
target data to the counterfire/counter- 
measure servicing agent. The TPS uses 
the Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data 
System as its primary communication, 
and C2 tool. As a program within Pro- 
gram Manager Radar Systems, the capa- 
bility is being fielded under an Abbrevi- 
ated Acquisition Program (AAP). 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The FTAS Program Office is support- 
ing the warfighter with all three systems. 
The Firefinder and LCMR are deployed. 
The Marine Corps is procuring and field- 
ing an additional 22 Firefinder radar sys- 
tems to support expanded requirements. 
The LCMR is being fielded under an AAP, 
with an Approved Acquisition Objective 
(AAO) of 46 systems. Procurements for 
both the Firefinder and LCMR have been 
funded using Overseas Contingency Op- 
erations (OCO) procurement. AAO for 
TPS is seven sets, two per for each active 
duty artillery regiment and one for the re- 
serve component. Naval Surface Warfare 
Center, Crane, IN, is the system integrator 
as this program provides an S788 shelter 
configured to house the existing suite of 
C2 equipment. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
AN/TPQ-46: The system is a combination of 
a control shelter manufactured by Northrop 
Grumman, an antenna transceiver manufac- 
tured by Thales Raytheon, as well as prime 
mover and communication equipment. 

LCMR: Syracuse Research Corporation 



129 







PART 5: 



AVIATION 



■ 



1&lX+ 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



INTRODUCTION 

Fixed and rotary-wing aircraft organic to the Marine Air Ground Task Force 
(MAGTF) shape the battlespace and fight the battle, often in direct support of individual 
Marines on the ground. This air-ground combined-arms team has proven unequalled 
in answering the Nation's calls across the spectrum of operations, from humanitarian 
assistance to delivering ordnance on target during crisis and conflict. Regardless of the 
multifaceted and dynamic threats faced, the mission remains unchanged: to remain the 
MAGTF's aviation force in readiness. 

Today, the priority is to replace legacy aircraft — some of which have been flying 
since the Vietnam War — with vastly more capable aircraft. The Marine Corps chal- 
lenge is to remain engaged operationally, sustaining the force while executing a transi- 
tion strategy for the future. In that regard, the Marine Aviation Plan is a phased, multi- 
year plan looking out ten years and beyond, incorporating force structure changes to 
balance the active duty and reserve components. The Marine Corps is introducing gen- 
eration-skipping technologies while providing critical manpower increases simultane- 
ously, to all flying squadrons and selected sections of the Marine Aircraft Group and 
Marine Aircraft Wing headquarters. Critical to this effort are our numerous transition 
task forces, leading the way as we transition from 13 types of legacy aircraft to seven 
new platforms. 

The Marine Corps transition strategy can be separated into two mutually support- 
ive efforts: sustain the legacy fleet and transition to new aircraft. Sustaining the legacy 
fleet includes upgrading command and control systems as well as aviation ground sup- 
port systems in four concurrent programs: 

• Aviation Combat Element (ACE) legacy aircraft modernization 

• Theater Battle Management Core System 

• The Joint Interface Control Office Support System 

• Aviation Ground Support System 

The Marine Corps will transition to new aircraft and systems on schedule and 
within established budgets. The overarching transition strategy detailed in the Marine 
Aviation Plan is our roadmap for navigating through this challenge. This living docu- 
ment outlines the Marine Corps' multiyear transition plan to a dramatically changed 
fleet, and provides details for: 

• F-35B Short Take-Off Vertical Landing Joint Strike Fighter (STOVL JSF) program 

• MV-22 Osprey program 

• H-l Upgrade program (UH-1Y / AH-1Z) 

• KC-130J transition and Harvest Hawk system introduction 

• CH-53K program and heavy lift requirements 

• Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) programs and upgrades 

• Operational support aircraft sustainment and upgrades 

131 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Aviation Combat Element (ACE) Legacy Aircraft Modernization 



The Marine Corps has several sig- 
nificant aviation modernization pro- 
grams underway to restore and enhance 
the capabilities of its existing aircraft and 
systems. These modernization efforts are 
vital to the Marine Corps' near- to mid- 
term combat capabilities. 

CH-46E SEA KNIGHT 




The CH-46E Sea Knight performs 
medium-lift combat missions in the ex- 
ecution of the assault support function 
of Marine aviation. The CH-46E is ful- 
filling critical roles in combat operations 
throughout the globe and continues to 
be deployed with Marine Expedition- 
ary Units. Sustainability, performance 
improvements, and payload-recovery 
programs are essential to ensure the 
platform continues to meet Marine Air 
Ground Task Force (MAGTF) and joint 
warfighting requirements through 2019. 
Because the CH-46E continues to play a 
vital role in support of overseas contin- 
gency operations, aircraft survivability 
equipment systems are being upgraded 
to mitigate enemy threats, including the 
missile warning system, countermeasures 



dispensing system and system to defeat 
infrared missiles. Numerous weight re- 
duction initiatives have commenced and 
include lightweight ceramic armor and 
lightweight armored aircrew seats. CH- 
46E readiness and utilization rates are at 
historic highs, and the efforts underway 
will help these aircraft perform the mis- 
sion safely and effectively until their re- 
tirement. 

CH-53E SUPER STALLION 




The CH-53E Super Stallion is a three- 
engine, long-range, heavy-lift helicopter 
that has been key to the assault support 
function of Marine aviation. However, 
the CH-53E cannot support the range 
and payload requirements of Marine 
Corps future warfighting concepts. The 
current fleet of aircraft is being flown at 
higher rates than planned due to global 
commitments. A sustainment strategy has 
therefore been implemented to address 
critical fatigue, obsolescence, and reliabil- 
ity issues. A fully new-build design of the 
Marine Corps heavy-lift platform, focus- 
ing on reliability, maintainability, cost of 
ownership, and performance, is required 
to meet MAGTF and joint warfighting re- 



132 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



quirements during the next 25 years. 

The CH-53K program is the mate- 
rial solution to maintaining a heavy-lift 
capability beyond the year 2025. The CH- 
53K is a critical ship-to-objective enabler 
that will replace the CH-53E, which has 
been fulfilling the heavy lift requirements 
for more than 20 years. The CH-53K will 
provide the Marine Corps with the abil- 
ity to transport 27,000 pounds of cargo 
out to 110 nautical miles, generating 
nearly three times the lift capability of the 
CH-53E under the same environmental 
conditions, while fitting under the same 
shipboard footprint. Major system im- 
provements of the new-build helicopter 
include: larger and more capable engines; 
an expanded gross weight airframe; an 
enhanced drive train; advanced compos- 
ite rotor blades; a modern interoperable 
cockpit; improved external and internal 
cargo handling systems; and increased 
survivability and force-protection mea- 
sures. 

AV-8B HARRIER 




The AV-8B Harrier Open Systems 
Core Avionics Requirement, which up- 
dates obsolete software and computer 
equipment, has been improved to increase 



the weapons and sensors capabilities of 
the aircraft. OSCAR with Operational 
Flight Program H5.0 enables the AV-8B 
to employ the Dual-Mode Laser-Guided 
Bomb (DM-LGB) and provides multiple 
improvements in LITENING advanced 
targeting pod capability. 

The upgrades to the LITENING pod 
continue to improve the AV-8B's lethality 
and survivability. This third- generation 
forward-looking infrared set, dual field- 
of-view television seeker, and infrared 
marker provide improved target recogni- 
tion and identification and precision tar- 
geting capability. Most LITENING pods 
have also been equipped with a C-band 
video downlink, which allows real-time 
video to be sent to ground-based com- 
manders and forward air controllers/joint 
tactical air controllers equipped with the 
Rover III receiver station. This facilitates 
time-sensitive targeting and reduces the 
risk of fratricide and collateral damage. 

In order to maintain a world-class 
training environment, the two-seat TAV- 
8B trainers have been upgraded with the 
OSCAR mission computer, night vision 
goggle-compatible lighting, and the more 
powerful and reliable Rolls Royce Pegasus 
(408) engine. These improvements are in- 
creasing the training capability of the AV- 
8B fleet replacement squadron, as well as 
the abilities of replacement pilots report- 
ing to fleet squadrons. The enhancements 
to the Harrier are critical in providing 
continued support to the MAGTF un- 
til the implementation and Joint Strike 
Fighter transition is complete. 

133 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



F/A-18 HORNET 




The F/A-18A+ Upgrade (Engineering 
Change Proposal 583) consists primarily 
of avionics and hardware upgrades that 
allow the F/A-18A+ Hornet to process 
and use updated versions of F/A-18C 
software and accessories. A large portion 
of this modification enhances common- 
ality between the "A+" and "C" aircraft, 
reducing logistics footprint and pilot 
and maintenance training requirements, 
as well as mitigating obsolescence issues. 
The modified "A+" aircraft is compatible 
with a Lot XVII F/A-18C aircraft, an air- 
craft eight years younger than the "A+" 
Hornets. This upgrade also enables the 
"A+" aircraft to employ all current and 
programmed future weapons. 

Fifty-six aircraft are scheduled to 
receive the upgrade, enabling the up- 
graded "A" model aircraft to remain ac- 
tive through 2020. These additional, ca- 
pable F/A-18 airframes are instrumental 
in supporting the Navy-Marine Corps 
Tactical Aviation Integration (TAI) plan. 

The F/A-18D Advanced Tactical Air- 
borne Reconnaissance System (ATARS) 
provides manned airborne tactical re- 
connaissance capability to the MAGTF. 



ATARS incorporates multiple sensor 
capabilities including electro-optical, 
infrared, and synthetic aperture radar. 
ATARS-equipped aircraft carry all sen- 
sor capabilities simultaneously, enabling 
imagery selectable by the aircrew in 
flight. Another significant capability of 
ATARS is its ability to transmit digitally- 
collected data in near-real time to ground 
receiving stations. This imagery can be 
data-linked to various intelligence sys- 
tems for national exploitation via the 
Tactical Exploitation Group. Twenty- 
two ATARS sensor suites and 31 ATARS- 
modified aircraft were operational in all 
five Marine Corps F/A-18D squadrons in 
January 2009. 

The LITENING advanced targeting 
pod provides the F/A- 1 8 with a significant 
improvement in lethality. LITENING is 
the Marine Corps' third-generation ca- 
pability for its expeditionary aircraft. 
This forward-looking infrared sensor, 
dual field-of-view television seeker, and 
infrared marker provide improved target 
recognition and identification, and preci- 
sion targeting capability. All F/A-18 and 
AV-8B supporting overseas contingency 
operations are deploying with LITEN- 
ING pods with video downlinks. 

Based upon the LITENING pod's 
proven combat value during recent op- 
erations, the Marine Corps has modified 
expeditionary F/A-18 and EA-6B Prowler 
aircraft to carry the LITENING pod. It is 
a proven capability that enables Marine 
aviation to support the MAGTF and joint 
force commanders. 



134 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



v::_:: . \_^:_: 



EA-6B PROWLER 




EA-6B Prowlers are an essential, 
combat-proven element of the MAGTF 
and joint force. The primary mission is 
Electronic Warfare (EW), which includes 
electronic attack (EA), electronic warfare 
support (ES), and electronic protection 
(EP). EA-6B aircraft and systems are in 
the process of a modification and up- 
grade effort to the Improved Capabilities 
III (ICAP III) weapon system for both 
Marine and Navy squadrons. The core 
of the ICAP III is the ALQ-218 digital re- 
ceiver system, the same system the Navy 
adapted for their new EA-18G Growler. 
This is the first significant receiver up- 
grade to the Prowler since its fleet intro- 
duction in 1971 making advanced signal 
targeting possible. These new receivers 
and the additional computing capac- 
ity in ICAP III enables improved aircrew 
situational awareness, more precise and 
effective jamming, increased readiness 
and availability, and a reduction in life 
cycle costs. 

ICAP III attained initial operational 
capability (IOC) for the Navy in FY 2005. 
Since that time, the capability has been 



combat proven by squadrons in carrier air 
wings and ashore. The Marine Corps will 
receive its first ICAP III in March 2010, 
and plans to complete the transition to 
an all ICAP III force in FY 2012. During 
this time the Marine Corps will retain its 
four operational squadrons (VMAQs) 
with a Primary Mission Aircraft Autho- 
rization (PMAA) of twenty Prowlers. Af- 
ter the Navy completes its transition to 
an all EA-18G force in 2015, the Marine 
Prowler community will continue train- 
ing aircrew through 2016, at which time 
the USMC EA-6B "sundown" will begin, 
with one squadron standing down per 
year until finished in 2019. 

There will be no single platform to 
replace the EA-6B. Rather, EW capabil- 
ity for the MAGTF will be provided from 
numerous systems, both airborne and 
ground-based. The vision of MAGTF EW 
is a composite of manned and unmanned 
surface, air, and space-based assets, fully 
networked and collaborating to provide 
the MAGTF commander the ability to 
dominate the EM spectrum at the time 
and place of his choosing. For the next 
decade the EA-6B ICAP III will be the 
cornerstone of MAGTF EW and will be 
joined over time by capabilities fielded 
on UAS, fixed & rotary wing aircraft and 
JSF, as well as in the Radio battalions and 
other units within the Ground Combat 
Element. 



135 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Aviation Ground Support (AGS) 




The Marine Wing Support Group 
(MWSG) provides functional support to 
enable Marine aviation operations in an 
expeditionary environment. These capa- 
bilities are also relevant to the joint force 
commander on the battlefield, where for- 
ward basing and rapid aviation support 
might be required. AGS is scalable and 
sustainable, but must continue to mod- 
ernize to support current and future Avia- 
tion Combat Element (ACE) expedition- 
ary operations. The MWSGs and Marine 
Wing Support Squadrons (MWSS) are 
undergoing several equipment and struc- 
ture refinements and capability enhance- 
ments to plan rapidly and deploy, and to 
provide AGS to the ACE commanders' 
training and wartime requirements. Ad- 
ditionally, the MWSGs and MWSSs will 
integrate improvements in logistics pro- 
cesses and information technologies as 
part of the current logistics moderniza- 
tion (LOGMOD) initiatives. 

Continued operational, training and 
equipment enhancements will keep AGS 
on par with evolving Marine Corps fu- 
ture operational and logistics concepts. 
Future AGS capability must provide mea- 
sured AGS: required amounts of fuel, 
ammunition, logistics and ACE-specific 
services must be ready at a time and place 
of the ACE or site commander's choos- 
■ 136 



ing. The MWSS will maintain its core 
capability to establish and operate one 
Forward Operating Base (FOB, or main 
airfield) and two Forward Arming and 
Refueling Points (FARPs) simultaneously. 
Embedded within the MWSS will be task- 
organized and -equipped capability sets 
(internal to the squadrons and loaded 
aboard Maritime Prepositioning Force 
ships) that can be employed rapidly for 
ACE mission tasking. 

Through capability enhancements, 
the MWSS will reduce its footprint ashore 
and have the ability to set up swiftly, pro- 
vide necessary AGS for short-duration 
operations, and displace and relocate 
within minutes. Using mobility to re- 
duce vulnerability will be central to ACE 
force protection; also, the reintegration of 
military police into the Marine Aircraft 
Wing (MAW) enables self-defense ca- 
pability should the ACE be engaged at 
operational sites. 

AGS COMMAND 
AND CONTROL 

Key to the effective sustainment of 
the ACE and Marine Air Ground Task 
Force (MAGTF) fight will be a greater 
level of integration into the ACE com- 
mand and information architecture. To 
ensure seamless mission planning and 
operations for AGS, the MWSS Avia- 
tion Ground Support Operations Center 
(AGSOC) will be linked to the ACE com- 
mand information network and site com- 
mand network to monitor ACE support 
requirements, to provide increased situ- 
ational awareness to higher and adjacent 
commands, and to act rapidly to support 
ACE operations. 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



LOGISTICS INTEGRATION 

The integration of all logistics assets 
ashore will be a critical enabler to MAGTF 
operations. Interoperability between the 
Logistics Combat Element (LCE) and the 
MWSS must remain seamless. 

EXPEDITIONARY AIRFIELD 
(EAF) / AIRCRAFT RESCUE 
AND FIRE FIGHTING 
MODERNIZATION (ARFF) 

The AGS modernization initiative 
will ensure that the MWSS is capable of 
supporting the ACE during expedition- 
ary maneuver warfare operations. The in- 
tent of the Expeditionary Airfield (EAF) / 
Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) 
modernization initiative is to provide a 
more-rapidly deployable, maneuverable, 
and responsive expeditionary airfield ca- 
pability that supports advanced aviation 
systems and platforms. EAF/ARFF mod- 
ernization programs include: 

• Advanced lightweight matting capable 
of supporting F-35B Lightning II op- 
erations 

• Man-portable, all-weather airfield light- 
ing systems 

• Rapidly-deployable, self-contained air- 
field damage-repair systems 

• Modernized firefighting vehicles and 
systems 

METEOROLOGICAL MOBILE 
FACILITY REPLACEMENT- 
NEXT GENERATION 

The next-generation Meteorological 
Mobile Facility Replacement [METMF(R) 
NEXTGEN] will replace the legacy 
METMF(R) weather van and provide a 
modular and scalable meteorological ca- 



pability throughout the battlespace using 
a HMMWV- mounted facility capable of 
providing real-time environmental sens- 
ing and weather data in support of the 
MAGTF during expeditionary opera- 
tions. The METMF(R) NEXTGEN will 
enable the Marine meteorological center 
(METOC) forecaster to turn relevant en- 
vironmental data into actionable intelli- 
gence, which in turn will facilitate timely 
operational decision-making. 

REGIONAL METEOROLOGICAL 
CENTERS 

The Regional Meteorological Centers 
(RMC) became operational in FY 2008 
and provide consolidated hubs on each 
coast (Cherry Point, NC; and Miramar, 
CA) to distribute meteorological fore- 
cast, weather alerts and tactical weather 
products to Marine Corps air stations 
and facilities in the continental United 
States. The RMC also serves as a training 
center for METOC personnel and en- 
sures that entry-level METOC personnel 
are trained to provide support to the ACE 
during garrison as well as expeditionary 
operations. 

AGS EXPANSION 

The expansion of AGS capability will 
include the establishment of an MWSS 
(-) to support Marine Aircraft Group-24 
(MAG-24) and Marine aviation units op- 
erating in Hawaii and Guam. AGS capa- 
bilities will support emerging MAG-24 
operational and logistics needs. 



137 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



F-35B Lightning II Short Take-Off Vertical Landing (STOVL) 
Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) 





DESCRIPTION 

The F-35B Lightning II STOVL JSF 
is a single-engine, very low observable, 
supersonic strike-fighter aircraft capable 
of short take-offs and vertical landings 
ashore and at sea. The multi-capable JSF 
combat system will combine the basing 
flexibility of the AV-8B with the multi-role 
capabilities, speed, and maneuverability 
of the F/A-18 and the electronic warfare 
dominance of the EA-6B. Co-located with 
Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) 
maneuver elements, the JSF will fulfill 
the Marine Corps' air-to-ground and 
air-to-air requirements in support of the 
commander's intent. The very low radar 
cross-section, superior sensor integration 
and robust net-enabled capabilities far 
exceed even the most advanced legacy air- 
craft in the areas of survivability, lethality, 
and supportability. 

Designed from the outset with all six 
functions of Marine air in mind, the F- 
35B will ensure the MAGTF commander 
can maneuver in time and space at his 
discretion and will be able to deliver ki- 
netic, non-kinetic, and intelligence, sur- 
veillance and reconnaissance (ISR) re- 
sources (scaled appropriately), precisely 
when and where they are needed. 

■ 138 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The STOVL JSF provides a multi- 
mission offensive air support and an of- 
fensive/ defensive anti-air capability. The 
STOVL JSF also provides the MAGTF 
with a platform capable of tactical air 
control and tactical reconnaissance. Ad- 
ditionally, the aircraft will be able to pro- 
vide destruction of enemy air defenses as 
well as Electronic Warfare (EW) — both 
electronic surveillance and electronic at- 
tack. 

The Joint Strike Fighter family of air- 
craft includes the short takeoff, vertical 
landing variant for the U.S. Marine Corps 
and British forces; conventional takeoff 
and landing for the U.S. Air Force; and 
the aircraft carrier- capable variant for the 
U.S. Navy. The JSF will replace the Marine 
Corps' AV-8B, EA-6B and F/A-18A/C/D; 
the Air Force's F-16C and A- 10; and the 
Navy's F/A-18C Commonality among 
the variants helps reduce both develop- 
ment and lifecycle costs, and will result in 
the greatest "bang for the buck" compared 
to developing three separate aircraft. 

The requirements for the JSF are fo- 
cused on readiness, the combined-arms 
concept, expeditionary capability, and 
conducting expeditionary maneuver war- 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



fare. The F-35B will be a MAGTF inte- 
grator, bringing capabilities and options 
to the decision-maker. The F-35 will in- 
corporate advanced mission systems, in- 
cluding the Active Electronically Scanned 
Array (AESA) radar, Electro -Optical Tar- 
geting System (EOTS), and Distributed 
Aperture System (DAS). AESA, EOTS, 
and DAS information will be incorporat- 
ed into a pilot's helmet-mounted display 
system, negating the need for a traditional 
heads-up display in the cockpit. In addi- 
tion to the F-35's inherent EW capability, 
the JSF has been selected as a threshold 
platform for the Next-Generation Jam- 
mer (NGJ) program. The NGJ replaces 
legacy ALQ-99 jamming pods flown on 
both the EA-6B and EA-18G aircraft. The 
additional capabilities NGJ brings can be 
fielded on all 2,400+ U.S. F-35 variants. 
This will move EW focus away from low- 
density / high-demand assets like the ag- 
ing EA-6Bs and instead make EW ubiqui- 
tous throughout the battlespace. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The JSF is a joint program with the 
Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and in- 
ternational partners: Australia, Canada, 
Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, Tur- 
key, and the United Kingdom. These 
countries are "ground-floor" participants 
and partners in the F-35 program, not 
foreign military sales customers. 



The JSF Systems Development and 
Demonstration (SDD) phase is sched- 
uled to last until 2014. The SDD phase 
will include the certification of various 
precision engagement capabilities, as well 
as of cutting-edge sensor fusion that will 
directly support MAGTF and joint force 
commanders. Since completing the criti- 
cal design review, the prime contractor 
has begun assembling long-lead items in 
preparation for starting Low Rate Initial 
Production. 

The first STOVL test article, BF-1, 
successfully completed first flight in June 
2008. BF-1 and BF-2 are now at NAS 
Patuxent River, as our program builds to 
a total of seven aircraft in developmental 
flight test. The Marine Corps' robust de- 
velopmental test schedule will be followed 
by operational test where the design will 
be evaluated for operational suitabil- 
ity and employment with our operating 
forces. Initial Operational Capability is 
scheduled for 2012. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 16 17 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Air Vehicle: Lockheed Martin, Northrop 

Grumman, and British Aerospace 

Engineering 

Propulsion: Pratt & Whitney and General 
Electric 



139 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Transition Plan 




VMFAT-501, the first Marine Corps 
JSF Short Take-off Vertical Landing 
(STOVL) training squadron, will stand 
up on 2 April 2010, as part of the JSF Joint 
Integrated Training Center. VMFAT-501 
will be assigned operational control and 
administrative control to 2d Marine Air- 
craft Wing but with a command train- 
ing relationship and co-location with the 
U.S. Air Force (USAF) 33d Fighter Wing, 
a USAF training wing. Initial students 
are expected to start training in early 
2011. The Operational Test and Evalu- 
ation (OT&E) detachment stands up at 
Edwards AFB in February 2012 and com- 
mences Block 2.0 OT&E in the summer 
of 2012. 

The Marine Corps' F-35B will be ca- 
pable of operating from aircraft carriers, 
"L" -class amphibious assault ships, main 
operating bases, and austere sites ashore. 
The STOVL F-35B will provide the Ma- 
rine Corps with a low observable, state- 
of-the-art, high-performance, multi-role 
offensive aircraft. The JSF Operational 



Requirements Document stipulates the 
F-35B will have a 450-nautical mile com- 
bat radius when employed from a ship 
and be capable of 550-foot short takeoffs 
with a full internal payload (two 1,000 
pound-class weapons and two air-to-air 
missiles) on ship-launched missions. The 
United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and 
Royal Navy and the Italian Navy will also 
employ the STOVL variant aboard their 
air-capable ships. 

The Corps will employ the F-35B to 
support the six functions of Marine Corps 
aviation. This remarkable breadth of em- 
ployment will allow the Marine Corps to 
decrease its tactical aviation inventory 
while increasing aircraft lethality, sur- 
vivability, and supportability compared 
to legacy aircraft. The Marine Corps' re- 
quirement for STOVL is 420 aircraft. 

Once the F-35B enters service, the 
Marine Corps will begin retirement of 
AV-8Bs and F/A-18 Hornets. As currently 
planned, all legacy tactical strike aircraft 
platforms should be retired by 2024. The 
Corps will incorporate an airborne elec- 
tronic attack capability into the baseline 
F-35 to address the eventual retirement of 
EA-6B Prowlers. This electronic warfare 
capability in STOVL will use a system-of 
systems-approach, in which electronic 
warfare capabilities are distributed across 
manned and unmanned aerial systems. 



140 



MV-22 Osprey Program 



3: PROGRAMS 




DESCRIPTION 

The MV-22B Osprey tiltrotor aircraft 
— the only such opertional military air- 
craft in the world — is an advanced-tech- 
nology Vertical/Short Takeoff and Land- 
ing, multi-purpose tactical aircraft that 
will replace the current fleet of Vietnam- 
era CH-46E helicopters. The MV-22B is a 
multi-mission aircraft designed for use by 
all the services. The Marine Corps, Navy, 
and Air Force are committed to fielding 
this unique aircraft. 

The MV-22B joins the Joint High 
Speed Vessel, Expeditionary Fighting Ve- 
hicle and Landing Craft Air Cushion as the 
seabasing connectors necessary to execute 
expeditionary maneuver warfare. Specific 
missions for the MV-22B include expedi- 
tionary assault from land or sea; raid op- 
erations; medium cargo lift; tactical recov- 
ery of aircraft and personnel; fleet logistics 
support; and special warfare. 

The MV-22B's design incorporates 
the sophisticated but mature technologies 
of composite materials, fly-by- wire flight 
controls, digital cockpits, and advanced 
manufacturing processes. The MV-22B's 
prop-rotor system, engine, and trans- 
missions are mounted on each wingtip 



and allow it to operate as a helicopter for 
takeoff and landing. Once airborne, the 
nacelles rotate forward 90 degrees, tran- 
sitioning the MV-22 into a high-speed, 
high-altitude, fuel- efficient, turbo-prop 
aircraft. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The MV-22 will be the cornerstone 
of Marine Corps' assault support capa- 
bility, with the speed, endurance, and 
survivability needed to fight and win on 
tomorrow's battlefield. This combat mul- 
tiplier represents a quantum improve- 
ment in strategic mobility and tactical 
flexibility for expeditionary and Mari- 
time Prepositioning Forces. The Osprey 
has a 350-nautical mile combat radius, 
cruises at 255 knots, and is capable of car- 
rying 24 combat-equipped Marines or a 
10,000 pound external load. With a 2,100 
nm single aerial refueling range, the air- 
craft also has a strategic self-deployment 
capability. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The MV-22 reached IOC in June 
2007 and is currently deployed and in 
direct support of Marine Air Ground 
Task Force operations. Following three 
consecutive deployments to Operation 
IRAQI FREEDOM from October 2007 
until April 2009, the MV-22B began its 
first shipboard deployment in May 2009 
with the 22d Marine Expeditionary Unit 
and were operational in Afghanistan. The 
MV-22 is now on its fifth deployment, 
and in December 2009 entered the the- 
ater of war in Afghanistan. The Marine 
Corps' transition from the CH-46E to the 



141 



JSMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



MV-22B continues at the approximate 
rate of two Ospreys delivered per month 
and two squadrons transitioned per year. 
Production of the MV-22B is based 
on a block production strategy, which is 
designed to provide continual life- cycle 
and capability improvements throughout 
the life of the platform. Block A-series 
aircraft are designed to serve as non- 
deployable, training aircraft only, and 
they include software enhancements, a 
nacelle reconfiguration, and additional 
reliability and maintainability improve- 
ments compared to the original aircraft 
design. As of January 2010, 30 Block A 
aircraft have been delivered and were 
primarily in service at Marine Corps Air 
Station New River. Block B-series air- 
craft are the deployable configuration of 
the MV-22B Osprey. These aircraft pro- 
vide improvements in effectiveness and 
maintainability for operators and main- 
tainers, including improved access to 
the nacelle for inspection purposes and 



substantial reliability and maintenance 
improvements across the entire platform. 
As of January 2010, 54 Block B aircraft 
had been delivered to the fleet. Block C 
series aircraft will incorporate mission 
enhancements and increased operational 
capability. Enhancements will include 
multiple additions: weather radar; a for- 
ward-firing ALE-47 dispenser; improved 
hover coupled features; an improved en- 
vironmental conditioning system; and 
a troop commander situational aware- 
ness station. The first Block C aircraft are 
projected to be delivered to the fleet in 
FY 2012. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Block B: 30 30 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Bell Helicopter Textron, Fort Worth, TX 

The Boeing Company, Philadelphia, PA 



142 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



H-1 Upgrade (UH-1Y Venom/AH-1Z Viper) 




DESCRIPTION 

TheH-l Upgrades Program (UH-1Y/ 
AH-1Z) replaces the current two-bladed 
rotor system on the UH-1N and AH-1W 
aircraft with a new four-bladed, all- com- 
posite rotor system that is coupled with 
a sophisticated, fully integrated, state-of- 
the-art cockpit. The UH-1Y and AH-1Z 
also incorporate a new performance- 
matched transmission, a four-bladed tail 
rotor and drive system, and upgraded 
landing gear. Additionally, structural 
modifications to the AH-1Z provide the 
aircraft with six weapons stations — two 
more than on the AH-1W. The advanced 
cockpit, common to both new aircraft, re- 
duces operator workload, improves situ- 
ational awareness, and provides growth 
potential for future weapons and joint in- 
teroperability. The cockpit integrates on- 
board planning, communications, digital 
fire control, self-contained navigation, 
and night targeting and weapons systems 
in mirror-imaged crew stations. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The UH-1Y ("Venom") and AH-1Z 
("Viper") are approximately 84 percent 
common throughout, which significantly 
benefits Marine Air Ground Task Force 



maintainability and supportability. The 
H-1 Upgrades Program resolves existing 
operational UH-1N power margin and 
AH-1W aircrew workload issues while 
enhancing significantly the tactical capa- 
bility, operational effectiveness and sus- 
tainability of our attack and utility heli- 
copter fleet. 

The Marine Corps' UH-lNs are 
reaching the end of their useful lives. Due 
to airframe and engine fatigue, they rou- 
tinely take off at maximum gross weight, 
with no margin for error. Continued 
implementation of the "Yankee Forward" 
strategy is a top Marine Corps aviation 
priority, and is evidenced by both the 
successful completion of the first UH-1Y 
deployment (with the 13th Marine Expe- 
ditionary Unit in July 2009) and the first 
full squadron deployment of Yankees to 
Afghanistan in the fall of 2009. Due to 
significant operational demands and air- 
craft attrition in the existing attack and 
utility helicopter fleets, the Marine Corps 
adopted a "build new" strategy for the 
UH-1Y. 

Similarly, the Marine Corps has al- 
ready begun investing in Non-Recurring 
Engineering for the production of 58 AH- 
1Z "build new" aircraft. These AH-IZs 
will augment the existing AH-lWs that 
will be remanufactured. This combined 
build new and remanufacture strategy 
will enable the Marine Corps to increase 
the number of AH- Is available to support 
the Marine Corps' growth to 202,000 per- 
sonnel while mitigating the operational 
shortfalls caused by aircraft attrition. 
New squadrons are being established in 
support of the Commandant's 202K de- 
cision: HMLA-467 stood up at Marine 



143 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Corps Air Station (MCAS) Cherry Point 
in October 2008; HMLA-469 stood up 
at MCAS Camp Pendleton in early 2009; 
HMLA-567 will stand up at MCAS Cher- 
ry Point in September 201 1 and will per- 
form duties as the East Coast Transition 
Training Unit for the UH-1Y conversion 
of all East Coast tactical squadrons. Both 
HMLA-467 and HMLA-567 will relocate 
to MCAS New River once hangar facili- 
ties become available in FY 2012-13. 




PROGRAM STATUS 

Twenty-six production aircraft (20 
UH-lYs/six AH-IZs) have been de- 
livered through FY 2009. The UH-1Y 
achieved IOC on 8 August 2008 and re- 
ceived its Full Rate Production decision 
17 September 2008. Extensive integrated 
AH-1Z testing was completed in 2009, 



and the aircraft is well postured for a suc- 
cessful Operational Evaluation in March 
2010; it is on schedule to achieve Initial 
Operational Capability in second quarter 
FY 2011. The H-l Upgrades overall pro- 
curement objective is 123 UH-lYs and 
226AH-lZs. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 28 22 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Bell Helicopter Textron Inc., Fort Worth, TX 

Integrated Cockpit: Northrop Grumman, 
Woodland Hills, CA 

AH-1Z Target Sight System: Lockheed Mar- 
tin, Orlando, FL 



144 



KC-130 Hercules 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 




DESCRIPTION 

The KC-130 is a versatile four-engine 
tactical aerial refueler/assault support 
aircraft. It is the only long-range, fixed- 
wing, assault-support capability organic 
to the Marine Corps. The KC-130J, with 
its increase in speed (+20 percent) and 
range (+35 percent) compared to legacy 
aircraft, also features an improved air-to- 
air refueling system and a state-of-the-art 
flight station. Other improvements in- 
clude a Rolls Royce AE 2100D3 propul- 
sion system, Dowty R391 advanced tech- 
nology six-bladed propeller system, and a 
250-knot cargo ramp and door, provid- 
ing the Marine Air Ground Task Force 
(MAGTF) commander with a state-of- 
the-art, multi-mission, tactical aerial re- 
fueler/assault support transport asset well 
into the 21st Century. All of the active 
forces' legacy KC-130 aircraft have been 
replaced with KC-130Js, and once the re- 
serve squadrons have transitioned to the 
J model the Marine Corps will have one 
type/model/series tactical aerial refueler/ 
assault support aircraft. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The KC-130J provides the following 
capabilities: tactical in-flight refueling for 
fixed-wing, rotary-wing, and tilt-rotor 
aircraft; rapid ground refueling of aircraft 
or tactical vehicles; assault air transport of 
air-landed or aerial-delivered (parachute) 



personnel and equipment; airborne com- 
mand and control augmentation; Path- 
finder; battlefield illumination; tactical 
aero-medical evacuation; tactical recov- 
ery of aircraft; and personnel support. 

In response to an Urgent Universal 
Need Statement, the Marine Corps is in- 
tegrating the "Harvest Hawk" roll-on/roll- 
off ISR/Weapon Mission Kit for in-ser- 
vice KC-130J aircraft. This kit is designed 
to re- configure rapidly any KC-130 J air- 
craft into a platform capable of perform- 
ing persistent targeting. Additionally, the 
mission kit will enable the aircraft to de- 
liver precision fires from Hellfire, Griffin, 
and Viper Strike munitions. This mission 
kit is designed as a complementary capa- 
bility that takes advantage of the aircraft's 
extended endurance and will not detract 
from its ability to perform its primary 
mission of aerial and ground refueling. 

This force multiplier is well suited 
to the mission needs of the forward-de- 
ployed MAGTF. The KC-130J will bring 
increased capability and mission flexibil- 
ity to combat planning and operations. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The Marine Corps KC-130J require- 
ment is 79 aircraft. The KC-130J is pro- 
cured as a commercial-off-the-shelf air- 
craft currently in production. Current 
programming brings the total number of 
KC- 1301 aircraft to 60. Initial Operational 
Capability was achieved in 2005. 

Procurement Profile: FY 2010 FY 2011 
Quantity: 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, 

Marietta, GA 



145 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



CH-53K Heavy Lift Helicopter 




DESCRIPTION 

The CH-53E Super Stallion is a three- 
engine, long-range, heavy-lift helicopter 
that has been key to the assault support 
function of Marine aviation. However, as 
range and payload requirements increase 
in the future, the Marine Corps' future 
warfighting concepts will benefit with 
the introduction of a replacement heavy 
lift platform. A sustainment strategy has 
been implemented to address critical fa- 
tigue, obsolescence, and reliability issues 
until the aircraft can be replaced. A com- 
prehensive re-design of the Marine Corps 
heavy-lift platform, focusing on reliabili- 
ty, maintainability, cost of ownership, and 
performance, is required to meet MAGTF 
and joint warfighting requirements. 

The CH-53K is critical to sea-based 
expeditionary maneuver warfare for the 



Marine Corps of 2025. The CH-53K will 
provide the Marine Corps the ability to 
transport 27,000 pounds of cargo out 
to 110 nautical miles, generating nearly 
three times the lift capability of the CH- 
53E under the same environmental con- 
ditions while fitting under the same ship- 
board footprint. The CH-53K will also 
provide unparalleled lift capability un- 
der high/hot conditions, similar to those 
found in Afghanistan, thereby expand- 
ing greatly the commander's operational 
reach. Major system improvements of 
this completely new-designed helicopter 
include: larger and more capable engines; 
an expanded gross weight airframe; an 
enhanced drive train; advanced compos- 
ite rotor blades; a modern interoperable 
cockpit; improved external and internal 
cargo handling systems; and increased 
survivability and force protection. 



146 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Maintainability and reliability en- 
hancements of the CH-53K will decrease 
recurring operating costs significantly, 
while improving aircraft efficiency and 
operational effectiveness compared to 
the current CH-53E. The CH-53E's fully 
burdened operating costs are estimated 
to exceed $27,000 per flight hour in 2016. 
The CH-53K will improve the ability of 
the MAGTF and joint task force to proj- 
ect and sustain forces ashore from a sea- 
based center of operations in support of 
Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare, Ship- 
To-Objective-Maneuver and Distributed 
Operations. The performance improve- 



ments will enable the vertical insertion 
of two combat loaded up-armored HM- 
MWV, one Light Armored Vehicle, or one 
9,000-pound sustainment load to each of 
three separate landing zones. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

In the past year the CH-53K program 
conducted its Preliminary Design Re- 
view and has begun producing long-lead 
items in preparation for building test 
articles under the System Development 
and Demonstration Contract. Critical 
Design Review is slated for fourth quarter 
FY 2010. 



147 



SMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) 




The Marine Corps has employed UAS 
since 1986. The demand for Intelligence 
Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) 
support continues to grow and clearly 
highlights the increased need for UAS in 
the Marine Corps. To fulfill this need, the 
Marine Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Squad- 
ron (VMU) has begun an organizational 
transformation that will lead to a flexible, 
scalable, detachment-based squadron. 

The Marine Corps' UAS concept 
of employment is divided into three 
groups that coincide with various levels 
of capability as well as to the echelon of 
command they support. Marine Corps 
Combat Development Command has 
completed the Marine Corps UAS Fam- 
ily of Systems Concept of Operations and 
the USMC overarching capabilities study, 
which further defines the requirements 
for the USMC UAS Family of Systems. 

The Marine Corps is currently tran- 
sitioning from the older RQ-14 Dragon 
Eye to the joint RQ-11B Raven-B pro- 
gram, which was also selected by the 
Army and the U.S. Special Operations 
Command. Marine Corps battalions em- 
ploy the small, hand-launched RQ-11B 
Raven at the company level. This system 
has shown great success for small-unit 
front-line commanders in Operation 



Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation 
Enduring Freedom (OEF), providing 
short-range daytime electro-optical and 
nighttime infrared airborne reconnais- 
sance. The Marine Corps is procuring 467 
RQ-11B Raven systems through FY 2010 
(three air vehicles per system) to replace 
the 135 Dragon Eye UAS. 

Regimental and battalion command- 
ers in the Marine Air Ground Task Force 
(MAGTF) will be supported by the Small 
Tactical UAS (STUAS). The systems 
will be provided and operated by VMU 
squadron detachments and will provide 
ISR, communications relay, and target ac- 
quisition capabilities to the MAGTF. The 
Marine Corps is currently filling this ca- 
pability gap in OIF and OEF with an ISR 
services contract provided by the Boeing 
Corporation. Boeing employs the Scan 
Eagle UAS under separate fee-for-service 
agreements for both OIF and OEF. The 
contract will continue to provide this ca- 
pability until succeeded by STUAS. The 
multi-service sponsored STUAS program 
Initial Capabilities Document was ap- 
proved by the Joint Requirement Over- 
sight Council in December 2006, and 
the program is currently undergoing the 
source-selection process with an IOC in 
2011. 

The largest MAGTFs and their divi- 
sion commanders are supported by the 
largest of three groups of USMC UAS. 
The Marine Corps transitioned to the 
RQ-7B Shadow system during the fourth 
quarter FY 2007 and deployed the system 
with VMU-1 to support OIF operations 
in September 2007. In OIF, the RQ-7B 
has provided improved reliability and 
material readiness compared to the older 



148 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



RQ-2B Pioneer that it replaced. Using 
electro-optical and infrared cameras and 
communications relay payloads, ground 
units have visual access to their areas of 
responsibility and routes, and force pro- 
tection enhancers prior to, during and af- 
ter their missions. Programmed upgrades 
for the RQ-7B include increased payload 
capacity as well as a laser designator that 
will permit targeting for laser-guided 
ordnance. 

By FY 2011, the Marine Corps will 
have increased the number of RQ-7B 
Shadow systems in each VMU from one to 
three systems, and reorganized the squad- 
ron's manpower into three detachments. 
This will triple the capability for a VMU 
squadron to support MAGTF operations 
without increasing the unit's total man- 
power. Additionally, the Marine Corps 
stood up a third VMU in September 2008 
at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat 
Center Twentynine Palms, CA. VMU-3 
will eventually be relocated to provide 
an increased capability for airborne ISR 



and target acquisition for 3d Marine Ex- 
peditionary Force in the Pacific. A fourth 
VMU squadron is scheduled to be stood 
up in Marine Forces Reserves in FY 2010 
and will reach Initial Operational Capa- 
bility by FY 2011. VMU-4 will augment 
the active-duty force, provide the Marine 
Corps a reserve capacity for the high- 
demand asset, and serve as a reservoir for 
the retention of specialized UAS skills. 

The Corps will incorporate an Elec- 
tronic Attack (EA) capability into cur- 
rent and future UAS platforms partly to 
address the eventual retirement of EA- 
6B Prowlers. This EA capability in UAS 
will compose a portion of the system-of 
systems-approach by which electronic 
warfare capabilities are distributed across 
manned and unmanned aerial systems. 
The system-of systems -approach allows 
the nation to move away from low-densi- 
ty/high-demand assets (like the EA-6Bs) 
and make electronic warfare ubiquitous 
across the battlespace. 



149 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Operational Support Airlift (OSA) 




OSA aircraft provide air logistics 
support to our warfighters by moving 
high-priority passengers and cargo be- 
tween and within theaters of operation. 
OSA aircraft carry out short-notice, 
time-critical logistical air movements. 
This relieves front-line tactical squadrons 
for higher-order missions and tasks. By 
freeing our tactical aircraft assets from 
routine missions, OSA aircraft are an ef- 
fective combat multiplier for the Marine 
Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF), joint 
force, and regional combatant command- 
ers. In peacetime, OSA aircraft are used 
to provide logistic support to ensure mili- 
tary effectiveness in support of national 
defense, essential training for operational 
personnel, and cost-effective seasoning of 
pilots. 

The Marine Corps presently oper- 
ates four different types of aircraft to fill 
its operational support airlift (OSA) re- 
quirements: the C-9 Skytrain; UC-12B/F 
King Air; C-20G Gulfstream IV; and UC- 



35C/D Citation 560 Ultra and Encore. Ma- 
rine Corps UC-35s are forward-deployed 
in Southwest Asia, providing invaluable 
daily support to the regional combatant 
commander and relief to tactical aircraft 
by moving personnel and cargo through- 
out the theater. 

In the continental United States 
(CONUS), Marine Corps OSA is sched- 
uled by the U.S. Transportation Com- 
mand (USTRANSCOM), through which 
the Joint Operational Support Aircraft 
Center maximizes use of all available 
CONUS OSA assets, regardless of service. 
USTRANSCOM additionally supports 
the MAGTF at combined exercises such 
as Enhanced Mojave Viper. The incor- 
poration of OSA into MAGTF exercises 
relieves participating tactical squadrons 
from much of the exercise-associated ad- 
ministrative logistical airlift requirements. 
This in turn enables tactical squadrons to 
focus time and resources on combat-re- 
lated flight training. 

Acquisition of relatively low-cost, 
commercial off-the-shelf aircraft with 
minimal militarization is a cost-effective 
way to provide MAGTF commanders 
swift, on-demand operational support. 
OSA aircraft ensure the availability of 
short-notice, time-critical logistical air 
support, with aircraft flown by Marine 
aviators and fully integrated into Marine 
Corps operations. 



150 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Marine Aviation Logistics Transformation 




Marine aviation is reshaping the 
Corps' aviation logistics elements to 
enable more responsive, flexible, and 
reliable combat support for future 
conflicts, while they continue to meet to- 
day's readiness needs. Previously, current 
readiness, End to End (E2E) AIRSpeed, 
and Marine Aviation Logistics Support 
Package II (MALSP II) were viewed as 
separate and discrete pillars to improving 
Marine aviation readiness. During the 
next three years, the Corps will mature 
these transformational strategies aggres- 
sively so they become mutually reinforc- 
ing and provide direct alignment with the 
Marine Corps Vision and Strategy 2025. 

Current Readiness (CR). Marine 
aviation commanders and leaders, in 
concert with the Naval Aviation Enter- 
prise, will plan, execute, and manage the 
CR process, maximize readiness of equip- 
ment and people, optimize material re- 
source allocations and expenditure, and 
minimize logistics downtime and delays. 
Leaders will drive CR operations to align 
Marine aviation with enabling organiza- 
tions. This alignment will achieve readi- 



ness levels, effectively and predictably, to 
produce core competent aviation squad- 
rons and detachments for warfighting 
missions. 

Marine Aviation Logistics Support 
Program II (MALSP II). MALSP-II in- 
creases Marine aviation's ability to de- 
ploy, employ, sustain, and redeploy rap- 
idly to and from in austere regions, as 
well as to handle potential anti-access and 
denied-area scenarios. The Naval Avia- 
tion Enterprise's continuous process im- 
provement strategy (AIRSpeed) is the key 
enabler to modernizing the time-tested 
Marine Aviation Logistics Support Pro- 
gram (MALSP). By applying AIRSpeed, 
MALSP II becomes the comprehensive 
aviation logistics program that expands 
the future ACE's operational freedom of 
maneuver with a reliable and effective lo- 
gistics system that is lighter, more adap- 
tive, and proactive. In addition, MALSP 
II provides an improved solution set for 
addressing uncertainty, variability, and 
bottlenecks in the E2E wartime logistics 
chain. 

Marine Aviation Logistics Squad- 
ron Future [MALS(F)]. The introduction 
of new logistics processes and technology 
will change the organization of the MALS 
of the future. Under MALS(F), avia- 
tion logistics is exploring how the future 
MALS will be organized in an AIRSpeed- 
MALSP II environment. The analysis will 
identify notional skill sets, distribution 
capabilities and maintenance capabilities 
for the future MALS. 



151 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Ground-Based Air Defense Transformation (GBAD-T) 



DESCRIPTION 

Ground-Based Air Defense Transfor- 
mation (GBAD-T) is the Marine Corps' 
air defense capability, using the High 
Mobility Mutipurpose Wheeled Vechi- 
cle-based Advanced Man-Portable Air 
Defense System (A-MANPADS) and the 
Stinger missile to defeat fixed and rotary 
wing threats. This system is the Marine 
Corps' only organic air defense system. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Using A-MANPADS and the Stinger 
missile, the Low-Altitude Air Defense 
Battalions (LAAD Bns) provide the Ma- 
rine Air Ground Task Force low-altitude 
air defense against enemy air threats. 
LAAD Bn units deploy with Marine Expe- 
ditionary Units as part of the Marine Air 
Control Group detachment to the com- 
mand element or composite squadron. As 
a future capability, the A-MANPADS In- 
crement I program enhances the systems 
Command, Control, Communications, 
and Computer suite. The hardware and 
software upgrade provides an enhanced 
fire control and air/ground situational 
awareness capability to the LAAD Bns. 
Increment I uses Joint Range Extension 
Application Protocol, a joint certified 
data link, ensuring compatibility with 
legacy and future Command and Control 
architectures. Increment I radios are ca- 
pable of satellite communications. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

In May 2009, the Marine Require- 
ments Oversight Council approved the 
GBAD Initial Capabilities Document 
(ICD) that validates existing capability 
gaps against unmanned aerial systems 
and cruise missiles. The GBAD Analysis 
of Alternatives, completed in Septem- 
ber 2009, was conducted in an effort to 
identify candidate material solutions for 
the Stinger replacement that fills the gaps 
identified in the GBAD ICD. Require- 
ments for Increment I communications 
enhancements were outlined in a State- 
ment of Need during second quarter FY 
2007. A-MANPADS Increment I is sched- 
uled for a Milestone C Decision in the 
third quarter FY 2010 and Initial Operat- 
ing Capability is scheduled for first quar- 
ter FY 201 1. Increment I Full Operational 
Capability is scheduled for FY 2012. 



Procurement Profile: 


FY 2010 


FY 


Section Leader 






Vehicle 


12 


10 


Fire Units 


42 


20 



152 



HAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Ground/Air Task-Oriented Radar (G/ATOR) 




■ ■ 



DESCRIPTION 

The G/ATOR will be a three-dimen- 
sional, expeditionary, short- to medium- 
range radar able to detect low observable, 
low radar cross section targets such as 
cruise missiles, aircraft, rockets, artillery, 
and mortars. G/ATOR is being developed 
and fielded in four increments and will 
be employed by the Marine Air Ground 
Task Force (MAGTF) across the range of 
military operations. The four increments 
will cover both aviation and ground mis- 
sions and will replace five legacy systems. 
Increment I will provide an air surveil- 
lance 3D gap-filler radar and provide ra- 
dar cueing data to future Ground-Based 
Air-Defense (GBAD) equipment in sup- 
port of MAGTF, joint, and multi-national 
forces. Increment II will provide counter 
battery/target acquisition for the ground 
combat element. Increment III is software 
upgrades which will provide enhanced 
combat identification, increased surviv- 
ability and other system capabilities. In- 
crement IV will provide an expeditionary 
airport surveillance radar capability to 
the MAGTF. 

G/ATOR will share surveillance data 
with Common Aviation Command and 
Control System and will provide radar 
measurement data to the Navy Coopera- 



tive Engagement Capability through the 
Composite Tracking Network. Its expe- 
ditionary design ensures it is deployable 
via helicopter, KC-130 or ground vehicles 
during the first stages of operations; thus, 
it can augment sea-based air-defense sen- 
sors and command and control capabili- 
ties. G/ATOR will provide naval and joint 
forces with an expeditionary radar and 
cruise missile detection capability that 
extends landward battle space coverage. 
When fully fielded, the diverse capabili- 
ties of G/ATOR and the many war fighting 
functions it supports will make it highly 
valued to the MAGTF commander. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

This multi-role, lightweight radar 
represents the next generation of critical 
air and ground warfighting capabilities 
for Marine Corps and joint force com- 
manders — a scalable, expeditionary and 
netted sensor/sensor to shooter capable 
component of the joint force on the bat- 
tlefields of the 21st Century. G/ATOR will 
provide increased mobility, improved sit- 
uational awareness and reduce command 
decision latency; acting as the landward 
extension of Sea Shield, enabling Sea 
Strike and cooperative engagement. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

G/ATOR was designated a Special In- 
terest Program by the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology and 
Logistics (AT&L) in February 2009. The 
Department of the Navy will continue 
to be the lead acquisition agency for G/ 
ATOR. The Approved Acquisition Objec- 
tive is 8 1 units. 

153 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



AN/TPS-59(V)3 Radar System 




DESCRIPTION 

The AN/TPS-59(V)3 Radar System 
is the Marine Corps' only long-range, 
3D, air surveillance, theater ballistic mis- 
sile (TBM)-capable radar. The AN/TPS- 
59(V)3 is a transportable, solid-state L- 
band radar that serves as the Marine Air 
Ground Task Force's (MAGTF's) princi- 
pal air surveillance radar and is integrat- 
ed into the AN/TYQ-23(V)4 Tactical Air 
Operations Module. The radar may also 
be configured for operation with the AN/ 
MSQ-124 Air Defense Communication 
Platform to provide TBM track data to 
the Joint Tactical Information Distribu- 
tion System via the Tactical Digital In- 
formation Link- Joint Service (TADIL-J) 
Link- 16 network. The radar has become a 
key component in the employment of the 
Navy's Cooperative Engagement Capabil- 
ity and is the Marine Corps' lead sensor in 
the development of the Composite Track- 
ing Network. The radar has been deployed 
in overseas contingency operations. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The AN/TPS-59( V)3 Radar System is 
optimized to detect and track TBMs and 
air-breathing aircraft targets that consti- 
tute serious threats to MAGTF operations. 
The radar is employed by the Marine Air 
Command and Control squadron during 
sustained operations ashore and as part 
of the joint theater air and missile de- 
fense architecture. The radar supports the 
MAGTF commander in anti-air warfare 
operations and en-route traffic control to 
a distance of 300 nautical miles and TBM 
surveillance to 400 nm. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The AN/TPS-59( V)3 Radar System is 
in the sustainment phase of its lifecycle. 
An incremental sustainment strategy of 
engineering change proposals and techni- 
cal refresh efforts will address diminishing 
manufacturing sources, material shortag- 
es, and obsolescence issues to sustain the 
radar beyond the 2020 time frame. 



154 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



P19A Aircraft Crash Fire Rescue Vehicle Replacement 




DESCRIPTION 

The P-19A Replacement is an air- 
craft crash fire rescue vehicle capable of 
addressing the shortcomings of the cur- 
rent P-19A, which was fielded in the early 
1980s. The P-19A Replacement will be 
equipped with advanced fire-suppression 
compounds and extinguishing agents, 
handheld extinguishers, and specialized 
rescue equipment used by firefighters to 
extinguish aircraft and structure fires, 
provide protection for rescue person- 
nel, cool explosive ordnance, extricate 
injured aircrew members, and dispatch 
emergency-response capabilities to crash 
sites. The P-19A Replacement provides 
the functional capability to minimize the 
consequences of an aircraft crash. 



and fire fighting capabilities to the Marine 
Air Ground Task Force Air Combat Ele- 
ment. The vehicle will provide the same 
capability in garrison at the supporting 
establishments. The legacy P-19 fleet is 
exhibiting considerable readiness issues 
stemming from reliability and electrical 
failures due to the age of the vehicles. The 
current P-19A is a maintenance challenge 
to station and wing mechanics, resulting 
in 50 to 75 percent readiness levels. In ad- 
dition, because of the unavailability of P- 
19 As, some units are not able to conduct 
the necessary training required to keep 
firefighting personnel proficient. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

A Draft P-19A Replacement Capa- 
bilities Development Document was 
released for review in August 2009. The 
P-19A Replacement will enter the acqui- 
sition cycle at Milestone B, scheduled for 
late FY 2010. P-19 Replacement Initial 
Operational Capability is planned for FY 
2016 and Full Operational Capability for 
FY 2018. 

Procurement Profile: TBD 
Quantity: 160 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The P-19A Replacement will be de- 
livered to the objective area via strategic 
airlift (C-17 and C-5) or surface transport 
modes. Upon arrival at the forward oper- 
ating base, the vehicle will provide rescue 



Developer/Manufacturer: TBD 



155 




I ■ 







PART 6: 



LOGISTICS 



■ 



//<f23:-? 




CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



INTRODUCTION 

Logistics support to the Marine warfighter takes on many forms, involves numer- 
ous activities, and spans the Marine Corps. Innovative efforts are underway at all levels 
to improve logistics support to Marines, whether in peace or war. The Marine Corps 
Logistics Modernization Strategy will revolutionize how Marines are sustained in 
garrison and on the battlefield through cutting-edge technologies, process improve- 
ments, reorganization actions and the realignment of logistics functions. It will in- 
volve the combined efforts of every active duty, reserve, and civilian Marine logistician 
serving today. 



157 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Logistics Modernization (Log Mod) 




Logistics Modernization is the trans- 
formation of logistics functions to be 
more capable, effective and responsive to 
Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) 
operations. Log Mod is addressing exist- 
ing logistics shortfalls, incorporating les- 
sons from Operation Iraqi Freedom and 
preparing for Expeditionary Maneuver 
Warfare. Log Mod represents the most 
comprehensive effort ever implemented 
by the Marine Corps to improve tactical 
and operational logistics. Log Mod is a 
three-pronged improvement and inte- 
gration initiative that focuses on Marine 
Corps people, processes and technol- 
ogy to produce a far more effective and 
efficient Logistics Chain Management 
process by: 

• Using the Logistics Operational Ar- 
chitecture to support improvements 
to Marine Logistics Group (MLG) 
organizations, enhance command and 



control, and integrate our distribution, 
maintenance and supply capabilities 

• Modernizing and integrating Informa- 
tion Technology through the acquisi- 
tion and fielding of the Global Combat 
Support System-Marine Corps 

• Modernizing human capabilities with 
new occupational specialties, more 
uniform, deployable organizational 
components and logistics education 
with effective change management and 
communications 

Log Mod initially comprised the fol- 
lowing initiatives: 

• Logistics Operational Architecture 

• Command and Control for Logistics 

• MAGTF Distribution 

• Realignment of Maintenance 

• Realignment of Supply 

• Marine Logistics Group Reorganization 

Through lessons learned from Op- 
eration Iraqi Freedom and Operation En- 
during Freedom, maturation within the 
Marine Corps combat development pro- 
cess, growth of the Marine Corps, estab- 
lishment of logistics advocacy, and results 
of a series of war game efforts, Logistics 
Modernization has evolved in scope to 
best provide future logistics capabilities 
to best support the MAGTF across the 
range of military operations. 



158 



Sense and Respond Logistics 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 






fpy MAG7TC2 

*? 




The increasing agility, force projec- 
tion, and speed of command required on 
the distributed battlefields of today and 
tomorrow require an adaptable, flexible, 
and self- synchronizing logistics support 
network to maintain operational ad- 
vantage. Marine Air Ground Task Force 
(MAGTF) Sense and Respond Logistics is 
both a strategy and ultimately a techni- 
cal approach by which the Marine Corps 
will develop and field these current and 
future capabilities in support of Marine 
Corps Vision and Strategy 2025, Marine 
Corps Operating Concepts for a Changing 
Security Environment, the Marine Corps 
Service Campaign Plan, the Marine Corps 
Logistics Roadmap, and ongoing USMC 
Logistics Modernization. As an overarch- 
ing enterprise/portfolio strategy, MAGTF 
Sense and Respond Logistics will leverage 
existing service, joint, and Department 
of Defense (DoD) programs and guide 
key investments in future logistics capa- 
bilities to seamlessly integrate with and 
share information across the Command 
and Control, Maneuver, and Intelligence 
domains. 

The foundation to achieve this 
MAGTF Sense and Respond Logistics 



capability will be the integration and 
synchronization of four capability ap- 
proach areas: Logistics Management In- 
formation; Decision Support; Logistics 
Chain Management; and Command and 
Control for Logistics. Key capabilities will 
include Global Combat Support System- 
Marine Corps, Autonomic Logistics- 
Marine Corps, Automated Information 
Technologies, and decision-support ca- 
pabilities such as intelligent course of ac- 
tion support, risk and opportunity cost 
assessment, and dynamic planning and 
re-planning. 

One primary example of how 
MAGTF Sense and Respond Logistics 
will expand the tactical flexibility and 
operational reach of commanders is the 
Autonomic Logistics-Marine Corps. Au- 
tonomic Logistics will provide enhanced 
platform and weapon system diagnostics 
and prognostics, to include collecting 
mission-critical data (position, location, 
identification, fuel and ammunition lev- 
els, equipment health, and mobile loads) 
that will provide commanders with real- 
time combat endurance assessments for 
their units. Autonomic Logistics supports 
DoD implementation of Condition Based 
Maintenance Plus, as well as improved 
Total Life Cycle Management and afford- 
ability. 

The Marine Corps is also partnered 
with the Navy and the Office of Naval 
Research through Naval Logistics Inte- 
gration to develop Sense and Respond 
capabilities that integrate Naval Expedi- 
tionary Combat Command shore units 
within the MAGTF. 

159 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Naval Logistics Integration 



On a day-to-day basis, the naval 
services maintain a persistent presence 
in forward areas. Across the globe, Na- 
val Logistics Integration (NLI) enables 
the support of globally dispersed mari- 
time forces through integrated coherent, 
rapid, and agile logistics capability, with 
a focus on sustainment and end-to-end 
naval logistics support for the warfighter 
— afloat and ashore. NLI directly sup- 
ports Marine Corps Vision and Strategy 
2025, Marine Corps Operating Concepts 
for a Changing Security Environment, the 
Marine Corps Service Campaign Plan, the 
Marine Corps Logistics Roadmap, and on- 
going USMC Logistics Modernization, 
as well as the tenets of Sea Power 21, the 
Naval Operational Concept, Joint Vision 
2020, the Navy's Concept for Joint Logis- 
tics, and the Tri-Service Maritime Strat- 
egy. These strategic documents provide 
the framework by which the Navy and 
Marine Corps will operate and support 
joint warfighting capabilities. 

The end-state objective of NLI is an 
integrated logistics capability that oper- 
ates seamlessly whether afloat or ashore 
across the range of military operations to 
support and sustain operating MAGTF 
units in a joint warfighting environment. 
NLI is challenging the status quo in sci- 
ence and technology, policy and doctrine, 
business practices and processes, and 
training and education. 

NLI has enabled dramatic improve- 
ments in sustaining deployed Navy and 
Marine Corps operating forces by pursu- 
ing a number of initiatives. The Navy's 



Cargo Routing Information File (CRIF) 
more accurately tracks ship movements 
which has reduced customer wait time by 
more than 50 percent for critically need- 
ed materiel shipments, with deployed 
Marine Expeditionary Units routinely re- 
porting receipt of urgently needed items 
within ten days while afloat. The Navy's 
Advanced Traceability and Control 
(ATAC) system, fielded to Marine units, 
has expedited the shipment of more than 
128,000 repairable components with bet- 
ter than 99 percent proof of delivery for 
more than 25 million pounds of cargo 
with a value of $83 million since fielded 
in FY 2005. Moreover, the cost to ship has 
reduced from $4.28 to $1.95 per pound 
during this period. 

The NLI effort is also exploring new 
initiatives for the integration and optimi- 
zation of critical Navy and Marine Corps 
logistics capabilities ashore. Initiatives 
include a Total Life Cycle Management 
(TLCM) approach to the common acqui- 
sition of ground personal protective and 
chemical-biological protective equip- 
ment; common depot-level maintenance 
capacity management; common tactical 
level equipment maintenance; and com- 
mon material requisitioning capabilities. 

NLI is a formal and collaborative ef- 
fort between HQMC and OPNAV with 
extensive, ongoing participation of the 
MARFORs and Numbered Fleets. The 
NLI homepage is hosted on the Navy 
Knowledge Online (www.nko.navy.mil) 
portal under the expeditionary logistics 
community link. 



160 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Distribution 



MAGTF Distribution strives to seam- 
lessly execute inbound and outbound 
movements for all classes of supply while 
maintaining Total Asset Visibility (TAV) 
and In-Transit Visibility (ITV) through- 
out the distribution pipeline. These ca- 
pabilities are needed in the operating 
forces to mitigate unsynchronized and 
sub-optimized distribution support to 
the warfighter, both in garrison and while 
deployed. The shift in defense planning 
in countering asymmetric threats drives 
the need for a rapid, flexible, and precise 
distribution system. The future Marine 
Corps operational concepts to meet the 
new threats require a distributipn sys- 
tem that can support Marines dispersed 
while afloat and ashore and operating 
within compressed decision timelines. 
The MAGTF Distribution initiative is ad- 
dressing this challenge. This concept de- 
scribes a logistics process that enables a 
MAGTF to maintain a high operational 
tempo through effective management, 
coordination, and use of end-to-end dis- 
tribution capabilities. MAGTF Distribu- 
tion is a shared responsibility across all 
elements of the MAGTF. Key objectives 
of the MAGTF Distribution initiative 
are to: 

• To enable visibility across the distribu- 
tion chain 

• To establish roles and responsibilities 
for managing MAGTF distribution ca- 
pabilities 

• To achieve centralized control of the 
MAGTF distribution chain 

• To initiate and integrate people, pro- 
cesses, and technologies via new doc- 



trine, organizations, training, and ma- 
terial solutions 

MAGTF Distribution is accom- 
plished through the synchronization of 
all elements of the distribution system to 
include visibility, capacity, and control in 
order to successfully deploy and sustain a 
MAGTF engaged in crisis-response and 
combat operations. This synchronization 
integrates distribution processes for ma- 
teriel, services, and people into a single 
integrated process across the strategic, 
operational, and tactical levels of war. 
MAGTF Distribution involves several key 
enablers: 

• Automatic Identification Technology 
(AIT), a suite of technologies, enables 
and facilitates the identification and 
rapid transmission of machine-read- 
able data to Automated Information 
Systems (AIS) to enhance the readi- 
ness of deploying forces with improved 
knowledge of equipment. Radio Fre- 
quency Identification (RFID), a form 
of AIT, uses low-powered radio trans- 
mitters to read data stored in an RFID 
tag at distances of one inch to 100 feet 
to track assets, manage inventory, and 
authorize payments. 

• Last Tactical Mile (LTM) ITV is a 
lightweight, innovative solution that 
augments existing in-transit visibility 
systems with barcodes and RFID tags 
combined with mobile satellite comput- 
ing to enable near-real-time in-transit 
visibility and confirmation of delivery 
for sustainment items from a Combat 
Logistics Regiment (CLR) to the sup- 
ported unit. 



161 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Automated Manifest System - (AMS) 
Tactical (AMS-TAC) uses AIT (optical 
memory cards (OMC), 2D barcodes, 
RF tags, and handheld terminals) to im- 
prove ITV/TAV through management 
reports, database searches, records edit- 



ing, file conversion to provide near real- 
time cargo movement data; AMS-TAC 
is being modified to transmit ITV data 
to GTN via Cargo Movement Opera- 
tions System (CMOS) and to provide 
receipt data to CMOS. 



162 



Feeding Marines 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 




Changing Expectations for Gar- 
rison Mess Hall Operations. Mealtime 
while in garrison should provide Marines 
a break from their daily routine to relax 
and renew. To this end, new menus have 
been developed and the eating environ- 
ment and operating hours have been 
tailored to fit high-tempo lifestyles. New 
menu offerings provide food items that 
mess hall patrons desire while balancing 
health and nutrition. Options include Fu- 
sion (food made to order upon request); 
Market Street Grill (similar in concept to 
Boston Market™) providing an upscale 
fast food menu including gourmet ham- 
burgers, pizza and focaccia bread sand- 
wiches; and an extensive soup, salad bar, 
and dessert bar. Alternative menu initia- 
tives implemented in past years include 
the SubMarine program (made-to-order 
sandwiches); Simply- to-go (take-out 
meals); and Xtreme Burrito Program. 
Another welcome change is the extended 
hours of operation offered at select mess 
halls, providing patrons flexibility be- 
yond traditional meal hours. These initia- 
tives are designed to provide the very best 
service possible and are in keeping with 



questions and ideas that have surfaced 
from myriad customer surveys — ensur- 
ing that the Individual Marine remains 
the focus of attention. 

Transitioning Expectations For 
Field Feeding Operations. On par with 
actions taken to support garrison mess 
hall operations, field feeding has taken 
on the challenge to support the needs of 
Marine warfighters by investing in new 
technologies and equipment capable of 
preparing the highest quality meals in the 
most austere environments. One of the 
ways that this is being achieved is with 
the fielding of the Enhanced Tray Ration 
Heating System, which will increase a 
unit's capability to prepare a wider vari- 
ety of rations and provide the means to 
serve up to a company-sized unit (twice 
daily) in forward remote areas. This ca- 
pability is packed, stored and transported 
in a Small Field Refrigeration System, 
allowing the unit to double as a field re- 
frigerator and the system's embarkation 
container. Another field feeding system 
that is currently in research and design is 
the Expeditionary Field Kitchen (EFK). 
The trailer-mounted EFK is intended to 
support the entire family of combat ra- 
tions on a highly mobile and expedition- 
ary equipment platform. When fielded, 
the EFK can support up to 500 personnel 
with two hot meals per day. The system 
allows food service personnel the ability 
to rapidly setup or tear down the kitchen 
in support of high-tempo operations and 
is sure to be the forward feeding solution 
of the future. 



163 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Family of Material Handling Equipment (MHE) 




DESCRIPTION 

The Marine Corps Family of MHE 
encompasses a wide variety of materi- 
al-handling assets, ranging from light 
forklifts to heavy cranes and contain- 
er handlers. Specific systems include: 
Rough-Terrain Container Handler; Ex- 
tended Boom Forklift; Light-Capability, 
Rough-Terrain Forklift; High-speed, 
High-mobility Crane; Air Mobile Crane; 
Mobile Welding Shop; and, Multi-Pur- 
pose, Rubber- Tired Articulated Tractor. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Procurement of these systems will en- 
sure that Logistics Combat Element enti- 
ties have the ability to support the scheme 
of maneuver and logistical requirements 
of their supported Marine Air Ground 
Task Force. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The Family of MHE program main- 
tains the Marine Corps' material-han- 
dling and transportation-support capa- 
bility. As such, various items are replaced 
as determined appropriate by the life cy- 
cle manager, Program Manager Engineer 
Systems. Specific items may be managed 
as acquisition or abbreviated-acquisition 
programs, and there are several acquisi- 
tion programs in progress at any point 
in time. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 2011 
Quantity: Various Various 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Extended boom forklift: JLG Industries, Inc., 

McConnellsburg, PA 

Light-capability, rough -terrain forklift: Terex 

American Crane, Wilmington, NC 

Multi-purpose, rubber-tired, articulated- 
steering tractor: John Deere, Davenport, IA 

All Terrain Crane: TEREX DEMAG CRANES 
Stafford VA/Germany 
Rough Terrain Container Handler: Kalmar 
LLC, San Antonio, TX 
Tactical Welding Shop: Power Manufactur- 
ing, Covington, TN 



164 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Marine Corps Families of Power and Environmental 
Control Equipment 



entities have the ability to support all 
requirements of the Marine Air Ground 
Task Force with deployable and energy- 
efficient equipment. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Within the families of power equip- 
ment and environmental control equip- 
ment, various items are replaced as de- 
termined appropriate by the life cycle 
manager, Program Manager Expedition- 
ary Power Systems. All items are managed 
as acquisition or abbreviated-acquisition 
programs, with multiple acquisition pro- 
grams in progress at any point in time. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: Various Various 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Environmental Control Units - NordicAir Inc, 

Geneva, OH 

Current Tactical Generators - 

DRS, Bridgeport CT and L-3, Tulsa, OK 

Future Tactical Generators - ONAN 

Cummins, Minneapolis, MN 

Battery Chargers - Bren-tronics Inc, 

Commack, NY 

Battery Managers & Analyzers - PulseTech 

Corp., Waco, TX 

Refrigerated Containers - SeaBox Inc, East 

Rutherford, NJ 

Solar Power System - IRIS Technology, 

Irvine, CA 

Power Distribution - LEX Product, 

Stamford, CT 

Floodlights / Generators - Magnum 

Products, Berlin, Wl 

Integrated Trailer, ECU& Generator - General 

Dynamics, Tucson, AZ 

On-Board Vehicle Power System - Oshkosh 

Truck Co., Oshkosh, Wl 



DESCRIPTION 

The Marine Corps Family of Power 
Equipment encompasses a portfolio pro- 
gram to continuously procure, update, 
and replenish more than 30,000 items 
of power equipment, including skid- 
mounted and trailer-mounted diesel gen- 
erators, floodlights, power distribution 
sets, electrician toolkits, power supplies, 
radio power adaptors, battery chargers, 
renewable energy systems, and on-board 
vehicle power systems. The Marine Corps 
Family of Environmental Control Equip- 
ment continuously procures, updates, 
and replenishes more than 8,000 items 
that include tactically hardened Environ- 
mental Control Units, refrigerated con- 
tainers, and refrigeration tool kits. Both 
families of equipment are used to support 
all command, ground combat, aviation, 
and logistics elements throughout the 
Marine Corps that require tactical power 
and environmental control in support of 
air control, communication/information 
systems, life support systems, and general 
power/heating-ventilation-air condition- 
ing requirements. Paramount in each 
family is fielding Environmental Protec- 
tion Agency- compliant equipment to 
meet stringent air quality and zero-ozone 
depleting standards, while maintaining 
military compatibility, energy efficiency, 
transportability, durability, and simplic- 
ity of operation. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Procurement of these systems will 
ensure that the Command Element, Avia- 
tion Combat Element, Ground Combat 
Element, and Logistics Combat Element 



165 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Lightweight Water Purification System (LWPS) 




DESCRIPTION 

The LWPS is a lightweight, modular, 
highly transportable, self-contained wa- 
ter purification system. The LWPS will re- 
place the legacy fresh-water filtration sys- 
tem with an advanced pre-filtration and 
reverse-osmosis system. Using state-of- 
the-art technology, the LWPS will provide 
the capability to purify water from brack- 
ish and seawater and Nuclear/Biological/ 
Chemical contaminated water sources. 
The LWPS is capable of producing 125 
gallons per hour (GPH) from fresh wa- 
ter sources and 75 GPH from a natural 
surface seawater or groundwater source. 
This production rate allows two LWPS to 
produce up to 2,500 gallons of water per 
day — the complete potable water needs 
of one Marine infantry company. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The LWPS provides the capability to 
produce purified water from almost any 
water source, significantly reducing the 
logistics requirements associated with the 
transport of bulk potable water on a dis- 
tributed battlefield. An entire system can 
be transported by a single High Mobility 
Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle or heli- 
copter in order to provide flexibility in 
executing expeditionary operations. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

A Firm Fixed Price contract was 
awarded in FY 2008 to Terra Group Cor- 
poration. Production Qualification Test- 
ing was conducted during fourth quarter 
FY 2009 at Aberdeen Test Center, Ab- 
erdeen, MD; Naval Facilities Engineer- 
ing Service Center, Port Hueneme, CA; 
and Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, 
NC. Field User Evaluation was conducted 
during the first quarter FY 2010 at Camp 
Lejeune. Fielding of the LWPS is expected 
to start in FY 2010. 

A total of 146 LWPS will be procured 
through FY 2012. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Terra Group Corporation 



166 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Conventional Ground Ammunition (Class V(W)) 



DESCRIPTION 

Class V(W) Conventional Ground 
Ammunition consists of more than 300 
individual ammunition and explosives 
items in the Marine Corps ammunition 
stockpile. These items support all major 
weapons systems employed by the Ma- 
rine Corps, including artillery, tank, small 
arms (such as 9mm, 5.56mm, 7.62mm, 
and .50-caliber), rockets, missiles, me- 
dium caliber (25mm and 40mm), mine- 
clearance systems, 120mm rifled mortars 
for the Expeditionary Fire Support Sys- 
tem, 30mm in support of the Expedi- 
tionary Fighting Vehicle, and the family 
of 60mm and 81mm mortar ammuni- 
tion. Conventional ground ammunition 
also includes individually employed and 
hand-emplaced material, such as gre- 
nades, demolition equipment, pyrotech- 
nics, and signaling devices. Also included 
are training and mission-unique items, 
such as non-lethal munitions, Special Ef- 
fects Ammunition Markings System, and 
Military Working Dog Scent Kits. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Ammunition procurement supports 
a wide spectrum of Marine Corps re- 
quirements that are categorized within 
two major elements. The first is the War 
Reserve Munitions Requirement, which 
includes combat, current operations/ 
forward presence, and strategic readiness 
requirements. The second is the Training/ 
Testing Requirement, which includes live- 
fire training and weapons-systems testing. 
The combination of these two categories 
constitutes the Marine Corps' Total Mu- 
nitions Requirement (TMR). With the 
continuing global missions facing the 
U.S., it is imperative that the Marine 
Corps maintains a healthy procurement 



profile to address the growing demands 
of the Marine forces for both war- reserve 
and live-fire training. Past efforts within 
the ammunition procurement appro- 
priation have helped the Marine Corps 
to maintain readiness levels while meet- 
ing current demands for ammunition 
and explosives required for current op- 
erations. During the past two fiscal years, 
ammunition investment has allowed for 
sufficient flexibility in supporting several 
munitions based urgent need statements 
generated by the operating forces. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The Marine Corps ammunition pro- 
cesses and the current funding profile will 
continue to ensure sufficient ammunition 
is available for future combat or peace- 
keeping operations involving active-duty 
and Reserve Marine forces. Further, Ma- 
rine Corps investments will allow ammu- 
nition production to keep pace with the 
phased growth of the Marine Corps. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Small Arms Family: Alliant Tech Systems, 
Independence, MO; and General Dynamics 
Ordnance Systems, Marion, IL 
Mortar Family: American Ordnance, Milan, 
TN; Medico, Wilkes-Barre, PA; L3 Com- 
munications, Lancaster, PA; HITECH, East 
Camden, AR; Wilkinson Manufacturing, Port 
Calhoun, NE; and Armtec Defense Products, 
Coachella, CA. 

Tank Ammunition: Alliant Tech Systems, 
Plymouth, MN; American Ordnance, 
Middleton, IA 

Artillery Ammunition: Chamberlain Manufac- 
turing, Scranton, PA; and American 
Ordnance, Middleton, IA 
Rockets: NAMMO/Talley Defense Systems, 
Mesa, AZ; and SAAB Bofors Dynamics, 
Karlskoga, Sweden 

167 ■ 



USMC C 


CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Communication Electronics Equipment Maintenance 
Complex (CEEMC) Rigid-Wall Shelter 




DESCRIPTION 

The CEEMC will enhance the con- 
duct of critical Marine Corps electronics 
equipment maintenance and repair mis- 
sions. It will replace the Electronics Main- 
tenance Complex (EMC) legacy shelters 
that were fielded in the early 1980s and 
have exceeded their life expectancies. The 
CEEMC Shelter provides standardized 
expandable rigid-wall shelters that are 
easily relocated, compatible with current 
Marine Corps transportation modes, re- 
quire minimum maintenance, and will 
protect equipment and personnel while 
conducting maintenance functions need- 
ed to support deployed operations. The 
CEEMC expandable rigid-wall shelter 
meets the International Standardization 
Organization (ISO) certifications, opti- 
mizes work space, and is compatible with 
standard Marine Corps power-generation 
units, environmental-control units, and 
transportation assets. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The Marine Corps has critical field 
electronics maintenance capability re- 
quirements in support of current op- 
erations and global mission needs. The 
CEEMC will significantly enhance the 



warfighters' readiness by optimizing 
the capacity to perform Operator Crew 
through Field Level repair of satellite ra- 
dio systems, ground radio systems, tele- 
phone systems, fiber optic communica- 
tion systems, cryptographic equipment, 
computer systems, Light Armored Vehicle 
(LAV) weapons systems, and small arms. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

CEEMC will move into its Phase II, 
Milestone C (Production and Limited 
Fielding), during fourth quarter FY 2009. 
This approval authorized the procure- 
ment and build out of four additional 
shelters to be fielded and used by the 
operating forces for a period of approxi- 
mately six months in order to identify 
any engineering changes prior to going 
into full production. The first of these 
four shelters was issued to 1st Marine 
Expeditionary Force (MEF) during first 
quarter FY 2010, and the remaining three 
shelters will be issued to I and II MEFs 
during first and second quarter FY 2010. 
The CEEMC Shelter also underwent ISO 
testing and recertification during first 
quarter FY 2010. Other current efforts 
include the completion of requisite ac- 
quisition documentation; logistical and 
lifecycle management planning; and, fur- 
ther coordination with all stakeholders in 
preparation for Phase III, Full Fielding in 
third quarter FY 2010. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 16 12 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Guichner Shelter Systems, Dallastown, PA 



168 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Family of Tactical Soft Shelters (FTSS) 




DESCRIPTION 

The Marine Corps FTSS are shelters 
for tactical use that maximize modular- 
ity, ease of use, operational effectiveness, 
durability, and the ability to connect with 
vehicles and like shelters. It includes the 
Expeditionary Shelter System, General 
Purpose Medium Shelter, Lightweight 
Maintenance Enclosure, Combat Tent, 
10-Man Arctic Tent, and the Extreme 
Cold Weather Tent. 



Dental and Messing). The FTSS is not de- 
signed to counter a specific threat. Rather, 
it is intended to improve the effectiveness 
with which a variety of battlefield func- 
tions are accomplished. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The FTSS is currently in Post Mile- 
stone C and is being fielded to the operat- 
ing forces. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 1 FY 201 2 
Quantity: 11,200 10,212 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Utilis USA, Fort Walton Beach, FL 

Outdoor Ventures Corporation, Stearns, KY 

Diamond Brand, Arden, NC 

Johnson Outdoors, Binghamton, NY 

Base-X Inc., Fairfield, VA 

Camel Manufacturing Company, Pioneer, TN 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The FTSS will provide protection 
from the natural environment to the op- 
erating forces for use in varied mission 
roles (e.g., Command and Control, Ad- 
ministration, Billeting, Supply, Medical, 



169 



M»Lf-*:V .' I i i 



•m ■ m %,l 





PART 7: 



MARITIME SUPPORT 



m 



>*> 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



INTRODUCTION 

Marines have always been "soldiers of the sea." When the Continental Congress 
decided on November 10, 1775 to raise two battalions of Marines, it specified "...that 
particular care be taken, that no such person... enlisted into said battalions, but such 
as are good seaman, or so acquainted with maritime affairs as to be able to serve to 
advantage by sea when required." Colonel Commandant John Harris wrote in 1863, 
"We are of the Navy; are governed by Naval Regulations on shore and afloat..." 
During Operation Desert Storm, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General 
Colin Powell, remarked, "Lying offshore, ready to act, the presence of ships and 
Marines sometimes means much more than just having air power or ship's fire, when 
it comes to deterring a crisis. And the ships and Marines may not have to do anything 
but lie offshore." 

The close relationship between the Navy and the Marine Corps, tempered by oper- 
ations and combat in every corner of the world since the War of Independence, remains 
strong today. Whether on board ship or on the ground, the individual Marine remains 
at heart a "soldier of the sea." / 

The forward-deployed Navy-Marine Corps Team provides the Combatant Com- 
manders with scalable options for presence, security force assistance, crisis response, 
and combat power. Marines deployed on naval shipping combine forward presence 
with flexible and scalable response forces. Together, as America's force in readiness, 
we represent the United States on the high seas, in the littorals and ashore, and will 
continue to play a pivotal role in protecting vital interests. Under the 2007 tri-service 
maritime strategy, A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower, we will work 
closely with the Navy and Coast Guard. Individual Marines, Sailors, and Coast 
Guardsmen represent a military partnership that is second to none. 



171 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 201 



Amphibious Warships 




M^$& 



Amphibious warfare ships are the 
centerpieces of the Navy/Marine Corps' 
forcible-entry and seabasing capability 
and have played essential roles in global 
operations. These ships are equipped with 
aviation-assault and surface-assault capa- 
bilities, which, coupled with their inher- 
ent survivability and self-defense systems, 
support a broad range of mission require- 
ments. They provide the most formidable 
expeditionary forcible-entry capability in 
the world, the development and mainte- 
nance of which is the responsibility of the 
Marine Corps under U.S. Code Title X. 

The Marine Corps operational re- 
quirement is for two Marine Expedition- 
ary Brigade Assault Echelons (MEB AE) 
of forcible-entry capability reinforced 
by an additional MEB from the Mari- 
time Prepositioning Force (Future). The 
two-MEB AE forcible-entry capability 
requires 34 amphibious warfare ships ( 1 7 
ships per MEB). When forward-presence 
requirements are considered with the 2.0 
MEB lift requirement, AE requirements 
total 38 ships. Of these 38 ships, 1 1 must 
be aviation-capable large-deck ships 
(LHA/LHD/LHA(R)) to accommodate 



the MEB's Aviation Combat Element. 

Ten large-deck ships (eight Wasp- 
class LHDs and two Tarawa-Class LHAs) 
are in service in the spring of 2010. The 
eighth Wasp-class multi-purpose am- 
phibious assault ship, the USS Makin 
Island (LHD 8), was delivered in 2009. 
LHD 8 is similar to LHD 1 through LHD 
7 but is powered by gas turbine engines 
and has all-electric auxiliaries. 




AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT SHIP 
REPLACEMENT (LHA(R)) 

The amphibious fleet is organized for 
persistent forward presence and includes 
nine Amphibious Ready Groups — each 
comprising three amphibious ships. The 
centerpiece of the ARG is a Wasp (LHD 1 )- 
class or Tarawa (LHA l)-class amphibious 
assault ship. The Tarawa-class amphibi- 
ous assault ships reach the ends of their 
expected service lives between 2015 and 
2018. The first of three LHA Replacement 
(LHA(R)) ships, the USS America (LHA 
6), began construction in 2008. LHA 6 
design modifications optimize aviation 
support for MV-22 Osprey and F-35 Joint 
Strike Fighter operations. Removal of the 



172 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



well deck provides for an extended han- 
gar deck with two wider high-bay areas, 
each fitted with an overhead crane for air- 
craft maintenance. Other enhancements 
include a reconfigurable command and 
control complex, a hospital facility, and 
extensive support activities. 




SAN ANTONIOCIASS (LPD 
17) AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT 
DOCK SHIP 

The LPD 17 San Antonio class am- 
phibious warfare ship represents the De- 
partment of the Navy's (DoN) commit- 
ment to a modern expeditionary fleet and 
will assist the Marine Corps's naval forces 
across the spectrum of warfare. The first 
five ships of the class — the USS San An- 
tonio (LPD 17), USS New Orleans (LPD 
18), USS Mesa Verde (LPD-19), USS 
Green Bay (LPD-20), and USS New York 



(LPD-21) — have been commissioned as 
of early 2010. The San Antonio class LPDs 
will replace the remaining ships of the 
LPD 4 Austin class. 

The class' unique design facilitates 
expands force coverage and decreases re- 
action times of forward-deployed Marine 
Expeditionary Units. In forcible -entry 
operations, the LPD- 17 helps maintain a 
robust surface assault and rapid off-load 
capability for the Marine Air Ground 
Task Force well into the future. The San 
Antonio class warships incorporate ad- 
vanced characteristics for amphibious 
ships. Each ship has 699 enhanced berths 
for embarked Marines, plus a surge ca- 
pacity of another 101 berths. Each also 
has a vehicle -stowage capacity of 24,600 
square feet, cargo-stowage capacity of 
more than 33,000 cubic feet, and a well- 
deck sized for two Landing Craft Air 
Cushions (LCAC) or one Landing Craft 
Utility. Flight decks can support opera- 
tions by two CH-53E/K Super Stallions, 
two MV-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft, or 
four CH-46E Sea Knight helicopters. The 
ships in this class are outfitted with two 
Rolling Airframe Missile launchers for 
self-defense and incorporate design fea- 
tures that present a significantly reduced 
radar cross-section, compared to previ- 
ous amphibious ships. 



173 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV) 




.^i~ 



The Joint High-Speed Vessel (JHSV) 
will provide the critical intra-theater, 
surface-connector capability that will en- 
able the Joint Force Commander to proj- 
ect forces and sustainment at high speeds 
over operational distances. The JHSV will 
be capable of self- deploying to the the- 
ater of operations and, once in theater, 



provide the high-speed means to move 
forces and supplies within that theater. 
Specifically, the JHSV will provide the ca- 
pability to deliver equipment, personnel 
and supplies over the intra-theater ranges 
to shallow, austere, and degraded ports. It 
will provide support to seabasing and will 
bridge the gap between low-speed sealift 
and high-speed airlift. 

The JHSV reached Milestone B in 
November 2008, which authorized system 
design development and detailed design. 
Low rate initial production was also ap- 
proved. The JHSV lead ship is scheduled 
to deliver in FY 2012 with additional ships 
to follow in the subsequent years. The 
contract includes options for nine addi- 
tional vessels to be awarded between FY 
2009 and FY 2013. In the interim, high- 
speed vessels will continue to be leased in 
the Pacific Command area of responsibil- 
ity to satisfy compelling requirements. 



174 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC) / 
Ship to Shore Connector (SSC) 




The LCAC is a high-speed, fully am- 
phibious craft with a design payload of 60 
tons at speeds in excess of 40 knots and 
a nominal range of 200 nautical miles. 
The LCAC's ability to ride on a cushion 
of air allows it to operate directly from 
the well decks of amphibious warships 
and to access more than 70 percent of the 
world's beaches, compared to 17 percent 
for conventional landing craft. A service 
life extension program (SLEP) began in 
late 2000 for the 72 active LCACs, which 
provides major refurbishment that will 
extend craft life to 30 years and increased 
payload capacity from 60 to 75 tons in an 



overload condition. The goal is to carry 
out five LCAC SLEPs per year. During 
SLEP, LCACs receive a system upgrade 
that includes new command, control, 
communication, and navigation equip- 
ment; buoyancy box and rotating ma- 
chinery refurbishment; enhanced engines; 
and upgrades of the current skirt system 
with an improved deep skirt, thereby in- 
creasing the performance envelope. 

The Ship-to-Shore Connector (SSC) 
is the planned replacement for the in-ser- 
vice LCACs and the LCAC (SLEP) as these 
craft reach the ends of their service lives. 
In December 2007, the Navy Resources, 
Requirements Review board selected the 
73 Short Ton Air Cushion Vehicle concept 
in the approved Initial Capabilities Devel- 
opment Document as the SSC platform. 
The program has achieved Milestone A 
and a set-based design has been com- 
pleted. A Request for Proposal for Detail, 
Design, and Construction is planned for 
release in FY 2010, with contract award 
expected in FY 2011, and delivery of the 
test and training craft in FY 2016. 



175 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Future of Marine Corps Prepositioning 



The Marine Corps' current preposi- 
tioning programs provide the equipment 
and supplies for elements of three Marine 
Expeditionary Brigades (MEBs) afloat 
and elements of a fourth MEB in Marine 
Corps Prepositioning Program-Norway 
(MCPP-N). The current program, how- 
ever, must continue to evolve to meet 
the challenges of a strategic environment 
with greater anti-access challenges. Ma- 
rine Corps prepositioning, both ashore 
and afloat, is programmed for significant 
change through 2025. The most marked 
changes will occur in the afloat program, 
where the capability to conduct sustained 
sea-based operations with limited host 
nation infrastructure in the Joint Operat- 
ing Area (JOA) will provide a greatly ex- 
panded set of options for the Combatant 
Commanders. A detailed integration plan 
has been developed to ensure the new ca- 
pabilities are seamlessly incorporated into 
the existing program. The plan described 
below depicts how the new platforms will 
be integrated and provides a snap shot of 
the capability of the program at different 
timeframes. 

By 2010, each Maritime Preposi- 
tioned Squadron (MPSRON) will have 
gained increased organic ship-to-shore 
movement capability with the complete 
fielding of the Integrated Navy Lighter- 
age System (INLS). The INLS provides 
operability in higher sea states and great- 
er throughput capacity than the legacy 
lighterage it replaces. Through 2011, the 
Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) 
squadrons will be recapitalized with 
Military Sealift Command (MSC) either 



purchasing or terminating the leases on 
the current leased ships. The recapitaliza- 
tion plan also includes the purchase of 
a general-purpose container ship and a 
tanker ship. The final major enhancement 
that will occur in this time period is the 
integration of one Large Medium-Speed 
Roll-On Roll-Off (LMSR) ship into each 
MPSRON. The LMSRs will provide more 
stowage space to accommodate the larger 
and more numerous equipment of the 
programmed MEB. The addition of the 
three LMSRs will provide a net increase 
of more than 400,000 square feet, or 18 
percent, by 2011. The first LMSR, USNS 
Sister, was integrated into MPSRON- 1 in 
2008. USNS Dahl joined MPSRON-3 in 
January 2010, and USNS Seay will join 
MPSRON-2 in January 2011. 

While the current prepositioning 
program provides significant capabil- 
ity to the Combatant Commanders, it 
is limited in some areas, especially the 
ability to conduct sea-based operations. 
The closure of forces requires a secure 
airfield and a secure port or beach land- 
ing site in the JOA — a significant con- 
straint on some operations. Current MPF 
platforms can embark limited personnel 
pier side, at anchor, or via a single-spot 
flight deck capable of supporting rotary 
wing operations, including the CH-53E. 
However, the platforms lack the billet- 
ing and support services to facilitate a 
sea-based force. Equipment and supplies 
are currently administratively stowed to 
maximize all available space. This "dense 
packing" of the ships precludes the con- 
duct of assembly operations aboard MPF 



176 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



ships. Current platforms can support the 
limited employment of forces from a sea 
base; however, this requires significant 
planning prior to backloading the ships 
during the preceding MPF Maintenance 
Cycle. Since there are no maintenance 
facilities aboard current MPF vessels, all 
reconstitution must be done ashore be- 
fore back loading any of the equipment 
or supplies. 

Between 2012 and 2016, new MPF 
ships will be integrated to the MPSRONs. 
Each new platform will incrementally 
transform the existing MPSRONs and 
provide an immediate operational ben- 
efit to the Combatant Commanders. A 
Mobile Landing Platform (MLP) with 
associated Ship-to-Shore Connectors will 
provide the squadrons their first organic 



over-the-horizon surface connector ca- 
pability. The Dry Cargo/Ammunition 
(T-AKE) ship will enable the selective 
access of supplies allowing the building 
of tailored sustainment packages for the 
forces operating ashore. During this tran- 
sition period, training and exercises will 
focus on the development of new tac- 
tics, techniques, and procedures as well 
as doctrinal and organizational changes 
to fully realize the enhanced ability and 
operational utility of afloat preposition- 
ing. The LMSR will interface with the 
vehicle transfer system on the MLP per- 
mitting at-sea transfer of equipment and 
personnel through NATO sea state three. 



177 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS) Initiatives 




Firepower, including responsive, lethal 
and persistent fires from U.S. Navy surface 
ships, is essential in expeditionary op- 
erations. A robust, around-the-clock, all- 
weather, sea-based surface fire support ca- 
pability is vital to the success of naval forces 
engaged in littoral combat operations. 
The current Naval Surface Fires Support 
(NSFS) capability does not meet required 
range, volume, and accuracy for support- 
ing expeditionary operations throughout 
an extended battlespace. The Navy contin- 
ues to pursue development and testing of 
an extended-range and guided-fire support 
capability to support the Marine Corps 
Vision and Strategy 2025 and the com- 
bined-service strategic vision articulated 
in A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century 
Seapower. 



In December 2005, The Joint Require- 
ments Oversight Council validated the 
Joint Fires in Support of Expeditionary 
Operations in the Littorals Initial Capabili- 
ties Document (ICD). The ICD identified 
NSFS as a potential solution to mitigate 
gaps in weapons and engagement capabil- 
ity in the littoral environment. The gaps 
include the ability to engage targets in close 
support of maneuver forces or when col- 
lateral damage is a concern, the ability to 
provide volume effects over an area target 
or for sustained periods of time, and the 
ability to engage moving point and area 
target under restricted weather conditions. 
An Analysis of Alternatives ( AoA) is being 
conducted to determine what weapons sys- 
tems and platforms will meet the ICD re- 
quirements. This AoA will be the basis for 
a combined Marine Corps/Navy strategy 
to map out those programs and initiatives 
necessary to address the recognized gaps in 
fire support capability and capacity. 

Beginning in 2014, the Navy will field 
a fully integrated, transformational fire 
support system: the DDG 1000 Zumwalt 
class multi-mission destroyer. Equipped 
with two 155mm Advanced Gun Systems 
(AGS), each with a 300-round magazine, 
the DDG 1000 will add considerable fire- 
power and flexibility to an Expedition- 
ary Strike Group or Expeditionary Strike 
Force. The AGS, firing the Long-Range 
Land- Attack Projectile, will increase the le- 
thal effects of the Marine Air Ground Task 
Force (MAGTF) NSFS fires to greater than 
63 nautical miles. The DDG 1000 will also 
be the first naval ship designed to integrate 
counter-fire detection with the dual-band 
radar (DBR). The DBR will be networked 



178 



HAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



to the ground and naval sensors network 
and can digitally communicate the infor- 
mation to the Supporting Arms Coordina- 
tion Center or Fire Support Coordination 
Center for engagement. 

Future technologies will further de- 
velop transformational NSFS. New sci- 
ence and technology efforts are underway, 
which include the Electromagnetic Rail 
Gun. Future battlefield commanders may 
harness the destructive power of mach 7+ 
propelled projectiles launched by electro- 
magnetic energy generated on board the 
Navy's future family of all-electric ships. 
The Marine Corps will continue to moni- 
tor developing technologies with an eye 



toward how they might be integrated to 
support future operating concepts. 

NSFS will offer a complementary ca- 
pability to tactical aviation and ground fire 
systems, completing the joint triad of fires. 
Emerging capabilities will reshape the way 
fires are planned and used by the MAGTE 
With continued commitment, the Marine 
Corps and the rest of the Joint community 
can rely upon NSFS as readily available, 
all-weather fire support systems capable 
of engaging targets across the full range of 
military operations in the littorals. 



179 



IWITI 



msrnswmmrm 



Mine Countermeasures (MCM) 



A family of Navy and Marine Corps 
MCM systems is being developed and 
fielded to allow joint/combined sea-based 
forces to conduct expeditionary opera- 
tions at a time and place of our choosing, 
to include terrain defended by anti-access 
systems such as mines and obstacles. Tac- 
tics, techniques, procedures, and material 
solutions are being developed to support 
seamless naval expeditionary operations 
throughout the littoral and beyond. 

FROM THE STERN GATE 
THROUGH THE BEACH 

Sea-based forces first require an ef- 
fective mine countermeasures capability 
to open and maintain sea lines of com- 
munication and to operate within the lit- 
toral battle space. The ability to operate 
in areas defended by enemy mines and 
obstacles requires a family of capabilities, 
which includes detection, location, neu- 
tralization, marking, and data dissemina- 
tion. This family of capabilities will allow 
commanders to detect and avoid mines 
and obstacles when possible, and breach 
when necessary. 

In conducting Operational Maneu- 
ver from the Sea (OMFTS) and Ship-To- 
Objective-Maneuver, the Marine Corps 
relies upon the Navy to maneuver its ex- 
peditionary forces to the beach, allowing 
the deployment and prosecution of op- 
erations ashore. Forces, equipment, and 
supplies will have to cross the beach re- 
gardless of future vertical-lift capabilities. 
In specific areas of national strategic in- 
terest, the assault force faces challenges in 
detection and avoidance of littoral waters 



and landing beaches fouled by mines and 
obstacles. In these areas of present and fu- 
ture interest, suitable landing beaches are 
limited — and our potential adversaries 
are aware of them. 

The Navy's triad of deep-water MCM 
capabilities resides in surface mine coun- 
termeasure ships, airborne mine coun- 
termeasure helicopter squadrons, and 
underwater mine countermeasure teams 
consisting of explosive ordnance disposal 
(EOD) detachments, equipped with ma- 
rine mammal systems and unmanned 
vehicles. The MCM triad stands ready 
to conduct large-area or long-endurance 
MCM operations from deep water to the 
40-foot depth contour. 

The Navy is engaged in an effort to 
augment the triad with MCM systems 
embarked on ships of Carrier and Ex- 
peditionary Strike Groups, as well as 
equipping the Littoral Combat Ships 
with MCM mission modules. These are 
designed to provide a self-contained, "or- 
ganic" capability to detect, avoid, and/or 
neutralize mines within an operationally 
acceptable timeline and with acceptable 
levels of operational risk. This next gen- 
eration of systems includes the Remote 
Mine-Hunting System and the MH-60s 
Mine warfare helicopter with advanced 
sonar and sweep gear among others. 

The physics of ship-draft require- 
ments, sensor and system operating lim- 
its, diver physiology, mine characteristics, 
and an extremely dynamic environment, 
combined with the requirement for co- 
vert operations and many other factors, 
limit effectiveness of deep water systems 



180 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



in very shallow water ( VSW - 10 to 40 feet 
deep), the surf zone (SZ - 10 feet to the 
beach), and Beach Zone (BZ) operations. 

In response, the Navy has developed 
a specialized family of capabilities to con- 
tend with mines and obstacles in these 
technologically challenging environ- 
ments. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mo- 
bile Unit 1 (EOD MU 1 ), formerly known 
as the Naval Special Clearance Team 1 
(NSCT-1), which consists of a 180-man 
unit composed of Navy EOD, Marine 
Reconnaissance Divers, and support 
personnel — fulfills an important part of 
the requirement. EOD MU-1 employs 
unmanned underwater vehicles, marine 
mammals, and divers to conduct low- 
visibility mine exploration, reconnais- 
sance, and clearance operations in waters 
from 40- to 10- feet deep and Beach Zone 
(BZ) operations. Data collection devices 
such as the Coastal Battlefield Reconnais- 
sance and Analysis (COBRA) System will 
provide the Navy and Marine Corps with 
essential visual reconnaissance informa- 
tion on mine lines and SZ/BZ defenses. 
The Navy's science and technology effort 
is also investigating the effectiveness of 
precision-delivered Joint Direct Attack 
Munitions (JDAM) against certain SZ/ 
BZ mines and obstacles. The JDAM As- 
sault Breaching System (JABS) capability 
provides a limited SZ/BZ MCM, obstacle 
breaching capability. 

In the long-term, the science and 
technology endeavor is pursuing "smart" 
bomb- and gun-delivered munitions 
designed to destroy concentrations of 
SZ/BZ mines. This includes the Navy's 



Counter Mine System (CMS) which uses 
a spray of small darts to neutralize mines 
in the beach and surf zones. This prom- 
ising technological approach offers the 
potential for standoff operations and the 
removal of men and mammals from the 
minefield — two key MCM goals. 

THROUGH THE BEACH 
AND BEYOND 

Once ashore, naval expedition- 
ary forces must be capable of detecting, 
breaching, clearing, proofing, marking 
mines and obstacles, and the dissemina- 
tion mine and obstacle data across the 
Naval Forces from the critical Navy-Ma- 
rine Corps handoff in the vicinity of the 
beach exit to the force objectives and be- 
yond. Marine Corps commanders must 
be able to detect and avoid landmines 
and Improvised Explosive Devices and 
obstacles when possible, and breach them 
when necessary. The Marine Corps' cur- 
rent inventory of MCM systems includes 
the AN/PSS- 14 Mine Detector (which uti- 
lizes ground penetrating radar to locate 
mines), explosive breaching systems- the 
Assault Amphibian Vehicle with Mkl54 
Triple-Shot Line Charge, Mkl55 Mine 
Clearing Line Charge (MICLIC), and 
Anti-Personnel Obstacle Breaching Sys- 
tem (APOBS) — and mechanical breach- 
ing/clearing/proofing systems (Ml tank 
with track- width mine plow and armored 
D-7 dozer). In aggregate, these systems 
provide a limited and aging deliberate 
breaching capability. They do not meet 
the detection, speed, and responsiveness 
requirements of the modern battlefield. 



181 



mmmznmmmm 



The Assault Breacher Vehicle (ABV) 
has been fielded to meet its Initial Opera- 
tional Capability scheduled for fiscal year 
2009. ABV is a single-platform mine- 
field breaching/clearing/proofing/mark- 
ing system that possesses the speed and 
mobility of modern mechanized forces. 
Combining two Mkl55 Line Charges, a 
Full-Width Mine Plow, and a breached 
lane marking system on an Ml tank chas- 
sis, the ABV will offer deliberate and "in- 
stride" breaching capabilities — allowing 
commanders to maintain initiative and 
momentum. 

MCM doctrine, training, and equip- 
ment are continuously evolving to cover 



capability gaps, replace obsolete equip- 
ment, and meet the challenges posed 
by newer threats, such as the greatly in- 
creased use of Improvised Explosive De- 
vices (IEDs), off- route mines, and anti- 
helicopter mines. 

Current Marine Corps MCM sys- 
tems face challenges in providing force 
commanders with the desired "in-stride" 
capability to achieve and maintain initia- 
tive and momentum in a full spectrum 
anti-access environment. The Marine 
Corps has a MAGTF MCM master plan, 
designed to fill remaining capability gaps 
and provide a road map for the future. 



182 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



183 







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TRAINING AND EDUCATION 



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CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



INTRODUCTION 

The training and education of Marines is the cornerstone of ensuring that the 
Marine Corps remains the world's premier warfighting organization. The training as- 
sociated with preparing Marines for the full spectrum of conflict is demanding and en- 
sures that they are ready for the challenges of an uncertain world. Through a deliberate 
building-block approach to training and education conducted at world-class facilities, 
the Marine Corps continues to provide the individual Marine and Marine organiza- 
tions, from fire teams to Marine Expeditionary Brigades, with the requisite skills to 
meet their assigned mission essential tasks. This training is enhanced with the integra- 
tion of modeling, simulation, and training systems. 

As the Marine Corps reduces force levels in Iraq and at the same time continues 
combat operations in Afghanistan, we are simultaneously reconstituting the force to 
ensure our ability to meet both current and future requirements. Looking toward the 
uncertain future, we will continue to maintain our irregular warfare skills developed in 
support of Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom, while also revitalizing 
core skills required to maintain a truly multi-capable force able to prosecute actions 
across the Range of Military Operations. 

Future conflicts will likely consist of a hybrid of conventional war, irregular chal- 
lenges, terrorism and criminal activities, involving states, proxy forces, and armed 
groups. Preparing the Marine Corps for hybrid challenges in complex environments 
requires proficiency across six core competencies as outlined in the Marine Corps 
Vision and Strategy 2025. 

To meet these challenges, the Marine Corps Training and Education Command 
will provide a training environment that is responsive and relevant, preparing indi- 
vidual Marines and Marine Corps units via targeted, progressive training and continu- 
ous assessment. 



185 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Individual and MAGTF Training 



Our individual training begins at 
our recruit depots where young men 
and women are transformed into United 
States Marines through a thorough in- 
doctrination to our history, customs and 
traditions, thereby imbuing them with 
the mental, moral and physical founda- 
tion necessary for successful service to 
Corps and Country. Our training devel- 
ops physically fit, tactically and technical- 
ly proficient warriors of high moral char- 
acter with a bias for action, possessing 
the courage to make ethically sound deci- 
sions, and capable of properly preparing 
and leading Marines to successfully ac- 
complish their unit's mission in combat. 
As Marines progress through the ranks, 
they develop skills within and beyond 
their military occupational specialty that 
will allow them to perform challenging 
missions across a wide range of military 
operations. As we look towards an un- 
certain future, a primary individual train- 
ing focus area for the Marine Corps is the 
improvement of our small unit leaders' 
intuitive ability to assess, decide, and act 
while operating in a more decentralized 
manner. 

MAGTF TRAINING 

Amphibious Core Training. The 

Marine Corps is developing and refining 
key training programs to reinvigorate our 
amphibious capability. The Training and 
Education Command (TECOM) is pre- 
paring individual Marines through train- 
ing and education at the Marine Corps 
Expeditionary Warfare School, the Ma- 
rine Corps Command and Staff College, 
and various courses at the Expeditionary 
Warfare Training Groups Atlantic and Pa- 



cific, such as the Type Commander Am- 
phibious Training. We will prepare Ma- 
rine Air Ground Task Forces (MAGTFs) 
by training alongside the Navy through 
such exercises as amphibious landing ex- 
ercises and Marine Expeditionary Brigade 
(MEB) exercises. 

Combined Arms Exercise - Next 
(CAX-Next). TECOM is developing 
the next generation of battalion, regi- 
ment, and MEB-level combined arms 
exercise program. This program will be 
similar in scale to the type of combined 
arms training that was conducted prior 
to Operations Iraqi Freedom and En- 
during Freedom and the Mojave Viper 
pre-deployment training program. It 
will include all elements of the MAGTF 
including command elements, ground 
combat elements, logistics combat ele- 
ments, and aviation combat elements. 
CAX-Next will provide the force with 
the combined arms skills that make the 
MAGTF a force multiplier, as well as con- 
tinue to reinforce the skills necessary for 
counter insurgency operations. 

MAGTF Large-Scale Exercise (LSE). 
The MAGTF LSE is a Marine Expedition- 
ary Brigade and Marine Expeditionary 
Force-level exercise program within a 
joint context that will include live/vir- 
tual/constructive training linked through 
a supporting network across the United 
States and with amphibious forces afloat. 
MAGTF LSE will increase joint and 
amphibious capabilities as the Marine 
Corps reconstitutes its full amphibious 
capability. 



186 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Joint, Intergovernmental, and Multi-national (JIM) Training 



Leveraging several joint initiatives 
from the Office of the Secretary of De- 
fense (OSD), the Chairman Joint Chief 
of Staff, and the U.S. Joint Forces Com- 
mand, TECOM incorporates joint, in- 
teragency, and multinational training 
context into dynamic, capabilities-based 
training in support of national security 
requirements. 

Joint Training. Through the OSD- 
sponsored Joint National Training Ca- 
pability (JNTC), TECOM has integrated 
specific joint context solutions to identi- 
fied joint training shortfalls at U.S. Marine 
Corps Joint National Training Capability- 
accredited programs: Marine Air Ground 
Task Force Training Command, 29 Palms, 
CA; Marine Aviation Weapons and Tac- 
tics Squadron- 1 (MAWTS-1), Yuma, 
AZ; Marine Air Ground Task Force Staff 
Training Program, Quantico, VA; Moun- 
tain Warfare Training Center, Bridgeport, 
CA; and Marine Corps Tactics and Op- 
erations Group (MCTOG), 29 Palms, CA. 
The JNTC also provides several tools that 
support the incorporation of joint train- 
ing into service Title X responsibilities. 
One of these tools is the Joint Training 
Enterprise Network (JTEN) that is the 
communications network for JNTC. The 
JTEN is a high-capacity, rapidly reconfig- 
urable network that supports joint train- 
ing exercises, experimentation, and the 
evaluation of new warfighting concepts. 
Additionally, it allows for inter- and intra- 
service forces to link simulation networks 
in order to train in a live, virtual and con- 
structive environment that blends live 
tactical forces with manned simulators 
and sophisticated computer models. 



Interagency Cooperation and 
Training. In order to increase realism and 
meet mission training standards at pre- 
deployment training programs, TECOM 
leverages the Department of Defense In- 
teragency Request Process in identifying 
USMC Interagency participation require- 
ments for our U.S. Government Agency 
partners. Additionally, through efforts 
with U.S. Agency for International Devel- 
opment, the Security Cooperation Edu- 
cation and Training Center, and MCTOG, 
deploying units have been trained in the 
use of the Tactical Conflict Assessment 
and Planning Framework that assists 
Commanders with identifying the root 
causes of instability in their location, and 
target efforts to address these problems. 
TECOM assists the State Department's 
Foreign Service Institute by instructing a 
Military Culture class during the month- 
ly Iraq Provincial Reconstruction Team 
(PRT) Orientation and Afghanistan Fa- 
miliarization Courses. 

Multi-national Training. TECOM's 
intent is to build robust training rela- 
tionships with multi-national partners 
through the development of an institu- 
tionally sound strategy to improve in- 
teroperability. One area focuses on Opera- 
tional level interaction, primarily through 
coordination and reciprocal participa- 
tion in Mission Rehearsal Exercises with 
partner nations which USMC units are 
frequently adjacent to during current op- 
erations. Additionally, institutional-level 
interoperability is being pursued through 
staff and instructor exchange programs in 
respective training organizations. 



187 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Pre-deployment Training Program (PTP) 



To prepare Marines and the operating 
forces for the current fights and operating 
environments, The Training and Educa- 
tion Command (TECOM) developed an 
extensive PTP based on the Pre-Deploy- 
ment Training Continuum. The PTP es- 
tablishes a coherent progression of skill- 
level training, conducted by commanders, 
and evaluated at PTP Mission Rehearsal 
Exercises (MRX). Training is conducted in 
four nested "blocks" in ascending compe- 
tency levels. Marine Expeditionary Force 
commanders determine what level of 
competency is required for each deploy- 
ing unit based on mission essential task 
analysis, set unit priority for service level 
training events, and ensure units partici- 
pating in service-level training events have 
appropriate support attachments during 
respective blocks of training. The PTP 
Continuum is comprised of: 

Block 1: Block 1A and IB training 
consist of Sustained Core Skills Training, 
Core Plus Skills Training, and Marine 
Corps Common Skills (MCCS) Sustain- 
ment Training. Core Plus Skills are those 
combat-focused skills that are environ- 
ment, mission, rank or billet specific and 
are developed after a Marine is assigned to 
an operational unit. Block 1 training also 
includes formal schools training. Career 
progression training is critical to effective 
building block training and the intent is 
for all incoming leaders to have received 
the appropriate schooling prior to be- 
ginning the units' collective training. For 
aviation units, Block 1 provides resident 
instructor development, certification, and 
sustainment of qualifications/designa- 
tions of individual aircrew and maintain- 
ed for annual training requirements. 

Block 2: Block 2 training consists 
of Core Capabilities Training conducted 



within a unit. Core Capabilities are the 
essential collective functions a unit must 
be capable of performing during extend- 
ed combat operations. For battalion- 
sized units, Block 2 is company-level and 
below training. For squadrons, Block 2 is 
Core Skills refinement and flight leader- 
ship development, normally single ship 
through division flight operations. 

Block 3: Block 3 training is based on 
unit Mission Essential Tasks and consists 
of Advanced Core Capabilities (or Core 
Plus for Aviation) Training conducted 
by a unit and by the unit's higher head- 
quarters. For battalion-sized units, Block 
3 is battalion-level training. For Aviation 
units, Block 3 is squadron level integra- 
tion with adjacent aviation and supported 
ground units utilizing formalized Com- 
mand and Control functions to perform 
assigned METs to their required output 
standards. 

Block 4: Block 4 training is battalion/ 
squadron-level core competency training 
and is also known as the unit's Mission 
Rehearsal Exercise (MRX). Block 4 train- 
ing is a unit's "graduation" predeployment 
training exercise and is individually-tai- 
lored to support and assess a unit's ability 
to perform tasks on its assigned mission 
METL(s). Battalion and higher deploying 
units will typically undergo a TECOM- 
supported MRX. Deploying units that 
do not participate in an MRX complete 
an Alternate Mission Rehearsal Exercise 
that is supported by the parent Marine 
Expeditionary Force. The MRX provides 
information for the MEF Commanding 
General's unit certification process. 

ENHANCED MOJAVE VIPER 

Conducted aboard the Marine Corps 
Air-Ground Combat Center (MCAGCC) 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



in 29 Palms, CA, Enhanced Mojave Viper 
is a 28-day full-spectrum exercise that 
focuses on providing a service-level as- 
sessment of battalions and squadrons in 
preparation for deployment. The exercise 
force composition consists of two in- 
fantry battalions, a combat logistics bat- 
talion, and three flying squadrons (fixed 
wing, rotary wing, and assault support). 
Throughout the 28-day exercise, units 
undergo full-spectrum training in of- 
fensive operations, defensive operations, 
Military Operations Other Than War and 
Counter Insurgency. Under various con- 
ditions to include desert, limited visibility, 
urban, rural, joint, and interagency, units 
are provided a live-fire, combined-arms 
training venue that closely resembles 
the conditions they will operate in once 
deployed. 

EXERCISE MOUNTAIN 
WARRIOR 

Mountain Warrior is the Block 3 Ma- 
rine Air Ground Task Force Operations 



Course at the Mountain Warfare Training 
Center (MWTC), near Bridgeport, CA. 
Other local training areas are also used, 
including Hawthorne Army Depot at 
Hawthorne, NV; Naval Air Station Fallon, 
NV; and Lucky Boy Pass (off-road driving 
and counter- Improvised Explosive Device 
training). This course provides the oppor- 
tunity for theater-specific pre-deployment 
training for USMC battalions and regi- 
mental staffs deploying to Afghanistan. 
The course consists of scalable, tailored 
training packages for units ranging in 
size from the company to battalion with 
a regimental headquarters. Currently, 
Marine ground combat forces deploying 
to Afghanistan conduct pre-deployment 
training during Exercise Mojave Viper, 
with training modified to be Afghanistan- 
specific. A variation of Exercise Moun- 
tain Warrior conducted at MWTC and 
MCAGCC will likely serve as the mission 
rehearsal exercise for USMC forces de- 
ploying to Afghanistan in the future. 



Pre-deployment Training Continuum 
Figure 1 

r 



r 



Service 

Directed 

METL 

Based 

Training 



Remediation and Sustainment Training 
Throughout every Block ___^ 



CE/GCE/ACE/LCE 



BLOCK 4 

METs 



REHEARSAL 
EXERCISE 



'< 



CE/GCE/ACE/LCE 



BLOCK 3 -W 



Units J 
at < 

Home 1 



METs 



AP ABILITIES TRAINING 
CURRENT OPERATING ENVIRONMENT TTP 
(BATTALION-LEVEL AND ABOVE) 
7000-8000 LEVEL 



Small Unit 



BLOCK 2 



V^Collective Tasks 



CORE CAPABILITIES TRAINING 

CURRENT OPERATING ENVIRONMENT TTP 

(COMPANY-LEVEL AND BELOW) 

3000-6000 LEVEL 



Individual 
Deployment 

Red Line 
(Minimum) 



Individual 



BLOCK 1b 



Individual 



BLOCK 1a 



<. 



SUSTAINED CORE SKILLS/CORE PLUS SKILLS TRAINING/ 

IDENTIFIED COMMON SKILLS & SPECIFIED 

FOR ALL INDIVIDUALS IN ALL DEPLOYMENTS 

1000-2000 LEVEL 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Multi-Capable Training Ranges 



Marine Corps combat readiness de- 
pends on the continued availability of 
Ranges and Training Areas (RTAs) that 
provide realistic, mission-oriented train- 
ing in complex environments. The Ma- 
rine Corps Training and Education 
Command (TECOM) has identified a 
comprehensive set of Corps-wide range 
requirements. These requirements are 
articulated in a Marine Corps Reference 
Publication, which defines the uncon- 
strained range capabilities needed for 
accomplishing both urgent immediate 
and anticipated future training needs. In 
that regard, TECOM has established six 
cornerstone objectives for transforming 
RTAs: 

1. Preserve and enhance the live-fire 
combined arms training capabilities 
of Marine Corps Air Ground Combat 
Center/Marine Air Ground Task Force 
Training Command, 29 Palms, CA and 
Marine Corps Air Station, Yuma Range 
Complex, AZ. 

2 . Recapture the Marine Air Ground Train- 
ing Force (MAGTF) and unit training 
capabilities of the nation's two premier 
littoral training areas, Camp Lejeune, 
NC, and Camp Pendleton, CA. 

3. Leverage technology to support every 
level of training with a goal of provid- 
ing timely and objective feedback to 
the training audience. 

4. Honor our commitments to protecting 
the environment, while preserving and 
enhancing our ability to conduct live- 
fire and maneuver training. 

5. Ensure that our training complexes are 
available to, and capable of support- 
ing, cross-Service training. 

6. Support the emerging Joint National 
Training Capability with the com- 
mon range infrastructure and systems 
architecture to ensure effective joint 
training. 



The Corps has made significant in- 
vestments in range instrumentation, tar- 
gets, and simulation technologies to up- 
grade and modernize training. However, 
there remain areas of significant concern. 
Current range-complex configurations 
are not optimal for today's training re- 
quirements, and they will not be adequate 
for future weapons systems. Our current 
range complexes provide insufficient un- 
constrained maneuver space for Marine 
Air Ground Task Force training. Our 
range-planning initiatives aim at address- 
ing these concerns to assure our ability to 
meet future training requirements. Spe- 
cific issues include: 

• Marine Expeditionary Brigade-level fire 
and maneuver training area 

• East Coast aviation training range to ac- 
commodate the increased airspace and 
weapons requirements of precision- 
guided munitions and the F-35 Joint 
Strike Fighter 

• Enhanced training opportunities for 
Marine units stationed in the Pacific 

The Marine Corps has made con- 
siderable progress in the past seven years 
on cataloging, assessing, managing, and 
funding critical RTA complexes. There 
has been progress in identifying and 
quantifying the impacts of encroachment 
and incorporating those assessments into 
a comprehensive range management 
system. Important investments have been 
made to enhance range maintenance and 
modernization programs. In early 2010, 
all major Marine Corps installations are 
undergoing range modernization. The 
Mission-Capable Ranges initiative is sup- 
ported by the acquisition program for 
Range Modernization/Transformation 
program. 



190 



HAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Modeling and Simulation (M&S) 



MAGTF Training Simulations Divi- 
sion (MTSD), a directorate of the TECOM, 
has established a training modeling and 
simulation community of interest to fa- 
cilitate information exchange and address 
specific focus areas, such as infantry skills 
simulations, staff training environments, 
and simulation system Integration, In- 
teroperability, Interconnectivity, Com- 
patibility and networking. Participants in 
this forum are drawn from throughout 
the Marine Corps and industry. With this 
forum's input, MTSD is writing a train- 
ing modeling and simulation strategy and 
master plan that will meet MAGTF train- 
ing needs. 

Small-unit training is receiving par- 
ticular focus by TECOM to prepare Ma- 
rines for contemporary and future operat- 
ing environments. For squad-level training 
needs, TECOM is building upon the In- 
fantry Immersion Trainer (IIT) facility de- 
veloped by I Marine Expeditionary Force 
(MEF) to institutionalize this capability 
for the other MEFs. The IIT provides a key 
bridge to TECOM's future squad training 
initiative, the Squad Immersive Training 
Environment (SITE) program. SITE is 
envisioned as a multifaceted "toolkit" of 
integrated live, virtual, and constructive 
training capabilities that commanders can 
leverage to train their small units at all 
points along the training continuum. The 
SITE "toolkit" is predicted to include IIT, 
current virtual training systems appropri- 
ate for small units, and future capabili- 
ties that leverage emerging technologies. 
In support of the Enhanced Company 
Operations concept, MTSD is examining 
the networking of selected staff training, 
combined arms, combat convoy, combat 



vehicle, and aviation simulation systems to 
enable better training capabilities among 
critical MAGTF building blocks. 

The U.S. Joint Forces Command re- 
cently approved and funded TECOM's 
request to integrate the Marine Corps' 
MAGTF Tactical Warfare Simulation sys- 
tem into its joint live, virtual, and con- 
structive (JLVC) federation. This incor- 
poration will provide higher simulation 
fidelity of MAGTF and amphibious op- 
erations in joint exercises and enable the 
Marine Corps to better leverage the many 
JLVC tools to support Service training and 
Combatant Commander regional engage- 
ment exercises. TECOM is pursuing ap- 
propriate linkages among existing Marine 
Corps simulations to provide more robust 
capabilities and examining simulations 
that address Political, Military, Economic, 
Social, Infrastructure, and Information 
issues. 

Finally, TECOM is conducting an as- 
sessment of live, virtual, and constructive 
training environment capabilities. This 
analysis will identify gaps in the Marine 
Corps' ability to link different current ca- 
pabilities and delineate integration stan- 
dards for future capabilities. TECOM is ex- 
amining networking requirements to link 
simulation systems with each other and 
with live domain capabilities, and as well 
as provide access to existing Marine Corps, 
joint, interagency, and multinational part- 
ner training and modeling simulation net- 
works. Such a network would support dis- 
tributed training venues between MAGTF 
elements, enable large-scale MAGTF exer- 
cises, and facilitate Marine Corps partici- 
pation in joint, interagency, and multina- 
tional exercises. 



191 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



COLLECTIVE TRAINING SYSTEMS 

Combined Arms Command and Control Training Upgrade 

System (CACCTUS) 



DESCRIPTION 

CACCTUS is a combined arms staff 
training system that, when fully fielded, 
will enable comprehensive Marine Corps 
staff, unit, and team training at home 
station Combined Arms Staff Training 
(CAST) facilities and through distributed 
training involving CAST facilities across 
the Marine Corps. CACCTUS is an up- 
grade to the USMC's CAST that provides 
fire-support training for the Marine Air 
Ground Task Force (MAGTF) elements 
up to and including the Marine Expedi- 
tionary Brigade level. CACCTUS is envi- 
sioned to provide a capability to tie into 
existing systems such as MAGTF Tactical 
Warfare Simulation. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Using the system components and 
simulation capabilities, two- and three- 
dimension visuals, interfaced Command, 
Control, Communication, Computers, 
and Intelligence (C4I), synthetic terrain, 
and an After Action Review, the concept 
of operations for the CACCTUS system 
is to immerse the trainees in a realistic, 
scenario-driven environment to enable 



commanders and their battle staffs to 
train or rehearse combined arms tactics, 
techniques and procedures and decision- 
making processes. In addition, CAC- 
CTUS will provide training across a live, 
virtual, and constructive training network 
through interoperability with appropriate 
C4I systems in a training environment. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

CACCTUS is fielded and providing 
Battalion Level training at MAGTF Train- 
ing Center 29 Palms, CA, and II Marine 
Expeditionary Force (MEF) Camp Leje- 
une, NC, and will achieve Initial Opera- 
tional Capability in November 2009. Cur- 
rent CAST facilities at III MEF Okinawa, 
Japan; I MEF Camp Pendleton, CA; and 
Kaneohe Bay, HI will be upgraded to 
CACCTUS and all five sites will be op- 
erating with CACCTUS Version 5.1 by 
May 2010. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 3 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Cole Engineering Services Inc., Orlando, FL 



192 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Combat Vehicle Training System (CVTS) 



DESCRIPTION 

The CVTS for the M1A1 Main Battle 
Tank, Light Armored Vehicle (LAV) and 
Assault Amphibious Vehicle (AAV) pro- 
vides gunnery and tactical training on 
these vehicles. The M1A1 and LAV-25 re- 
quirements are satisfied by the Advanced 
Gunnery Training System (AGTS). The 
AAV requirements are satisfied by the 
AAV-Turret Trainer (AAV-TT). 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The AGTS and AAV-TT provide the 
ability to train M1A1, LAV-25, and AAV 
crewmembers to approved standards of 
combat skills and readiness. The end state 
systems are institutional, deployable, and 
table-top (M1A1/LAV-25) systems sup- 
porting individual, collective (crew, sec- 
tion, and platoon), combined arms, and 
joint training scenarios. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

The M1A1 systems (institutional/ 
desktop/table top (FY 2010) ) are fielded 
at the following active units: 29 Palms, CA 
(4/3/10) and Camp Lejeune, NC (4/3/10) 
and the following reserve units: Camp 
Pendleton, CA (3/1/5); Yakima, WA 
(1/0/1); Boise, ID (1/0/1); 29 Palms, CA 
(1/0/1); Ft Knox, KY (1/1/1); and Camp 
Lejeune, NC (1/0/1). 



The LAV-25 systems (institutional/ 
desktop/table top (FY2010)) are fielded 
at the following active units: Camp Pend- 
leton, CA (6/2/11); Camp Lejeune, NC 
(4/1/8); 29 Palms, CA (4/0/8); and Oki- 
nawa, JP ( 1/1/0) and the following reserve 
units: Camp Pendleton, CA (0/0/1 ); Ft De- 
trick, MD (1/1/3); Riverton, UT (1/0/3); 
Camp Upshur, VA (1/1/1); Syracuse, NY 
(1/0/1); and Eastover, SC (1/1/3). 

The AAV-TT systems (institutional/ 
deployable (FY 2011)) are fielded at the 
following active units: Camp Lejeune, 
NC (3/3); Camp Pendleton, CA (5/5); 29 
Palms, CA (1/1); Kaneohe Bay, HI (1/1); 
and Okinawa, JP (1/1), and the following 
reserve units: (Tampa, FL (1/1); Norfolk, 
VA (1/1); Gulfport, MS (1/1), Jackson- 
ville, FL (1/1), and Galveston, TX (1/1). 



Procurement Profile: 


FY 2010 


FY 2011 


M1A1 Tabletops 


31 





M1A1-DAGTS 





6 


LAV Tabletops 


39 





LAV-DAGTS 





17 


AAVTT 









Developer/Manufacturer: 
Lockheed Martin, Orlando, FL.; TJ Inc., 
Orlando, FL; Naval Air Warfare Center 
Training Systems Division, Orlando, FL. 



193 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) 
Tactical Warfare Simulation (MTWS) 



DESCRIPTION 

MTWS is the Marine Corps' only 
aggregate-level constructive simulation 
system designed to support the training 
of Senior Commanders and their staffs in 
command and control processes and pro- 
cedures. The system provides interactive, 
multi-sided, force-on-force, real-time 
modeling and simulation with stand- 
alone tactical combat scenarios for air 
ground, surface, and amphibious opera- 
tions. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

With interfaces to fielded Marine 
Corps C4I systems such as Command 
and Control Personal Computer and In- 
telligence Operations Server, MTWS pro- 
vides the battle staff the ability to seam- 
lessly train with and use their Command, 
Control, Communications, Computers 
and Intelligence systems during the ex- 
ecution on an MTWS supported training 
event. Through the implementation of a 
High Level Architecture interface between 
MTWS and the entity-level Joint Conflict 
and Tactical Simulation (JCATS) system, 
high-resolution tactical objectives can be 
simulated in JCATS and reflected within 
the context of a larger operational sce- 
nario conducted in MTWS. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

In 2009, MTWS was selected by US 
Joint Forces Command to participate as a 
federate simulation in the Joint Live-Vir- 
tual-Constructive federation supporting 
the Joint National Training Capability. 
MTWS has been the combat simulation 
system used to support I Marine Expe- 
ditionary Force (MEF) and II MEF Mis- 
sion Rehearsal Exercise (MRX) prior to 
Operation Iraqi Freedom deployment, 
MEF-level exercises at III MEF, Weapon 
and Tactics Instructor course in Yuma, 
7th Marines Regimental MRX at the Ma- 
rine Corps Tactics and Operations Group, 
Eastern Cross exercises at the Expedition- 
ary Warfare School, coalition exercises 
with the Royal Thai Supreme Command, 
and numerous Battalion Command Post 
Exercises. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
L-3 Communications, Command & 
Control Systems and Software Division, 
Eatontown, NJ 



194 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Combat Convoy Simulator (CCS) 



DESCRIPTION 

The CCS is an immersive training 
environment for convoy operations that 
include basic procedures for driver, gun- 
ner, and passengers in tactical scenarios 
related to combat operations. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The simulator provides instruction 
in convoy operations including; resupply, 
patrol, logistics support, high-value target 
extraction, Medical Evacuation, call for 
close air support, call for fire and training 
in convoy tactics, techniques, procedures 
and use of weapons in compliance with 
the Rules of Engagement. The CCS also 
provides training for both vehicle opera- 
tors and individuals in vehicle and small 
arms weapon use, command and control, 
and Improvised Explosive Device attacks, 
response, and countermeasures. CCS 
provides guidance for Marines to respond 
to ambush attack and evolving enemy 
tactics in Military Operations on Urban 
Terrain settings. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The CCS is the third generation of 
convoy trainers procured through the full 
and open competitive acquisition pro- 
cess. In first quarter FY 2008, Lockheed 
Martin, Simulations Training & Support, 
Orlando, FL, was awarded the contract to 
manufacture up to nine Combat Convoy 
Simulators. As of October 2009, trainers 
had been fielded to Camp Pendleton, CA, 
Kaneohe Bay, HI, and Camp Lejeune, NC. 
The Naval Expeditionary Combat Com- 
mand has purchased two trainers, the 
first of which has been fielded to Gulf- 
port, MS; the second will be fielded by 
second quarter FY 2010 at Point Mugu, 
CA. Future Marine Corps fielding in- 
cludes Mojave Viper, Marine Corps Air 
Ground Combat Center 29 Palms, CA, 
and Okinawa, Japan. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 2 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Lockheed Martin, Simulations Training & 

Support, Orlando, FL 



195 



JSMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Deployable Virtual Training Environment (DVTE) 



High-Level Operational Concept Graphic (OV-1) for 
the Deployable Virtual Training Environment (DVTE) 



EvemCoMrotOPTOR 

• Mission Scripting* 

Scenano Generation 
•30 Stealth View 

• VoiceMdeo Recording 

• Event Playback/AAR 

• Semi-Autonomous Red 




• Scale able configuration - IndMduaJ to Battalcn 
•3D full ROhK) Virtual C^ahng Environment 
■ Reatatic Modekng and Summation of Weapons SyM 
andPtatforms 

replication ol e 

matrec. kghtrg, terran manmade ototects 
Functional tateropefabiWy vmth C4ISR Systems 
Expanded mason area tranmg through nterapatat 



er platforms. 

Another component of 
DVTE is the Virtual Battle Space 2 
(VBS2), version 1.3, which trains 
Marines on everything from 
command and control to convoy 
standard operating procedures. 
VBS2 provides a three-dimen- 
sional synthetic environment 
for tactical training required by 
Marines. 



DESCRIPTION 

The DVTE is a laptop personal com- 
puter based simulation system capable of 
emulating organic and supporting Infan- 
try Battalion weapons systems and train- 
ing scenarios to facilitate Training and 
Readiness manual training. Its portable 
configuration allows Marines to train 
in areas where there are few options for 
training; garrison, aboard ship, at remote 
reserve locations, and deployed. DVTE 
training includes language and culture 
training, platoon and squad level tac- 
tics, employment of supporting arms, 
and various Recognition of Combatants 
packages. 

The supporting arms component of 
DVTE is accomplished by the Combined 
Arms Network (CAN). The CAN version 
1.3.1 is comprised of Assault Amphibious 
Vehicle, M1A1, Light Armored Vehicle, 
and AH-1 connected to the Joint Semi 
Autonomous Force for training forward 
observers and forward air controllers. The 
CAN connects to select Marine Corps 
gear, Advanced Field Artillery Tactical 
Data System, Strikelink, and the Raven-B 
and Shadow systems, to allow training on 
a wide variety of fire-support and observ- 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 
DVTE is part of a Com- 
mander's "training toolkit" contributing 
to the building-block approach to stan- 
dards-based training focusing on achiev- 
ing improved levels of combat readiness. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

One hundred and twelve DVTE suites 
have been fielded to the Battle Simulation 
Centers and active duty Marine units of 
I Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF), II 
MEF, and III MEF and to various school- 
houses, including the Basic School and 
School of Infantry. Fifty- two DVTE suites 
have been fielded to Marine Forces Re- 
serve at training sites in 25 states. The 
fielding of the remaining suites to the ac- 
tive and reserve forces will be completed 
in FY 2010. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 100 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Lockheed Martin, Burlington, MA; Alion 

Science and Technology, Norfolk, VA; AVT 

Simulation, Orlando, FL; Mobius Industries, 

Bellevue, WA; Bohemia Interactive, NSW 

Australia 



196 



ER 3: PROGRAMS 



RANGE TRAINING SYSTEMS 

Range Modernization/Transformation (RM/T) 




DESCRIPTION 

The RM/T program modernizes 
major Marine Corps live training ranges 
with a dynamic training system capable 
of real-time and post-mission battle 
tracking, data collection and the deliver- 
ance of value-added After Action Review. 
Interface with installation Command and 
Control training centers (e.g., Battle Staff 
Training Facility, Combined Arms Staff 
Trainer, and Battle Staff Simulation Cen- 
ter) is paramount to producing multiple- 
scenario events that deliver relevant and 
realistic training. Integrating live and 
simulated training technologies, the field- 
ed capabilities actively enhance live-fire, 
force-on-target, and force-on-force train- 
ing through extensive after- action review 
with ground truth feedback (objective 
versus subjective), realistic representation 
of opposing forces, and enhanced range 
and exercise control capabilities. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

RM/T links Marine Corps live train- 
ing to the tenets of Training Transforma- 
tion-Joint National Training Capability 
and Joint Assessment and Evaluation Ca- 
pability. Instrumentation allows Service 
and joint virtual and constructive forces 
to interact with Marine Corps live train- 
ing forces from distributed locations. 
Eventually expanded to incorporate co- 
alition forces, Marine Air Ground Task 
Force live training in open and urban ter- 
rain is enhanced by providing capabili- 
ties to conduct realistic training. This will 
exercise all battlefield operating systems, 
and allow continuous assessment of per- 
formance, interoperability and identifica- 
tion of emerging requirements. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Sponsored by the Range and Training 
Area Management Division, Training and 



197 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 




Education Command and managed by 
Program Manager Training Systems, Ma- 
rine Corps Systems Command, RM/T is 
the capability end state guiding integrated 
design of live fire training programs of re- 
cord that upgrade Marine Corps training 
capabilities in an incremental manner. 
Development and production efforts are 
under way for urban training environ- 



ments, ground position location systems, 
instrumented tactical engagement simu- 
lation systems, opposing forces threat 
systems (including targets), and data col- 
lection systems in order to instrument 
the live training environment at multiple 
Marine Corps Bases and Stations during 
2010. A parallel effort is enhancing the 
RM/T Data Collection System (Marine 
Corps-Instrumented Training System) 
to provide interface of Improvised Ex- 
plosive Device and Joint Counter Radio- 
controlled Improvised Explosive Device 
Electronic Warfare System surrogate de- 
vices with live training audiences and to 
extend the R/MT Data Collection System 
functions from exercise design through 
playback and after-action review. 



19; 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Combined Arms Military Operations in Urban Terrain 
(CAMOUT) Training System 




DESCRIPTION 

CAMOUT provides a realistic en- 
vironment to support a variety of train- 
ing tasks related to the deployment and 
maneuvers in an urban setting for the 
Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB) 
and its constituent elements. CAMOUT 
enables MEBs to conduct training in an 
environment that resembles "real world" 
urban conditions. CAMOUT provides a 
challenging and complex urban training 
environment that replicates the difficul- 
ties units face as they communicate, co- 
ordinate, maintain situational awareness, 
navigate, and track urban operations. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Within CAMOUT, Marines are con- 
fronted with a full range of tactical chal- 
lenges from humanitarian relief efforts 
to peacekeeping and law enforcement 
to direct combat. All these scenarios can 
be encountered in a complex urban set- 
ting within a relatively brief timeframe or 
small physical area, known as the "three 
block war." 

PROGRAM STATUS 

In early 2010, three CAMOUT urban 
districts are being employed, along with 
role players and atmospherics in support 
of enhancing Mojave Viper exercises. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
CAMOUT 3 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Allied Containers System, Pleasant Hill, CA 



199 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Home Station Training Lanes (HSTL) 



DESCRIPTION 

HSTL are designed to provide coun- 
ter-Improvised Explosive Device (IED) 
training environments, which provide 
"real world" training challenges. These 
environments are constructed to include 
pedestrian and vehicle lanes for train- 
ing on individual and unit (mounted/ 
dismounted) IED awareness and reac- 
tion, route clearing operations and search 
techniques and procedures. In addi- 
tion to the pedestrian and vehicle lanes, 
these training environments incorporate 
structures used to replicate urban en- 
vironments experienced during route 
clearance and IED defeat missions. The 
structures replicate mosques, industrial 
buildings, schools, hospitals, government 
buildings and market places in an effort 
to provide an accurate representation of 
scenarios experienced within the theater 
of operation. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Like the capabilities within the 
Combined Arms Military Operations in 
Urban Terrain training system and the 



Home Station Military Operations in Ur- 
ban Terrain Training System, HS Training 
Lanes incorporates "real world" condi- 
tions that focus on the terrain and the 
potential threat of IEDs. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Currently the IED Training Lanes are 
being installed, one at Camp Pendleton, 
CA. and one at Marine Air Ground Task 
Force Training Center, 29 Palms, CA. 
Both facilities incorporate multiple lanes 
for both foot and vehicle traffic and have 
MOUT training facilities installed to sim- 
ulate market places, villages, mosques and 
other structures found within the theater 
of operation. Both locations will be com- 
pleted and operational this calendar year. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 3 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Parsons Corporation, Pasadena, CA. 



200 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Infantry Immersive Trainer (NT) 




DESCRIPTION 

IITs are small-unit training ranges 
consisting of urban structures finished 
and decorated to replicate geo-specific 
locations. Unique from first generation 
MOUT training facilities, individual 
feedback is enhanced by the ranges' inte- 
gration and pairing with direct fire train- 
ing systems, virtual simulation screens 
and windows, and video instrumentation 
for after action review to create a small 
unit training range on par with modern 
crew simulators. Integration of addition- 
al live training instrumentation systems, 
and live role players is accomplished by 
exercise design. The indoor and outdoor 
training environments highly replicate 
current operational theaters by stimulat- 
ing all senses to stress small-unit actions 
and the small-unit leader's tactical, mor- 
al, and ethical decision making within the 
context of operational culture. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

IITs provide a small-unit decision 
and rehearsal training range for Squad 



and Fire Team capstone training and 
evaluation in support of Pre-deployment 
Training Program (PTP) Phase III. Train- 
ing lessons learned are also collected to 
form requirements basis for the Marine 
Corps' future Squad Immersive Training 
Environment. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

This effort uses existing Marine 
Corps-wide procurement vehicles to pro- 
vide Home Station MOUT non-live fire 
structures and Tactical Video Capture 
System After Action Review. Developed 
immersive effects initially fielded only to 
IITs will also be applies to Home Station 
MOUT training ranges when company 
and battalion training objectives warrant 
the training benefit derived. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 2011 

Quantity: 2 1 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Parsons Corporation, Pasadena, CA; Global 

Security and Engineering Solutioins/L-3 

Corporation, Chantilly, VA; others TBD 



201 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Ground-Position Location Information (G-PLI) Systems 



DESCRIPTION 

Integrated Global Positioning Sys- 
tem (GPS) Radio System (IGRS). The 

IGRS is a developmental effort which 
supports the tracking of dismounted 
troops and vehicles in open terrain by 
augmenting Marines and vehicular Mul- 
tiple Integrated Laser Engagement System 
(MILES) tactical engagement simulation 
systems with a GPS and Radio Frequency 
(RF) based tracking system. This system 
is specifically designed for use at Marine 
Air Ground Task Force Training Center 
29 Palms, CA across the fixed range in- 
frastructure. 

Deployable Instrumented Training 
System (DITS). DITS supports the track- 
ing of dismounted troops and vehicles in 
open terrain by instrumenting Marine 
Corps personnel and vehicles with a GPS 
and RF based (Ultra High Frequency) 
tracking system. This system is a Com- 
mercial Off the Shelf (COTS)-based 
product optimized for non-permanent 
infrastructure. DITS can track 1,200 par- 
ticipants simultaneously. This system can 
be used with room association devices to 
provide fully integrated indoor tracking. 
After Action Review (AAR) data is gath- 
ered on the fly and exported to a presen- 
tation program that can display time syn- 
ched text, images, video, and audio. Unit 
commanders can request a take-home 
package that will play on any Windows- 
based computer system. 

Instrumented Tactical Engagement 
System (I-TESS). I-TESS will be used 
to support direct force-on-force tacti- 
cal engagement training. This system 



will consist of the following type com- 
ponents: Small Arms Transmitter (SAT), 
Man-worn Detection System (MDS), 
Command and Control (C2 - mobile & 
portable versions), and Military Opera- 
tions in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Building 
Instrumentation, and Simulated Battle- 
field Weapons. The SAT will be used on 
the M4 and M16 type rifles and the M249 
Squad Automatic Weapon. The MDS and 
range equipment will be used to instru- 
ment the individual Marine for direct 
force-on-force engagement adjudica- 
tion and to include the ability to support 
instrumentation functions such as PLI 
reporting. The I-TESS system will be 
used in MOUT Facilities and Non-Live 
Fire Maneuver Ranges located at various 
Marine Corp bases and installations. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The Marine Corps requires training 
systems that provide real-time situation 
awareness, exercise control capabilities, 
and adjudicate indirect fire engagements 
so as to help facilitate the training exer- 
cise objectives. There is a need to collect 
the training actions/interactions of the 
Marines during the training exercise with 
the ability to provide immediate access 
of collected data for After Action Review 
purposes. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

G-PLI achieved Program of Re- 
cord status as an Abbreviated Acqui- 
sition Program. 520 units of IGRS 
and 991 units of DITS have been de- 



202 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



livered. I-TESS will be delivered as 
follows: 

I-TESS - 2400 units will be delivered 
to Quantico, Camp Lejeune, Camp Pend- 
leton, Hawaii, and 29 Palms 



Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 1200 1200 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
SAAB Training USA, Orlando, FL 
SRI International, Menlo Park, CA 



203 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 201 



Marine Corp Instrumentation Training System (MC-ITS) 



DESCRIPTION 

MC-ITS is an exercise control and 
after action review base-system capable 
of monitoring real-time live training 
and exercises for the purposes of instru- 
mentation data collection, analysis, and 
review. MC-ITS will provide the capabil- 
ity to simultaneously support multiple 
training exercises. It will provide objec- 
tive data collection and analysis of unit 
performance in force-on- force, force- 
on-target, Live Fire, and associated Com- 
mand Post Exercises. The system will 
collate training feedback materials from 
varied training support and simulation 
systems to provide a comprehensive After 
Action Review (AAR) package for associ- 
ated training elements. MC-ITS training 
capabilities will additionally enhance the 
procedures in the employment of Opera- 
tional Counter Radio-controlled Impro- 
vised Explosive Device Electronic Warfare 
System devices by integrated training ca- 
pabilities of the Counter Radio Electronic 
Warfare 2 and Marine Corps-Training 
Improvised Explosive Device training de- 
vices. This integration extends real-time 
visualization, Situational Awareness, and 
AAR for Counter-IED training. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

MC-ITS will integrate live training 
with other simulation environments to 
provide the doctrinally correct battlespace 
and Marine Air Ground Task Force ele- 
ments needed to provide tactical and op- 
erational realism for integrated training. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

1 company level set will be delivered 
to 29 Palms in FY 2010, 2 battalion level 
sets will be delivered to 29 Palms in FY1 1; 
with follow on to all locations where Tac- 
tical Video Capture System and I-Tactical 
Engagement Simulation Systems will be 
deployed. This system was developed by 
Unitech/Riptide. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 1 2 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Lockheed Martin (Unitech) and Riptide, 

Orlando, FL 



204 



R 3: PROGRAMS 



Tactical Video Capture System (TVCS) 



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DESCRIPTION 

The TVCS provides video-based Real- 
Time Visualization, Situation Awareness, 
and After Action Review (AAR) capabili- 
ties. The TVCS will support these capa- 
bilities by using a video-stitching process 
that combines raw/captured video from 
multiple cameras into a single wide-pan- 
oramic view. The panoramic view is used 
in real-time to observe Marine's Urban 
Warfare tactics and for later use during 
group and individual AAR evaluation 
sessions. The TVCS AAR will also allow 
for insertion of text, graphics, 3D views, 
and audio. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

TVCS synchronized video play back 
of urban maneuver allows identification 
of training friction points supporting af- 
ter action reviews at various USMC Mili- 
tary Operations in Urban Terrain train- 
ing venues. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

This system is presently seeking Pro- 
gram of Record status as Acquisition Cat- 
egory IV (M). Installation completion 
at MCB Camp Pendleton is expected in 
FY 2010. Additionally, in first quarter 
FY 2009, the Joint Improvised Explosive 
Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) in 
collaboration with the Marine Corps and 
The U.S. Navy Expeditionary Combat 
Command identified the need to support 
JIEDDO's mission to identify and defeat 
the device requirement. To support this 
critical training, JIEDDO funded and 
sponsored procurement of eight TVCS 
for Home Station Training Lanes at three 
Marine Corps and five Navy sites. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 8 8 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Global Security and Engineering 
Solutioins/L-3 Corporation, Chantilly, VA 



205 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



CULTURE & LANGUAGE TRAINING SYSTEMS 
Operational Language & Culture Training System (OLCTS) 



DESCRIPTION 

OLCTS provides interactive language 
and culture training packages designed to 
shrink training time by using computer- 
based interactive training and a common 
architecture that allow sharing of content 
across multiple training delivery plat- 
forms. This pedagogical framework sup- 
ports continuous learning by the Marine 
throughout the deployment and mission 
planning cycles. The language and culture 
packages are available on desktop, laptop, 
web based, hand-held and mission-re- 
hearsal training platforms. Trainees com- 
municate using a speaker-independent 
continuous speech recognition system 
with animated characters representing 
local people in simulated mission scenar- 
ios implemented on top of a commercial 
gaming engine using Situated Culture 
Methodology and artificial intelligence 
technology. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

OLCTS provides a repository and 
common framework for shared language 
and culture training packages relevant 
to Marine Corps operations world wide. 
OLCTS will provide initial acquisition 
and sustainment language and culture 
training that enable Marines to become 
culturally and linguistically adept to per- 
form any mission, anywhere, and any- 
time. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Products are currently available are: 
Iraqi; Pashto; Dari; Sahel French. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
2 2 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Alelo, Tactical Language Training, 
Los Angeles, CA 



206 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Virtual Cultural Awareness Trainer (VCAT) 



DESCRIPTION 

The VCAT, sponsored by the US Joint 
Forces Command, is a Sharable Content 
Object Reference Model compliant web- 
based cultural awareness training game 
integrated with the Atlas Pro learning 
management system and delivered via 
Joint Knowledge Online. VCAT provides 
immersive training for joint warriors de- 
ploying to the Horn of Africa for multiple 
mission sets, and multiple scenarios us- 
ing Situated Culture Methodology. This 
methodology focuses on situated culture, 
consistent with the five dimensions of 
"operational culture" used by the Cen- 
ter for Advanced Operational Culture 
Learning. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The VCAT prototype provides cultur- 
al awareness training for individual aug- 
menters prior to their deployment to the 



Horn of Africa area of responsibility. The 
mission areas include civil affairs, secu- 
rity cooperation and humanitarian relief 
missions for both junior and senior lead- 
ers. VCAT will provide cultural awareness 
training that enables Marines to become 
culturally adept to perform any mission, 
anywhere and anytime. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Horn of Africa is currently available 
via the Joint Knowledge Development 
and Distribution Capability at: http://jko. 
jfcom.mil/ and will be available in the fu- 
ture via MarineNet. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 

1 1 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Alelo, Tactical Language Training, LLC, 

Los Angeles, CA 



207 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Cognitive Skills Training for Asymmetric Warfare 






DESCRIPTION 

APM C&LT is conducting Research 
and Development to develop, deliver, and 
evaluate training technologies for en- 
hancing the individual Marine's cognitive 
skills for Improvised Explosive Device de- 
feat (IED-D). APM C&LT recognizes the 
role of language and culture in detecting 
indicators of threat. The Program Man- 
ager Training Systems Command (PM 
TRASYS) Cognitive Skills for Asymmetric 
Warfare program is moving beyond basic 
declarative knowledge and procedural 
training to develop and evaluate train- 
ing based on a cognitive approach that 
includes a cultural framework to improve 
the decisions and judgments required for 
successful IED-D. The goal is to develop 
a single cognitive training and assessment 
curriculum for mounted and dismounted 
patrols at the platoon echelon level and 
below. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The products developed for use in 
pre-deployment home station training 
will better prepare Marines to conduct 
more productive live training exercises at 
Mojave Viper. Training is designed to ac- 
celerate the basics of tactical expertise for 
our most junior warriors in areas such as 
understanding the enemy's motivations 
and capabilities, understanding the ter- 
rain as it applies to IED-D, understanding 
timing, knowing one's own capabilities, 
and understanding the human terrain 
thorough the lens of IED-D. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The following products are currently 
available: 

• "Insurgent Mindset Training" is a Virtu- 
al Battle Space 2-based training module 
that enables the warfighter to take the 
perspective of insurgents by emplacing 
IEDs to attack convoys, and also to play 
Marines tasked with predicting, detect- 
ing, and avoiding IEDs during a patrol. 
The Insurgent Mindset Training proto- 
type will be included in a future VBS2 
release. 

• The Scenario-based Performance As- 
sessment System for Learning in Team 
Environments (SPOTLITE) tool was 
developed for the USMC Engineer Cen- 
ter of Excellence for use at live training 
ranges to allow observers to measure 
and assess team and individual perfor- 
mance in real-time during simulated 
training exercises. Developed for use on 
a handheld tablet personal computer, 
SPOTLITE allows evaluators to more 
reliably and completely collect real-time 
data during simulated and live training 
exercises and then upload the data to a 
trending tool that permits analysis of 
data and trends over time. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Insurgent Mindset Training and the Cogni- 
tively-Enhanced VBS2 TSP: Cognitive 
Training Solutions, Avon, OH. 
Cognitive Skills Assessment for Asymmet- 
ric Warfare: Cognitive Performance Group, 
Orlando, FL 

Spotlite and Trending Tool: Aptima, Inc., 
Woburn, MA. 



20! 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Language Learning Resource Centers (LLRCs) 



DESCRIPTION 

Overseas Contingency Operations, 
particularly when the focus of effort is 
counter insurgency, nation-building, hu- 
manitarian or disaster relief, shaping op- 
erations or other operations that could 
be termed "irregular," require emphasis 
on knowledge of foreign cultures (opera- 
tional culture learning) and foreign lan- 
guages. Foreign language instruction has 
become a critical part of the Pre-deploy- 
ment Training Program for Marine oper- 
ating forces. However, the Marine Corps 
cannot afford the time or expense to send 
every Marine through formal language 
training such as that offered at the De- 
fense Language Institute. Instead the LL- 
RCs provide a cost effective platform for 
home station language and culture train- 
ing. The LLRCs are state of the art class- 
rooms specifically designed and equipped 
with the capability to provide language 
learning up to Defense Language Insti- 
tute Interagency Language Roundtable 
Level 1+. The LLRC classrooms will ac- 
commodate up to 16 students and one 
instructor supported by appropriate 
computers, software, servers, multi-me- 
dia equipment, unrestricted high speed 
internet connectivity, unrestricted for- 
eign language television and radio as well 



as technical support. The LLRC program 
will provide for a curriculum of the most 
important languages and cultures of the 
highest priority geo-specific areas as de- 
termined by force commanders. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The LLRCs provide a permanent, 
fully integrated operational language 
and culture training capability to Marine 
Corps operating forces at the largest bas- 
es/stations for the foreign languages most 
needed and used by Marines across the 
spectrum of operations. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

LLRCs are currently operational 
at: MCB Okinawa; MCB Kaneohe Bay, 
Ft Story, VA; MCAS Cherry Point, NC, 
Camp Delmar, CA; Camp Pendleton, CA; 
Camp Lejeune, NC. The LLRCs are oper- 
ated by the Center for Advanced Opera- 
tional Culture Learning 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
2 1 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Trofholz Technologies, Inc., Rocklin, CA 



209 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



INDIVIDUAL TRAINING SYSTEMS 

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) 

Egress Assistance Trainer (HEAT) 




DESCRIPTION 

HEAT training is one of the final 
steps in an overall Vehicle Safety Training 
program and is a mandated requirement 
for all Marines prior to deployment in 
theater. The HEAT trainer simulates the 
conditions of a vehicle roll over and pro- 
vides each member of the HMMWV crew 
"rehearsal" of how to respond with im- 
mediate action. The total vehicle-training 
program incorporates academic training 
in risk management, drivers training, 
rules of the road for the particular coun- 
try or theater of operations, and hands- 
on training with specific equipment in 
which the crew will operate. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The Commandant of the Marine 
Corps has directed the procurement of the 
HEAT for both Continental United States 
and overseas training in order to provide 
simulation training for Marines and Sail- 
ors on the procedures to egress a vehicle 
after roll-over, how to recognize the ve- 
hicle conditions indicative of a pending 



roll-over, and to reinforce the importance 
of properly wearing the safety restraint. 
Through repetitive training in a HEAT 
simulator, the US Army has estimated 
that soldiers have increased their chances 
of survivability from a roll-over situation 
by 250 percent, developed better skills in 
avoiding dynamic vehicle rollovers and 
reduced their emergency reaction egress 
time from 60 seconds to out of the ve- 
hicle and ready to engage the enemy in 
six seconds. The HEAT system training is 
a mandated requirement for all Marines 
prior to deployment to Operations Iraqi 
Freedom and Enduring Freedom. In Sep- 
tember 2007, US Marine Forces Central 
Command mandated roll-over training 
as pre-deployment requirement, which 
was documented in HEAT Marine Corps 
Combat Development Command State- 
ment of Need December 2007. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

HEAT was accepted in POM 10 
but not funded until FY 2012. As of FY 
2010, 13 have been fielded Camp Pend- 
leton, CA; Camp Lejeune, NC; 29 Palms, 
CA; Camp Hansen, JPN; Kaneohe Bay, 
HI; New River, NC; Cherry Point, NC; 
Beaufort, SC; Yuma, AZ; and Miramar, 
CA; with another five are to be fielded in 
FY 2010 to include fielding are Iwakuni, 
Japan, and Quantico, VA. Additionally, 
Joint Improvised Explosive Device De- 
feat Organization is funding a new start 
program for delivery of five HEATs to the 
Naval Expeditionary Combat Command. 



Procurement Profile: FY 201 

5 
Developer/Manufacturer: 
MCA Albany, GA 



FY 2011 




210 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) 
Egress Trainer (MET) 




HHBB 



The MET is designed to train Ma- 
rines how to properly egress from a CAT 
I, CAT II and CAT III MRAP vehicle. Like 
the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled 
Vehicle (HMMWV) Egress Assistance 
Trainer (HEAT), it provides Marines the 
opportunity to experience vehicle roll- 
over within a controlled environment, 
with the inside of the cab conditions lit- 
erally and virtually the same as in real- 
life conditions. This proactive responsive 
type training also allows the Marine the 
rehearsal and physical executable natural 
response conditioning that is necessary 
in a roll-over. Given the right controlled 



training environment, this training af- 
fords the Marine with the practical expe- 
rience needed to conduct proper egress 
procedures. This type of training, like the 
HEAT, reinforces the proper seatbelt/har- 
ness restraints use, and helps develop the 
muscle-memory responsive situational 
awareness skills of individual and crew 
alike that would be reactionary and pro- 
active under any circumstance while in 
transit in any MRAP vehicle. 

The MRAP is a larger vehicle with 
more personnel inside, which could re- 
sult in more confusion and chaos dur- 
ing a rollover. Due to the higher center 
of gravity that is presented by this type 
of vehicle, the MRAP presents a higher 
probability of rolling over. The increased 
usage of the MRAPs in both Operations 
Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom 
caused the Joint Program Office to deter- 
mine that it would also create an egress 
trainer similar to the HEAT to address the 
issues with egression from a rolled mis- 
hap. MET is designed to put Marines in 
a rollover environment and teach them 
teamwork and effective communication 
skills within that environment, so that 
they will properly egress a MRAR The 
MET seats up to 10 personnel, which is 
substantially more than the HEAT. The 
MET has a functional gunner's position, 
and within the MET, the gunner is trained 
on the proper use of the harness and the 
actions they must perform prior, during, 
and after a rollover event. 



211 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Indoor Simulated Marksmanship Trainer (ISMT) 



DESCRIPTION 

The ISMT - Enhanced (ISMT-E) is 
a three dimensional simulation based 
trainer for indoor use capable of instruct- 
ing in basic and advanced marksman- 
ship, shoot/no-shoot judgment, combat 
marksmanship, and weapons employ- 
ment tactics. The trainer consists of an 
Instructor Station, audio/visual system, 
and weapons firing positions. Each firing 
position is capable of operating simulated 
weapons that includes simulated AT4, M2 
(.50 cal), M9, M16A4, M16A2 Fully Sen- 
sored, M240G, M203, MK19, MP5, Squad 
Automatic Weapon, M870 12 gauge shot- 
gun, Shoulder-launched Multi-purpose 
Assault Weapon, M224 60mm Mortar, 
M252 81mm Mortar, M4A1, SRAW 
(Predator), and Joint Services Combat 
Shotgun. The ISMT-E has five firing po- 
sitions. The Infantry Squad Trainer-En- 
hanced (IST-E) consists of three ISMT- 
E trainers connected as a single system 
providing twelve firing positions. A large 
display device provides simulated targets. 
The simulated weapons are used to fire 
upon the simulated targets with an indi- 
cation of the round fired. The Instructor 
Station controls the training and provides 
feedback of the results. ISMT-E/IST-Es 
also provide Forward Observer Spotting/ 
Control of indirect fire and night vision 
training capabilities in addition to the 
baseline features. The ISMT-E/IST-E sys- 
tems are used both within the continental 
United States and outside CONUS. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The ISMT is used for remedial, vir- 
tual, instruction in basic and advanced 
marksmanship, shoot/no-shoot judg- 
ment, combat marksmanship, and weap- 
ons employment tactics. This program 
is required to continue to allow simu- 
lated training in myriad scenarios both 
at home station, during pre-deployment 
training, and while on deployment. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Originated by a 1998 Operational Re- 
quirements Document, ISMT is a fielded 
Acquisition Category IV Program. There 
are currently 627 current systems fielded 
to active duty bases and stations, I, II, and 
III Marine Expeditionary Forces, USMC 
Reserve facilities, and aboard Naval Ex- 
peditionary ships. Systems are currently 
being catalogued for improved manage- 
ment of operation and sustainment. 

Procurement Profile: FY 2010 FY 2011 
Quantity: 30 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

MEGGITT Defense Systems Inc. Irvine. CA 

Tatitlek inc, Anchorage, AK 

Skylla. Inc. Dumfries. VA 



212 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Supporting Arms Virtual Trainers (SAVT) 



DESCRIPTION 

The SAVT will advance the training 
capability, operational readiness, and tac- 
tical proficiency of USMC Joint Termi- 
nal Attack Controllers (JTACs), Forward 
Observers, and Forward Air Controllers. 
These personnel will use training scenar- 
ios that require the placement of tactical 
ordnance on selected targets using Joint 
Close Air Support procedures and ob- 
served fire procedures for Naval Surface 
Fire Support, artillery and mortar fire to 
perform destruction, neutralization, sup- 
pression, illumination/coordinated illu- 
mination, interdiction, and harassment- 
fire missions. 

/ 
OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

With recent Marine Corps doc- 
trine changes, Joint JTAC memorandum 
agreement and certification by Joint 
forces Command of the Navy's Multi- 
purpose Supporting Arms Trainer/SAVT 
simulation events can replace 33 percent 
of the Marine Corps' live fire Training 
and Readiness and Joint Service currency 
training requirements. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The SAVT Mission Needs Statement 
was approved in 1998, with the Universal 
Urgent Needs Statement dated Decem- 
ber 2006. There are currently six systems 
fielded to active duty bases and stations, 
I, II, and III Marine Expeditionary Force. 
The following enhancements to SAVT 
are planned enhancements after initial 
fielding: 

• Strike Link 

• Video Scout 

• PLDR 

• Multiple Launch Rocket System 

• Laser Modeling 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
Quantity: 6 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
TJ Inc., Christmas, FL 



213 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP) 



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The Marine Corps' martial culture 
has wrought and distinguished the ser- 
vice since its birth in 1775. It is a culture 
founded on the close combat of ships of 
sail and defeating the Barbary Pirates dur- 
ing the late 18th Century... storming the 
bois de Belleau during the Great War... 
holding "Bloody Ridge" on Guadalca- 
nal during World War II... and, most re- 
cently, intense, close-quarter combat in 
the Iraq and Afghanistan campaigns. In 
order to prepare Marines for the conflicts 
yet to come, General James L. Jones, the 
32nd Commandant of the Marine Corps, 
envisioned a program that would provide 
Marines the tools to conduct hand-to- 



hand combat and to realize the potential 
of every Marine as a warrior. The Marine 
Corps Martial Arts Program is the prod- 
uct of that vision. 

MCMAP is based on five, colored- 
belt levels with six different degrees of 
Black Belt. Each belt level is broken down 
into three disciplines, each of which a 
Marine must become proficient in before 
attaining the next belt level. The mental, 
character, and physical disciplines of the 
warrior are the foundation of the Martial 
Arts Program. The mental discipline con- 
sists of warrior studies, martial culture 
studies, combative behavior studies, and 
other professional military education. 
The character discipline is built around 
the Marine Corps' core values of Honor, 
Courage, and Commitment. The charac- 
ter discipline underscores the role of the 
warrior on and off the battlefield... 24 
hours a day. ..seven days a week. The 
physical discipline consists of the 184 
techniques taught throughout the five 
belt levels. 



214 



HAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Marine Corps Distance Learning (MCDL) 



DESCRIPTION 

MCDL, also known as "MarineNet," is 
the Marine Corps' learning management 
system and infrastructure that enables 
Marines to receive training and education 
via the appropriate interactive media, 
when and where the learning is needed. 
Managed by the College of Continuing 
Education (CCE), MCDL provides the 
operational forces access to the distance 
learning resources and performance sup- 
port tools that increases the effectiveness 
of training and education through use of 
technology. MarineNet courseware facili- 
tates career progression and expedites the 
training process by granting rapid on- 
line course enrollments and online test 
completion. Test scores are available im- 
mediately and students are able to print 
courseware completion certificates on- 
line. Student activity is electronically en- 
tered into the Marine Corps Total Force 
System via the Marine Corps Training In- 
formation Management System database 
providing promotion points, self educa- 
tion bonus points and Reserve retirement 
credits. To meet the access requirements 
of the operational forces, CCE has fielded 
various distance learning suites to the 
major Marine Corps bases and stations. 
The key infrastructure components of 
MCDL are as follows: 

• Content Delivery Engines (Network 
Appliances that host content) 

• Centralized Learning Management 
System for Student Administration 

• Learning Resource Centers (LRC) 

• Video Teletraining Training Centers 

• Deployable Learning Resource Centers 
(DLRC) 



Available electronic courseware products 
include: 

• Required Pre-Deployment Training 

• Required Annual Training 

• Military Occupational Specialty and 
Common Skills Training 

• Cultural and Language Courses 

• Professional Military Education 
Courses 

• Business Skills and Information Tech- 
nology Courses 

• Online Reference Material and lob 
Aids 

• Online Testing 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The Marine Corps Distance Learn- 
ing Program contributes to the Marine 
Corps' operational readiness by provid- 
ing all Marines with access to required 
pre-deployment training, military occu- 
pational specialty common skills training 
opportunities, and Professional Military 
Education. Distance learning capabili- 
ties fill critical gaps in the training and 
education continuum and can reduce the 
amount of time Marines are required to 
be away from their home duty station at- 
tending formal training. Distance learn- 
ing gives the commander a better-trained 
Marine while increasing personnel avail- 
ability to accomplish the unit's mission. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Throughout the Marine Corps, 42 
LRCs have been fielded and are currently 
operational and 54 DLRCs are fielded and 
available for units to check out. 



215 



ONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 




The Marine Corps University (MCU) and Professional 
Military Education (PME) 



interagency, and foreign 
service students to par- 
ticipate in the education 
and exchange of ideas 
with Marine students. 
Nonresident programs 
are also critical to the 
education of the force, 
as a majority of the 
population must pursue 
education via distance 
education rather than 
resident instruction. 
The main campus of MCU is located 
at Quantico, VA, and consists of the fol- 
lowing officer PME schools and colleges: 
the Expeditionary Warfare School for 
captains, the Command and Staff Col- 
lege for majors, the School of Advanced 
Warfighting, (second year majors), and 
the Marine Corps War College, lieuten- 
ant colonels. Enlisted resident education 
is conducted at the Quantico Staff Non- 
commissioned Officer Academy and five 
satellite academies worldwide. 

The curricula of both the resident 
and nonresident education programs will 
continue to address Marine Air Ground 
Task Force proficiency in the core warf- 
ighting functions of combined arms, 
amphibious operations, and maritime 
pre-positioning operations, in addition 
to developing and expanding the Corps' 
irregular warfare/counterinsurgency ca- 
pabilities. The University intends to pro- 
mote and develop the Marine Corps War 
College into a robust institution by ex- 
panding the student population to more 
fully support the Corp's requirements. 
The enlisted PME programs are being re- 
vised to ensure resident and nonresident 



The MCU, also known as Education 
Command, oversees a progressive series 
of schools that Marines attend through- 
out their careers, regardless of military 
occupations. Incorporating pedagogical 
approaches common to any higher edu- 
cation institution, the combined doctor- 
al-level and military faculty strives to fos- 
ter critical thinking and decision making 
skills through a balance of directed read- 
ings and writings, guest lectures, histori- 
cal case studies, small-group discussions, 
military planning exercises, and shared 
experiences. MCU is accredited by the 
Commission of Colleges of the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools. 

MCU is the PME advocate for the 
Marine Corps and is charged with de- 
veloping, implementing and monitoring 
PME policies/programs and educating 
the force. The progressive PME learning 
system is designed to educate Marines by- 
grade throughout their careers. PME pro- 
grams consist of resident and nonresident 
instruction, professional self-study, and 
professional reading program. Resident 
programs present a unique learning op- 
portunity in that they allow sister service, 



216 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



programs are coordinated, relevant, and 
meet the needs of the operating forces. 
The Center for Middle East Studies will 
grow into a Center for Strategic Studies 
focused on multiple regional areas of sig- 
nificance to the Marine Corps and the na- 
tion. The Center will expand its capacity 
to research and publish on issues associ- 
ated with strategic assessments, regional 
security, diplomacy, alliance relations, 
technological and military developments, 
and U.S. foreign policy. A major compo- 
nent of the Center will be outreach to 
other PME institutions, civilian academic 
programs, and research institutes. 

MCU leadership is exploring a con- 
cept of establishing regional campuses in 
order to give the university the capacity 
to expand and engage the student popu- 
lation in a meaningful and global way. 



The intent is to provide outreach and 
resources to the significant percentage 
of MCU students completing their PME 
from a distance by providing: compre- 
hensive and immediate access to MCU 
research and academic resources; central 
access for students and faculty to assem- 
ble and participate in a learning environ- 
ment; decentralized delivery of MCU- 
developed courses that ensures common 
content and uniformity; and use of tech- 
nologies that link home campus with re- 
gional campuses and individual students. 
Regional campuses will permit a global 
MCU presence and central management 
of resources. Through its combined em- 
phasis on courses, symposia, and publica- 
tions, MCU will continue to develop Ma- 
rines, sister service members, interagency 
personnel, and multinational partners. 



217 







PART 9: 

PORTING ESTABLISHMENT 




CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



INTRODUCTION 

The Supporting Establishment — Marine Corps Installations, Recruiting Activi- 
ties, Reserve Support Activities, and Special Supporting Activities — provides the foun- 
dation and framework for Marine Corps' readiness in the 21st Century. The programs 
discussed in this section are vitally important to the Marine Corps and the Nation. 
They are fundamental to the combat readiness of Marine Corps operating forces and 
are integral to the support of individual Marines, Sailors, and their families. 



219 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Manpower Recruiting 




FY 2009 was a very productive year 
for the Marines of the Marine Corps Re- 
cruiting Command (MCRC) as they con- 
tributed to the Marine Corps achieving an 
end-strength of 202,000. This was accom- 
plished without reducing the high quality 
standards expected and required to grow 
the force. Achieving this mission with the 
continued challenges of recruiting during 
wartime persisted, testing the ability and 
professionalism of our recruiting force. 
MCRC once again far surpassed its mis- 
sion requirements, exceeding all quality 
benchmarks as it accomplished this mile- 
stone achievement. 

Recruiting remains the lifeblood of 
our Corps. The ability of MCRC to not 
only meet, but exceed the quality stan- 
dards set forth by the Commandant of 

■ 220 



the Marine Corps serves as a testament 
to the professionalism and dedication of 
the recruiting force. It is the individual 
Marine recruiter who, tasked with ensur- 
ing that all applicants meet the nation's 
expectations of its Marines, serves as the 
gatekeeper to our Corps. Thanks to their 
efforts the Corps has not wavered in ac- 
cessing only the most highly qualified 
applicants. In addition to recruiting the 
Nation's best and brightest to become Ma- 
rines, the individual recruiter continues 
to serve as an ambassador in local com- 
munities and to the American public. Re- 
cruiters put a familiar face to the nation- 
ally recognized reputation of the Marine 
Corps and stand as examples of all that 
is best about the nation and her Corps. 
The individual recruiter serves as the sin- 
gular most influential factor inspiring ap- 
plicants to take up the challenge of serv- 
ing as a United States Marine, who once 
transformed, will be a Marine for life. 

Selection to recruiting duty is a 
unique and highly discerning process. 
Over the last fiscal year this process has 
become even more rigorous. Those con- 
sidered for assignment as recruiters must 
first undergo extensive screening at their 
home station and are continuously evalu- 
ated for their suitability during their time 
at Recruiters School. They are represen- 
tative of the best NCO's and SNCO's 
the Marine Corps has to offer. Intensive 
training at Recruiters School ensures that 
recruiters are thoroughly prepared to 
face the multi-faceted challenges that lay 
ahead. Their training is continuously re- 
inforced and built upon throughout their 



:HAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



recruiting tour, ensuring that the recruit- 
er remains armed with the most current, 
and effective, tools to facilitate success. 

Even before a prospective applicant 
meets with a recruiter in person it is likely 
that he or she will have been exposed to 
the Marine Corps' message of making 
Marines, winning the nation's battles and 
developing quality citizens. This is not by 
accident; it is accomplished through com- 
prehensive and intensely focused market- 
ing and advertising programs. These pro- 
grams serve to reinforce the elite warrior 
image and positive message that is com- 
municated daily by the individual recruit- 
er and is supported by his collateral mate- 
rials. To effectively maintain this message, 
marketing and advertising programs 
continue to emphasize core competencies 
of building brand awareness, generating 
quality leads for recruiters and develop- 
ing recruiter support material for use in 
the recruiting process. High-quality ad- 
vertising efforts properly focused on the 
target markets of prospective recruits and 
their influencers creates and maintains 
awareness of Marine Corps opportunities 
among America's young men and women 
and those who influence their decisions. 

Paid advertising continues to be the 
most effective means to communicate the 
Marine Corps' message and, as a result, 
remains the focus of advertising efforts. 
As advertising costs continue to increase 
it is imperative that the advertising bud- 
get remains competitive in order to en- 
sure that the recruiting message reaches 
the right audience. This is especially true 
as the Marine Corps moves forward into 



FY 2010 and beyond, as the strength of 
the recruiting force is reduced and Ma- 
rines are returned to the operating forces. 
Marine Corps recruiting successes during 
the past several years are a direct reflec- 
tion of the superior efforts of a quality 
recruiting force and the supporting arms 
of effective marketing and advertising 
programs. 

MCRC achieved unprecedented suc- 
cess in FY 2009 by making 101.0 per- 
cent of its enlisted shipping objectives 
to include exceeding all Department of 
Defense (DoD) and Marine Corps qual- 
ity standards. For example, 98.5 percent 
of those shipped to recruit training were 
Tier 1 high school graduates, above the 
DoD and Marine Corps standards of 90 
and 95 percent, respectively. Addition- 
ally, 69.7 percent were in the I-IIIA up- 
per mental group — again, well above the 
DoD and Marine Corps standards of 60 
percent and 63 percent, respectively. The 
Marine Corps Reserve achieved 107.7 
percent of its recruiting goals with the 
accession of 5,701 Non-Prior Service Ma- 
rines. Of these, 98.3 percent were Tier I 
high school graduates and 73.5 percent 
were in the I-IIIA mental groups. In addi- 
tion, MCRC accessed 3,862 Prior Service 
Marines into the Marine Corps Reserves, 
achieving 100 percent of the objective. 

Success was also achieved in the of- 
ficer mission by obtaining at least 100 
percent in all categories of air, ground, 
and law. Increases from commission- 
ing sources like the U.S. Naval Academy 
(USNA) and Naval Reserve Officer Train- 
ing Corps (NROTC) are currently con- 

221 ■ 



JSMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



tributing an appropriate percent to meet 
the overall annual officer requirement. 
In doing so, Officer Selection Teams are 
now able to focus on the college campus 
market for contracting future officers 
through the Platoon Leaders Class (PLC) 
Program. This will ensure that the qual- 
ity of the Officer Corps is maintained well 
into the future. 

In all recruiting efforts, diversity, in 
both the enlisted and officer ranks, re- 
mains an important priority for MCRC. 
Increased awareness in underrepresented 
markets will remain a key aspect of the 
marketing and advertising campaigns. 
This will be augmented by enhanced out- 
reach efforts, as MCRC strives to have a 
physical presence at key events interacting 
with prospective applicants and their in- 
fluencers. This increased focus on diver- 



sity will continue until the Marine Corps 
mirrors the face of the nation it serves. 

The superior results achieved by 
MCRC during FY 2009 ensured that the 
command continued its legacy of suc- 
cess. MCRC recognizes that during FY 
2010 there will be new challenges, some 
expected, other which will be unexpected. 
While FY 2009 was a year marked by great 
success, and MCRC is well-positioned for 
continued success in FY 2010, there is no 
time to rest on the laurels of previous ac- 
complishments. MCRC will move into 
the next fiscal year with a level of inten- 
sity that has led to its past successes and 
which ensures success in the future. As 
long as Marines recruit Marines, mission 
accomplishment can never be in doubt. 



222 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Marine Corps Recruiting Information Support System- 
Recruiting Station (MCRISS-RS) 



DESCRIPTION 

The deployment of MCRISS-RS 
streamlines the entire enlistment process 
and provides immediate benefits in man- 
hour savings by eliminating redundant 
data entry and improving the quality of 
information available. Moreover, the sys- 
tem directly interfaces with and supports 
key information technology initiatives 
of the U.S. Military Entrance Processing 
Command by electronically scheduling 
applicants for processing and receiving 
electronic processing results. MCRISS- 
RS interfaces with the Joint Personnel 
Adjudication System at the Office of Per- 
sonnel Management to ensure security 
background checks are fully completed 
on each applicant. MCRISS-RS harnesses 
state-of-the-art technology and provides 
the Marine Corps Recruiting Command 
with a solid foundation from which to 
grow future manpower information sys- 
tems, such as MCRISS-Recruiting Sub- 
Station (RSS) and MCRISS-Officer Selec- 
tion System (OSS). 

The development and deployment 
of MCRISS-RSS/OSS promises to auto- 
mate both the officer and enlisted side of 
recruiting at the recruiter/officer selec- 
tion officer (OSO) level through a proven 
framework of systematic recruiting. Sys- 
tematic recruiting establishes procedures 
for standardization, management/plan- 
ning, training, and action by focusing 
the OSO, RSS Staff Non-Commissioned 
Officer In Charge, and recruiter on those 
activities and programs vital to effective 
recruiting. MCRISS-RSS will encompass 
all 1 1 components of enlisted systematic 



recruiting while MCRISS-OSS will en- 
compass the 14 components of officer 
systematic recruiting. This effort will 
further eliminate redundant data entry 
and save an extremely valuable resource: 
time. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

Time is the recruiter's greatest chal- 
lenge and most precious asset. A re- 
cruiter's achievement and success are 
measured only by the number of quali- 
fied, quality individuals interviewed, con- 
tracted, and shipped to recruit training or 
Officer Candidate School. MCRISS-RSS/ 
OSS, coupled with solid skills, will sys- 
tematically organize the recruiter's day, 
week, and month. With this added orga- 
nization, the recruiter will be armed to 
conduct prospecting in a more efficient 
manner, saving time and ensuring con- 
sistency in the execution of prospecting 
plans. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Procurement Profile: FY 2010 efforts 
will deploy MCRISS-OSS (the first incre- 
ment of six MCRISS-RSS components), 
new automated enlisted applicant pack- 
age, new Automated Commissioning 
Package, and develop the second incre- 
ment of RSS. 

Developer/Manufacturer: 
Stanley Associates, Arlington, VA 
Subcontracts: Segue Technologies. 
Arlington, VA; Tedrad Digital Integrity, 
Washington, D.C.; and Firefly Database 
Solutions Inc., Nokesville, VA 



223 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Corps Retention 




ENLISTED PERSONNEL 

Enlisted retention achievements con- 
tribute to the Marine Corps' success in 
reaching key end strength milestones and 
ensure the proper grade shape and experi- 
ence to the enlisted career force. The Ma- 
rine Corps continues to retain both first- 
and subsequent-term enlisted Marines at 
unprecedented levels in order to shape 
the Non-Commissioned Officer and Staff 
Non-Commissioned Officer leadership 
required by the 202,000 end strength. 
The Corps' retention efforts match the 
required skills and grades necessary for a 
1:2 deployment-to-dwell time ratio. Re- 
tention goals increased in FY 2008 to sup- 
port the growth and proper shaping of 
our current and future career force. In FY 
2009, the Marine Corps achieved 15,949 
reenlistments among eligible first-term 
and subsequent-term populations. The 
Marine Corps reached these retention 
goals earlier in the fiscal year than at any 
other time in the program's history. The 
8,012 first-term reenlistments achieved in 
FY 2009 were the second-highest number 
ever achieved. The Marine Corps reenlist- 
ed 33.7 percent of the eligible first-term 
population, compared to an average of 24 



percent in a traditional fiscal year. Simi- 
larly, we reenlisted 78.2 percent of the eli- 
gible career force, compared to 60 percent 
in a traditional fiscal year. 

Retention goals will remain aggres- 
sive as the Marine Corps continues to 
shape the enlisted career force. The Selec- 
tive Reenlistment Bonus Program (SRBP) 
clearly aided reenlistment endeavors and 
improved retention for some critical skill 
shortages. The creation of new opera- 
tional units has led to shortages in many 
occupational specialties that span the 
Marine Air Ground Task Force, such as 
intelligence, explosive ordnance disposal, 
reconnaissance, and artillery, thereby jus- 
tifying SRBP funding levels. 

Although the SRBP greatly assists 
with this retention success, intangible at- 
tributes such as pride of service and the 
satisfaction of leadership remain signifi- 
cant influences on retention. All leaders 
within the officer and enlisted ranks must 
ensure Marines are educated on the im- 
portance of retention and on evolving 
retention policies and incentives. Leaders 
must emphasize the intangibles of service 
to aid quality Marines in their individual 
reenlistment decisions. 

Marine Corps retention efforts are 
enhanced by the 404 career retention spe- 
cialists that specialize in and assist com- 
manders in the retention of Marines. Also 
supporting retention efforts is the Enlist- 
ed Career Counseling and Performance 
Evaluation Unit resident in the Enlisted 
Assignments Branch at Headquarters 
Marine Corps. The six Marines in this 
unit provide career guidance to enlisted 



224 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



career Marines, performance evaluations 
on retention and retirement requests, 
and informational briefs to commands 
throughout the Marine Corps. The unit 
also provides formal instruction on pro- 
motion and career progression to all 
academies, the Sergeants Course, Career 
Course and Advanced Course, as well as 
the Infantry Unit Leaders Course. It con- 
ducts command visits on U.S. east and 
west coasts and the throughout the Far 
East, reaching more than 150,000 person- 
nel per year. 

i 




OFFICERS 

The Marine Corps officer retention 
goal is to retain the best and most fully 
qualified officers in the right grades and 
with the right skills to provide the capa- 



bilities required in the operating forces. 
Historically, the aggregate officer reten- 
tion rate is 90.5 percent. For FY 2009, the 
Marine Corps achieved a retention rate 
of 92.5 percent. Regardless of that suc- 
cess, the Marine Corps continues to look 
for indicators of higher attrition in future 
years. 

Although overall officer retention 
is excellent, shortages do exist in cer- 
tain grades and skills, requiring careful 
management and innovative solutions. 
To this end, the Marine Corps has active 
programs in place, both monetary and 
non-monetary, to ensure officer retention 
remains high. Monetary tools already 
implemented include Aviation Continu- 
ation Pay and Law School Education 
Debt Subsidy. Non-monetary programs 
include voluntary lateral moves, inter- 
service transfers to the Marine Corps, and 
Return to Active Duty. All of these pro- 
grams provide incentives to officers for 
continued service while retaining Marine 
Corps flexibility to meet requirements 
across the Marine Corps Total Force. 



225 



USMC C 


-ONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Civilian Marines 




Civilian Marines are valuable assets 
to the Total Force team. Marines at all 
ranks recognize, more than ever before, 
the importance of Civilian Marines who 
provide critical support in numerous ar- 
eas throughout the Corps. Civilian Ma- 
rines total approximately 35,000, with an 
expected growth of another 5,000 during 
the next five years. Serving primarily as a 
major element of the supporting estab- 
lishment, Civilian Marines are now being 
called upon to serve in positions tradition- 
ally occupied by military personnel and 
deploy along with operational forces. The 
Marine Corps is focused on ensuring the 
Nation has a Civilian Marine workforce 
equipped with the leadership skills and 
technical competencies necessary to meet 
the challenges of today as well as in the fu- 
ture. Flexibilities in how we manage Civil- 
ian Marines also play a key role in helping 
the Marine Corps meet its mission. 

Civilian Workforce Development: 
The Marine Corps is committed to im- 
proving the leadership skills and oppor- 
tunities for training and education of 
Civilian Marines. Civilian Marines are af- 
forded the opportunity to advance their 
career development through centrally 



managed programs. There are numerous 
programs, courses, and seminars avail- 
able. Opportunities exist for both new/ 
entry-level and senior/expert-level em- 
ployees. The Civilian Workforce Develop- 
ment Application (CWDA) was designed 
to assist the Marine Corps in managing 
civilian workforce development activities. 
CWDA is a web application that contains 
data related to the leadership and func- 
tional core competencies of the Commu- 
nities of Interest (COI). The long-term 
vision for CWDA is that it will facilitate 
organizational management and work- 
force shaping. 

Community Management: COIs 
provide enterprise-wide communica- 
tions, collect and share best practices, 
focus on technical aspects and training 
needs, and ensure competencies and ca- 
reer paths are developed for the com- 
munity. In the Marine Corps, there are 
20 communities that encompass more 
than 350 job series. COIs are led by se- 
nior civilians of the community, typically 
members of the Senior Executive Service. 
They are responsible for establishing the 
community vision and plan, in addition 
to serving as advocates for Civilian Ma- 
rines who work in the job series within 
their COIs. 

Labor Relations: The Marine Corps 
maintains relations with 17 bargaining 
units representing 17,000 Civilian Ma- 
rines throughout the Marine Corps. Fed- 
eral unions have a representative role es- 
tablished by statute and are kept informed 
of programs and changes that will impact 
employees. A master labor agreement, 



226 



ER 3: PROGRAMS 



covering all bargaining unit employees, 
was negotiated with the American Feder- 
ation of Government Employees in an ef- 
fort to enhance morale and productivity, 
limit job turnover, and help organizations 
increase performance and improve busi- 
ness results. The key function of labor 
relations is to develop strategies for ef- 
fective communication and investigating 
and establishing work/life balance initia- 
tives to create a more positive workplace 
environment. 

CIVILIAN POLICE 
RECRUITMENT INITIATIVE 

As Marines continue to deploy world- 
wide to fill critical national defense re- 
quirements, Civilian Marines provide es- 
sential installation support here at home. 

In 2007, the Marine Corps adopted a 
plan to hire approximately 1,200 Civilian 
Police Officers. That expansion of civilian 
policing will reduce the operational stress 



on Marine Corps Military Police while 
improving security and police services 
across the Marine Corps. 

This initiative hired 725 Civilian Po- 
lice Officers during FY 2008 and FY 2009, 
with the rest of the hiring programmed 
for the next two years; this will include 
the establishment of Marine Corps Police 
Departments in Bridgeport, CA (Moun- 
tain Warfare Training Center) and New 
Orleans, LA (Federal City). New recruits 
must complete an intense ten-week re- 
gional training academy that certifies 
them as Marine Corps Police Officers 
before being assigned to police duties at 
the installations where they were hired. 
These Civilian Marines are now work- 
ing side-by-side with Marine Corps Mili- 
tary Police at Marine Corps installations 
across the United States. This initiative 
seeks to attract, hire, and retain a fully vi- 
able civilian police workforce by the end 
of FY 2011. 



227 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Total Force Structure Management System (TFSMS) 



DESCRIPTION 

The Total Force Structure Manage- 
ment System (TFSMS) serves as the au- 
thoritative source for the Marine Corps' 
default force structure data. TFSMS pro- 
vides a single, accurate, synchronized, 
and timely system for force structure 
information in support of the Marine 
Corps' focus on re-engineering processes 
to support the enterprise while optimiz- 
ing its business functions through avail- 
able information technology. Within the 
Total Force Management process, TFSMS 
enhances the Marine Corps' ability to ef- 
ficiently and effectively address future 
capabilities in the framework of United 
States Code Title 10 responsibilities, 
which include organizing, training, and 
equipping forces as a component of the 
national military capability. To facilitate 
the integration of capabilities into the 
operating forces, TFSMS specifies Marine 
Corps force structure requirements and 
authorizations in the form of Tables of 
Organizations and Equipment (TO&E), 
which comprise billets and authorized 
equipment. Furthermore, TFSMS serves 
as the primary data source and business 
process engine for the Total Force Struc- 
ture Process activities. In 2010, TFSMS' 
force structuring and technical capabili- 
ties are being enhanced to encompass a 
broader vision to support future Joint 
Force Management capabilities through 
the Global Force Management Data Ini- 
tiative (GFM DI) Organization Servers. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

TFSMS users span the Marine Corps 
from HQMC to the operating forces. 
Transactional users or super users are re- 
sponsible for the input and maintenance 
of TFSMS data through submission of 
TO&E Change Requests (TOECRs). The 
review and approval of TOECRs is man- 
aged through TFSMS Workflow, which 
extends the Marine Corps' force structure 
management process down to the unit 
level by enabling individuals to submit 
TOECRs that contribute to the makeup 
of the current and future force. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

In early 2010, TFSMS has more than 
3,000 transactional and 9,000 non-trans- 
actional users, which include Marines, 
civilians, and contractors. TFSMS Block 

I completes in FY 2010 with Increment 

II initial capability planned for FY 2012. 
Increment II establishes the foundation 
for evolving from force structuring to en- 
abling Total Force Management as it re- 
lates to expeditionary force development 
and the integration of manning, equip- 
ping, and training processes. Increment 
II introduces further net-centric-enabled 
force structuring functionality, achieve 
Approved Acquisition Objective process 
integration and institute "Blue in Support 
of Green" aviation equipment visibility. 



228 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Installations and Military Construction 




Marine Corps bases and stations rep- 
resent irreplaceable national assets. They 
are fundamental to combat readiness 
with regard to pre-deployment training 
and the launching, sustaining, and re- 
constituting of Marine operating forces. 
In 2025, Marine Corps installations will 
provide an even higher quality training 
environment directly supporting the To- 
tal Force in Readiness. Additionally, those 
bases and stations are and will continue 
to be integral to the quality of life of Ma- 
rines, Sailors and their families. 

The current operation and mainte- 
nance of these installations as well as their 
future development and use require plan- 
ning, wise investment, and sound execu- 
tion. Numerous Corps-wide efforts are 
underway to ensure Marine Corps instal- 
lations are ready, responsive, and capable 
of meeting current and future support 
requirements of a 202,000-strong Marine 
Corps. 

The Marine Corps has more than $50 
billion worth of facilities that are used to 
train, house, and provide excellent qual- 
ity of life for Marines and their families. 
Examples of these facilities are barracks, 
hangers, runways, sewage treatment 
plants, roads, and electrical lines. These 
facilities are used to perform mission-es- 
sential tasks, and they must be appropri- 



ately maintained. Adequately sustaining 
required facilities is the highest facilities 
management priority. 

MILITARY CONSTRUCTION 

Upon reexamination of the Marine 
Corps' structure and manning relative 
to its expected long-term mission needs, 
the President approved a permanent end 
strength increase of 27,000 Marines, from 
the base of 175,000 to 202,000 Marines by 
2012. This goal was reached in FY 2009. 
To ensure that these Marines have ade- 
quate facilities in which to live and work, 
the President's FY 2007 Supplemental 
request included $324 million to accom- 
plish critical path infrastructure projects. 
In 2008, Congress approved construction 
projects that totaled $668 million in the 
FY 2008 Global War on Terrorism and the 
FY 2008 Military Construction and Fam- 
ily Housing programs. In FY 2009 and 
FY 2010, Congress approved $1.4 billion 
and $2 billion respectively to support 
"Grow-the-Force" requirements. The 
balance of this investment requirement, 
including military construction and fam- 
ily housing, is being aggressively pro- 
grammed. 

The Marine Corps has a multi-fac- 
eted program that is addressing baseline 
infrastructure improvements at instal- 
lations and supporting the Defense Pos- 
ture Review Initiative to move Marines 
to Guam. An additional $325 million in 
Military Construction has been approved 
by Congress in support these programs in 
FY 2010. This funding is critical to main- 
taining and improving installations and 
providing adequate facilities both in the 
continental United States and abroad. 



229 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Energy Initiative 



The USMC's emerging energy strat- 
egy builds on past achievements and will 
transform the Marine Corps' energy pos- 
ture to appropriately consider energy in 
the decision-making process. The new 
strategy will recognize that expeditionary 
operations and USMC installations each 
have sets of energy requirements, chal- 
lenges, and opportunities. New technolo- 
gies will be leveraged to reduce energy 
demands and increase alternative and 
renewable energy supplies. Accountabil- 
ity and change initiatives will be captured 
in new policies and doctrine in three pri- 
mary areas: tactical equipment; facilities; 
and garrison mobile equipment. 




Tactical Equipment. CMC's Policy 
Memorandum 2-02 introduced the con- 
sideration of fuel efficiency Key Perfor- 
mance Parameters (KPPs) in retrofit and 
acquisition of all major equipment plat- 
forms. Although Marine Corps opera- 
tional energy- reduction efforts are chal- 
lenged by ongoing overseas contingency 
operations and the continuing growth of 
Marine operational forces, two primary 
approaches are being implemented to re- 
duce expeditionary energy consumption 
and increase warfighter energy indepen- 



dence. The first is to ensure mandatory 
consideration of energy efficiency as a 
KPP in all replacement platforms. The 
Joint Light Tactical Vehicle, the replace- 
ment for the High Mobility Multipurpose 
Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), is the first 
item to formally incorporate an energy- 
efficiency KPP. The second is to partner 
acquisition and Research and Develop- 
ment (R&D) activities to develop and 
obtain alternative and renewable energy 
sources. Through January 2010, several 
R&D initiatives have benefited from Eco- 
nomic Stimulus funding: 

• Improved Environmental Control Units 
- $3.5 million to deliver 15 systems in 
FY 2010 

• Integrated Trailer, Environmental Con- 
trol Units, and Generators - $2.5 mil- 
lion to field five systems in FY 2010 

• Onboard Vehicle Power for both Me- 
dium Truck Vehicle Replacements and 
HMMWVs - $4.0 million to deliver five 
systems in FY 2010 

• Immediate implementation of ener- 
gy-savings methods and materials in 
forward- deployed contingency instal- 
lations (e.g., foaming of relocatable 
dwellings to reduce energy use for cli- 
mate control) 

• Investment in research, development, 
and acquisition to reduce battlefield 
overland supply distribution. 

Facilities. In April 2009 the Com- 
mandant published the Facilities Energy 
& Water Management Campaign Plan 
that addresses strategic and immediate 
actions to reduce energy usage at Marine 
Corps installations. This plan under- 



230 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 




scored the Marine Corps' commitment to 
aggressively identify, develop, and imple- 
ment energy efficiency strategies as well 
as to comprehensively develop renewable 
energy sources to meet mission and man- 
dated requirements. The Commandant's 
intent for this over-arching effort is to: 
(1) ensure a secure and reliable energy 
and water supply to support the operat- 
ing forces and their families through the 
efficient management of energy and wa- 
ter facilities infrastructure; (2) achieve 
energy and water efficiency goals man- 
dated by the President and Congress to 
support national efforts to lower green- 
house gas emissions, reduce the Nation's 
dependence on foreign oil, and promote 
conservation of water supplies; and (3) 
reduce life-cycle operating costs of Ma- 
rine Corps facilities and manage future 
commodity price volatility. 

To meet these three goals, the plan 
identified ten specific actions to be in 
place by the end of FY 2010 — giving the 
program the nickname, "Ten x '10" — 
that the Marine Corps is undertaking in 
its installations energy program: 
• Commitment of top down leadership to 
energy use reduction 



• Ensure appropriate levels of resourc- 
es are made available to support the 
required energy and water efficiency 
initiatives 

• Commitment to sustainable facility 
design and operations 

• Procure energy efficient equipment and 
products 

• Invest in emerging energy efficient 
technology 

• Phase out use of incandescent light 
bulbs by 2010 

• Aggressively pursue large-scale renew- 
able energy projects to include geother- 
mal energy where feasible 

• Implement aggressive demand-shed- 
ding and peak shaving strategies 

• Expanded use of the USMC robust 
Geospatial Information Systems data 
system to increase real-time energy 
usage awareness and reduction oppor- 
tunities 




231 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



• Implement training and awareness 
programs to emphasize user controlled 
reductions 

Garrison Mobile Equipment (GME). 
GME is a centrally managed program 
of off-the-shelf, commercially available 
equipment that focuses on supporting 
installation transportation requirements. 
These assets are used to perform ground 
transportation, fire fighting (buildings/ 
grounds and aircraft), rescue functions, 
construction, material handling, and 
maintenance functions at Marine Corps 
installations. In early 2010, the fleet totals 
more than 13,000 sedans, station wagons, 
buses, general-purpose heavy and light 
trucks, fire and refuse-collection trucks 
and tractors, engineer and construction 
equipment, forklifts, warehouse cranes, 
and platform trucks. The GME fleet exists 
to support the day-to-day operations of 
the installation and directly supports the 
operating forces by minimizing the use of 
tactical vehicles in garrison. 

The Marine Corps has in place an 
aggressive program to pursue petroleum 
fuel reduction and conservation in the 
GME fleet. The Marine Corps has repeat- 
edly exceeded the Energy Policy Act of 
1992 Alternative Fuel Vehicle acquisition 
requirements and has been a leader in the 




Department of Defense and other Federal 
agencies in the adoption of efficient ve- 
hicle technologies and the use of alterna- 
tive fuels, including electricity, E85, com- 
pressed natural gas, hybrids, biodiesel, 
and hydrogen. 

Recognizing the difficulties of using 
some alternative fuel vehicles without 
adequate refueling infrastructure, the 
Marine Corps is investing in alternative 
refueling infrastructure (e.g., refueling 
stations) where needed to complement 
the increase in alternative fueled vehicles. 

Of special note, the Marine Corps 
is also testing hydrogen-powered fuel cell 
vehicle operations and has established our 
first hydrogen generation and refueling 
station at Camp Pendleton California in 
support of fuel cell vehicle development. 



232 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Environmental, Natural, and Cultural 
Resources Stewardship 







Excellence in warfighting requires 
unencumbered access to the land, sea, and 
airspace needed to conduct quality, real- 
istic training. Unless properly managed, 
Marine Corps land, sea, and airspace re- 
sources can become damaged to the point 
where realistic training is degraded. Ef- 
fective environmental management en- 
sures mission readiness by allowing the 
Marine Corps to sustain and enhance 
these training assets, while protecting the 
health of local citizens, Marines, and the 
valuable resources entrusted to the Ma- 
rine Corps. 

Compliance with applicable laws and 
regulations is as important as ever, and 
the Marine Corps enhances mission ca- 
pabilities through a systematic approach 
to environmental management that 
promotes integrated land management 



principles and pollution prevention. To 
ensure that frequent, repeated use of land 
for readiness purposes can be sustained, 
each installation having stewardship re- 
sponsibilities for natural and/or cultural 
resources prepares and implements an In- 
tegrated Natural Resources Management 
Plan and an Integrated Cultural Resourc- 
es Management Plan. Implementation of 
these plans ensures our lands are man- 
aged in a sustainable manner. The Marine 
Corps also seeks ways to reduce pollution 
through material substitution, best man- 
agement practices, and training Marines 
and civilians to perform their jobs in an 
environmentally sound manner. 

In FY 2009, the Marine Corps estab- 
lished Marine Corps Air Station Miramar 
and Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow 
as "Green" bases to lead efforts to pro- 
mote sound environmental stewardship 
through promotion of energy efficiency, 
use of alternative energy sources, pollu- 
tion prevention, and sustainable envi- 
ronmental and other installation prac- 
tices. Projects are underway in FY 2010 or 
planned for the future to make these in- 
stallations "Green" models for the Marine 
Corps and the Department of Defense. 



233 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Housing 



Bachelor Enlisted Quarters (BEQ). 

Bachelor housing is one of the Comman- 
dant's top Military Construction priori- 
ties. The Commandant's BEQ Initiative, 
initiated in 2006 as part of Program 
Objective Memorandum 2008, provided 
more than $1.7 billion in construction 
funds to correct barracks space short- 
falls, implement renovations, and pro- 
vide collateral equipment. Subsequently, 
the Commandant approved an additional 
$1.2 billion in new construction during 
FY 2009-2013 period to add barracks 
spaces associated with the "Grow-the- 
Force" initiative. These initiatives will 
eliminate existing BEQ space deficiencies 
and inadequate barracks and achieve the 
Marine Corps desired "2+0" assignment 
standard by FY 2014. 

The new BEQs will be highly modern 
living facilities for Marines and Sailors 
and will include rooms with improved 
aesthetics and bathroom configurations, 
enhanced recreation and laundry areas, 
and will be designed to optimize climate 
control and energy efficiency. For exist- 
ing BEQs, we are continuing the "Whole 
Room Concept" replacement furniture 
program to replace entire room furnish- 
ings on a cyclical basis. 

Family Housing. In September 2007, 
the Marine Corps privatized all fam- 
ily housing units where it was economi- 
cally advantageous and authorized; for 
example, military housing legislative au- 
thorities prohibit housing privatization at 
overseas locations. In early 2010, there are 
more than 22,000 units of housing priva- 




tized and less than 1,000 Marine Corps- 
owned and -managed units remaining. 

The Marine Corps has leveraged pri- 
vate financing to government investment 
at a ratio of approximately 5.4 to 1. This 
has enabled the Marine Corps to quickly 
and significantly upgrade family hous- 
ing infrastructure and improve hous- 
ing management. As a defining metric, 
the family housing occupant satisfaction 
levels continue to be much higher than 
when the housing units were managed 
and maintained by the service. Housing 
referral, the process of assisting military 
families find housing, is still retained by 
the government, however. 

Constructing deficit housing, mainly 
attributable to new housing requirements 
associated with the Grow-the-Force build 
up, will continue through 2014, principal- 
ly at MCB Camp Pendleton, MCB Camp 
Lejeune, and Marine Corps Air Ground 
Combat Center Twenty Nine Palms. New 
units constructed at these facilities will 
be modern and energy efficient, and will 
continue to improve the quality of life of 
Marines, Sailors, and their families. 



234 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Continuous Process Improvement (CPI) 



If the Marine Corps is to transform 
successfully, the performance of processes 
that support the warfighter must become 
more effective and efficient. To that end, 
the Continuous Process Improvement 
(CPI) program provides leaders a flex- 
ible, internal, economical, disciplined ca- 
pability to improve performance, safety, 
and quality of life, and, to mitigate the 
impact of resource pressure. The terms 
performance and process improvement 
are distinctly different but related. Per- 
formance Improvement is the result of 
this program. Process improvement is 
the means to obtain results. 

The Marine Corps invests $5.7 mil- 
lion annually (in labor and training costs) 
to support performance improvements 
across the Service. The benefits and re- 
sults of the investment include: 

• A CPI program office and a cadre of 
in-house performance improvement 
expertise to coordinate policy, develop 
standard methods, and assist organi- 
zational leaders to build and sustain 
in-house capability to improve perfor- 
mance 

• A "learn by doing" training curriculum 
that coaches Marines and civilian Ma- 
rine personnel to make improvements 
and solve problems using standard im- 
provement methods 

• An enterprise-wide software tool that 
monitors progress of training and im- 
provement projects and shares results 
from improvement initiatives — so 
they can be replicated 



• Improved readiness, improved quality 
of life for Marines and family members, 
improved workforce safety, reduced 
time required to complete work, and 
reduced costs 

The modest annual investment to 
create and sustain an internal capability 
to improve performance will pay divi- 
dends indefinitely into the future and will 
become increasingly more important. 
Indeed, the value of FY 2009 benefits was 
estimated at $56.5 million (a 10:1 ratio on 
investment) . 

Since 2008, the USMC has complet- 
ed more than 300 improvement projects, 
with another 194 in progress in early 
2010. Results are being achieved in a va- 
riety of areas including: reducing aircraft 
not mission ready due to supply; reducing 
cycle time of depot rebuild for Amphibi- 
ous Assault Vehicles, M-16s, and High 
Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles; 
reducing wait times for Marines and their 
family members to obtain identification 
cards; reducing discharge time for Ma- 
rines who fail to complete basic training; 
improving the validation process of in- 
voices; reducing the time required to pro- 
cess valor awards; improving the regional 
radar service in the southwest region; 
and streamlining the process to check-in/ 
check out personnel. 

The Marine Corps' CPI program is 
thus a critical element in performance, 
readiness, safety, quality of life, and 
stewardship of the taxpayer resources 
entrusted to us. 



235 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Corps Reserve 



Reserve Marines understand the cost 
of protecting the American way of life, 
and although some have paid the ulti- 
mate price, dedicated men and women 
continue to volunteer to serve their coun- 
try in the Marine Corps Reserve. The Ma- 
rine Corps Reserve continues to fill criti- 
cal requirements in support of overseas 
contingency operations, particularly in 
Iraq and Afghanistan. At home, Marine 
Forces Reserve maintains Reserve Ma- 
rines and assets pre-positioned through- 
out the country, ready to assist with not 
only national defense missions, but also 
civil-military missions such as providing 
disaster relief. 

Despite the current high operational 
tempo, the Marine Corps Reserve con- 
tinues to recruit and retain top-notch 
Marines. New Marines are consistently 
brought into the Reserves at a rate of 20 
to 25 percent of the Selected Reserve's end 
strength per year. This, in addition to our 
current force, provides continued capa- 
bility to augment and reinforce the Active 
Component. As the Active Component 



increased its end strength to 202,000, it 
is important to note that higher levels of 
retention in the Active Component, and 
greater numbers of Marines from the Re- 
serve Component volunteering for full- 
time active duty with the Active Compo- 
nent, reduced the number of personnel 
transitioning into the Selected Marine 
Corps Reserve. 

The Marine Corps Reserve is a full 
partner of the Marine Corps' Total Force. 
Reserve Marines continue to prove their 
dedication to their country and fellow 
citizens. Their continuing honor, cour- 
age, and commitment to warfighting ex- 
cellence while maintaining close ties to 
their community truly set them apart as 
"citizen soldiers." They recognize that they 
have a crucial mission and the American 
people will continue to expect the most 
from them while continuing to support 
them. Marine Forces Reserve, with its 
well-equipped, well-led, and well-trained 
professional men and women, will con- 
tinue to be an integral part of the Marine 
Corps. 



236 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



237 



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PART 10: 



FORCE PROTECTION 



R 3: PROGRAMS 



.■■■.■■ 



INTRODUCTION 

Force Protection covers a wide range of programs from non-lethal weapons to 
chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) detection and protection 
equipment. Non-lethal capabilities increase survivability of friendly forces and non- 
combatants by providing the ability to apply force in circumstances where minimizing 
casualties and collateral damage is critical. CBRN equipment provides the Marine with 
the necessary capability to operate in a contaminated environment and still accomplish 
the mission. These are important supporting programs for the Marine and the operat- 
ing forces. 



239 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Program (JNLWP) 



DESCRIPTION 

The Department of Defense (DoD) 
defines non-lethal weapons as "weapons, 
devices, and munitions that are explicitly 
designed and primarily employed to in- 
capacitate targeted personnel or materiel 
immediately, while minimizing fatalities, 
permanent injury to personnel and un- 
desired damage to property in the target 
area or environment. Non-lethal weapons 
are intended to have reversible effects on 
personnel and materiel." 

Since 1996, the JNLWP has been 
overseeing the research and development 
of non-lethal weapons and stimulating 
non-lethal requirements. The JNLWP 
makes program recommendations to the 
services regarding fielding of non-lethal 
weapons and assists in the development 
of training programs. The Commandant 
of the Marine Corps serves as the Ex- 
ecutive Agent for the DoD Non-Lethal 
Weapons Program and as such is an ac- 
tive service participant in the JNLWP. The 
Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate, 
based at Marine Corps Base Quantico, 
VA, manages the day-to-day operations 
of the program. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The Marine Corps recognizes that 
future conflicts will seldom be classified 
as either solely conventional or irregular 
warfare; rather, they will be hybrid con- 
flicts requiring a broad range of capabili- 
ties. A key concept the Marine Corps has 
adopted in response to hybrid warfare is 
the "3 -block war" construct, which places 
operations into three categories: assist 
(humanitarian/disaster response); en- 



force (stability operations); and defeat 
(counter-insurgency and major combat 
operations). 

Meeting the challenge of protecting 
the force in an environment such as the 
"3-block war," where the enemy's use of 
asymmetric tactics requires the operat- 
ing forces to have the ability to adapt to 
situations using escalation of force (EoF) 
capabilities. EoF comprises the applica- 
tion of and, if necessary, elevation to the 
minimum force necessary to achieve ob- 
jectives. To support the development of 
additional and enhanced Marine Corps- 
specific requirements, the Marine Corps 
developed an Initial Capabilities Docu- 
ment (ICD) for EoF which was approved 
by the Marine Requirements Oversight 
Council (MROC) in August 2009. 

Currently, the EoF Mission Modules 
(EoF-MM) and the Dazzling Laser are 
contributing to the Marine Corps' ability 
to successfully conduct stability opera- 
tions in theater. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Many non-lethal weapons are already 
fielded, and research efforts continue on a 
host of developing technologies that will 
help fill many of the non-lethal capability 
gaps the services have identified. Field- 
ed non-lethal weapons include blunt- 
impact munitions, optical warning and 
distraction devices, acoustic hailing de- 
vices, vehicle arresting devices, flash-bang 
grenades and munitions, and temporary 
incapacitation devices such as human 
electro-muscular incapacitation (HEMI) 
devices. 



240 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



MAGTF CBRN Assessment and Consequence Management 
Set (MAGTF CBRN ACM Set) 




DESCRIPTION 

The MAGTF CBRN ACM Set is a 
suite of specialized detection/identifi- 
cation and protective equipment that 
enhances traditional passive defense op- 
erations and allows chemical, biological, 
radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) recon- 
naissance elements to confirm or deny 
the presence of a broad range of CBRN 
hazards and provide protection to oper- 
ate in the most hazardous of environ- 
ments. CBRN defense personnel at the 



major subordinate command (MSC) and 
Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) levels, 
in the active and reserve forces, use the 
MAGTF CBRN ACM set. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The MAGTF CBRN ACM Set will 
provide a more efficient and effective de- 
tection and identification capability to the 
MAGTF commander. The MAGTF CBRN 
ACM Set will support the characteriza- 
tion of hazardous material attacks, events 
or accidents across the range of military 
operations and combat weapon of mass 
destruction (WMD) operations. This ca- 
pability will enhance the commander's 
risk-based decision-making ability as it 
pertains to contamination avoidance, 
personal protection, and CBRN recon- 
naissance. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Fielding of the MAGTF CBRN ACM 
Sets began in the second quarter FY 2009. 
The Approved Acquisition Objective is 
27 sets (two per MSC, one per MEU, and 
two at Marine Forces Reserve). All 27 sets 
have been procured and fielding is antici- 
pated to be completed by third quarter 
FY 2010. 



241 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Hailing and Warning Green Beam Laser Systems 



DESCRIPTION 

The Marine Corps adopted the use of 
Green Beam Laser Systems in support of 
Escalation of Force (EoF) type missions. 
This non-lethal device provides a visual 
warning capability to gain the attention 
of personnel approaching lethal force 
authorized zones. The current systems 
authorized for use are the Green Beam 
Designator III (Custom) (GBD-IIIC) and 
the 532P-M Glare MOUT (Mini-Green) 
systems. The systems provide safe and ef- 
fective visual hail and warn technology to 
minimize the risk of injury or death to 
civilian and military personnel as well as 
limit collateral damage to property and 
local infrastructure. To help in further re- 
ducing the risk of injury, a Safety Control 
Module (SCM) has been incorporated 
onto the GBD-IIIC. The SCM prevents 
inadvertent lazing within the nominal 
ocular hazard distance of the system. 
Once incorporated on the GBD-IIIC, the 
system is designated as the LA-9/P. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The LA-9/P and Mini-Green allow 
personnel engaged in combat, stability 
and security, and force-protection opera- 
tions to employ an intense visual cueing 



device to hail and warn personnel and 
vehicles at safe standoff distances. The 
two laser systems, along with other non- 
lethal weapons systems, will provide EoF 
capabilities to protect Marines against the 
threat of Vehicle Borne Improvised Ex- 
plosive Devices (VBIEDs). 

PROGRAM STATUS 

A total of 1,185 GBD-IIICs have been 
fielded. Deliveries of the SCM began in 
fourth quarter FY 2009. In addition to 
the 1,185 GBD units, an additional 282 
LA-9/P will be procured during FY 2010. 
The Mini-Greens were provided to the 
Marine Corps by the Army Rapid Equip- 
ping Force in 2008. The Marine Corps 
will acquire an additional 228 Mini-Green 
systems in FY 2010. The LA-9/P and 
the Mini-Green will be replaced by the 
Ocular Interruption Device beginning in 
FY 2015. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
LA-9/P: 282 

Mini-Green: 228 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

B. E. Meyers Inc, Redmond, WA 



242 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



VENOM™ Non-Lethal Tube Launched Munitions System 
(NL/TLMS) 



DESCRIPTION 

The VENOM™ NL/TLMS is a 
40mm, multi-shot, electrically actuated, 
non-lethal munitions grenade launcher 
mounted to the High Mobility Multi- 
purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) 
Marine Corps Transparent Armored Gun 
Shield (MCTAGS) turret. The NL/TLMS 
consists of three banks of ten launch 
tubes, each at fixed angles of 10, 20, and 
30 degrees from the horizontal, achiev- 
ing 360° degree coverage by traversing the 
HMMWV turret. The NL/TLMS fires a 
multi-flash-bank grenade out to a range 
of approximately 130 meters. The system 
comprises a launcher, hand controller, 
and cable subsystems. The hand-control- 
ler firing system is used to fire the three 
banks of ten rounds each. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The NL/TLMS will enable Marines 
to deter and dissuade errant vehicle op- 
erators from encroaching security zones 
established during convoy, vehicle check 
point, and entry control point operations 
by providing a high volume of non-lethal 
fire at range during day and night mis- 
sions. This capability will increase the 
standoff distance between the Marine 



and a potential threat while allowing time 
to determine intent and to escalate force 
if necessary. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

A Limited User Evaluation was 
conducted on the NL/TLMS by operat- 
ing forces at the Expeditionary Systems 
Evaluation Division (ESED) of the Naval 
Surface Warfare Center (NSWC Crane) 
located in Fallbrook, CA from 19 April 
through 2 May 2009. Twenty-five NL/ 
TLMS are planned to undergo an Opera- 
tional Environmental Evaluation (OEE) 
in theater during the second quarter 
FY 2010 and will be subsequently fielded 
as initial production units. 

A full rate production contract for 
225 systems is scheduled to be awarded 
in the second quarter FY 2010. The NL/ 
TLMS Approved Acquisition Objective is 
250 units. 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
VENOM™: 225 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Combined Systems, Inc., Jamestown, PA 



243 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Mission Payload Module Non-Lethal Weapons System 
(MPM-NLWS) 



DESCRIPTION 

The Mission Payload Module Non- 
Lethal Weapons System (MPM-NLWS) 
program will develop and field a new 
vehicle-mounted, tube-launched muni- 
tions delivery system with a novel py- 
rotechnic munition designed to render 
targeted personnel temporarily incapaci- 
tated. It will disable, inhibit, or degrade 
one or more functions or capabilities of 
a target to render it ineffective within a 
specified zone of influence. The objective 
of the program is to provide a capability 
to deliver counter-personnel non-lethal 
effects applicable to controlling crowds, 
denying or defending areas, controlling 
access, and engaging threats while pro- 
viding sufficient standoff for protection 
of friendly forces. The initial increment 
of MPM-NLWS will be mounted onto 
the Marine Corps Transparent Armored 
Gun Shield (MCTAGS) on a High Mobil- 
ity Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HM- 
MWV) and its replacement vehicle. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The MPM-NLWS will allow the Ma- 
rine infantryman to effectively launch 
non-lethal munitions to a broader area 
with a greater duration of effects and vol- 
ume of fire. Employment of the MPM- 
NLWS will grant commanders additional 
options short of lethal force and flexibil- 
ity in implementing rules of engagement 
with less-restrictive measures. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

MPM-NLWS achieved Milestone A in 
2004. The Capability Development Doc- 
ument was approved in November 2007. 
Anticipate awarding contracts to industry 
for the Technology Development Phase 
in the second quarter FY 2010. The Ap- 
proved Acquisition Objective is 312 units, 
with IOC anticipated in the first quarter 
FY 2016. 

Developer/Manufacturer: TBD 



244 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Escalation of Force Mission-Module (EoF-MM) 



DESCRIPTION 

The Escalation of Force Mission 
Module contains equipment required to 
satisfy the operational requirement for 
an enhanced capability to apply non- 
lethal force. The EoF-MM will consist of 
selected equipment that provides opera- 
tional capabilities for use during escala- 
tion of force situations found primarily, 
but not exclusively, when operating under 
restricted rules of engagement. 

The EoF-MM will support the fol- 
lowing capabilities: vehicle control point; 
entry control point; convoy security; 
crowd control; detain personnel; conduct 
search; clear facilities; conduct cordon; 
urban patrol; and establish and secure 
perimeter. 

The basic building block of the EoF- 
MM is the Equipment Set. Each Equip- 
ment Set will consist of specific material 
and non-material solutions that, when 
used together, enable Marines to ade- 
quately and safely complete a select Mis- 
sion Capability Task. Two or more Equip- 
ment Sets combine to form a Capability 
Module that provides the equipment and 
supplies to perform a given task, such as 
establish and secure perimeter or conduct 
cordon. 



OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The EoF-MM provides the appropri- 
ate weapons and equipment to employ a 
range of non-lethal operations and non- 
lethal tactics. The fielding of the EoF-MM 
to the operating forces is intended to aug- 
ment existing lethal capabilities. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

Fifty-three EoF-MM Capability Sets 
will be procured and fielded in a two in- 
crements. MCCDC is in the process of 
identifying the items comprising Incre- 
ment 2. Once decisions have been made, 
a detailed schedule will be developed on 
the delivery of the EoF-MM and disposal/ 
retrofit of the in-service Force Protection 
Capability Set (FPCS). 

Procurement Profile: FY 201 FY 201 1 
EoF-MM: 43 10 

Developer/Manufacturer: 

Aardvark Tactical Incorporated, Azusa, CA 



245 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Identity Dominance System (IDS) 




DESCRIPTION 

The requirement for an enduring 
Marine Corps biometric capability origi- 
nated from urgent warfighter requests to 
support counter-insurgency operations 
in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Biometric 
Automated Toolset (BAT) is the currently 
fielded system that was a commercial-off- 
the-shelf (COTS) item delivered to fulfill 
an immediate need. The Identity Domi- 
nance System will replace BAT with im- 
provements such as increased data storage 
and longer battery life. The IDS will be a 
multimodal biometric collection system 
that collects and compares unique, indi- 
vidual biometric characteristics to enroll, 
identify and track persons of interest and 
build digital dossiers on the individuals 
for purposes that include anti-terrorism/ 
force protection, local employee screen- 
ing, detention management, civil affairs, 
base access, humanitarian assistance, 



population control, counter intelligence 
and high-value target identification. The 
IDS is anticipated to be a three-tiered sys- 
tem with hardware and software includ- 
ing a server suite capability, a client suite 
capability, and a family of hand-held 
capabilities. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The primary mission of the IDS is 
to provide the Marine Air-Ground Task 
Force (MAGTF) with the means to identi- 
fy persons encountered in the battlespace. 
The capability requires that the MAGTF 
commander be able to collect, match, 
store, and share biometric data. The IDS 
will enable the Marine to collect appro- 
priate biometric, biographical and refer- 
ence information on an individual and 
match this locally developed information 
with pre-existing information available to 
the expeditionary force. 

PROGRAM STATUS 

IDS is seeking a Milestone B deci- 
sion in FY 2010. It is designated as ACAT 
I - Special Interest based on a September 
2008 Acquisition Decision Memorandum 
that assigned all DoD biometrics systems 
to that category. IDS is scheduled for IOC 
in FY 2013. 



246 



CHAPTER 3: PROGRAMS 



Counter Radio-Controlled Improvised Explosive Device 
(RCIED) Electronic Warfare (CREW) 



DESCRIPTION 

The CREW systems are vehicle - 
mounted, fixed-site, and man-portable 
backpack active/reactive electronic coun- 
termeasure systems (ECM) designed to 
counter high and low powered radio- 
controlled improvised explosive devices. 

OPERATIONAL IMPACT 

The Marine Corps CREW program 
provides Marines with an effective elec- 
tronic warfare capability to counter the 
threat posed by RCIEDs and to improve 
force protection. By the end of FY 2010, 
CREW Vehicle Receiver/Jammer (CVRJ) 
will be the primary vehicle-mounted jam- 
mer, having fully replaced Chameleon and 
Hunter. The Quick Reaction Dismounted 
(QRD) system is the current man-porta- 
ble system. It provides coverage in the low 
to high band range depending upon the 
system configuration, protecting troops 
from RCIEDs when they are dismounted 
and operating outside the protective en- 
velop of a mounted or fixed site CREW 
system. Marine Corps CREW will sustain 
423 QRD systems until they are replaced 
with CREW 3.1 systems in FY 2010. The 
CVRJ system will provide the necessary 
force protection required in the current 
conflicts. 



PROGRAM STATUS 

The Marine Corps CREW program 
was designated as an ACAT II program 
in February 2007, and was granted a full- 
rate production decision in March 2007. 
The CREW program initially acquired a 
total of 10,089 Chameleon and Hunter 
systems. This initial capability evolved 
into CREW 2.1, the CVRJ. In February 
2009 the CREW Program Office Acqui- 
sition Strategy/Acquisition Plan (AS/ 
AP) was approved for acquisition of 
up to 8,000 CVRJs. The spiral 3.3 Joint 
CREW (JCREW) Capabilities Devel- 
opment Document was approved on 
23 December 2008. JCREW 3.3 is the 
next iteration of CREW systems and its 
planned Marine Corps Approved Acqui- 
sition Objective is 4,500 systems. JCREW 
Initial Operational Capability is sched- 
uled for FY2013 and Full Operational 
Capability is scheduled for FY 2015. The 
Joint CREW Program Office is the lead 
acquisition agency for CVRJ and future 
CREW systems. 



247 



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CHAPTER 



CHAPTER 4: CURRENT OPERATIONS 



CURRENT OPERATIONS 



Today, the Marine Corps is deployed around the globe engaged in several overseas 
contingency operations. With more than 24,000 Marines deployed throughout the U.S. 
Central Command and other austere locations worldwide, we are fighting a cunning 
and adaptive enemy in increasingly complex forms of warfare. 

Deployed Marine forces have participated in over one-hundred theater security 
cooperation events which ranged from mobile training teams in Central America to 
Marine Expeditionary Unit exercises in Djibouti, Jordan, and Qatar. Units have sup- 
ported civil, military, and humanitarian assistance operations such as New Horizons 
events in Georgetown, Guyana and land mine removal in Azerbaijan. 

The persistent engagement of the Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) in sup- 
porting U.S. National Security objectives has remained enduring through the decades. 
During 1990 and 1991 and again from 2003 to 2009, Marine combat forces were de- 
ployed to Iraq in support of Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Marines have 
been involved in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in Afghanistan from its incep- 
tion in 2001. During the period 1992 to 2002 Marine units continuously deployed to 
support humanitarian missions providing much needed assistance in times of crisis in- 
volving earthquakes and floods and they assisted in the evacuation of noncombatants. 
Finally, Marine units were often called upon to provide security deployments to en- 
force no-fly zones, maritime interdiction, and counter-drug/peacekeeping operations. 
These trends clearly indicate the continued relevance of the MAGTF to effectively meet 
the ever changing demands of a dynamic world. 

In 2009, the Marine Corps was called upon, as in previous years, to participate in 
a wide range of operations and training exercises to support geographical combatant 
commanders. The following list highlights a majority of these operations and exercises. 

249 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



U.S. Northern Command 



Operations and Contingencies 



Mission Location 


Unit 


Dates 


Joint Task Force - North ( JTF-N) 


Intelligence Support 


San Diego, CA 
Laredo, TX 


Det, MARFORRES 


17 Sep 08 -8 Mar 10 


Engineer Road Support 


Columbus, NM 
4th CEB 


Det,MWSS-172 


9 Jan 09 -13 Feb 09 

2 Jun 09-4 Jul 09 


Ground Sensors Support 


San Ysidro, CA 


Det, 4th Ground 
Sensor Pit 


1 Feb 09 - 30 Mar 09 


Aviation Recon Support 


San Ysidro, CA 


HMLA-269 
Det, HMM-764 
Det,MAG-29 


9 Feb 09 - 30 Mar 09 


Ground Sensors Support 


Tucson, AZ 


15th MEU 


9 Oct 09 -19 Nov 09 



Naval Security 



Refuel/Defuel Security 



Norfolk, VA 



3rd Pit, 2d FAST Co 



1 Aug 09 - 20 Oct 09 



64th UN General Assembly 



EOD Support 



! New York, NY 



Det, 9th ESB 



17 Sep 09 -28 Sep 09 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation 



Location 



Mojave Viper (OIF/OEF Pre-deployment 


Training) 






1-09 


29 Palms, CA 


2d Bn, 1st MAR 


27 Oct 08 - 27 Nov 08 


u 2-09 


29 Palms, CA 


1st Bn, 7th MAR 


17 Nov 08 -18 Dec 08 


3-09 


29 Palms, CA 


2d Bn, 8th MAR 


29 Dec 08 - 29 Jan 09 


4-09 


29 Palms, CA 


1st Bn, 8th MAR 


12 Jan 09 - 12 Feb 09 


5-09 


29 Palms, CA 


3d Bn, 3d MAR 


26 Jan 09 - 26 Feb 09 


f 6-09 


29 Palms, CA 


2d Bn, 23d MAR 


9 Feb 09 - 12 Mar 09 


7-09 


29 Palms, CA 


1st Bn, 5th MAR 


2 Mar 09 -2 Apr 09 


8-09 


29 Palms, CA 


2d Bn, 3d MAR 


16 Mar 09 -16 Apr 09 


9-09 


29 Palms, CA 


Not Conducted 


Not Conducted 


10-09 


29 Palms, CA 


3d Bn, 9th MAR 


30 May 09 -26 Jun 09 


11-09 


29 Palms, CA 


1st Bn, 6th MAR 


30 May 09 - 26 Jun 09 


: 12 "09 


29 Palms, CA 


3d Bn, 4th MAR 


4 Jul 09 -31 Jul 09 


13-09 


29 Palms, CA 


3d Bn, 6th MAR 


4 Jul 09 -31 Jul 09 


14-09 


29 Palms, CA 


3d Bn, 24th MAR 


8 Aug 09-4 Sep 09 


15-09 


29 Palms, CA 


2d Bn, 2d MAR 


8 Aug 09-4 Sep 09 


16-09 


29 Palms, CA 


1st Bn, 3d MAR 


12 Sep 09 -9 Oct 09 


1-10 


29 Palms, CA 




1st Bn, 4th MAR 
3d Bn, 7th MAR 


13 Nov 09 -11 Dec 09 



250 



CHAPTER 4: CURRENT OPERATIONS 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation (cont.) 




Exercise | Location 


Unit 


1 Dates 




Aviation Training 


Yuma, AZ 


Various aviation units 


| 4 Sep 08 -14 Oct 08 


Aviation Training 


Yuma, AZ 


Various aviation units 


| 2 Mar 09 - 26 Apr 09 


Aviation Training 


Yuma, AZ 


Various aviation units 


I 10 Sep 09 -13 Oct 09 



Desert Talon 



Aviation Training 



S Yuma, AZ 



2d MAW units 



5 Dec 08 - 20 Dec 08 



Northern Edge 



Joint Interoperability 



Eielson, AK 



1st MAW units 



9 Jun 09 - 26 Jun 09 



Marine Week 


Public Relations 


Chicago, IL 

/ 


Det, HMM-774 
Det,HMH-461 
Det, VMM- 162 
Det,HMM-162 
Det, Marine Barracks 
Det, MCSF Regiment 


1 1 May 09 - 


17 May 09 



U.S. Southern Command 



Operations and Contingencies 



Mission 



Location 



Enduring Freedom ( JTF-GITMO) 



Detainee Operations Guantanamo, Cuba 2 Pits, FAST Co 



Continual Rotation 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation 



Exercise 


Location 1 Unit 


Dates 


Beyond the Horizon 






Humanitarian Assistance 


Honduras 
Dominican Republic 


Det, 4th CAG 


1 2 Feb 09 - 26 Jun 09 


Humanitarian Assistance 


Colombia 


Det,4thCAG 


1 1 Jul 09 -31 Jul 09 



251 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation (cont.) 



Exercise 



Location 



New Horizons 


Humanitarian Assistance 


Guyana 


Det, 4th CAG 


17 Jun 09 -15 Sep 09 


Medical Readiness 


Peru 


Det, 4th Medical Bn 


5 Sep 09 - 1 1 Sep 09 



Tradewinds 



Maritime Security 



The Bahamas Det.MARFORSOUTH ' 4 Mar 09-18 Mar 09 

Dominican Republic 



Fuerzas Aliadas Humanitaria 09 



Disaster Preparedness Costa Rica 



Det,MARFORSOUTH 20 Apr 09 - 24 Apr 09 



Southern Exchange 09 



Combined Interoperability J Brazil 



Det,MARFORSOUTH I 1 2 Jul 09 - 3 1 Jul 09 
Det, 24th MAR 



PANAMAX09 



Panama Canal Defense 



Panama 



Det,MARFORSOUTH 
Det, 3rd CAG 



1 1 Sep 09 - 22 Sep 09 



Dutch Marine Bi-Lateral 



Combined Interoperability 



Aruba 
Curacao 



Det, 2d Force Recon Co. I 24 Oct 09-16 Nov 09 



Til <-< • y-l • 






Theater Security Cooperation 


Southern Partnership 
Station 


Caribbean 


Det, MCTAG aboard 
HSV Swift 


15 Nov 08 -15 Apr 09 


Southern Partnership 
Station 


Southern Cone of 
South America 


Det, II MEF aboard 
USS Oak Hill 


23 Jun 09 -23 Aug 09 


Southern Partnership 
Station 


Caribbean 


Det, II MEF aboard 
USS Wasp 


1 Oct 09 -21 Dec 09 


Amphibious Raid Training 


Panama 


Det, MCTAG 


15 Nov 08 -20 Dec 08 


Water Survival Training 


Colombia 


Det, Marine Water 
Survival School 


11 Jan 09 -24 Jan 09 


Amphibious Raid Training ] Colombia 


Det, MCTAG 


13 Jan 09 -7 Feb 09 


Small Unit Tactics Training '■, Honduras 


Det, MCTAG 


18 Jan 09 -7 Feb 09 


Marksmanship Training 


Colombia 


Det, TECOM 


1 Feb 09 - 17 Feb 09 


Non-Lethal Weapons 
Training 


Colombia 


Det, MCTAG 


8 Feb 09 - 22 Feb 09 


Advance Infantry Training 


Colombia 


Det, MCTAG 


16 Feb 09 -21 Feb 09 


Training Management 


Colombia 


Det, TECOM 


15 Feb 09 -21 Feb 09 


Advance Infantry Training 


Columbia 


Det, MCTAG 


16 Feb 09 - 12 Mar 09 


Non-Lethal Training 


Colombia 


Det, MCTAG 


13 Mar 09 -25 Mar 09 



252 



CHAPTER 4: CURRENT OPERATIONS 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation (cont.) 



Exercise 



Location 



Theater Security Cooperation (cont.) 



Leadership Development 


Uruguay 


Det, MCTAG 


17 Apr 09 -8 May 09 


i Marital Arts Training 


Brazil 


Det,MARFORSOUTH 


23 May 09 - 30 May 09 


Marksmanship Training j Panama 


Det, MCTAG 


6Jun09-20Jun09 


! Small Unit Tactics Training 


Guatemala 


Det, MCTAG 


1 Aug 09 - 29 Aug 09 


Manpower Management 


Colombia 


Det, HQMC 


9 Aug 09 -15 Aug 09 


j Bulk Fuel Training 


Colombia 


Det, Bulk Fuel School 


24 Aug 09 - 1 1 Sep 09 


Legal Training 


Colombia 


Det,MARFORSOUTH 


31 Aug 09 -5 Sep 09 


| Water Survival Training 


Colombia 


Det, Marine Water Surviva 


1 School 8 Sep 09 -13 Sep 09 


Small Unit Tactics Training 


Nicaragua 


Det, MCTAG 


12 Sep 09 - 26 Sep 09 


; Counter IED Training 


Colombia 


Det, Engineer School 


20 Sep 09 - 26 Sep 09 


Bulk Fuel Training 


Colombia 


Det, Bulk Fuel School 


20 Sep 09-7 Oct 09 


| Small Arms Training 


Panama 


Det, MCTAG 


17 Oct 09 -30 Oct 09 


Training Management 


Colombia 


Det, SOI East 


31 Oct 09 -20 Nov 09 


| Marksmanship Training Colombia 


Det, Weapons Training Bn 


15 Nov 09 -21 Nov 09 


Small Unit Tactics Training , Nicaragua 


Det, MCTAG 


21 Nov 09 -12 Dec 09 


! Counterinsurgency J Dominican Republic 

\ Training 
L_L_— 


MSOT8 


8 Oct 08 - 30 Mar 09 



U.S. European Command 



Operations and Contingencies 



Mission 



Location 



1 Enduring Freedom 


HHMHIHHflM 






Coalition Support 


Norway 


Det, MARFOREUR 


30 Oct 09-3 Nov 09 


j Coalition Support 


Croatia 


Det, MARFOREUR 


26 Feb 09-3 Mar 09 
13 Apr 09 -16 Apr 09 


Coalition Support 


Lithuania 


Det, MARFOREUR 


8 May 09 -12 May 09 
28 Jun 09 - 29 fun 09 


j Coalition Support 


Finland 


Det, MARFOREUR 


28 Jun 09 - 2 Jul 09 


Coalition Support 


Estonia 


Det, MARFOREUR 


8 Jul 09 - 25 Jul 09 

4 Aug 09 - 20 Aug 09 


! Coalition Support 


Georgia 


Det, MARFOREUR 
Det, MCTAG 


15 Aug 09- L8 Aug 09 


Coalition Support 


Poland 


Det, MARFOREUR 


13 Aug 09 -18 Aug 09 



Naval Security 



Physical Security 



Spain 



2 Pits, FAST Co 



Continual Rotation 



253 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation 



Location 



| Austere Challenge 


Joint Interoperability 


Germany 


Det, MARFOREUR 


22 Jan 09-6 Feb 09 


\ Joint Interoperability 


Germany 


Det, MARFOREUR 


20 Apr 09 - 8 May 09 



Noble Shirley 


Anti-Terrorism Training 


| Israel 


Det, MCSF Regiment 


23 Feb 09 -12 Mar 09 


Anti-Terrorism Training 


Israel 


Det, Antiterrorism Bn 


14 fun 09- 10 Jul 09 


Anti-Terrorism Training 


Israel 


3d Pit, 1st FAST Co 


10 Aug 09 -27 Aug 09 



Joint Warrior 


Combined Interoperability 


United Kingdom 


IstANGLICO 
Det, 10th MAR 


6 May 09 - 27 May 09 


Combined Interoperability 


United Kingdom 


Det, 2d ANGLICO 
Det, 4th ANGLICO 


30 Sep 09-18 Oct 09 



Seabreeze 



Maritime Interoperability ! Norway 



Det, MARFOREUR 28 May 09-3 Jun 09 



Tartan Eagle 



Anti-Terrorism Training I United Kingdom | Det, 2d FAST Co 



26 Jun 09 -14 Jul 09 



Allied Strike III 



JTAC Training 



Germany 



3d and 4th ANGLICO 23 Jul 09-9 Aug 09 



Combined Endeavor 09 



Combined Interoperability | Bosnia 



Det, MARFOREUR 24 Aug 09-18 Sep 09 



Loyal Midas 09 



Maritime Interoperability j Greece 



Immediate Response 



Combined Interoperability | Georgia 



15th MEU 
4th LSB 



Det, MARFORCOM 
Det, MCIA 



1 Sep 09 - 30 Sep 09 



24 Oct 09-7 Nov 09 



Steadfast Indicator 



Combined Interoperability Romania 



Det, MARFORRES 26 Sep 09 - 1 8 Oct 09 



254 



CHAPTER 4: CURRENT OPERATIONS 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation (cont.) 



Exercise 



Location 



Theater Security Cooperation 




NCO Development 


Azerbaijan 


Det, MARFOREUR 


13 Dec 08 -21 Dec 08 


Non-Lethal Weapons 
Training 


Germany 


Det, 4th MLG 


11 Jan 09 -16 Jan 09 


NCO Development 


Azerbaijan 


Det, MARFOREUR 


8 Mar 09 -15 Mar 09 


Officer Development 


Bulgaria 


Det, MARFOREUR 


9 Mar 09 - 14 Mar 09 


Manpower Management Ukraine 


Det, HQMC 


15 Mar 09 -21 Mar 09 


Peacekeeping Training I Montenegro 


Det, MARFOREUR 


16 Mar 09 - 20 Mar 09 


Intelligence Training 


Georgia 


Det, MARFOREUR 


15 Mar 09 -4 April 09 


MOUT Training 


Moldova 


Det, MARFOREUR 


22 Mar 09 - 28 Mar 09 


Communications Training 


Macedonia 


Det, MARFOREUR 


23 Mar 09 - 27 Mar 09 


Logistics Training Armenia, Georgia, 
(Bosnia 


Det, MARFOREUR 


31 May 09- 6 Jun 09 


Communications Training ! Azerbaijan 


Det, MARFOREUR 


31 May 09- 6 Jun 09 


Intelligence Training 


Romania 


Det, MARFOREUR 
Det, TECOM 


8 Jun 09 -19 Jun 09 


NCO Development 


Azerbaijan 


Det, MARFOREUR 


6 Jun 09 -13 Jun 09 


Counter-Intel Training 


Georgia 


Det, MARFOREUR 
Det, Intel Support Bn 


21 Jun 09 -26 Jun 09 


Mortuary Affairs Training 


Germany 


Det, 4th MLG 


11 Jul 09 -20 Sep 09 


MOUT Training 


Albania 


Det, MCSF Regiment 


19 Jul 09 - 24 Jul 09 


Communication Training Serbia 


Det, MARFOREUR 


19 Jul 09 -24 Jul 09 


; Communication Training Romania 


Det, MARFORRES 


19 Jul 09 -24 Jul 09 


Officer Development Georgia 


Det, Intel Support Bn 


15 Aug 09 -6 Nov 09 


Skills Assessment 


Azerbaijan 


Det, SCETC 


12 Sep 09 -21 Sep 09 


NCO Development 


Azerbaijan 


Det, MARFOREUR 


20 Sep 09 -27 Sep 09 


1 Non-Lethal Weapons 
Training 


Germany 


Det, MARFOREUR 


22 Sep 09 - 24 Sep 09 


Non-Lethal Weapons 
Training 


Germar 


iy 


Det, MARFOREUR 

Det,MWSS-471 


24 Oct 09 - 7 Nov 09 



255 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



U.S. Africa Command 



Operations and Contingencies 



Mission Location 


Unit 


Dates 


Enduring Freedom (CJTF-Horn of Africa) 






Security Cooperation 


Djibouti 


DetA,HMH-464 


1 Aug 08 -31 Jan 09 


Security Cooperation 


Djibouti 


Det,MWSS-471 


16 Sep 08 - 1 Apr 09 



Enduring Freedom 


(JSOTF-Trans Sahara) 




Intelligence Support 


Mali 


Det, MARFORAF 


27 Apr 09 - 1 1 May 09 
18 Nov 09 -20 Dec 09 


s Logistics Support 


Senegal 


Det,MARFORAF 


8 Sep 09 -19 Sep 09 



Jupiter Sentinel 



Presidential Support 



Various locations Det, HM-461 

Det, MALS-29 
Det, MCSF Regiment 



22 Kin 09 - 1 Aug 09 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation 



Exercise 



Location 



African Contingency Operations and Training Assistance (ACOTA) 



Peacekeeping Training 


Cameroon, Benin 


Det,MCTAG 


17 Nov 08- 12 Dec 08 




Peacekeeping Training 


Rwanda 


Det,MCTAG 
Det, MARFORRES 


26 Ian 09 - 6 Feb 09 
16 Oct 09 -5 Nov 09 


Peacekeeping Training 


Senegal 


Det,MCTAG 


28 Jan 09- 11 Feb 09 




Peacekeeping Training 


South Africa 


Det, MCTAG 
Det, MARFORRES 


1 Feb 09 -14 Feb 09 
16 Feb 09 -27 Feb 09 


Peacekeeping Training 


Ghana 


Det, MCTAG 


9 Mar 09 -21 Mar 09 




Peacekeeping Training 


Tanzania 


Det, MCTAG 


16 Mar 09- 10 Apr 09 




Peacekeeping Training 


Ethiopia 


Det, MCTAG 


10 Aug 09 -4 Sep 09 





Judicious Response 



Command Post Exercise | Germany 



MARFORAF 



3 Aug 09 -14 Aug 09 



Shared Accord 


Combined Interoperability 


Benin 


3d Bn, 23d MAR 
Det, 4th Dental Bn 
Det, 6th Comm Bn 
Det, 6th ESBn 


26 May 09 - 29 Jun 09 



\frican Lion 



Combined Interoperability ! Morocco 



256 



3d Bn, 23d MAR 
Det, 4th MLG 
Det, 4th MAW 



25 Apr 09 -10 Jun 09 



CHAPTER 4: CURRENT OPERATIONS 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation (cont.) 




Exercise | Location 


Unit 


Dates 


MEDFLAG09 


Disaster Preparedness Swaziland 


Det, 8th Comm Bn 
Det, MARFORAF 


31 Jul 09 -16 Aug 09 



African Endeavor 09 



Communications Exercise I Gabon 



Det, MARFORAF 



28 Sep 09-9 Oct 09 



Natural Fires 10 



Disaster Preparedness j Uganda 



Det, 4th LSBn 



1 Oct 09 - 29 Oct 09 



Theater Security Cooperation 


Africa Partnership Station 


West Africa 


Det, MCTAG aboard 
USS Nashville 


15 Jan 09- 16 Jun 09 


; Intel Officer Training 


Mali 


Det, MARFORAF 


30 Oct 08-6 Feb 09 


Water Survival Training 


Cameroon 


Det, MARFORRES 


10 Feb 09 - 20 Feb 09 


: Small Arms Training 


Ghana 


Det, II MEF 


13 Feb 09 -27 Feb 09 


Squad Tactics Training 


Cameroon 


Det, SCETC 


16 Feb 09 -27 Feb 09 


' Doctrine Development 


Cameroon 


Det, SCETC 


27 Feb 09-6 Mar 09 


Supply Training 


Senegal 


Det, 4th MLG 


9 Mar 09 -13 Mar 09 


\ Maintenance Training 


Botswana 


Det, SCETC 


9 Mar 09 - 13 Mar 09 


Intelligence Training 


Cameroon 


Det, MCIA 


9 Mar 09 -13 Mar 09 


; Intel Officer Training 


Nigeria 


Det, MARFORAF 


6 Apr 09 - 26 Jun 09 


QRF and Marital Arts 
Training 


Cameroon 


Det, MCTAG 


4 May 09-8 May 09 


1 Intelligence Training 


Mozambique 


Det, Intel Support Bn 


15 Jun 09 -19 Jun 09 


Logistics Training 


Mozambique 


Det, TECOM 


27 Jul 09 -31 Jul 09 


Logistics Training 


Sierra Leone 


Det, MWSG-47 


8 Aug 09 - 3 Sep 09 


Force Protection Training 


Ghana 


Det, 4th MLG 


15 Aug 09 -22 Aug 09 


j Logistics Training 


Cameroon 


Det, 4th MLG 


23 Aug 09 - 28 Aug 09 


NCO Development 


Cameroon 


Det, MARFORAF 


13 Sep 09 - 27 Sep 09 


i Intel Officer Training 


Senegal 


Det, Intel Support Bn 


15 Sep 09 -13 Dec 09 


Intelligence Training 


Tanzania 


Det, MARFORAF 


28 Nov 09-5 Dec 09 



257 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



U.S. Pacific Command 






Operations and Contingencies 



Mission 



Location 



Naval Security 



Physical Security 



Japan 



2 Pits, FAST Co 



Continual Rotation 



Enduring Freedom (JSOTF-Philippines) 


Counterinsurgency 
Training 


Philippines 


Det, III MEF 


Continual Rotation 


j Counterinsurgency 
| Training 


Philippines 


MSOCC 


26 Jan 09 -20 Feb 09 




Counterinsurgency 
Training 


Philippines 


MSOCA 


2 Feb 09 - 25 Mar 09 





JTF Joint Accounting 


EOD Support 


Laos 


Det, CSSG-3 


13 Apr 09- 13 Jun 09 


Engineer Support 


Laos 


Det, 9th ESBn 


5 Oct 09 - 10 Dec 09 


Engineer Support 


Vietnam 


Det,9thESBn 


12 Oct 09 - 10 Dec 09 



Combined Interoperability \ Thailand 



Key Resolve/Foal Eagle 



Bilateral Command | Korea 

Post and Field Exercise 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation 




Exercise 


Location 


Unit 


Dates 


Forest Light 








Bilateral Field Exercise 


Japan 


Det, 31st MEU 


3 Dec 08 -31 Dec 08 


Bilateral Field Exercise 


Japan 


Det,3dMARDIV 


2 Jan 09 - 29 Jan 09 










Yama Sakura 


Bilateral Command 
Post Exercise 


Japan 


Det, 3d MARDIV 


2 Dec 09 -16 Dec 09 


Shatrujeet 


Bilateral Field Exercise 


India 


L Co, 3d Bn, 4th MAR 


2 Jan 09 - 23 Jan 09 


Cobra Gold 



3d MARDIV 
CLR-3 
31st MEU 



Det, 3d MLG 



12 Jan 09 -15 Mar 09 



16 Feb 09 -27 Apr 09 



258 



CHAPTER 4: CURRENT OPERATIONS 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation (cont.) 




Exercise 


Location 


Unit 


Dates 


' Cope Tiger 


Combined Aviation 
Exercise 


; Thailand 


Det, 1st MAW 


2 Mar 09 -21 Mar 09 


Southern Canopy 


Bilateral Field Exercise 


Philippines 


Det, 3d Recon Bn 


16 Mar 09- 16 Apr 09 


Balikatan 


Bi-Lateral Training 


Philippines 


Det, III MEF 


16 Mar 09 -30 Apr 09 


Commando Sling 


Combined Aviation 
Exercise 


Singapore 


VMFA(AW)-224 


7 Apr 09 - 25 Apr 09 


Khaan Quest 



Combined Peacekeeping Mongolia 
Interoperability 



Mongolia 



Combined Peacekeeping 
Interoperability 



Ardent Blitz 



Bilateral Aviation Exercise Thailand 



Det, CLR-37 



22 Apr 09 - 22 May 09 



Det, 3d AAV Bn 

Det, 3d Tank Bn 



7 Aug 09 - 22 Aug 09 



Det, VMFA(AW)-224 1 1 May 09 - 22 May 09 



Air Warrior 



Bilateral Aviation Exercise ; Malaysia 



• Det, VMFA(AW)-225 9 Jun 09-7 Jul 09 



LF Carat 


Series of Multi-national 


Philippines, Brunei, 


CLR-35 


20 May 09 - 1 Aug 09 


Exercises 


Malaysia, Singapore, 


1st Bn, 24th MAR 






Thailand 


2d Bn, 24th MAR 
Det, 3d, 4th AAV Bn 





Talisman Saber 



Bilateral Field Exercise Australia 



3dMLG 

Det, 7th Comm Bn 



11 Jun 09 -31 Aug 09 



Ulchi Freedom Guardian 



Combined Command Korea 

Post Exercise 



Det, III MEF 



16 Aug 09 -27 Aug 09 



Gold Eagle 



Bilateral Field Exercise Australia j Det, MARFORPAC 1 Sep 09 - 3 Oct 09 



259 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Exercises and Theater Security Cooperation (cont.) 



Exercise 


Location 


Unit 


| Dates 




PHIBLEX 




Bilateral Amphibious 
Exercise 


Philippines 


Det,MWHS-l 


16 Sep 09- 


- 30 Sep 09 



Theater Security Cooperation 


Counterinsurgency 
Training 


Thailand 


Det, 1st Bn, 3d MAR 


6 May 09 -15 May 09 


Leadership Development 


Mongolia 


Det,9th HSHn 


10 [ul 09- 13 Ian 09 


EOD Training 


New Guinea 


Det, 9th HSBn 


27 Jul 09 - 28 Sep 09 


| Interoperability Training 

L 


Bangladesh 


Det,CLR-35 
Det, 9th ESBn 


26 Jul 09 -16 Aug 09 


Interoperability Training 


Indonesia 


Det,MWSS-171 


31 Jul 09 -6 Aug 09 


| Interoperability Training 


Cambodia 


Det,MWSS-172 


30 Jul 09 - 23 Aug 09 


Counterinsurgency 
Training 


Thailand 


MSOT 16 


17 Jan 09 -15 May 09 



U.S. Central Command 



Operations and Contingencies 



Mission 



Location 



Iraqi Freedom (Multinational Force - West (MNF-W)) 



Counterinsurgency 



Iraq 



II MEF (Forward) 



Continual Rotation 



Iraqi Freedom (Multinational Security Transition Command - Iraq (MNSTC-I)) 


Transition Training 


Iraq 


20 Military Transition 
Teams 


Continual Rotation 


Transition Training 


Iraq 


10 Border Transition 
Teams 


Continual Rotation 


Transition Training 


Iraq 


15 Provincial Police 
Transition Teams 


Continual Rotation 


Transition Training 


Iraq 


1 Provincial Joint Continual Rotation 

Coordination 

Transition Team 



260 



CHAPTER 4: CURRENT OPERATIONS 



Operations and Contingencies (cont.) 



Mission 



Location 



V i-~~: n—A nn A n„A. 






Iraqi Freedom and Enduring rreeaom viviarme rorces ^enirai tommanaj 


Electronic Warfare Iraq 


VMAQ-1 


1 Aug 08 - 1 Feb 09 


i Electronic Warfare 


Iraq 


VMAQ-2 


1 Oct 08 - 1 Apr 09 


Electronic Warfare 


Iraq 


VMAQ-4 


1 Apr 09 - 1 Oct 09 


| Electronic Warfare 


Iraq 


VMAQ-3 


1 Aug 09 - 1 Ian 10 


Electronic Warfare 


Iraq 


VMAQ-1 


1 Oct 09 - 1 Mar 10 



Enduring Freedom (Marine Expeditionary Brigade- Afghanistan) 



Counterinsurgency 



Afghanistan 



2dMEB 



Continual Rotation 



Enduring Freedom (CJSOTF-A) 


Counterinsurgency j Afghanistan 


! MSOT-5 


28 May 08 - 1 Jan 09 


Counterinsurgency j Afghanistan 


Tmsoci 


1 Sep 08 - 30 Jul 09 


Counterinsurgency Afghanistan 


| MSOC D 


4 Jan 09 - 30 Jul 09 



Enduring Freedom (Combined Security Transition Command - Afghanistan) 


Transition Training 


Afghanistan 


1 Corps Embedded 
Training Team 


Continual Rotation 


Transition Training 


Afghanistan 


6 Battalion Embedded 
Training Team 


Continual Rotation 



Naval Security 



Physical Security 



Bahi 



2 Pits, FAST Co 



Continual Rotation 



261 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Expeditionary Units 



.- - - " ' 



26th MEU 



Security Cooperation 
Theater Reserve 



31st MEU 



Security Cooperation 
Theater Reserve 



i Security Cooperation 
i Theater Reserve 



Security Cooperation 
Theater Reserve 



EUCOM 
CENTCOM 



PACOM 



PACOM 



PACOM 



BET 2/6 

HMM-264 

CLB-26 



BLT3/1 

HMM-262 

CLB-31 



BET 3/5 

HMM-265 

CLB-31 



BET 2/5 

HMM-265 

CLB-31 



29 Aug 08 - 30 Mar 09 



7 Jul 08-7 Jan 09 



7 Jan 09-7 Jul 09 



7 Jul 09 -7 Jan 10 



22dMEU 



Security Cooperation 
Theater Reserve 



11th MEU 



Security Cooperation 
Theater Reserve 



EUCOM 
CENTCOM 



PACOM 
CENTCOM 



BET 3/2 

VMM-263 

CLB-22 



BET 2/4 

HMM-166 

CLB-11 



13 May 09 -8 Dec 09 



8 Sep 09-3 Apr 09 



262 



CHAPTER 4: CURRENT OPERATIONS 



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m%M Hi eBS98 
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Kg 



CHAPTER 




CHAPTER 5: MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 

INTRODUCTION 

This chapter provides a brief snapshot of the Marine Corps today. It includes a 
brief description of Marine Corps demographics, fiscal posture, and the age of primary 
equipment. As such it gives some insight into the resources that we fuse together to cre- 
ate the world's premier fighting force. 



265 



JSMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Active Duty Officer Accessions in Fiscal Year 2009 



Type 



Number 



NROTC 


218 


Platoon Leader Course 


383 


Officer Candidate Course 


473 


Military Academy 


272 


Enlisted Commissioning Programs 


228 


Warrant Officer Program 


264 


Other 


39 



Active Duty Officer Age Distribution 








Age Number 


Percent 




<22 


21 


0.1% 




22 


398 


1.9% 




23 


859 


4.2% 




24 


1,175 


5.7% 




25 


1,136 


5.5% 




26 


1,123 


5.4% 




27 


1,061 


5.1% 




r~ 


28 


1,056 


5.1% 




29 


1,012 


4.9% 




L~Z 


30 


979 


4.7% 




31-35 


4,129 


20.0% 




36-40 


4,418 


21.4% 




41 + 


3,272 


15.9% 






HSB HH 


§tft^ &$¥'***'' '*^*$Bf& 





266 



CHAPTER 5: MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



Active Duty Officer Grade Distribution 



Rank 


Number 


Percent 




Warrant Officers 


1,964 


9.5% 


Second Lieutenant 


3,278 


15.9% 


First Lieutenant 


3,088 


15.0% 


Captain 


5,913 


28.6% 


Major 


3,757 


18.2% 


Lieutenant Colonel 
! 


1,868 


9.1% 


Colonel 


686 


3.3% 




General Officers 


85 


0.4% 






K'SfflW 


HfBJB 





267 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Active Duty Officer Occupational Field Distribution 



Primary 
MOS Code 


Description 


Female 
Officer 


Male 
Officer 


Total 
Officer 


01 


Personnel & Administration 


173 


530 


703 


02 


Intelligence 


61 


1,274 


1,335 


03 


Infantry 





2,376 


2,376 


04 


Logistics 


178 


1,424 


1,602 


06 


Communications 


85 


1,124 


1,209 


08 


Field Artillery 





928 


928 


09 


Training 





13 


13 


11 


Utilities 


3 


41 


44 


13 


Engineer 


46 


555 


601 


lcS 


Tank & AAV 





327 


327 


21 


Ground Ordnance Maintenance 


2 


136 


138 


23 


Ammunition & EOD 


1 


123 


124 


26 


Signals Intelligence 


2 


39 


41 


28 


Ground Electronics Maintenance 


4 


100 


104 


30 


Supply Administration & Operations 


77 


622 


699 


31 


Distribution Management 


5 


25 


30 


33 


Food Service 


3 


36 


39 


34 


Financial Management 


38 


297 


335 | 


35 


Motor Transport 


2 


103 


105 


41 


Marine Corps Community Services 


3 


8 


11 


43 


Public Affairs 


32 


109 


141 


44 


Legal Services 


60 


429 


489 


46 


Combat Camera 


3 


17 


20 


48 


Recruiting & Retention 





17 


17 


55 


Music 


1 


21 


22 


~ 57 


CBRN Defense 





120 


120 


58 


Military Police & Corrections 


15 


233 


248 


'59 


Electronics Maintenance 


2 


71 


73 


60 


Aircraft Maintenance 


19 


383 


402 


63 


Organizational Avionics Maint. 


2 


131 


133 


65 


Aviation Ordnance 


3 


85 


88 


66 


Aviation Logistics 


26 


245 


271 


68 


Meteorology & Oceanography 


1 


31 


32 


; 70^ 


Airfield Services 


1 


34 


35 


72 


Air Control, Support & Anti-Air 


55 


560 


615 


73 


Navigation Officer 





13 


13 


75 


Pilot/NFO 


176 


5,380 


5,556 


80 


Miscellaneous Requirements 


123 


1,477 


1,600 








^fl^d^Er^H 


^E7|jn«v^H 



268 



CHAPTER 5: MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



Active Duty Officer Gender Distribution 






Number 


Percent 




Female 


1,202 


5.8% 




Male 


19,437 


94.2% 












■ 'D.,-jii j _ 


H B^^3 





Active Duty Officer Grade by Gender 



Rank 


#Male 


% Male 


# Female 


% Female 


Total 


WOl 


242 


1.2% 


13 


1.1% 


255 


CW02 


774 


4.0% 


39 


3.2% 


813 


CW03 


495 


2.5% 


37 


3.1% 


532 


CW04 


256 


1.3% 


12 


1.0% 


268 


CW05 


91 


0.5% 


5 


0.4% 


96 


2ndLt 


3,021 


15.5% 


257 


21.4% 


3,278 


IstLt 


2,859 


14.7% 


229 


19.1% 


3,088 


Capt 


5,508 


28.3% 


405 


33.7% 


5,913 


Maj 


3,613 


18.6% 


144 


12.0% 


3,757 


LtCol 


1,828 


9.4% 


40 


3.3% 


1,868 


Col 


667 


3.4% 


19 


1.6% 


686 


General 


83 


0.4% 


2 


0.2% 


85 1 













Active Duty Officer Marine Families 



Civilian 
Spouses 


Military 
Spouses 


Guard/Reserve 
Spouses 


Children/Other 
Dependents 


13,094 


807 


59 


22,033 



269 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



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270 



CHAPTER 5: MARINE CORPS ALMANAl 



Active and Reserve Enlisted Accessions 



Active accessions 


31,413 


j Reserve accessions 


5,701 






Ugg 



Active Duty Enlisted Age Distribution 



Age 



Number 



Percent 





17 


281 


0.2% 


! ' 18 _ 


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19 


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26-30 


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7,447 


4.1% 




41 + 


3,206 


1.8% 




"jir'l ' ' 


Hj BTP^K 


llIljr^^H 



271 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Active Duty Enlisted Grade Distribution 



Rank 



Number 



Percent 





Private 


12,185 


6.7% 


r 


Private First Class 


23,280 


12.8% 


Lance Corporal 


49,790 


27.3% 


L 


Corporal 


37,336 


20.5% 




Sergeant 


29,505 


16.2% 




Staff Sergeant 


15,777 


8.7% 




Gunnery Sergeant 


8,869 


4.9% 




IstSgt/MSgt 


3,814 


2.1% 


SgtMaj/MGySgt 


1,591 


0.9% 


; * "' ■ ." * ' ■■i'-;-- v '/* ■' '■ '■ • ■'■'$&&*- i;'o-iyfr^^T'- 



272 



HAPTER 5: MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



Active Duty Enlisted Occupational Field Distribution 



Primary 
MOS Code 


Description 


Female 
Enlisted 


Male 
Enlisted 


Total 
Enlisted 


01 


Personnel & Administration 


1,797 


6,510 


8,307 


02 


Intelligence 


334 


2,738 


3,072 


03 


Infantry 





36,816 


36,816 


04 


Logistics 


504 


3,814 


4,318 


05 


MAGTF Plans 


39 


353 


392 


06 


Communications 


1,186 


13,804 


14,990 


08 


Field Artillery 





4,840 


4,840 


! ii 


Utilities 


235 


2,796 


3,031 


13 


Engineer 


242 


8,517 


8,759 


18 


Tank & AAV 





2,974 


2,974 


21 


Ground Ordnance Maintenance 


65 


4,549 


4,614 


23 


Ammunition & EOD 


193 


2,032 


2,225 


26 


Signals Intelligence 


307 


2,577 


2,884 


28 


Ground Electronics Maintenance 


122 


4,626 


4,748 


30 


Supply Administration & Operations 


1,444 


6,116 


7,560 


31 


Distribution Management 


127 


548 


675 


33 


Food Service 


361 


2,216 


2,577 


34 


Financial Management 


208 


1,219 


1,427 


35 


Motor Transport 


587 


14,818 


15,405 


41 


Marine Corps Community Services 


13 


125 


138 


43 


Public Affairs 


124 


376 


500 


44 


Legal Services 


122 


436 


558 


46 


Combat Camera 


108 


465 


573 


48 


Recruiting & Retention 


76 


343 


419 


55 
__ 


Music 


168 


871 


1,039 


CBRN Defense 


65 


949 


1,014 


58 


Military Police & Corrections 


376 


4,948 


5,324 


59 


Electronics Maintenance 


106 


1,681 


1,787 


60 


Aircraft Maintenance 


421 


4,898 


5,319 


61 


Aircraft Maintenance (Rotary Wing) 


212 


6,326 


6,538 


62 


Aircraft Maintenance (Fixed Wing) 


130 


4,277 


4,407 


63 


Organizational Avionics Maint. 


284 


3,718 


4,002 


64 


Intermediate Avionics Maintenance 


22S 


2,737 


2,965 


65 


Aviation Ordnance 


164 


2,723 


2,887 


66 

68 


Aviation Logistics 


422 


1,971 


2,393 


Meteorology & Oceanography 


24 


302 


326 


70 


Airfield Services 


214 


2,273 


2,487 


72 


Air Control, Support & Anti-Air 


100 


1,828 


1,928 


73 


Navigation Officer 


16 


349 


365 


80 


Miscellaneous Requirements 


531 


4/) 17 


5,448 


84 


Career Recruiting 


10 


537 


547 


89 


SgtMaj/lstSgt 


75 


1,494 


1 ,569 


Total 


! 

■ 


11,740 


170,407 


182,147 



273 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Active Duty Enlisted Gender Distribution 




Number 


Percent 


Female 


11,740 


6.4% 


Male 


170,407 


93.6% 




'- 



Active Duty Enlisted Grade by Gender 



Rank 


#Male 


% Male 


# Female 


% Female 


Total 




Pvt 


11,300 


6.6% 


885 


7.5% 


12,185 


PFC 


21,726 


12.7% 


1,554 


13.2% 


23,280 


LCpl 


46,815 


27.5% 


2,975 


25.3% 


49,790 


Cpl 


34,621 


20.3% 


2,713 


23.1% 


37,336 




Sgt 


27,559 


16.2% 


1,946 


16.6% 


29,505 




SSgt 


14,858 


8.7% 


919 


7.8% 


15,777 




GySgt 


8,374 


4.9% 


495 


4.2% 


8,869 




IstSgt/MSgt 


3,624 


2.1% 


190 


1.6% 


3,814 


SgtMaj/MGySgt 


1,530 


0.9% 


61 


0.5% 


1,591 




HKEE2B 




HKTK^J 




: 



Active Duty Enlisted Marine Families 



Civilian 
Spouses 



Military 
Spouses 



Guard/Reserve 
Spouses 



Children/ 
Other Dependents 



73,477 



7,11 



376 



83,780 



274 



ER 5: MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



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275 



ii massmBsmmim 



Selected Marine Corps Reserve Officer Age Distribution 





Age 


Number 


Percent 


<22 





0.0% 


r ~ 


22 


4 


0. 1 % 


23 


24 


0.7% 


n. 


24 


37 


1.0% 


25 


27 


0.7% 




26 


28 


0.8% 


27 


41 


1 . 1 % 


28 


61 


1.7% 




29 


69 


1.9% 


; 


30 


78 


2.1% 


31-35 


576 


15.6% 




36-40 


1,009 


27.3% 




41-45 


811 


21.9% 


r~ " 


46-50 


585 


15.8% 


51-55 


140 


3.8% 


r 


56-60 


16 


0.4% 




61 + 


2 


0.1% 



Selected Marine Corps Reserve Officer Grade Distribution 



Rank 



Number 



Percent 





Warrant Officers 


333 


9.0% 


Second Lieutenant 


173 


4.7% 


First Lieutenant 


84 


2.7% 




Captain 


633 


17.1% 




Major 


1,039 


28.1% 


| 


Lieutenant Colonel 


1,064 


28.8% 


Colonel 


360 


9.7% 


General Officers 


10 


0.8% 









276 



CHAPTER 5: MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



Selected Marine Corps Reserve Officer Occupational Field Distribution 



Primary 
MOS Code 



Description 



Female 
Officer 



Male 
Officer 



Total 
Officer 



01 


Personnel 8c Administration 


52 96 


148 


02 


Intelligence 


15 


271 


286 


03 


Infantry 





473 


473 


04 


Logistics 


53 


261 


314 


06 


Communications 


17 


198 


215 


08 


Field Artillery 





180 


180 


09 


Training 











11 


Utilities 





11 


11 


13 


Engineer 


5 


134 


139 


18 


Tank and AAV 





100 


100 


21 


Ground Ordnance Maintenance 





13 


13 


23 


Ammunition & EOD 





8 


8 


26 


Signals Intelligence 





3 


3 


28 


Ground Electronics Maintenance 





9 


9 


30 


Supply Administration 8c Operations 


17 


137 


154 


31 


Distribution Management 





1 


1 


33 


Food Service 





1 


1 


34 


Financial Management 


7 


28 


35 


35 


Motor Transport 





22 


22 


41 


Marine Corps Community Services 











43 


Public Affairs 


7 


19 


26 


44 


Legal Services 


18 


224 


242 


46 


Combat Camera 





1 


1 


57 


CBRN Defense 


1 


30 


31 


58 


Military Police 8c Corrections 


3 


43 


46 


59 


Electronics Maintenance 





2 


^ | 


60 


Aircraft Maintenance 


2 


45 


47 


| 6T~~~ 


Organizational Avionics Maint. 





6 


6 


65 


Aviation Ordnance 





9 


9 


66 


Aviation Logistics 


3 


26 


29 


68 


Meteorology 8c Oceanography 





2 


2 


70 


Airfield Services 





7 


■> 1 


72 


Air Control, Support 8c Anti-Air 


11 


81 


92 


73 


Navigation Officer 





4 


4 


75 Pilot/NFO 


16 


621 


637 


80 Miscellaneous Requirements 


16 


387 


403 


BQSHHBHHHHHI 



277 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Selected Marine Corps Reserve Enlisted Age Distribution 





Age 


Number 


Percent 


18 


531 


1.5 


19 


1,928 


5.5 


20 


2,882 


8.3% 


21 


3,582 


10.3% 


22 


3,747 


10.8% 


23 


3,815 


10.9% 


24 


3,727 


10.7% 


25 


3,019 


8.7% 


26-30 


7,068 


20.3% 




31-35 


2,249 


6.5% 


36-40 


1,252 


3.6% 


1 


41-43 


696 


2.0% 


46-50 


252 


0.7% 




51-55 


57 


0.2% 


36-60 


8 


0.02% 




61 + 


1 


0.01% 




Total 


34,814 


100% 



Selected Marine Corps Reserve Enlisted Grade Distribution 





Rank 


Number 


Percent 


Private 


2,033 


5.8% 




Private First Class 


3,531 


10.1% 




Lance Corporal 


14,611 


41.9% 


Corporal 


6,187 


17.8% 


Sergeant 


4,573 


13.1% 


i 


Staff Sergeant 


1,981 


5.7% 


Gunnery Sergeant 


1,230 


3.5% 


IstSgt/MSgt 


450 


1.3% 




SgtMaj/MGySgt 


218 


0.6% 




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278 



CHAPTER 5: MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



Selected Marine Corps Reserve Enlisted Occupational Field Distribution 



Primary 
MOS Code 



Description 



Female 
Enlisted 



Male 
Enlisted 



Total 
Enlisted 





01 


Personnel & Administration 


344 


1,247 


1,591 




02 


Intelligence 


31 


535 


566 




03 


Infantry 





7,927 


7,927 




04 


Logistics 


1 00 


1,121 


1,221 




05 


MAGTF Plans 


2 


47 


49 




06 


Communications 


153 


2,913 


3,066 




08 


Field Artillery 





1,060 


1,060 




11 


Utilities 


73 


636 


709 




13 


Engineer 


104 


2,984 


3,088 




18 


Tank & AAV 





657 


657 




21 

~~23 
26 


Ground Ordnance Maintenance 


15 


856 


871 




Ammunition & EOD 


37 


432 


469 




Signals Intelligence 


9 


35 


44 




28 


Ground Electronics Maintenance 


9 


605 


614 




30 


Supply Administration & Operations 


217 


1,244 


1,461 




31 


Distribution Management 


31 


112 


143 




33 


Food Service 


53 


495 


548 




34 


Financial Management 


6 


25 


31 




35 


Motor Transport 


140 


3,687 


3,827 




43 


Public Affairs 


4 


22 


26 




44 


Legal Services 


6 


12 


18 




46 


Combat Camera 


7 


8 


15 




48 


Recruiting & Retention 


8 


61 


69 




55 


Music 


2 


1 


3 




57 


CBRN Defense 


7 


205 


212 




58 


Military Police & Corrections 


30 


801 


831 




59 


Electronics Maintenance 


3 


93 


96 


: 


60 


Aircraft Maintenance 


34 


331 


365 




61 


Aircraft Maintenance (Rotary Wing) 


9 


360 


369 




62 


Aircraft Maintenance (Fixed Wing) 


8 


223 


233 




63 


Organizational Avionics Maint. 


14 


184 


198 




64 


Intermediate Avionics Maintenance 


6 


144 


150 




65 


Aviation Ordnance 


8 


181 


189 


66 


Aviation Logistics 


35 


200 


235 


68 


Meteorology & Oceanography 


6 


46 


52 


r— — 


70 


Airfield Services 


36 


313 


349 




72 


Air Control, Support & Anti-Air 


22 


161 


183 




73 


Navigation Officer 





31 


31 


80 


Miscellaneous Requirements 


74 


2,925 


2,999 


84 


Career Recruiting 


2 




40 


42 



89 



SgtMai/lstSgt 



>04 



207 



279 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Corps Fiscal Resource Overview 



$B 



I Supplemental BISOG 

■ Baseline BISOG 

l Supplemental Green 

■ Baseline Green 



48.2 



l 



45.1 45.2 



■J^ 



44^ 



34.8 



M« 



31.7 



29.1 



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19.4 



15.9 



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KM 6.0 12.5 9S 

6.3 I 13.4 

4.1 _o. 3 I 263 266 

22.0 24.6 

I 193 18J 17.2 17.2 17.6 

.J ! 



FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 

* FY09 (OCO) does not include S235M executed for American Recovery and Reinvestment Act projects 

* FY09 OCO includes $1.38B for Mine Resistant Ambush Protected vehicles 

* BISOG: Blue in Support of Green 



29.0 
27.4 28.5 



r Y12 FY13 FY14 FY15 



As of: 20 Jan 10 



Marine Corps Fiscal Landscape 



18.00 
16.00 
14.00 
12.00 
10.00 
8.00 
6.00 



Manpower 



perations & Maintenance 




FY10 FY11 



FY12 



FY13 



FY14 



FY15 



As of: 20 Jan 10 



280 



CHAPTER 5: MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



Marine Corps Fiscal Year 201 1 Total Baseline TOA ($ in Million) 



■ MPMC 


■ RPMC 


BDHAMC 


qDHAMCR 


■ OMMC 


B OMMCR 


■ PMC 


DPANMC 


■ RDTEN 


■ MCON 


DMCNR 


□ FHCON 


■ FHCPS 



$118 
$2() I $26 




$1,142 



$617 



Last Updated: RPPC 20 Jan 10 



Marine Corps Fiscal Year 201 1 Appropriations 




As of: 20 Jan 10 



281 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Corps Procurement Summary ($ in Million) 



9000 
8000 
7000 
6000 
5000 
4000 
3000 

2000 81.1'<')2 Vl ;;'., 
1000 




■ Supplemental Request 
E Supplemental Received 

■ Baseline 



$7,989 $8,052 



$5,030 















$1,569 $14 o5 



■ ■ill 




FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 



Marine Corps Selected Ground Equipment Age 




282 



MARINE CORPS ALMANAC 



Marine Corps Selected Aviation Equipment Age 



45 
40 
35 
30 
25 
20 
15 
10 
5 

Replacement 



■ Program Service Life 

■ Average Equipment Age 
□ Age of Oldest In Inventory 



-H- 




1 1 liiMIM 



283 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



APPENDIX A OTHER SUPPORTING PROGRAMS 



Marine Corps Embassy Security Group (MCESG) 



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Marine Security Guards (MSG) have 
been the frontline of defense for U.S. dip- 
lomatic missions and the Department of 
State for more than 210 years. The his- 
tory of Marines supporting Department 
of State diplomatic missions dates to 
March 1799, and most famously with 
First Lieutenant Presley O'Bannon dur- 
ing the Barbary Pirate wars of 1805. A 
Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) 
between the Department of State and 
the Marine Corps was first signed in 
December 1948, formalizing the relation- 
ship between the two agencies. MSGs 
have continually exemplified themselves 
during numerous situations: embassy 
bombings in Lebanon, Kenya, and Tan- 
zania; Al Qaeda terrorist attacks in Saudi 
Arabia; and averting an embassy bombing 
through vigilance in Pakistan, to name just 
a few. No matter what the mission, Marine 
Security Guards have always faced chal- 
lenges and adversaries with steadfast 
courage, determination, and profession- 



alism — always ready and true to their 
motto, "in every clime and place." 

The MCESG is a global command that 
screens, trains, assigns, organizes, equips, 
and sustains Marines assigned for duty as 
MSGs at designated U.S. diplomatic and 
consular missions. The primary mission 
of a MSG is to provide internal security 
at these facilities to prevent compromise 
of classified information and equipment 
vital to national security. 

Headquartered in Quantico, VA, the 
Commanding Officer of MCESG has 
more than 1,400 Marines assigned to 
the unit, supervising MSG detachments 
in 148 embassies and consulates in 133 
countries, spanning 18 time zones. The 
group has nine regional commands that 
are commanded by a lieutenant colonel; 
four in Frankfurt, Germany that encom- 
pass Europe, Scandinavia, Eurasia, and 
North and West Africa; two in Ft. Lau- 
derdale, FL that span the northern and 
southern parts of the Western Hemi- 



284 



APPENDIX A: OTHER SUPPORTING PROGRAMS 



sphere; one in the United Arab Emirates 
that includes the Middle East and South 
Asia; one in Bangkok, Thailand that 
covers East Asia and the Pacific region; 
and one in Pretoria, South Africa that 
is responsible for southern and eastern 
Africa. In 2010, MCESG has 42 posts that 
entitle Marines to hostile fire pay and 
21 posts that qualify Marines for combat 
tax exclusion benefits. 

MSGs attend a comprehensive six- 
week (eight weeks for detachment com- 
manders) Department of State and 
Marine Corps school in Quantico, where 
they receive specialized training that pre- 



pares them to accomplish their primary 
mission of providing internal security. 
During their time in the program, MSGs 
will serve three separate 12-month assign- 
ments, and detachment commanders will 
serve two separate 18-month assignments 
at any one of the 148 embassies or con- 
sulates. Marine detachments range in size 
from one staff non-commissioned officer 
(SNCO) detachment commander and 
five MSGs, to two SNCOs and 22 MSGs, 
depending on the size of the embassy 
or consulate. 



285 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Corps History Division 




The mission of the History Division 
is research, writing, documenting, and 
tracking the history of the Marine Corps 
across the entire spectrum of its organi- 
zational existence. History Division his- 
torians, working within the Marine Corps 
University and in close coordination 
with the National Museum of the Ma- 
rine Corps and the Library of the Marine 
Corps, are charged with the collection, 
writing, publication, and distribution of 
documents and accounts of permanent 
value to the history of the Corps. During 
2009, the History Division moved into a 
permanent facility on the Marine Corps 
University (MCU) campus, at 3078 Up- 
shur Avenue, Quantico, VA 22193. 

The History Division engages in the 
research, writing, and editing of the of- 
ficial histories of the Marine Corps and 
maintains topical working files that cover 
four primary areas of interest to Marine 
Corps history (specific history subjects; 
biographical files on prominent Marines; 
unit files; and geographic area files where 
Marines have operated.) The division also 
conducts research and writes battle stud- 
ies; deploys combat historians with op- 



erational units to collect 
and preserve primary 
source materials; con- 
ducts interviews with a 
wide variety of current 
and former Marines in 
support of the division's 
research and writing 
efforts; edits, designs, 
produces, prints, ware- 
houses, and distributes 
products; compiles, 
edits, and publishes 
Fortitudine, the quarterly bulletin of the 
Marine Corps Historical Program; and 
carries out all functions of the Marine 
Corps University Press. Founded in 2008, 
the Marine Corps University Press seeks 
to further the vision, educational objec- 
tives, and curriculum of MCU through 
scholarly dialogue not offered in other 
forums. The Marine Corps Univer- 
sity Press published the first issue of the 
Marine Corps University Journal in 2009 
and will produce two issues in 2010. 
The journal features articles, interviews, 
and reviews on issues of strategy and 
international security. 

In addition to the writing and pub- 
lishing projects noted above, during 2010, 
History Division will expand the opera- 
tions of MCU Press and Marine Corps 
University Journal. It will also maintain 
progress on a multi-year effort to scan 
and process key Reference Branch mate- 
rials to make them available in a digital 
format. The History Division's website 
(www.history.usmc.mil) is continually 
being improved and expanded, as is the 
Marine Corps University Press website 
(www.tecom.usmc.mil/mcu/mcupress/). 



286 



APPENDIX A: OTHER SUPPORTING PROGRAMS 



National Museum of the Marine Corps (NMMC) 




The President of the United States 
dedicated the National Museum of the 
Marine Corps (NMMC) on 10 November 
2006. Located in Quantico, VA and with 
an average annual visitor attendance of 
more than 500,000 during each of its first 
three years, the NMMC is one of the most 
popular cultural attractions in Virginia. 
Its exhibitions recreate environments and 
immerse visitors into Marine Corps ac- 
tion. The Marine Corps Museum's mis- 
sion includes: 

• Collecting and preserving objects that 
reflect the history of the Corps; 

• Interpreting Marine Corps history; 

• Educating students and families; 

• Conducting collections-based research; 
and 

• Supporting the recruitment, education, 
and retention of Marines. 



The National Museum is being con- 
structed in phases, the first of which in- 
cludes approximately 120,000 square feet. 
It opened with permanent galleries dedi- 
cated to "Making Marines," World War II, 
the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. In 
2010, three additional galleries will open 
to tell the story of the Marine Corps from 
1775 through World War I. In immersive 
exhibits, visitors take their places along- 
side Marines in battle. Aircraft, tanks, and 
other vehicles are prominently displayed, 
and period uniforms, weapons, med- 
als, flags, and other artifacts help visitors 
trace the history of the Corps. Future 
phases will add a giant-screen theater, 
classrooms, an art gallery, visible storage, 
and more exhibition space to the flagship 
building. A chapel that overlooks the Mu- 
seum and Semper Fidelis Memorial Park 
opened in October 2009. Also planned as 
part of the 135-acre "Marine Corps Heri- 
tage Center" are a hotel/conference center, 
artifact storage and restoration building, 
hiking trails, and additions to Semper Fi- 
delis Memorial Park. 

The NMMC reports to Marine Corps 
University and is federally funded and 
staffed by Marine Corps civilian employ- 
ees and uniformed Marines. However, its 
construction and expansion would not 
be possible without the assistance of the 
Marine Corps Heritage Foundation. This 
strong public-private partnership, ap- 
proved by Congress in 2001, allowed for 
the construction of an iconic building 
and the delivery of the highest-quality 
programs. 

The strength of any history museum 
rests with its collections. NMMC's key- 
stone objects that represent how Marines 



287 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 





"COME ON YOU SONS OF BITCHI 
DO YOU WANT TO LIVE FOREVER " 






have waged war since 1775 — weapons, 
tanks, vehicles, aircraft — were trans- 
ferred to the museum by the Marine 
Corps. But pride in being a Marine has 
prompted many generations of leather- 
necks to donate their personal items to 
the permanent collection. Because the 
museum is charged with caring for its 
collections — some 30,000 objects — in 
perpetuity, curators add to the collection 
very selectively, consulting a formal col- 
lections rationale for guidance. Steward- 
ship responsibilities are divided among 
five broad categories: ordnance; uniforms 
and heraldry; aviation; art; and general 
collections. Curators and collections 
managers work together to fully account 
for the collection. 

As is often the case with museums, 
less than ten percent of NMMC's objects 
are on exhibition at any one time. Most of 
them are in storage at Marine Corps Base 
Quantico, while some objects are on loan 



to other museums around the country. A 
team dedicated to the preservation of air- 
craft, vehicles, artillery pieces, and other 
large artifacts completes the detailed res- 
toration of several artifacts each year. 

An in-house exhibitions team, work- 
ing with curators and historians, designs 
and oversees permanent and temporary 
installations, including the Comman- 
dant's Corridor at the Pentagon. Muse- 
um educators use these exhibits to craft 
formal education programs that meet 
the needs of classroom teachers and are 
linked to specific standards of learning. 

Education at the museum can defi- 
nitely be fun, especially for ("Little Ma- 
rines"), with puppet shows, hands-on 
activities, story telling, trains, and gallery 
hunts. During the museum's second year 
of operation, it served more than 29,000 
students in formal programs. Popular 
family day programs are offered on the 
second Saturdav of each month. Marines 



APPENDIX A: OTHER SUPPORTING PROGRAMS 



attending formal schools also make good 
use of the museum as part of their profes- 
sional military education. 

Since World War II, the Corps has 
been instructing a small number of Ma- 
rines to "go to war and do art!" Continu- 
ing in that tradition, in 2009 the Museum 
deployed two artists to Iraq, Afghanistan, 
and training sites in the United States to 
capture what today's warriors are accom- 
plishing. More than 60 works from the 
combat art collection were featured in a 
multi- service show in Newport News, VA, 
in 2009. 

In 2009, the museum received the 
Themed Entertainment Association's 
award for Best New Museum, and the 



Secretary of the Navy recognized the mu- 
seum with the Award of Merit for Group 
Achievement. The museum stands as a 
proud acknowledgement of the courage 
and commitment to duty delivered by 
all Marines, in support of today's Marine 
Corps families, and as an inspiration to 
the next generation of Americans. 

In addition to the NMMC, com- 
mand specific museums are located at 
Camp Pendleton, CA; Recruit Depots 
San Diego, CA and Parris Island, SC; 
and at Marine Corps Air Station 
Miramar, CA. These museums reflect the 
unique interests and objectives of those 
facilities. For additional information, 
see www.usmcmuseum.org. 



289 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C. 



Established in 1801, Marine Barracks 
Washington D.C. is the "Oldest Post of 
the Corps" and has been the residence of 
every Commandant of the Marine Corps 
since 1806. The selection of the site for 
the barracks was a matter of personal in- 
terest to President Thomas Jefferson, who 
rode through Washington with Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Commandant Burrows in 
search of a suitable location. They chose 
the current site due to its location near 
the Washington Navy Yard and its easy 
marching distance of the Capitol. 

Marine Barracks has also been home 
of the United States Marine Band since 
1801. Shortly after its formation in 1798, 
the band played for President John Adams 
at the Executive Mansion. This engage- 
ment began a tradition that has become 
so established that today the names "Ma- 
rine Band" and "The President's Own" 
are synonymous. John Philip Sousa, the 
most famous director of "The Presi- 
dent's Own," wrote many of his immortal 
marches — such as "The Stars and Stripes 
Forever" and "Semper Fidelis" — while 
stationed here. 

Today, Barracks Marines perform 
many tasks in support of the Marine 
Corps' diverse missions. These include 
infantry training, ceremonies, and presi- 
dential support duty to include a com- 
pany of "8th and I" Marines that fulfill 
a security mission for the First Family at 
Camp David, MD. 

The barracks is also home to the 
Marine Corps Institute (MCI). Founded 
in 1920 by the 13th Commandant of the 
Marine Corps, General John A. Lejeune, 



MCI is the Corps' distance training cen- 
ter, which is responsible for all nonresi- 
dent military education programs. 




EVENING PARADE 

An 85-minute performance of mu- 
sic and precision marching, the Evening 
Parade features "The President's Own" 
United States Marine Band, "The Com- 
mandant's Own" United States Marine 
Drum and Bugle Corps, and the Marine 
Corps Silent Drill Platoon. The Evening 
Parade is held Friday evenings from 7 
May through 27 August 2010. The cer- 
emony starts with an 8:45 p.m. concert by 
"The President's Own." 

HOW TO MAKE PARADE 
RESERVATIONS 

Seating for the Evening Parade re- 
quires a reservation. Guests with reser- 
vations are admitted beginning at 7 p.m. 
and should arrive no later than 8 p.m. 
Reservations may be made in writing, fac- 
simile, or, for groups of six or less, online 



290 



APPENDIX A: OTHER SUPPORTING PROGRAMS 



at www.mbw.usmc.mil. Mail reservation 
requests should be addressed to: 

Protocol Officer, Marine Barracks 
8th and I Streets, S.E. 
Washington, D.C. 20390-5000 

They should be mailed at least 30 
days prior to a desired parade date. Re- 
quests via facsimile should be faxed to 
the Protocol Officer at (202) 433-4076. 
The request should include the name of 
the party (either group or individual), the 
number of guests in the party, a complete 
return address, and a point of contact 
with a telephone number. An alternate 
parade date should be included in the re- 
quest in case the primary date requested 
is unavailable. Confirmations and gate 
assignments for reservation requests will 
be made by return mail. At approximate- 
ly 8:10 p.m., guests without reservations, 
who are waiting outside the main gate 
of the Marine Barracks, are offered un- 
claimed seats. 

There are no designated public park- 
ing spaces in the immediate vicinity of 
the Marine Barracks. Guests can park at 
Maritime Plaza, located at 1201 M Street, 
S.E., for free shuttle service to and from 
the barracks. The first shuttle departs 
Maritime Plaza at 7 p.m. and the last 
shuttle departs the barracks at 11 p.m. 
Additional information is available at the 
parade information line: (202) 433-6060, 
or at the Marine Barracks Washington 
website. 




SUNSET PARADE 

A one-hour performance, the Sunset 
Parade features the music of "The Com- 
mandant's Own" United States Marine 
Drum and Bugle Corps and a precision 
drill exhibition by the Marine Corps Si- 
lent Drill Platoon. The Sunset Parade is 
conducted Tuesday evenings from 1 June 
through 10 August 2010, beginning at 
7 p.m. except for the final two parades 
which begin at 6:30pm. The Sunset Pa- 
rade, held at the Marine Corps War Me- 
morial, is open to the public at no charge. 
Reservations are not necessary. Spacious 
lawns provide ample room for guests to 
bring lawn chairs and blankets for infor- 
mal viewing. There are no public parking 
spaces available at the memorial grounds 
on parade evenings. Guests may park at 
the Arlington National Cemetery Visitors' 
Center for a nominal fee. A free shuttle 
service is provided from the Visitors' 
Center to the War Memorial from 5 to 
7 p.m. before the parade and from 8 to 
9 p.m. following the parade. 



291 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



International Affairs Officer Program (IAOP) 



In a rapidly changing and frequently 
chaotic world, well-trained and expe- 
rienced international specialists are in- 
creasingly important for operational and 
strategic success in political-military af- 
fairs. The goal of the IAOP is to identify, 
select, and train a corps of officers for fu- 
ture assignments to Marine Corps, joint, 
or combined staffs in operations, plan- 
ning, or intelligence billets, and for duty 
with the defense attache system. 

The IAOP is an umbrella program 
that governs two separate but related 
occupational fields: the Foreign Area 
Officer and The Regional Affairs Officer. 
Through assignment of free military oc- 
cupational specialties (FMOS), the IAOP 
manages a system that trains, tracks, and 
assigns officers specializing in interna- 
tional affairs and who continue to main- 
tain proficiency in their primary MOS 
(PMOS) through a dual-track career 
path. The IAOP monitors an officer's pro- 
gression from basic level CONUS-based 
education and in-country training (ICT), 
to an experienced international specialist 
possessing a master's degree in regional 
expertise; and in the case of FAOs, profi- 
ciency in a foreign language. 

FOREIGN AREA OFFICERS (FAO) 
FAOs are at the pinnacle of the in- 
ternational affairs, political-military of- 
ficer hierarchy. Carefully managed and 
assigned, FAOs provide the Marine Corps 
with the assets it needs to meet the de- 
mands of the current and future strategic 
environment. By virtue of their exten- 



sive academic training, linguistic skills, 
and regional experience, FAOs are quali- 
fied to serve in the most demanding bil- 
lets within the Marine Corps operating 
forces, as well as service and component 
(MARFOR) headquarters, unified com- 
mands, Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) of- 
fices, and the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense (OSD). 

Officers selected to train as FAOs 
begin with a 12-month assignment to 
the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) in 
Monterey, CA. After completing gradu- 
ate-level study in international and re- 
gional affairs they proceed to the Defense 
Language Institute (DLI), where they 
undergo eight to 15 months of basic lan- 
guage instruction. Their training culmi- 
nates in a one-year immersion period in 
a country within their regional/linguistic 
area of expertise, in which they are ex- 
pected to hone their language skills and 
regional knowledge. 

REGIONAL AFFAIRS 
OFFICERS (RAO) 

The primary purpose of the RAO 
track is to train and identify international 
affairs officers who will serve in billets 
that require specialized regional knowl- 
edge but do not require foreign language 
ability. Officers selected to train as RAOs 
report to NPS for 18 months of graduate- 
level study in international and regional 
affairs. Upon graduation they immedi- 
ately apply that education in high-level 
political-military billets within the Ma- 
rine Corps as well as in joint and other 
Department of Defense (DoD) agencies. 



292 



APPENDIX A: OTHER SUPPORTING PROGRAMS 



As the strategic environment grows 
more complex, emerging requirements 
for regionally focused and culturally adept 
officers will increase. Identification, train- 
ing, and placement of FAOs and RAOs in 
critical billets will enable commanders 
and staffs to leverage the expertise gar- 
nered by international affairs officers and 
will ultimately set the conditions for suc- 
cess both on and off the battlefield. 



293 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



INDEX 



Acoustic hailing devices, 240 
Acquisition, 58-59, 160 

categories, 58 

milestones, 59 

phases, 59 

non-development item (NDI), 59 
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System 
(AFATDS), 93, 113, 128, 129, 196 
Advanced Gunnery Training System (AGTS), 193 
Advanced Tactical Airborne Reconnaissance System 
(ATARS), 109, 134 

Advise, train, and assist (ATA), 4, 48, 52 
Africa Partnership Station, 257 
After action review (AAR), 1 0-1 1 , 1 92, 1 97, 1 98, 201 , 
202, 204, 205 
Air defense (AD), 138, 152, 153, 154 

Ground-based Air Defense Transformation 

(GBAD-T), 152 
Air Naval Gun Fire Liaison Company (ANGLICO), 34, 
38,41,42, 128,254 
Air tasking order (ATO), 80 
Aircraft, 8, 283 

crash fire rescue, P-19, 155 

fixed wing, 145, 189 

modernization, 8, 131, 132-135 

rotary wing, 131, 135, 145, 152, 176, 189 

unmanned, 8, 102, 109, 131, 140, 148-149, 152 
Almanac, Marine Corps, iii, 264-283 
Ammunition, 9, 76, 122, 124, 136, 159, 167, 177 
Amphibious, 12, 19, 26, 114, 140, 175, 186, 191, 
194,216 

Amphibious Operations in the 21st Century, 1 7 

Ready Group (ARG), 25, 172, 

warships, 25, 172, 173 
Approved acquisition objective (AAO), 68, 83, 85, 86. 
94, 1 08, 1 1 9, 1 20, 1 28, 1 29, 1 53, 228, 241 , 243, 
244, 247 

Area of responsibility (AOR), 54, 152 
Assault Amphibious Vehicle (AAV), 7, 93, 114, 193, 
196,282 

turret trainer, 1 93 

upgrades, 93 
Assault echelon (AE), 172 

Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps (ACMC), 
29 

Asymmetric Warfare, 208 

Aviation, 8, 1 1 , 1 2, 57, 1 1 3, 1 31 , 1 32, 1 40, 1 43, 1 46, 

153, 172, 188, 191,225 

Combat Element (ACE), 7, 22, 23, 80, 82, 108, 

131, 132, 136, 165, 172, 186 



Ground Support (AGS). 131. 136 
Marine Aviation Logistics (MALS), 151 

B 

Battle site zero (BZO). 76 

Biometric Automated Toolset (BAT), 246 

Blue Force Tracker (BFT), 87 

Blunt impact munitions, 240 

c 

Camp Fuji, Combined Arms Training Center, 37 

Camp Mujuk, 37 

Capability Development Document (CDD), 120, 244 

Casualty evacuation (CASEVAC), 115 

Center for Advanced Operational Culture and 

Learning (CAOCL). 5. 52-53 

Center for Irregular Warfare (CIW). 31 

Civil Affairs Group (CAG). 41 . 42. 52. 251 . 252 

Civil Military Operations (CMO), 52, 55 

Concept for Unified Action through Civil-Military 

Integration, 18 
Civilian, Marines, 91 . 226. 228, 233 

American Federation of Government Employees 

(AFGE). 227 

civilian police recruitment initiative. 227 

civilian workforce development application, 226 

communities of interest (COI). 226 

labor relations. 226-227 

senior executive service (SES). 226 
Chemical Biological Incident Response Force (CBIRF). 
33, 34. 48-49 

Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN). 
23. 48, 239 

Assessment and Consequence Management 

(ACM), 241 
College of Continuing Education (CCE). 215 
Combat Logistics Regiment (CLR), 24, 35. 39. 40. 
161 

Combat convoy simulator. 1 95 
Combat operations center (COC). AN/TSQ-239(V). 
85, 86 

Combat Vehicle Training System (CVTS). 193 
Combatant Commanders (COCOM). 25. 27. 32. 48. 
150, 171, 176, 177 

unified, 27 

geographic, 25, 48 
Combined Arms Command and Control Training 
Upgrade System (CACCTUS), 192 
Combined Arms Military Operations in Urban Terrain 
(CAMOUT). 199 



294 






Combined Arms Staff Training (CAST), 1 92 

Command and control (C2), 7, 9, 69, 72, 78-95, 202 

Command and Control Personal Computer (C2PC), 

86,93 

Command Element (CE), 9, 22, 23, 1 07, 1 08, 1 1 1 , 

152, 165, 186 

Command, control, communication, computer, and 

intelligence (C4I), 23, 49, 84, 192, 194 

Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC), ii-iii, 5, 29, 

62, 63, 143, 171, 210, 214, 220, 230, 231, 234, 240, 

290 

Commercial of the shelf (COTS), 1 09, 1 1 0, 202, 246 

Common Aviation Command and Control System 

(CAC2S), 10, 58, 82, 153 

Common operational picture (COP), 10, 83, 85, 86, 

101, 103, 128 

Communication Electronics Equipment Maintenance 

Complex (CEEMC), 168 

Composite Tracking Network (CTN), 84, 153, 154 

Computer network defense (CND), 91 , 92 

Continental United States (CONUS), 28, 54, 81 , 137, 

150,210,212,229 

Continuous Process Improvement (CPI), 151 , 235 

Core Competencies, Marine Corps, 3-4, 185, 221 

Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC), 84, 153, 

154 

Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower, 3, 

15,171,178 

Counter Radio-controlled Improvised Explosive Device 

(RCIED) Electronic Warfare (CREW), 247 

Vehicle receiver/jammer (CVRJ), 247 

Joint CREW (JCREW), 247 
Counterintelligence (CI), 98, 1 01 , 1 1 1 

Equipment Program (CIHEP), 103-104 
Counterterrorism (CI), 45, 49 
Cyberspace, 18 

USMC Cyberspace Concept, 18-19 

D 

Data Distribution System (DDS), 90 

Dazzling Laser, 240 

Defense Language Institute (DLI), 209, 292 

Defense Policy Review Initiative (DPRI), 13 

Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office (DRMO), 

54 

Department of Defense (DOD), 19, 58, 65, 92, 100, 

128, 159, 187, 221, 232, 233, 240, 292 

Department of State (DOS), 284 

Deployable Instrumented Training System (DITS), 202 



Deployable Virtual Training Environment (DVTE), 196 
Deployment, 2, 1 1 , 63, 72, 1 1 1 , 1 41 , 1 43, 1 80, 1 89, 
194, 199,206, 210 

ratio to dwell, 2, 224 
Deputy Commandant (DC), 29 

Aviation (AVN), 29 

Combat Development and Integration (CD&I), 

29,31 

Installations and Logistics (l&L), 29, 53 

Manpower and Reserve Affairs (M&RA), 29, 30, 

62 

Plans, Policy and Operations (PP&O), 29 

Programs and Resources (P&R), 29 
Direct Action (DA), 26, 44, 46 
Director, 29 

Command, Control, Communications, and 

Computers (C4), 29 

Expeditionary Energy, 29 

Health Services, 29 

Intelligence, 29 

Marine Corps Staff (DMCS), 29 

Public Affairs, 29 

Safety, 29 
Doctrine, organization, training, material, logistics, 
personnel, facilities (DOTMLPF), 31 , 52 

DOTMLPF Change Request (DCR), 49 
Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS), 98, 
100, 102, 107 
Dual Vehicle Adapter (DVA), 69-70 



Electronic countermeasure (ECM), 247 

Electronic warfare (EW), 8, 54, 108, 110, 135, 138, 

140, 149, 198, 204, 247,261 

Eleventh Marine Expeditionary Unit (1 1th MEU), 37, 

38, 262 

Energy, ii, 165, 230-232, 233, 234 

Enhanced company operations (ECO), 17, 72, 191 

Environmental control equipment, 165 

Environmental management, 233 

Escalation offeree (EOF), 240, 242, 245 

mission module (EOF-MM), 245 
Evening Parade, 290 

dates and times, 290 

parking, 290 

reservations, 290-291 
Exceptional Family Member Program (EFMP), 63 
Expeditionary Airfield (EAF), 137 
Expeditionary Energy Office, ii 
Expeditionary Field Kitchen (EFK), 163 



295 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV), 7, 58, 93, 114, 

141, 167 

Expeditionary Fire Support System (EFSS), 7, 113, 

124, 167 

Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD), 7, 49, 115, 180, 

181,224 

F 

Family of systems (FoS), 6, 7, 69, 87, 100, 103, 107, 

123, 148 

Fifteenth Marine Expeditionary Unit (15th MEU), 37, 

38, 250, 254 

Fire support, 6,7,113,117,1 25, 1 28, 1 92, 1 96 

naval surface fire support (NSFS), 1 78-1 79, 21 3 
First Marine Air Wing (1st MAW), 37, 40, 259 
First Marine Division (1st MARDIV), 37 
First Marine Expeditionary Brigade (1st MEB), 37, 38 
First Marine Expeditionary Force (I MEF), 24, 32, 37, 
38-39, 168, 191, 192, 194, 196,212 
First Marine Logistics Group (1st MLG), 37, 39 
Fixed wing, 8, 145, 189 

AV-8 Harrier, 8, 128, 133, 134, 138, 140 

C-9Skytrain, 150 

C-20 Gulfstream, 150 

E/A-6 Prowler, 8, 134, 135, 138, 139, 140, 149, 

283 

F/A-18 Hornet, 8, 109, 128, 134, 138, 140, 283 

F-35 Lightning, Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), 8, 131 , 

137, 138-139, 140, 172, 190 

KC-1 30 Hercules, 8,131,1 45, 1 53, 283 

UC-35 Citation, 150 
Flame Resistant Organizational Gear (FROG), 73, 74 
Fleet Anti-terrorism Security Team (FAST), 49-50, 250, 
251,253,254,258,261 
Fleet Marine Forces (FMF), 36 
Food service, 1 63 

Force protection (FP), 85, 116, 133, 136, 146, 149, 
239, 242, 246, 247 

capability sets, 245 
Foreign Area Officer (FAO), 292 
Foreign Internal Defense (FID), 26, 44-45, 46 
Fortitudine, 286 
Forward-in-store (FIS), 54 

Fourth Marine Air Wing (4th MAW), 256, 41 , 42-43 
Fourth Marine Division (4th MARDIV), 41 , 42 
Fourth Marine Logistics Group (4th MLG), 41 , 43, 
255, 256, 257 

Full operational capability (FOC), 5, 10, 47, 54, 67, 70, 
93, 104, 110, 125, 128, 152, 155, 247 



Full Spectrum Battle Equipment (FSBE), 73 
Future Initiatives Transformation Team (FITT), 66 

G 

Garrison mobile equipment (GME), 230, 232 
Geospatial Information Systems (GIS), 231 
Global Combat Support System (GCSS), 9, 81 
Global Command and Control System (GCCS), 80 

Integrated Imagery and Intelligence (13), 101 
Global Information Grid (GIG), 47, 91 , 101 
Global Positioning System (GPS), 202 

Integrated GPS Radio System (IGRS), 202 
Global Response Forces (GRF), 27 
Global Status of Resources and Training System 
(GSORTS), 80 
Green Beam Laser Systems, 242 

Designator III (GBD), 242 
Ground Aviation Task Oriented Radar (G/ATOR), 84, 
153 

Ground Combat Element (GCE), 6, 22, 51 , 64, 108, 
117, 118, 129, 135, 153, 165, 186 
Ground Position Location Information (G-PLI), 202 
Guam, 13,24,30, 137,229 

H 

Hailing and warning laser systems, 242 

Green Beam, 242 
Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps (HQMC), 29-31 , 
160,228 

organization, 31 
High frequency (HF), 7, 95, 105 
High Mobility Multi-Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), 7, 
105, 110, 115, 120, 137, 147, 230, 243, 244, 282 

Egress Assistance Trainer (HEAT), 21 0-21 1 

Expanded capacity vehicle (ECV), 1 1 9 
High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS), 7, 38, 
42, 113, 124, 125, 282 
History Division, 286 

Home Station Training Lanes (HSTL), 200 
Housing, 5, 229, 234 

bachelor enlisted housing (BEQ), 234 

family housing, 234 
Howitzer, lightweight, 155mm, (LW155), M777A2, 7, 
113, 126-127,282 

Human Electro-muscular Incapacitation (HEMI), 240 
Human Intelligence (HUMINT), 98, 103, 104 

exploitation team (HET), 103 



296 






Identity Dominance System (IDS), 246 
Illumination systems, 75, 76 

advanced target pointer illumination aiming light 
(ATPIAL), AN/PEQ-15, 76 

mini integrated pointer illuminator module 

(MIPIM), AN/PEG-16A, 76 
Improvised explosive device (ED), 115, 182, 200, 
204, 242, 247 

defeat, 208 

Joint ED Defeat Organization (JIEDDO), 205 
Incident Response Force (IRF), 49 
Indoor Simulated Marksmanship Trainer (ISMT), 212 
Infantry, 34, 38, 40, 42, 67, 69, 71, 72, 73, 93, 109, 
114, 117, 118, 166, 189, 191, 196, 201, 212, 225, 
244 

Infantry Automatic Rifle (IAR), 6, 67 
Infantry Combat Equipment (ICE), 73-74 
Infantry Immersive Trainer (IIT), 10-11,191, 201 
Infantry Squad Trainer- Enhanced (IST-E), 212 
Information Operations (IO), 5, 19, 45, 54-55 
Information Technology (IT), 9, 47, 81 , 88, 91 , 92, 
107, 158,215, 223, 228 

Initial Capabilities Document (ICD), 79, 100, 120, 148, 
152, 178,240 

Initial operational capability (IOC), 5, 10, 47, 54, 67, 
84, 86, 93, 104, 118, 122, 124, 125, 135, 139, 144, 
145, 149, 155, 182, 192,247 
Instrumented Tactical Engagement System (l-TESS), 
202-203 
Intelligence, 9, 10, 85, 97, 99, 129, 134, 137, 224 

analysis system (IAS), 100, 101, 103, 107 

expeditionary support, 1 1 1 

operations workstation (IOW), 107 

signals (SIGINT), 97, 108, 110 

surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), 10, 86, 

97,98, 100, 138, 148 
Interim Fast Attack Vehicle (IFAV), 1 1 8 
Internally Transportable Vehicle (ITV), 1 1 8 
International Affairs Officer Program (IAOP), 292-293 

Foreign Area Officer (FAO), 292 

Regional Affairs Officer (RAO), 292 
Intra/lnterSquad Radio (IISR), AN/PRC-153, 69, 70 



Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), 80, 1 71 

Joint Conflict and Tactical Simulation (JCATS), 194 

Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV), 1 41 , 1 74 

Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization 



(JIEDDO), 205 

Joint Intergovernmental and Multinational Training 

(JIM), 187 

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (J LTV), 7, 120 

Joint non-lethal weapons program (JNLWP), 240 

Joint Operations Planning and Execution System 

(JOPES), 80 

Joint personnel adjudication system (J PAS), 223 

Joint Requirement Oversight Council (JROC), 82, 100 

Joint Special Operations Task Force (JSOTF), 45 

Afghanistan, 261 

Philippines, 258 

Trans-Sahara, 256 
Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), 8, 131, 135, 138-139 

transition plan, 8, 140 
Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System 
(JSTARS), 101, 102 

Joint Tactical Common Operational Picture Worksta- 
tion (JTCW), 10, 86 
Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS). 70 
Joint task force (JTF), 22. 24, 25, 147 

JTF-Global Network Operations (GNO), 47 

JTF-Guantanamo (GITMO), 251 

JTF-Horn of Africa (HOA), 256 

JTF-North, 250 
Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC), 128, 213 

K 

Key Performance Parameters (KPP), 230 

L 

Land Management, 233 

Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC), 1 41 . 1 73, 1 75 

Language Learning Resource Center (LLRC), 5, 53, 

209 

Laser targeting, 76 

grenade launcher day/night sight mount 

(GLDNSM), AN/PSQ-18A, 76 

high power laser pointer (HPLP), AN/PEQ-18. 76 

laser bore sight (LBS), AN/PEM-1 , 76 
Learning Resource Center (LRC), 209, 215 

deployable, 215 
Light Armored Vehicle (LAV), 168. 193, 282 
Line of sight (LOS), 7, 69, 93, 94 
Logistics, 12,81, 85, 1 22, 1 37, 1 50, 151.1 57-1 69 

chain management (LCM), 81 . 158 

Combat Element (LCE), 8, 22, 24. 137, 164. 

165, 186 

distribution, 9, 158, 161 

modernization (LOGMOD), 9, 14, 136, 157. 158 



297 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



naval logistics integration (NLI), 160 

sense and respond, 9, 159 
Logistics Vehicle System Replacement (LVSR), 9, 122, 
282 
Long War: Send in the Marines, The, 1 5 

M 

Man-portable air defense system (MANPADS), 152 
Manpower, 1 1 , 1 31 , 1 49, 265-279 

accessions, officer, 266, enlisted, 271 

distribution, age, 266, 271 , 276, 278 

distribution, gender, 269, 270, 274, 275 

distribution, grade, 267, 270, 272, 274, 276, 

278 

families, 269, 274 

occupational fields, officer, 268, 277 enlisted, 

273, 279 

recruiting and retention, 30, 220-222, 224-225 
Marine Air Command and Control System (MACCS), 
82 

Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF), 1 , 1 1 , 1 7, 19, 
22-27, 54, 55, 64, 79, 113, 131, 249 

capabilities, 3, 16,22-23 

composition, 3, 4, 6, 23-24 

distribution, 9 

Enhanced MAGTF Operations (EWOJ.15, 97 

Evolving the MAGTF for the 21st Century, 1 7 

types of MAGTFs, 24-27 

Secondary Imagery Dissemination System 

(MSIDS), 109 

sustainability, 6, 27 

training, 11, 186 
MAGTF Tactical Warfare Simulation (MWTS), 191 , 
192, 194 

Marine Air Group (MAG), 24, 34-35, 38-39, 40, 42-43 
Marine Air Wing (MAW), 24, 34-35, 38-39, 40, 42-43, 
106, 136 

Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron 
(MAWTS), 187 

Marine Band, The President's Own, 290 
Marine Barracks, Washington, 8th&l, 29, 290-291 

evening parade, 290 

sunset parade, 291 
Marine Corps Air Facility (MCAF), 33 

MCAF Quantico, 33 
Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center (MCAGCC), 
31,37,38-39,51, 188, 189 
Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS), 137 

MCAS Beaufort, 33, 35 

MCAS Camp Pendleton, 37, 39, 144 

MCAS Cherry Point, 33, 34-35, 144, 209 

MCAS Futenma, 37, 40 



MCAS Iwakuni, 37, 40 

MCAS Miramar, 37, 38-39, 233, 288 

MCAS New River, 33, 34-35, 142, 144 

MCAS Yuma, 37, 38-39, 190 
Marine Corps Almanac, iii, 264-283 

fiscal year 201 1 data, 280-282 

enlisted manpower, 271-275, 278-279 

officer manpower, 266-270, 276-277 
Marine Corps Base (MCB), 51, 198, 215. 229 

MCB Camp Butler, 37, 40, 209 

MCB Camp Lejeune, 33, 34-35, 44, 166, 234 

MCB Camp Pendleton, 37, 38-39, 44, 205, 234, 

288 

MCB Hawaii, 37, 40, 209 

MCB Quantico, 30, 31,51, 54, 240, 284 

Marine Corps Bases, Atlantic, 33 

Marine Corps Bases, Japan, 37 

Marine Corps Bases Korea, 37 

Marine Corps Bases, Pacific, 37 
Marine Corps Combat Development Command 
(MCCDC), 29, 31, 71,74,245 

organization, 31 
Marine Corps Community Services (MCCS), 30. 62, 
63 

Marine Corps concepts, 14-19 
Marine Corps Distance Learning (MCDL), 215 
Marine Corps Embassy Security Group (MCESG). 
284-285 

Marine Corps Enterprise Information Technology 
System (MCEITS), 88-89 

Marine Corps Enterprise Network (MCEN), 47, 91-92 
Marine Corps Exchange (MCX), 62 
Marine Corps Family Team Building (MCFTB), 63 
Marine Corps Forces Component Command 
(MARFOR), 48, 52, 160 

Marine Corps Forces Africa (MARFORAF), 

256-257 

Marine Corps Forces Central (MARFORCENT), 

260-261 

Marine Corps Forces Command 

(MARFORCOM), 24, 27, 32 
organization, 33 
units, 34-35 

Marine Corps Forces Cyber (MARFORCYBER), 

5,47 

Marine Corps Forces Europe (MARFOREUR). 

253-255 

Marine Corps Forces Korea, 258-259 

Marine Corps Force North (MARFORNORTH), 

250-251 

Marine Corps Forces Pacific (MARFORPAC), 24, 

27, 32, 36, 258-260, 



298 






.'■■.'."■'■:.. 



organization, 37 
units, 38-40 

Marine Corps Forces Reserves (MARFORRES), 

41-43,250 

organization, 41 
units, 42-43 

Marine Corps Forces South (MARFORSOUTH), 

251-253 

Marine Corps Forces Special Operations 

(MARFORSOC), 32, 44-46, 104, 109, 128 
capabilities, 44-45 
organization, 46 
units, 46 

Marine Corps Forces Strategic 

(MARFORSTRAT), 31 
Marine Corps Heritage Foundation, 287 
Marine Corps Information Operations Center (MCIOC), 
5, 54-55 

capabilities, 54 
Marine Corps Installations (MCI), 51, 190, 219, 227, 
229-230, 232 

MCl-East, 33, 51 

MCl-West, 37, 51 
Marine Corps Institute (MCI), 290 
Marine Corps Instrumentation Training System 
(MC-ITS), 204 

Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA), 111, 254, 
257 

Marine Corps Intelligence Surveillance and Recon- 
naissance Enterprise (MCISR-E), 10, 97, 98-99 
Marine Corps Logistics Base (MCLB), 233 

MCLB Albany, 33, 53 

MCLB Barstow, 37, 53, 233 
Marine Corps Logistics Command (MCLC), 51 , 53- 
54,81 

Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP), 214 
Marine Corps Mountain Warfare Training Center, 
Bridgeport, 37, 187, 189, 227 
Marine Corps Network Operations and Security 
Center (MCNOSC), 47, 91 
Marine Corps Operating Concepts for a Changing 
Security Environment, 15, 159, 160 

Enhanced MAGTF Operations (EWOj.15, 97 

crisis response, 16 

engagement, 16 

power projection, 17 
Marine Corps Prepositioning Program - Norway 
(MCPP-N), 28, 176 

Marine Corps Recruit Depot (MCRD), 30, 31 , 288 
Marine Corps Recruiting Command (MCRC), 29, 30, 
220-221 

organization, 30 



Marine Corps Recruiting Information Support System- 
Recruiting Station (MCRISS-RS), 223 

MCRISS-Office Selection System (OSS), 223 
Marine Corps Security Force Regiment, 33, 34, 49- 
50, 254, 255, 256 

Marine Corps Service Campaign Plan (MCSCP), 5, 
11, 159, 160 

Marine Corps Support Facility, Blount Island, 33, 53 
Marine Corps Systems Command (MARCORSYS- 
COM), 58, 71, 72, 74, 198 
Marine Corps Tactics and Operations Group (MC- 
TOG), 51, 187 

Marine Corps Training and Advisory Group (MCTAG), 
5, 33, 47-48, 252, 253, 256, 257 
Marine Corps University (MCU), 216-217, 286 

journal, 286 

press, 286 
Marine Corps Warfighting Lab (MCWL), 31 
Marine Division, 24, 34, 38, 40, 42, 106 
Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB), 2, 7, 12, 22. 24- 
25, 28, 33, 37, 172, 176, 185, 186, 190, 192, 199 

Afghanistan, 1, 261 
Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF), 2, 1 1 , 13, 22, 24, 
97, 99, 1 01 , 1 02, 1 04, 1 07, 1 86, 1 88 
Marine Expeditionary Rifle Squad (MERS), 71-72 
Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU), 22, 24, 25-26, 33, 
37, 73, 107, 132, 152, 160, 173, 241, 262 

MEU Augmentation Program (MAP), 54 
Marine Logistics Group (MLG), 24, 35. 39, 40, 54, 
158 

Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC), 7, 72, 1 1 7, 1 23 
Marine Requirements Oversight Council (MROC), 117, 
123, 152,240 
Marine Security Guard (MSG), 284 

headquarters, 284 

locations, 284-285 

mission, 284 
Marine Special Operations Battalion (MSOB), 44, 
45-46 

Marine Special Operations Company (MSOC), 2, 44, 
46, 258, 261 

Marine Special Operations Regiment (MSOR), 44, 46 
Marine Special Operations School (MSOS). 44, 46 
Marine Special Operations Support Group (MSOSG), 
44,46 

Marine Special Operations Team (MSOT), 44, 253, 
260, 261 
Maritime, 28, 160, 171,216 

Prepositioning Force (MPF). 28, 136, 141, 

172, 176 

299 ■ 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Prepositioning Ships (MPS), 28, 121 

MPS Squadrons (MPSRON), 28, 176 
Martial arts, Marine Corps (MCMAP), 214 
Material Handling Equipment (MHE), 164 
Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR), 9, 58, 
121,282 

Military construction (MILCON), 229, 234 
Military Occupational Specialty (MOS), 52, 106, 186, 
215,292 

Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT), 199, 200, 
201,202,242 

Military Sealift Command (MSC), 28, 176 
Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP), 7, 95, 
115-116 

All terrain vehicle (M-ATV). 115 

Cougar, 1 1 6 

egress trainer (MET), 21 1 
Mission Payload Module Nonlethal Weapons System 
(MPM-NLWS), 244 
Mobile training team (MTT), 53 
Mobilization Command (MOBCOM), 41 
Modeling and Simulation (M&S), 1 0-1 1 , 1 91 , 1 94 

MAGTF Training Simulations Division (MTSD), 

191 
Modular Sleep System (MSS), 74 
Modular Tactical Vest (MTV), 73 
Modular Weapon System (MWS), 68 
Mountain Cold Weather Layering System (MCWLS), 
73-74 

Mountain Warfare Training Center (MWTC), 37. 187, 
189,227 

Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System 
(MILES), 202 
Multiple Launch Rocker System (MLRS), 7, 125 

N 

National Capital Region (NCR), 29, 31 

National Museum of the Marine Corps (NMMC), 

287-289 

Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), 292 

Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS), 178-179, 213 

Navy Marine Corps Intranet (NMCI), 91 

Next Generation Enterprise Network (NGEN), 91 

Noncommissioned officer (NCO), 216, 220 

Non-lethal weapons, 239, 240, 244 

dazzling laser, 240 

Green Beam, 242 

VENOM, 243 



Non-secure Internet Protocol Routing Network 

(NIPRNET), 91 

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 49 

o 

Office of Personnel Management (OPM), 223 

Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). 1 87 

Officer Candidate School (OCS). 223 

Operating forces, 32-50, 57, 93, 107, 117, 139. 160, 

188, 209, 217, 219, 221, 225, 228. 229, 239 

Operational Language and Culture Training System 

(OLCTS), 206 

Operational Stress Control and Readiness (OSCAR), 

64 

Operational Support Airlift (OSA). 150 

Operations, 248 

current, 250-262 

Enduring Freedom (OEF), 1, 85. 148. 158. 185. 

210,249.261 

Iraqi Freedom (OIF), 1, 85, 148, 158, 185, 210, 

249, 260-261 
Optical warning and distraction, 240 
Optics, 68, 75 

machine gun day optic (MDO). 75 

rifle combat optic (RCO), 75 

squad day optic (SDO), 75 
Outer Tactical Vest (OTV), 73 
Overseas contingency operation (OCO). 129, 132. 
134. 154.209.230.236 



Patient affairs team (PAT), 66 

Pre-deployment training program (PTP), 48, 52, 186, 

187, 188-189,201,209 

Exercise Mojave Viper, 150, 186, 188-189, 195, 

199,208,250 

Mission Rehearsal Exercise (MRX), 187, 188, 

189, 194 

Exercise Mountain Warrior, 1 89 
Prepositioning, 7, 12, 28, 136, 141, 172, 176-177 
President's Own, The. 290 
Principal end item (PEI), 54 

Professional Military Education (PME). 214, 215, 216 
Program Manager Training Systems Command 
(PM TRASYS), 208 



300 



Quality of Life (QOL), 6, 62, 63, 229, 234, 235 

R 

Radar, 84, 1 01 , 1 02, 1 29, 1 34, 1 38, 1 39, 1 42, 1 73, 
178, 181, 235 

air surveillance, AN7TPS-59, 154 

Family of Target Acquisition Systems (FTAS), 129 

Ground/Air Task Oriented Radar (G/ATOR), 84, 

153 
Radio Battalion (RadBn), 34, 38, 40, 104, 106, 108, 
110, 135 

Radio Frequency (RF), 161 , 202 
Radios, 7 

High frequency (HFR), AN/PRC-150, 

AN/PRC-104, 7, 95, 105 

Intra/lnter squad radio (IISR), AN/PRC-153, 

69-70 

Multi-band (MBR), AN/PRC-1 1 7F AN/PRC-1 1 9, 

7,94 

Tactical Handheld Radio (THHR), AN/PRC-1 48, 

6, 69-70 
Range and Training Areas (RTA), 1 90 
Ranges, 10 

modernization and transformation (RM/T), 10, 

197-198 

multi-capable, 190 
Recruiting, 30, 220-222 

enlisted, 220-221 

Marine Corps Recruiting Command (MCRC), 30, 

220-222 

officer, 221-222 
Rifle, 6, 67, 68, 75, 202 

M16A2, 68 

M16A4, 68, 75 

M4, 68, 75 
Regional Network Operations and Security Center 
(RNOSC), 91 

Research and Development (R&D), 19, 58, 72, 102, 
208, 230, 240 
Rotary wing, 8,131,1 35, 1 45, 1 52, 1 76, 1 89 

AH-1 Cobra/Viper, 8, 131, 143-144, 196, 283 

CH-46 Sea Knight, 8, 1 32, 1 41 , 1 73, 283 

CH-53 Super Stallion, 8, 1 1 8, 1 24, 1 27, 1 31 , 

132, 133, 146-147, 173, 176,283 

MV-22 Osprey, 8, 118, 124, 127, 131, 141-142, 

172, 173,283 

UH-1 HueyA/enom, 8, 131, 143-144, 283 
Route Reconnaissance and Clearance (R2C), 7, 123 



Safety Control Module (SCM), 242 

Satellite Communications (SATCOM), 93, 94, 103, 

105, 152 

Scalable Plate Carrier (SPC), 73 

Seabasing, 11-12, 141, 172, 174 

Seabasing for the Range of Military Operations, 

18 
Second Marine Division (2d MARDIV), 33, 34 
Second Marine Air Wing (2d MAW), 33, 34-35 
Second Marine Expeditionary Force (II MEF), 24, 32, 
33, 34-35, 48, 49, 192, 194, 196, 212, 260 
Second Marine Expeditionary Brigade (2d MEB), 33, 
261 

Second Marine Logistics Group (2d MLG), 33, 35 
Secure Internet Protocol Routing Network (SIPRNET), 
91 

Security cooperation (SC), 2, 3, 5, 12, 16, 51-52, 187, 
207 

Theater Security Cooperation (TSC), 26, 250-262 
Security Cooperation Education and Training Center 
(SCETC), 51-52,255, 257 

Security Cooperation Marine Air Ground Task Force 
(SCMAGTF), 26 

Security Force Assistance (SFA), 47-48, 171 
Selective Reenlistment Bonus (SRB), 224 
Service life extension program (SLEP), 175 
Shelters, 85 

Communications Electronic Equipment 

Maintenance Complex (CEEMC), 168 

Family of Tactical Soft Shelter (FTSS), 1 69 
Ship to Shore Connector (SSC), 1 2, 1 75, 1 77 
Shipbuilding, 11,12 

Short take-off vertical landing (STOVL), 8, 131, 138, 
140 

Signals intelligence (SIGINT), 97, 108, 110 
Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System 
(SINGARS), 69, 94 
Single Vehicle Adapter (SVA), 69 
Southern Partnership Station, 252 
Special Intelligence (SI), 105 

communications, 105 

Trojan SPIRIT AN/TSQ-226, 105-106 
Special Operations, 2, 26, 44, 100, 128, 148 

forces (SOF), 25, 44 

Marine Corps Special Operations Command, 

25,44-46, 104, 106, 109, 116 
Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force 
(SPMAGTF), 22, 26 



301 



USMC CONCEPTS & PROGRAMS 2010 



Special Reconnaissance (SR), 26, 44, 46 

Squad automatic weapon (SAW), M249, 6, 67, 202, 

212 

Squad Immersive Training Environment (SITE), 191 , 

201 

Staff noncommissioned officer (SNCO), 216, 220, 285 

Strategic Communications, 19 

Subject matter expert (SME), 52-53, 55 

Sunset parade, 291 

dates and times, 291 

location, 291 

parking, 291 
Supporting Arms Virtual Trainers (SAVT), 21 3 

T 

Tables of Organization and Equipment (TO&E), 228 

change request TOECR), 228 
Tactical Air Command Center (TACC), 80 
Tactical Combat Operations (TCO), 9, 83, 86 
Tactical Data Network (TDN), 90, 93 
Tactical Data Systems (TDS). 85, 90 
Tactical Hand-held Radio (THHR), AN/PRC-148, 6, 
69-70 

Tactical operations center (TOC), 87 
Tactical Video Capture System (TVCS), 201 , 204 
Targeting, 75, 76, 127, 133, 134, 135, 139, 143, 
145, 149 

Family of Target Acquisition Systems (FTAS), 129 

Target Location Designation and Hand-off 

System TLDHS), 128 
Team Portable Communications System-Multi Plat- 
form Capable TPCS-MPC), 1 10 
Technical Control and Analysis Center (TCAC), 101 , 
108 

Theater Battle Management Core Systems (TBMCS), 
80 

Third Marine Air Wing (3d MAW), 37, 38 
Third Marine Division (3d MARDIV), 40, 258 
Third Marine Expeditionary Brigade (3d MEB), 37, 40 
Third Marine Expeditionary Force (III MEF), 13, 24, 32, 

37, 40, 149, 192, 194, 196, 212, 259 

Third Marine Logistics Group (3d MLG), 37, 40, 258, 

259 

Thirteenth Marine Expeditionary Unit (13th MEU), 37, 

38, 143 

Thirty-first Marine Expeditionary Unit (31st MEU), 37, 

40, 258, 262 

Three-block war, 1 99 

Total Force Structure Management System (TFSMS), 

228 



Training and Education Command (TECOM), 31 , 51- 

52, 185, 186, 187, 188, 190, 191 

Training and Readiness (T&R) Manual, 52, 196 

Transition Assistance Management Program (TAMP). 

64 

Twenty-second Marine Expeditionary Unit (22d MEUj, 

33,34, 141,262 

Twenty-fourth Marine Expeditionary Unit 24th MEU). 

33,34 

Twenty-sixth Marine Expeditionary Unit (26th MEU), 

33, 34, 262 

u 

Ultra-high frequency (UHF), 7, 90, 93, 94. 103 

Unconventional Warfare (UW), 45 

United States Marine Band, 290 

Universal Needs Statement (UNS), Urgent, 87, 121 

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), 8. 102. 109. 131 . 

140, 148-149, 152 

V 

Vehicle borne improvised explosive device (VBIED). 

242 

Vehicles. 6. 94, 102, 137, 145. 155, 193, 202. 232. 

242, 288 

combat, 6, 7, 114, 

tactical. 7, 8-9. 1 1 3, 1 1 5-1 1 6, 1 1 8. 1 20. 1 21 . 

123 
VENOM Non-lethal Tube Launched Munitions System 
(NLATLMS), 243 

Very high frequency (VHF), 7, 95 
Virtual Cultural Awareness Trainer (VCAT), 207 
Vision and Strategy 2025, Marine Corps, iii, 3, 5, 14- 
15, 151, 159, 160, 178, 185 

w 

Warfighter Network Services - Tactical (WFNS-T, 90 
Water Purification System, lightweight (LWPS), 166 
Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). 1 , 241 

combating, 19 

Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction 

(CWMD), 19 
Wounded, ill, and injured (Wll), 65-66 
Wounded Warrior Regiment (WWR), 65-66 



302 



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